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Dictionaries :: Servant

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International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia

Servant:

sur'-vant ('ebhedh; doulos): A very common word with a variety of meanings, all implying a greater or less degree of inferiority and want of freedom:

(1) The most frequent usage is as the equivalent of "SLAVE" (which see), with its various shades in position (Ge 9:25; 24:9; Ex 21:5; Mt 10:24; Lu 17:7, and often); but also a hired workman where "hired servant" translates Hebrew and Greek expressions which differ from the above.

(2) An attendant in the service of someone, as Joshua was the "servant" the Revised Version (British and American) "minister" of Moses (Nu 11:28).

(3) As a ‘term of respectful self-depreciation referring to one's self, "thy servant." or "your servant" is used in place of the personal pronoun of the first person:

(a) in the presence of superiors (Ge 19:2; 32:18, and often);

(b) in addressing the Supreme Being (1Sa 3:9; Ps 19:11; 27:9; Lu 2:29, and often).

(4) Officials of every grade are called the "servants" of kings, princes, etc. (1Sa 29:3; 2Sa 16:1; 1Ki 11:26; Pr 14:35, and often).

(5) The position of a king in relation to his people (1Ki 12:7).

(6) One who is distinguished as obedient and faithful to God or Christ (Jos 1:2; 2Ki 8:19; Da 6:20; Col 4:12; 2Ti 2:24). (7) One who is enslaved by sin (Joh 8:34).



Written by William Joseph McGlothlin

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Noun Strong's Number: g1401 Greek: doulos

Servant:

an adjective, signifying "in bondage," Rom 6:19 (neuter plural, agreeing with mele, "members"), is used as a noun, and as the most common and general word for "servant," frequently indicating subjection without the idea of bondage; it is used

(a) of natural conditions, e.g., Mat 8:9; 1Cr 7:21, 22 (1st part); Eph 6:5; Col 4:1; 1Ti 6:1; frequently in the four Gospels;

(b) metaphorically of spiritual, moral and ethical conditions: "servants"

(1) of God, e.g., Act 16:17; Tts 1:1; 1Pe 2:16; Rev 7:3; 15:3; the perfect example being Christ Himself, Phl 2:7;

(2) of Christ, e.g., Rom 1:1; 1Cr 7:22 (2nd part); Gal 1:10; Eph 6:6; Phl 1:1; Col 4:12; Jam 1:1; 2Pe 1:1; Jud 1:1;

(3) of sin, Jhn 8:34 (RV, "bondservants"); Rom 6:17, 20;

(4) of corruption, 2Pe 2:19 (RV, "bondservants"); cp. the verb douloo (see B).
See BONDMAN.

A-2 Noun Strong's Number: g1249 Greek: diakonos

Servant:

for which see DEACON and Note there on synonymous words, is translated "servant" or "servants" in Mat 22:13 (RV marg., "ministers"); 23:11 (RV marg., ditto); Mar 9:35, AV (RV, "minister"); Jhn 2:5, 9; 12:26; Rom 16:1.

A-3 Noun Strong's Number: g3816 Greek: pais

Servant:

for which see CHILD, No. 4, also denotes "an attendant;" it is translated "servant"

(a) of natural conditions, in Mat 8:6, 8, 13; 14:2; Luk 7:7 ("menservants" in 12:45); 15:26;

(b) of spiritual relation to God,

(1) of Israel, Luk 1:54;

(2) of David, Luk 1:69; Act 4:25;

(3) of Christ, so declared by God the Father, Mat 12:18; spoken of in prayer, Act 4:27, 30, RV (AV, "child"); the argument advanced by Dalman for the rendering "Child" in these passages, is not sufficiently valid as against the RV, "Servant" in Acts 4, and the AV and RV in Matt. 12 (cp., e.g., the use of pais in the Sept. of Gen 41:38; Jer 36:24). The Matt. 12 passage by direct quotation, and the Acts 4 passages by implication, refer to the ideal "Servant of Jehovah" (Sept., pais Kuriou), of Isa 42:1 and following passages, thus identifying the Servant with the Lord Jesus; for the same identification, cp. Act 8:35.

A-4 Noun Strong's Number: g3610 Greek: oiketes

Servant:

"a house-servant" (oikeo, "to dwell," oikos, "a house"), is translated "servant" in Luk 16:13 (RV marg., "household servant"); so Rom 14:4; 1Pe 2:18; in Act 10:7, AV and RV, "household servants."

A-5 Noun Strong's Number: g5257 Greek: huperetes

Servant:

for which see MINISTER, No. 3, and OFFICER, is translated "servants" in the AV of Mat 26:58; Mar 14:65 (RV, "officers"); in Jhn 18:36, AV and RV (RV, marg., "officers").

A-6 Noun Strong's Number: g2324 Greek: therapon

Servant:

akin to therapeuo, "to serve, to heal, an attendant, servant," is a term of dignity and freedom, used of Moses in Hbr 3:5.

A-7 Noun Strong's Number: g4889 Greek: sundoulos

Servant:

"a fellow-servant," is used

(a) of natural conditions, Mat 18:28, 29, 31, 33; 24:49;

(b) of "servants" of the same Divine Lord, Col 1:7; 4:7; Rev 6:11; of angels, Rev 19:10; 22:9.

Note: For misthios and misthotos, see HIRED SERVANT.

B-1 Verb Strong's Number: g1402 Greek: douloo

Servant:

"to enslave, to bring into bondage" (akin to A, No. 1), e.g., 1Cr 9:19, RV, "I brought (myself) under bondage (to all)," AV, "I made myself servant," denotes in the Passive Voice, "to be brought into bondage, to become a slave or servant," rendered "ye became servants (of righteousness)" in Rom 6:18; "being... become servants (to God)," Rom 6:22.
See BONDAGE, B, No. 2.

Smith's Bible Dictionary

Servant:

SEE [SLAVE].

CONTENT DISCLAIMER:

The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.