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Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Filthiness, Filthy (To Make)

Dictionaries :: Filthiness, Filthy (To Make)

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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Noun Strong's Number: g151 Greek: aischrotes

Filthiness, Filthy (To Make):

"baseness" (from aischos, "shame, disgrace"), is used in Eph 5:4, of obscenity, all that is contrary to purity.

A-2 Noun Strong's Number: g4507 Greek: rhuparia

Filthiness, Filthy (To Make):

denotes "dirt, filth" (cp. No. 2, under FILTH), and is used metaphorically of moral "defilement" in Jam 1:21.

A-3 Noun Strong's Number: g3436 Greek: molusmos

Filthiness, Filthy (To Make):

"a soiling, defilement," is used in 2Cr 7:1.

A-4 Noun Strong's Number: g766 Greek: aselgeia

Filthiness, Filthy (To Make):

"wantonness, licentiousness, lasciviousness," is translated "filthy (conversation)," in 2Pe 2:7, AV; RV, "lascivious (life)."


(1) Broadly speaking, aischrotes signifies "whatever is disgraceful;" rhuparia, "that which is characterized by moral impurity;" molusmos, "that which is defiling by soiling the clean;" aselgeia, "that which is an insolent disregard of decency."

(2) In Col 3:8 aischrologia, which denotes any kind of "base utterance," the utterance of an uncontrolled tongue, is rendered "filthy communication" in the AV; but this is only part of what is included in the more comprehensive RV rendering, "shameful speaking." In the papyri writings the word is used of "abuse." In general it seems to have been associated more frequently with "foul" or "filthy," rather than abusive, "speaking" (Moulton and Milligan).

B-1 Adjective Strong's Number: g150 Greek: aischros

Filthiness, Filthy (To Make):

"base, shameful" (akin to A, No. 1), is used of "base gain," "filthy (lucre)," Tts 1:11, and translated "shame" in 1Cr 11:6, with reference to a woman with shorn hair; in 1Cr 14:35, of oral utterances of women in a church gathering (RV, "shameful"); in Eph 5:12, of mentioning the base and bestial practices of those who live lascivious lives.

B-2 Adjective Strong's Number: g146 Greek: aischrokerdes

Filthiness, Filthy (To Make):

"greedy of base gain" (No. 1, and kerdos, "gain"), is used in 1Ti 3:8; Tts 1:7, "greedy of filthy lucre;" some mss. have it also in 1Ti 3:3.

B-3 Adjective Strong's Number: g4508 Greek: rhuparos

Filthiness, Filthy (To Make):

akin to A, No. 2 (see also FILTH, No. 2), "dirty," is said of shabby clothing, Jam 2:2: metaphorically, of moral "defilement," Rev 22:11 (in the best mss.).

Note: For akathartos see UNCLEAN, No. 1.

C-1 Adverb Strong's Number: g147 Greek: aischrokerdos

Filthiness, Filthy (To Make):

"eagerness for base gain" (akin to B, No. 2), is used in 1Pe 5:2, "for filthy lucre."

D-1 Verb Strong's Number: g4510 Greek: rhupaino

Filthiness, Filthy (To Make):

"to make filthy, defile" (from A, No. 2), is used in the Passive Voice, in an ethical sense, in Rev 22:11 (cp. B, No. 3, in the same verse), "let him be made filthy," RV. The tense (the aorist) marks the decisiveness of that which is decreed. Some texts have rhupareuomai, here, with the same meaning; some have rhupoo, in the Middle Voice, "to make oneself filthy."


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