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Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Provocation, Provoke

Dictionaries :: Provocation, Provoke

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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Noun Strong's Number: g3894 Greek: parapikrasmos

Provocation, Provoke:

from para, "amiss" or "from," used intensively, and pikraino, "to make bitter" (pikros, "sharp, bitter"), "provocation," occurs in Hbr 3:8, 15. In the Sept., Psa 95:8.

A-2 Noun Strong's Number: g3948 Greek: paroxusmos

Provocation, Provoke:

denotes "a stimulation" (Eng., "paroxysm"), (cp. B, No. 2): in Hbr 10:24, "to provoke," lit., "unto a stimulation (of love)."

B-1 Verb Strong's Number: g3893 Greek: parapikraino

Provocation, Provoke:

"to embitter, provoke" (akin to A, No. 1), occurs in Hbr 3:16.

B-2 Verb Strong's Number: g3947 Greek: paroxuno

Provocation, Provoke:

primarily, "to sharpen" (akin to A, No. 2), is used metaphorically, signifying "to rouse to anger, to provoke," in the Passive Voice, in Act 17:16, RV, "was provoked" (AV, "was stirred"); in 1Cr 13:5, RV, "is not provoked" (the word "easily" in AV, represents no word in the original).

B-3 Verb Strong's Number: g2042 Greek: erethizo

Provocation, Provoke:

"to excite, stir up, provoke," is used

(a) in a good sense in 2Cr 9:2, AV, "hath provoked," RV, "hath stirred up;"

(b) in an evil sense in Col 3:21, "provoke."

B-4 Verb Strong's Number: g3949 Greek: parorgizo

Provocation, Provoke:

"to provoke to wrath:" see ANGER, B, No. 2.

B-5 Verb Strong's Number: g3863 Greek: parazeloo

Provocation, Provoke:

"to provoke to jealousy:" see JEALOUSY.

B-6 Verb Strong's Number: g653 Greek: apostomatizo

Provocation, Provoke:

in classical Greek meant "to speak from memory, to dictate to a pupil" (apo, "from," stoma, "a mouth"); in later Greek, "to catechize;" in Luk 11:53, "to provoke (Him) to speak."

B-7 Verb Strong's Number: g4292 Greek: prokaleo

Provocation, Provoke:

"to call forth," as to a contest, hence "to stir up what is evil in another," occurs in the Middle Voice in Gal 5:26.


The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.