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Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Covet, Covetous, Covetousness

Dictionaries :: Covet, Covetous, Covetousness

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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Verb Strong's Number: g1937 Greek: epithumeo

Covet, Covetous, Covetousness:

"to fix the desire upon" (epi, "upon," used intensively, thumos, "passion"), whether things good or bad; hence, "to long for, lust after, covet," is used with the meaning "to covet evilly" in Act 20:33, of "coveting money and apparel;" so in Rom 7:7; 13:9.

A-2 Verb Strong's Number: g2206 Greek: zeloo

Covet, Covetous, Covetousness:

is rendered "covet earnestly," in 1Cr 12:31, AV; RV, "desire earnestly," as in 1Cr 14:39 (AV "covet").

A-3 Verb Strong's Number: g3713 Greek: orego

Covet, Covetous, Covetousness:

"to stretch after," is rendered "covet after" in 1Ti 6:10, AV; RV, "reaching after."

B-1 Noun Strong's Number: g1938 Greek: epithumetes

Covet, Covetous, Covetousness:

"a luster after" (akin to A, No. 1), is translated in 1Cr 10:6, in verbal form, "should not lust after."

B-2 Noun Strong's Number: g1939 Greek: epithumia

Covet, Covetous, Covetousness:

denotes "coveting," Rom 7:7, 8, RV; AV, "lust" and "concupiscence;" the commandment here referred to convicted him of sinfulness in his desires for unlawful objects besides that of gain.

B-3 Noun Strong's Number: g4124 Greek: pleonexia

Covet, Covetous, Covetousness:

"covetousness," lit., "a desire to have more" (pleon, "more," echo, "to have"), always in a bad sense, is used in a general way in Mar 7:22 (plural, lit., "covetings," i.e., various ways in which "covetousness" shows itself); Rom 1:29; Eph 5:3; 1Th 2:5. Elsewhere it is used,

(a) of material possessions, Luk 12:15; 2Pe 2:3; 2Cr 9:5 (RV, "extortion"), lit., "as (a matter of) extortion" i.e., a gift which betrays the giver's unwillingness to bestow what is due;

(b) of sensuality, Eph 4:19, "greediness;" Col 3:5 (where it is called "idolatry"); 2Pe 2:14 (AV, "covetous practices").

Note: Cp. the corresponding verb pleonekteo, "to gain, take advantage of, wrong." See ADVANTAGE, DEFRAUD, GAIN, B, Note (2), WRONG.

C-1 Adjective Strong's Number: g4123 Greek: pleonektes

Covet, Covetous, Covetousness:

lit., "(eager) to have more" (see B, No. 3), i.e., to have what belongs to others; hence, "greedy of gain, covetous," 1Cr 5:10, 11; 6:10; Eph 5:5 ("covetous man").

C-2 Adjective Strong's Number: g5366 Greek: philarguros

Covet, Covetous, Covetousness:

lit., "money-loving," is rendered "covetous" in the AV of Luk 16:14; 2Ti 3:2; RV, "lovers of money," the wider and due significance.

C-3 Adjective Strong's Number: g866 Greek: aphilarguros

Covet, Covetous, Covetousness:

No. 2, with negative prefix, is translated "without covetousness" in Hbr 13:5, AV; RV, "free from the love of money." In 1Ti 3:3, the AV has "not covetous," the RV, "no lover of money."

Note: Trench, Syn. 24, points out the main distinction between pleonexia and philarguria as being that between "covetousness" and avarice, the former having a much wider and deeper sense, being "the genus of which philarguria is the species." The "covetous" man is often cruel as well as grasping, while the avaricious man is simply miserly and stinting.


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