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Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Sick, Sickly, Sickness

Dictionaries :: Sick, Sickly, Sickness

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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Verb Strong's Number: g770 Greek: astheneo

Sick, Sickly, Sickness:

lit., "to be weak, feeble" (a, negative, sthenos, "strength"), is translated "to be sick," e.g., in Mat 10:8, "(the) sick;" Mat 25:36; ver. 39 in the best texts (some have B, No. 1); Mar 6:56; Luk 4:40; 7:10 (RV omits the word); 9:2; Jhn 4:46; 5:3, RV (AV, "impotent folk"); 5:7; 6:2, RV (AV, "were diseased"); 11:1-3, 6; Act 9:37; 19:12; Phl 2:26, 27; 2Ti 4:20; Jam 5:14.
DISEASED, B, No. 1, IMPOTENT, and, especially, WEAK.

A-2 Verb Strong's Number: g2577 Greek: kamno

Sick, Sickly, Sickness:

primarily, "to work," hence, from the effect of constant work, "to be weary," Hbr 12:3, is rendered "(him) that is sick," in Jam 5:15, RV, AV "(the) sick." The choice of this verb instead of the repetition of No. 1 (ver. 14, see above), is suggestive of the common accompaniment of "sickness," "weariness of mind" (which is the meaning of this verb), which not infrequently hinders physical recovery; hence this special cause is here intimated in the general idea of "sickness." In some mss. it occurs in Rev 2:3. In the Sept., Job 10:1; 17:2.

A-3 Verb Strong's Number: g4912 Greek: sunecho

Sick, Sickly, Sickness:

"to hold in, hold fast," is used, in the Passive Voice, of "being seized or afficted by ills," Act 28:8, "sick" (of the father of Publius, cp. Mat 4:24; Luk 4:38, "taken with").


(1) Noseo, "to be sick," is used metaphorically of mental ailment, in 1Ti 6:4, "doting" (marg., "sick").

(2) The adverb kakos, "evilly ill," with echo, "to hold, to have," is rendered "to be sick," in Mat 4:24, RV, "that were sick;" Mat 8:16; 9:12; 14:35; Mar 1:32, RV (AV, "diseased"); Mar 1:34; 2:17; 6:55; Luk 5:31; 7:2.

(3) For "sick of the palsy," Luk 5:24; Act 9:33, see PALSY (sick of).

B-1 Adjective Strong's Number: g772 Greek: asthenes

Sick, Sickly, Sickness:

lit., "without strength," hence, "feeble, weak," is used of "bodily debility," Mat 25:43 (for ver. 39, see A, No. 1), 44; some texts have it in Luk 9:2 (the best omit it, the meaning being "to heal" in general); Luk 10:9; Act 5:15, 16; in Act 4:9 it is rendered "impotent."

B-2 Adjective Strong's Number: g732 Greek: arrhostos

Sick, Sickly, Sickness:

"feeble, sickly" (a, negative, rhonnumi, "to be strong"), is translated "sick" in Mat 14:14; Mar 16:18; "sick folk" in Mar 6:5; "that were sick" in Mar 6:13; "sickly" in 1Cr 11:30, here also of the physical state. In the Sept., 1Ki 14:5; Mal 1:8.

C-1 Noun Strong's Number: g769 Greek: astheneia

Sick, Sickly, Sickness:

"weakness, sickness" (akin to A, No. 1 and B, No. 1), is translated "sickness" in Jhn 11:4.

C-2 Noun Strong's Number: g3554 Greek: nosos

Sick, Sickly, Sickness:

See DISEASE, No. 3.


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