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Dictionaries :: Suffer

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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Verb Strong's Number: g1439 Greek: eao


(a) to permit

"to let, permit," is translated "to suffer" in Mat 24:43; Luk 4:41; 22:51; Act 14:16; 16:7; 19:30; 28:4; 1Cr 10:13.
See LEAVE (a) No. 9, LET, No. 4.

A-2 Verb Strong's Number: g4330 Greek: proseao


"to permit further" (pros, and No. 1), occurs in Act 27:7.

A-3 Verb Strong's Number: g2010 Greek: epitrepo


for which see LEAVE, (b), is rendered "to suffer" in AV and RV in Mat 8:21; Mar 10:4; Luk 9:59; Act 28:16; RV only, Luk 9:61 (AV, "let"); AV only, Act 21:39; in some texts, Mat 8:31, AV only.

A-4 Verb Strong's Number: g863 Greek: aphiemi


"to send away," signifies "to permit, suffer," in Mat 3:15 (twice); Mat 19:14; 23:13; Mar 1:34; 5:19, 37; 10:14; 11:16; Luk 8:51; 12:39, AV (RV, "left"); 18:16; Jhn 12:7, RV, AV and RV marg., "let (her) alone;" Rev 11:9.


(1) In Act 2:27; 13:35, AV, didomi, "to give" (RV), is rendered "to suffer."

(2) In 1Cr 6:7, AV, apostereo, in the Passive Voice, is rendered "suffer yourselves to be defrauded" (RV, "be defrauded").

(3) For koluo in Hbr 7:23, AV, "were not suffered," see HINDER.

A-5 Verb Strong's Number: g430 Greek: anecho


(b) to endure suffering

in the Middle Voice, "to bear with," is rendered "to suffer" in Mat 17:17 and parallel passages; AV only, 1Cr 4:12 (RV, "endure"); 2Cr 11:19, 20 and Hbr 13:22 (RV, "bear with").

A-6 Verb Strong's Number: g3958 Greek: pascho


"to suffer," is used

(I) of the "sufferings" of Christ

(a) at the hands of men, e.g., Mat 16:21; 17:12; 1Pe 2:23;

(b) in His expiatory and vicarious sacrifice for sin, Hbr 9:26; 13:12; 1Pe 2:21; 3:18; 4:1;

(c) including both (a) and (b), Luk 22:15; 24:26, 46; Act 1:3, "passion;" 3:18; 17:3; Hbr 5:8;

(d) by the antagonism of the evil one, Hbr 2:18;

(II) of human "suffering"

(a) of followers of Christ, Act 9:16; 2Cr 1:6; Gal 3:4; Phl 1:29; 1Th 2:14; 2Th 1:5; 2Ti 1:12; 1Pe 3:14, 17; 5:10; Rev 2:10; in identification with Christ in His crucifixion, as the spiritual ideal to be realized, 1Pe 4:1; in a wrong way, 1Pe 4:15;

(b) of others, physically, as the result of demoniacal power, Mat 17:15, RV, "suffereth (grievously)," AV, "is (sore) vexed;" cp. Mar 5:26; in a dream, Mat 27:19; through maltreatment, Luk 13:2; 1Pe 2:19, 20; by a serpent (negatively), Act 28:5, RV, "took" (AV, "felt:" see FEEL, Note);

(c) of the effect upon the whole body through the "suffering" of one member, 1Cr 12:26, with application to a church.

A-7 Verb Strong's Number: g4310 Greek: propascho


"to suffer before" (pro, and No. 2), occurs in 1Th 2:2.

A-8 Verb Strong's Number: g4841 Greek: sumpascho


"to suffer with" (sun, and No. 2), is used in Rom 8:17 of "suffering" with Christ; in 1Cr 12:26 of joint "suffering" in the members of the body.

A-9 Verb Strong's Number: g5254 Greek: hupecho


"to hold under" (hupo, "under," echo, "to have or hold"), is used metaphorically in Jud 1:7 of "suffering" punishment. In the Sept., Psa 89:50; Lam 5:7.

A-10 Verb Strong's Number: g2558 Greek: kakoucheo


"to ill-treat" (kakos, "evil," and echo, "to have"), is used in the Passive Voice in Hbr 11:37, RV, "evil entreated" (AV, "tormented"); in Hbr 13:3, RV, "are evil entreated" (AV, "suffer adversity").

A-11 Verb Strong's Number: g4778 Greek: sunkakoucheomai


"to endure adversity with," is used in Hbr 11:25 (sun, "with," and No. 6), RV, "to be evil entreated with," AV, "to suffer affliction with."

A-12 Verb Strong's Number: g3114 Greek: makrothumeo


is rendered "suffereth long" in 1Cr 13:4.

A-13 Verb Strong's Number: g91 Greek: adikeo


"to do wrong, injustice" (a, negative, dike, "right"), is used in the Passive Voice in 2Pe 2:13, RV, "suffering wrong" (some texts have komizo, "to receive," AV); there is a play upon words here which may be brought out thus, "being defrauded (of the wages of fraud)," a use of the verb illustrated in the papyri.


(1) In 1Cr 9:12, AV, stego, "to bear up under," is translated "suffer" (RV, "bear"); see BEAR, No. 11.

(2) For hupomeno, rendered "to suffer" in 2Ti 2:12, see ENDURE, No. 2.

(3) For "suffer hardship, suffer trouble," see HARDSHIP, Nos. 1 and 2.

(4) For "suffer need," Phl 4:12, see WANT.

(5) For "suffer loss," 2Cr 7:9, RV, see LOSE, No. 2.

(6) For "suffer persecution," see PRESECUTION.

(7) For "suffer shipwreck," see SHIPWRECK.

(8) For tropophoreo in Act 13:18, "suffered... manners,"
see MANNER, E.

(9) For "suffereth violence," biazo, see FORCE, B, No. 1,

(10) In 2Th 1:9, RV, tino, "to pay a penalty," is rendered "shall suffer (punishment)."

B-1 Adjective Strong's Number: g3805 Greek: pathetos


akin to pascho, denotes "one who has suffered," or "subject to suffering," or "destined to suffer;" it is used in the last sense of the "suffering" of Christ, Act 26:23.


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