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Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Witness (Noun and Verb)

Dictionaries :: Witness (Noun and Verb)

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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Noun Strong's Number: g3144 Greek: martus | martur

Witness (Noun and Verb):

(whence Eng., "martyr," one who bears "witness" by his death) denotes "one who can or does aver what he has seen or heard or knows;" it is used

(a) of God, Rom 1:9; 2Cr 1:23; Phl 1:8; 1Th 2:5, 10 (2nd part);

(b) of Christ, Rev 1:5; 3:14;

(c) of those who "witness" for Christ by their death, Act 22:20; Rev 2:13; Rev 17:6;

(d) of the interpreters of God's counsels, yet to "witness" in Jerusalem in the times of the Antichrist, Rev 11:3;

(e) in a forensic sense, Mat 18:16; 26:65; Mar 14:63; Act 6:13; 7:58; 2Cr 13:1; 1Ti 5:19; Hbr 10:28;

(f) in a historical sense, Luk 11:48; 24:48; Act 1:8, 22; 2:32; 3:15; 5:32; 10:39, 41; 13:31; 22:15; 26:16; 1Th 2:10 (1st part); 1Ti 6:12; 2Ti 2:2; Hbr 12:1, "(a cloud) of witnesses," here of those mentioned in ch. 11, those whose lives and actions testified to the worth and effect of faith, and whose faith received "witness" in Scripture; 1Pe 5:1.

A-2 Noun Strong's Number: g3141 Greek: marturia

Witness (Noun and Verb):

"testimony, a bearing witness," is translated "witness" in Mar 14:55, 56, 59; Luk 22:71; Jhn 1:7, 19 (RV); Jhn 3:11, 32, 33 (RV); Jhn 5:31, 32, 34 (RV), Jhn 5:36; RV in Jhn 8:13, 14, 17; 19:35; 21:24; AV in Tts 1:13; AV and RV in 1Jo 5:9 (thrice), 1Jo 5:10 (1st part); RV in 1Jo 5:10 (2nd part), 1Jo 5:11;
3 John 12: see TESTIMONY, No. 2.

A-3 Noun Strong's Number: g3142 Greek: marturion

Witness (Noun and Verb):

"testimony or witness as borne, a declaration of facts," is translated "witness" in Mat 24:14, AV; Act 4:33; 7:44 (AV); Jam 5:3 (AV): see TESTIMONY, No. 1.

A-4 Noun Strong's Number: g5575 Greek: pseudomartus[-tur]

Witness (Noun and Verb):

denotes "a false witness," Mat 26:60; 1Cr 15:15.

A-5 Noun Strong's Number: g5577 Greek: pseudomarturia

Witness (Noun and Verb):

"false witness," occurs in Mat 15:19; 26:59.

B-1 Verb Strong's Number: g3140 Greek: martureo

Witness (Noun and Verb):


(I) "to be a martus" (see A, No. 1), or "to bear witness to," sometimes rendered "to testify" (see TESTIFY, No. 1); it is used of the "witness"

(a) of God the Father to Christ, Jhn 5:32, 37; 8:18 (2nd part); 1Jo 5:9, 10; to others, Act 13:22; 15:8; Hbr 11:2, 4 (twice), Hbr 11:5, 39;

(b) of Christ, Jhn 3:11, 32; 4:44; 5:31; 7:7; 8:13, 14, 18 (1st part); Jhn 13:21; 18:37; Act 14:3; 1Ti 6:13; Rev 22:18, 20; of the Holy Spirit, to Christ, Jhn 15:26; Hbr 10:15; 1Jo 5:7, 8, RV, which rightly omits the latter part of ver. 7 (it was a marginal gloss which crept into the original text: see THREE); it finds no support in Scripture;

(c) of the Scriptures, to Christ, Jhn 5:39; Hbr 7:8, 17;

(d) of the works of Christ, to Himself, and of the circumstances connected with His Death, Jhn 5:36; 10:25; 1Jo 5:8;

(e) of prophets and apostles, to the righteousness of God, Rom 3:21; to Christ, Jhn 1:7, 8, 15, 32, 34; 3:26; 5:33, RV; Jhn 15:27; 19:35; 21:24; Act 10:43; 23:11; 1Cr 15:15; 1Jo 1:2; 4:14; Rev 1:2; to doctrine, Act 26:22 (in some texts, so AV; see No. 2); to the Word of God, Rev 1:2;

(f) of others, concerning Christ, Luk 4:22; Jhn 4:39; 12:17;

(g) of believers to one another, Jhn 3:28; 2Cr 8:3; Gal 4:15; Col 4:13; 1Th 2:11 (in some texts: see No. 2); 3Jo 1:3, 6, 12 (2nd part);

(h) of the Apostle Paul concerning Israel, Rom 10:2;

(i) of an angel, to the churches, Rev 22:16;

(j) of unbelievers concerning themselves, Mat 23:31; concerning Christ, Jhn 18:23; concerning others, Jhn 2:25; Act 22:5; 26:5;

(II) "to give a good report, to approve of," Act 6:3; 10:22; 16:2; 22:12; 1Ti 5:10; 3Jo 1:12 (1st part); some would put Luk 4:22 here.

B-2 Verb Strong's Number: g3143 Greek: marturomai

Witness (Noun and Verb):

strictly meaning "to summon as a witness," signifies "to affirm solemnly, adjure," and is used in the Middle Voice only, rendered "to testify" in Act 20:26, RV (AV, "I take... to record"); 26:22, RV, in the best texts [see No. 1 (e)]; Gal 5:3; Eph 4:17; 1Th 2:11, in the best texts [see No. 1 (g)].

B-3 Verb Strong's Number: g4828 Greek: summartureo

Witness (Noun and Verb):

denotes "to bear witness with" (sun), Rom 2:15; 8:16; 9:1.

B-4 Verb Strong's Number: g4901 Greek: sunepimartureo

Witness (Noun and Verb):

denotes "to join in bearing witness with others," Hbr 2:4.

B-5 Verb Strong's Number: g2649 Greek: katamartureo

Witness (Noun and Verb):

denotes "to witness against" (kata), Mat 26:62; 27:13; Mar 14:60 (in some mss., Mar 15:4, for kategoreo, "to accuse," RV).

B-6 Verb Strong's Number: g5576 Greek: pseudomartureo

Witness (Noun and Verb):

"to bear false witness" (pseudes, "false"), occurs in Mat 19:18; Mar 10:19; 14:56, 57; Luk 18:20; in some texts, Rom 13:9.

C-1 Adjective Strong's Number: g267 Greek: amarturos

Witness (Noun and Verb):

denotes "without witness" (a, negative, and martus), Act 14:17.


The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.


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