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The Blue Letter Bible

Dictionaries :: Sheba

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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Smith's Bible Dictionary

Sheba:

(seven, or an oath).

(1.) the son of Bichri, a Benjamite (2 Samuel 20:1-22) the last chief of the Absalom insurrection. The occasion seized by Sheba was the emulation between the northern and southern tribes on David's return (2 Samuel 20:1-2). Sheba traversed the whole of Palestine apparently rousing the population, Joab following in full pursuit to the fortress Abel Beth‐maachah, where Sheba was beheaded (2 Samuel 20:3-22).

(2.)(a). A son of Raamah son of Cush (Genesis 10:7; 1 Chronicles 1:9).

(b). A son of Joktan (Genesis 10:28; 1 Chronicles 1:22).

(c). A son of Jokshan son of Keturah (Genesis 25:3; 1 Chronicles 1:32).

We shall consider, first, the history of the Joktanite Sheba; and secondly, the Cushite Sheba and the Keturahite Sheba together.

I. The Joktanites were among the early colonists of southern Arabia, and the kingdom which they there founded was for many centuries called the kingdom of Sheba, after one of the sons of Joktan. The visit of the queen of Sheba to King Solomon (1 Kings 10:1) is one of the familiar Bible incidents. The kingdom of Sheba embraced the greater part of the Yemen, or Arabia Felix. It bordered on the Red Sea, and was one of the most fertile districts of Arabia. Its chief cities, and probably successive capitals, were Seba, San'a (Uzal) and Zafar (Sephar.) Seba was probably the name of the city, and generally of the country and nation.

II. Sheba, son of Raamah son of Cush settled somewhere on the shores of the Persian Gulf. It was this Sheba that carried on the great Indian traffic with Palestine, in conjunction with, as we hold, the other Sheba, son of Jokshan son of Keturah, who like Dedan appears to have formed, with the Cushite of the same name, one tribe.

(3.)one of the towns of the allotment of Simeon (Joshua 19:2) probably the same as Shema (Joshua 15:26).

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