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Dictionaries :: Carmi

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Easton's Bible Dictionary


vine-dresser. (1.) The last named of the four sons of Reuben (Gen 46:9).

(2.) A descendant of Judah (1Ch 4:1). He is elsewhere (2:18) called Caleb (q.v.).

(3.) The son of Zimri, and the father of Achan (Jos 7:1), "the troubler of Israel."

Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary


my vineyard; lamb of the waters

International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia


kar'-mi (karmi, "fruitful," "noble"):

(1) A son of Reuben who came to Egypt with Jacob (Ge 46:9; Ex 6:14; 1Ch 5:3). Also the name of a family of which Carmi was the head (Nu 26:6).

(2) A Judahite (1Ch 2:7), son of Zabdi, according to Jos 7:1, and father of Achan, who is given the name of "Achar" in 1Ch 2:7. This last form "Achar" is preferred to the usual "Achan" in order to bring out the play on the Hebrew word for "troubler." The Hebrew runs ‘akhar ‘okher yisra'el, "Achar, the troubler of Israel." As regards the phrase "the sons of Carmi" (1Ch 2:7), Carmi is probably to be taken as the son of Zimri (= Zabdi, Jos 7:1). The Targum, however, has "Carmi who is Zimri." The Septuagint identifies Zimri and Zabdi.

(3) In 1Ch 4:1, Carmi, elsewhere called son of Zabdi or Zimri, is made son of Judah; but Wellhausen correctly changes "Carmi" to "Chelubai" (compare 1Ch 2:9).

Written by Horace J. Wolf

Smith's Bible Dictionary


(vine dresser).

(1.) The fourth son of Reuben, the progenitor of the family of the Carmites (Genesis 46:9; Exodus 6:14; Numbers 26:6; 1 Chronicles 5:3).

(2.) A man of the tribe of Judah, father of Achan, the "troubler of Israel." (Joshua 7:1; 7:18; 1 Chronicles 2:7; 4:1).

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