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The Blue Letter Bible

Dictionaries :: Sackcloth

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Easton's Bible Dictionary


cloth made of black goats' hair, coarse, rough, and thick, used for sacks, and also worn by mourners (Gen 37:34; 42:25; 2Sa 3:31; Est 4:1,2; Psa 30:11, etc.), and as a sign of repentance (Mat 11:21). It was put upon animals by the people of Nineveh (Jon 3:8).

International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia




Torrey's New Topical Textbook

Sackcloth: Made of Coarse Hair

Mat 3:4; Rev 6:12

Sackcloth: Rough and Unsightly

Zec 13:4

Sackcloth: Of a Black Colour

Rev 6:12

Sackcloth: Was Worn

By God's prophets

2Ki 1:8; Isa 20:2; Mat 3:4; Rev 11:3

By persons in affliction

Neh 9:1; Psa 69:11; Jon 3:5

Girt about the loins

Gen 37:34; 1Ki 20:31

Frequently next the skin in deep afflictions

1Ki 21:27; 2Ki 6:30; Job 16:15

Often over the whole person

2Ki 19:1,2

With ashes on the head

Est 4:1

Often with ropes on the head

1Ki 20:31

In the streets

Isa 15:3

At funerals

2Sa 3:31

Sackcloth: The Jews Lay In, When in Deep Affliction

2Sa 21:10; 1Ki 21:27; Joe 1:13

Sackcloth: No one clothed in, allowed into the palaces of kings

Est 4:2

Sackcloth: Illustrative

(Girding with,) of heavy afflictions

Isa 3:24; 22:12; 32:11

(Covering the heavens with,) of severe judgments

Isa 50:3

(Heavens becoming as,) of severe judgments

Rev 6:12

(Putting of,) of joy and gladness

Psa 30:11

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
1 Strong's Number: g4526 Greek: sakkos


"a warm material woven from goat's or camel's hair," and hence of a dark color, Rev 6:12; Jerome renders it saccus cilicinus (being made from the hair of the black goat of Cilicia; the Romans called it cilicium); cp. Isa 50:3; it was also used for saddle-cloths, Jos 9:4; also for making sacks, e.g., Gen 42:25, and for garments worn as expressing mourning or penitence, Mat 11:21; Luk 10:13, or for purposes of prophetic testimony, Rev 11:3.

Smith's Bible Dictionary


cloth used in making sacks or bags, a coarse fabric, of a dark color, made of goat's hair (Isaiah 50:3; Revelation 6:12) and resembling the eilicium of the Romans. It was used also for making the rough garments used by mourners, which were in extreme cases worn next the skin (1 Kings 21:27; 2 Kings 6:30Job 16:15; Isaiah 32:11).

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