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Dictionaries :: Have

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International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia


hav: "To have" is to own or possess; its various uses may be resolved into this, its proper meaning.

A few of the many changes in the Revised Version (British and American) are, for "a man that hath friends" (Pr 18:24), "maketh many friends," margin (Hebrew) "a man of friends"; for "all that I have" (Lu 15:31), "all that is mine"; for "we have peace with God" (Ro 5:1) the English Revised Version has "let us have," margin "some authorities read we have," the American Standard Revised Version as the King James Version margin "many ancient authorities read let us have"; for "what great conflict I have" (Col 2:1), "how greatly I strive"; for "will have" (Mt 9:13; 12:7), "desire"; Mt 27:43, "desireth"; for "would have" (Mr 6:19; Ac 10:10), "desired"; Ac 16:27, "was about"; 19:30, "was minded to"; 23:28 "desiring"; Heb 12:17, "desired to"; for "ye have" (Heb 10:34), the English Revised Version has "ye yourselves have," margin "ye have your ownselves," the American Standard Revised Version "ye have for yourselves," margin "many ancient authorities read, ye have your own selves for a better possession" (compare Lu 9:25; 21:19); "having heard" for "after that ye heard" (Eph 1:13); "having suffered before," for "even after that we had suffered" (1Th 2:2); "and thus, having," for "so after he had" (Heb 6:15).

Written by W. L. Walker

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words


(Note: The following are distinct from the word when it is auxiliary to the tenses of other verbs.)

1 Strong's Number: g2192 Greek: echo


the usual verb for "to have," is used with the following meanings:

(a) "to hold, in the hand," etc., e.g., Rev 1:16; 5:8;

(b) "to hold fast, keep," Luk 19:20; metaphorically, of the mind and conduct, e.g., Mar 16:8; Jhn 14:21; Rom 1:28; 1Ti 3:9; 2Ti 1:13;

(c) "to hold on, cling to, be next to," e.g., of accompaniment, Hbr 6:9, "things that accompany (salvation)," lit., "the things holding themselves of salvation" (RV, marg., "are near to"); of place, Mar 1:38, "next (towns)," lit., "towns holding nigh;" of time, e.g., Luk 13:33, "(the day) following," lit., "the holding (day);" Act 13:44; 20:15; 21:26;

(d) "to hold, to count, consider, regard," e.g., Mat 14:5; 21:46; Mar 11:32; Luk 14:18; Phm 1:17;

(e) "to involve," Hbr 10:35; Jam 1:4; 1Jo 4:18;

(f) "to wear," of clothing, arms, etc., e.g., Mat 3:4; 22:12; Jhn 18:10;

(g) "to be with child," of a woman, Mar 13:17; Rom 9:10 (lit., "having conception");

(h) "to possess," the most frequent use, e.g., Mat 8:20; 19:22; Act 9:14; 1Th 3:6;

(i) of complaints, disputes, Mat 5:23; Mar 11:25; Act 24:19; Rev 2:4, 20;

(j) of ability, power, e.g., Luk 12:4; Act 4:14 (lit., "had nothing to say");

(k) of necessity, e.g., Luk 12:50; Act 23:17-19;

(l) "to be in a certain condition," as, of readiness, Act 21:12 (lit., "I have readily"); of illness, Mat 4:24, "all that were sick" (lit., "that had themselves sickly"); Mar 5:23, "lieth (lit., "hath herself") at the point of death;" Mar 16:18, "they shall recover" (lit., "shall have themselves well"); Jhn 4:52, "he began to amend" (lit., "he had himself better"); of evil works, 1Ti 5:25, "they that are otherwise," (lit., "the things having otherwise"); to be so, e.g., Act 7:1, "are these things so?" (lit., "have these things thus?"); of time, Act 24:25, "for this time" (lit., "the thing having now").

2 Strong's Number: g568 Greek: apecho


denotes "to have in full, to have received" (apo, "from," and No. 1), Mat 6:2, 5, 16, RV, "have received," for AV, "have;" Luk 6:24, AV and RV, "have received," but Phl 4:18, "I have;" Phm 1:15, "(that) thou shouldest have (him)" (AV, "receive"). Deissmann, in Light from the Ancient East, and Moulton and Milligan (Vocab. of Gk. Test.) show that the verb was constantly used "as a technical expression in drawing up a receipt. Consequently in the Sermon on the Mount we are led to understand 'they have received their reward' as 'they have signed the receipt of their reward: their right to receive their reward is realized, precisely as if they had already given a receipt for it.'"

Is there not a hint of this in Paul's word to Philemon concerning receiving Onesimus (ver. 17)? Philemon would give the Apostle a receipt for his payment in sending him. This is in keeping with the metaphorical terms of finance in Phm 1:18, 19.

3 Strong's Number: g1096 Greek: ginomai


"to begin to be, come to pass, happen," is rendered "have" in Mat 18:12; "had" in Act 15:2; "shall have" in 1Cr 4:5, lit., "praise shall be," or come to pass.

4 Strong's Number: g3335 Greek: metalambano


"to have," or "get a share of," is rendered "I have (a convenient season)," in Act 24:25.

5 Strong's Number: g5225 Greek: huparcho


"to be in existence, to be ready, at hand," is translated by the verb "to have" in Act 3:6, lit., "silver and gold is not to me" (in the next clause, "such as I have," echo is used); Act 4:37, "having (land)," lit., "(land) being (to him);" Mat 19:21, "that (thou) hast," lit., "(things that) are (thine)," i.e., "thy belongings;" similarly Luk 12:33, 44; 14:33.

6 Strong's Number: g474 Greek: antiballo


lit., "to throw in turn, exchange" (anti, "corresponding to," ballo, "to throw"), hence, metaphorically, "to exchange thoughts," is used in Luk 24:27, "ye have," i.e., "ye exchange."

7 Strong's Number: g1510 Greek: eimi


"to be, is often used in its various forms with some case of the personal pronoun, to signify "to be to, or of, a person," e.g., Mat 19:27, "(what then) shall we have," lit., "what then shall be to us?;" Act 21:23, "we have four men," lit., "there are to us, etc."

8 Strong's Number: g1746 Greek: enduo


"to put on," is rendered "having on" in Eph 6:14.


(1) In Jhn 5:4 (in those mss. which contain the passage), katecho, "to hold fast," is used in the Passive Voice, in the phrase "whatsoever disease he had," lit., "(by whatsoever disease) he was held."

(2) In Mar 12:22, in some mss., lambano, "to take" or "receive," is translated "had," in the statement "the seven had her;" in Act 25:16, RV, "have had" (AV, "have"); in Hbr 11:36, "had."

(3) In Mat 27:19, "Have thou nothing to do with that righteous man" translates what is lit. "nothing to thee and that righteous man," the verb being omitted. Similarly with the phrase, "What have I to do with thee?" lit., "what (is) to me and thee?" Mar 5:7; Luk 8:28; Jhn 2:4, where Westcott translates it "What is there to Me and to thee?;" Ellicott, "What is that to Me and to thee," i.e., "What is My concern and thine in the matter?" There is certainly nothing disparaging in the question. On the contrary, it answers what must have been the thought in Mary's heart, and suggests that while there is no obligation either on Him or her, yet the need is a case for rendering help. For the construction with the plural pronoun see Mat 8:29; Mar 1:24; Luk 4:34.

(4) In Hbr 4:13, "with whom we have to do" is, lit., "with whom (is) the account (logos) to us."

(5) In Hbr 13:5, "such things as ye have" is, lit., "the (things) present."

(6) In Mar 5:26, "all that she had" is, lit., "all the (things) with her."

(7) For Luk 15:31, AV, "all that I have," lit., "all my (things)," see RV.

(8) For eneimi, Luk 11:41, "ye have," see WITHIN, Note (h).


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