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Dictionaries :: Patience

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International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia


pa'-shens (hupomone, makrothumia): "Patience" implies suffering, enduring or waiting, as a determination of the will and not simply under necessity. As such it is an essential Christian virtue to the exercise of which there are many exhortations. We need to "wait patiently" for God, to endure uncomplainingly the various forms of sufferings, wrongs and evils that we meet with, and to bear patiently injustices which we cannot remedy and provocations we cannot remove.

The word "patience" does not occur in the Old Testament, but we have "patiently" in Ps 40:1 as the translation of qawah, "to wait," "to expect," which word frequently expresses the idea, especially that of waiting on God; in Ps 37:7, "patiently" ("wait patiently") is the translation of qul, one of the meanings of which is "to wait" or "to hope for" or "to expect" (of Job 35:14); "patient" occurs (Ec 7:8) as the translation of ?erekh ruach, "long of spirit," and (Job 6:11) "that I should be patient" (ha'arikh nephesh). Compare "impatient" (Job 21:4).

"Patience" occurs frequently in the Apocrypha, especially in Ecclesiasticus, e.g. 2:14; 16:13; 17:24; 41:2 (hupomone); 5:11 (makrothumia); 29:8 (makrothumeo, the Revised Version (British and American) "long suffering"); in The Wisdom of Solomon 2:19, the Greek word is anexikakia.

In the New Testament hupomone carries in it the ideas of endurance, continuance (Lu 8:15; 21:19; Ro 5:3,4, the American Standard Revised Version "stedfastness"; Ro 8:25, etc.).

In all places the American Revised Version margin has "stedfastness," except Jas 5:11, where it has "endurance"; makrothumia is translated "patience" (Heb 6:12; Jas 5:10); makrothumeo, "to bear long" (Mt 18:26,29; Jas 5:7; See LONGSUFFERING); the same verb is translated "be patient" (1Th 5:14, the Revised Version (British and American) "longsuffering"; Jas 5:7,8, the King James Version and the Revised Version (British and American) "patient"); makrothumos, "patiently" (Ac 26:3); hupomeno (1Pe 2:20); anexikakos is translated "patient" (2Ti 2:4, the Revised Version (British and American), the King James Version margin, "forbearing"); epieikes, "gentle" (1Ti 3:3, the Revised Version (British and American) "gentle"); hupomeno (Ro 12:12, "patient in tribulation"). For "the patient waiting for Christ" (2Th 3:5), the Revised Version (British and American) has "the patience of Christ."

Patience is often hard to gain and to maintain, but, in Ro 15:5, God is called "the God of patience" (the American Revised Version margin "stedfastness") as being able to grant that grace to those who look to Him and depend on Him for it. It is in reliance on God and acceptance of His will, with trust in His goodness, wisdom and faithfulness, that we are enabled to endure and to hope stedfastly.

Written by W. L. Walker


Torrey's New Topical Textbook

Patience: God, Is the God Of

Rom 15:5

Patience: Christ, an Example Of

Isa 53:7; Act 8:32; Mat 27:14

Patience: Enjoined

Tts 2:2; 2Pe 1:6

Patience: Should Have Its Perfect Work

Jam 1:4

Patience: Trials of Saints Lead To

Rom 5:3; Jam 1:3

Patience: Produces


Rom 5:4


Rom 15:4

Patience: Suffering with, for well-doing, is acceptable with God

1Pe 2:20

Patience: To Be Exercised

Running the race set before us

Hbr 12:1

Bringing forth fruits

Luk 8:15


Rom 2:7; Gal 6:9

Waiting for God

Psa 37:7; 40:1

Waiting for Christ

1Cr 1:7; 2Th 3:5

Waiting for the hope of the gospel

Rom 8:25; Gal 5:5

Waiting for God's salvation

Lam 3:26

Bearing the yoke

Lam 3:27


Luk 21:19; Rom 12:12

Patience: Necessary to the Inheritance of the Promises

Hbr 6:12; 10:36

Patience: Exercise, towards All

1Th 5:14

Patience: They Who Are in Authority, Should Exercise

Mat 18:26; Act 26:3

Patience: Ministers Should Follow After

1Ti 6:11

Patience: Ministers Approved By

2Cr 6:4

Patience: Should Be Accompanied By


2Pe 1:6


2Th 1:4; Hbr 6:12; Rev 13:10


2Pe 1:6


Col 1:11


Col 1:11

Patience: Saints Strengthened to All

Col 1:11

Patience: Commended

Ecc 7:8; Rev 2:2,3

Patience: Illustrated

Jam 5:7

Patience: Exemplified


Job 1:21; Jam 5:11


Luk 2:25


2Ti 3:10


Hbr 6:15


Jam 5:10


Rev 1:9


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