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Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Anger, Angry (To Be)

Dictionaries :: Anger, Angry (To Be)

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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Noun Strong's Number: g3709 Greek: orge

Anger, Angry (To Be):

originally any "natural impulse, or desire, or disposition," came to signify "anger," as the strongest of all passions. It is used of the wrath of man, Eph 4:31; Col 3:8; 1Ti 2:8; Jam 1:19, 20; the displeasure of human governments, Rom 13:4, 5; the sufferings of the Jews at the hands of the Gentiles, Luk 21:23; the terrors of the Law, Rom 4:15; "the anger" of the Lord Jesus, Mar 3:5; God's "anger" with Israel in the wilderness, in a quotation from the OT, Hbr 3:11; 4:3; God's present "anger" with the Jews nationally, Rom 9:22; 1Th 2:16; His present "anger" with those who disobey the Lord Jesus in His Gospel, Jhn 3:36; God's purposes in judgment, Mat 3:7; Luk 3:7; Rom 1:18; 2:5, 8; 3:5; 5:9; 12:19; Eph 2:3; 5:6; Col 3:6; 1Th 1:10; 5:9.


(1) Thumos, "wrath" (not translated "anger"), is to be distinguished from orge, in this respect, that thumos indicates a more agitated condition of the feelings, an outburst of wrath from inward indignation, while orge suggests a more settled or abiding condition of mind, frequently with a view to taking revenge. Orge is less sudden in its rise than thumos, but more lasting in its nature. Thumos expresses more the inward feeling, orge the more active emotion. Thumos may issue in revenge, though it does not necessarily include it. It is characteristic that it quickly blazes up and quickly subsides, though that is not necessarily implied in each case.

(2) Parorgismos, a strengthened form of orge, and used in Eph 4:26, RV margin, "provocation," points especially to that which provokes the wrath, and suggests a less continued state than No. (1). "The first keenness of the sense of provocation must not be cherished, though righteous resentment may remain" (Westcott). The preceding verb, orgizo, in this verse implies a just occasion for the feeling. This is confirmed by the fact that it is a quotation from Psa 4:4 (Sept.), where the Hebrew word signifies to quiver with strong emotion.

Thumos is found eighteen times in the NT, ten of which are in the Apocalypse, in seven of which the reference is to the wrath of God; so in Rom 2:8, RV, "wrath (thumos) and indignation" (orge); the order in the AV is inaccurate. Everywhere else the word thumos is used in a bad sense. In Gal 5:20, it follows the word "jealousies," which when smoldering in the heart break out in wrath. Thumos and orge are coupled in two places in the Apocalypse, Rev 16:19, "the fierceness (thumos) of His wrath" (orge); and Rev 19:15, "the fierceness of the wrath of Almighty God."
See WROTH (be).

(3) Aganaktesis originally signified "physical pain or irritation" (probably from agan, "very much," and achomai, "to grieve"), hence, "annoyance, vexation," and is used in 2Cr 7:11, "indignation."

B-1 Verb Strong's Number: g3710 Greek: orgizo

Anger, Angry (To Be):

"to provoke, to arouse to anger," is used in the Middle Voice in the eight places where it is found, and signifies "to be angry, wroth." It is said of individuals, in Mat 5:22; 18:34; 22:7; Luk 14:21; 15:28, and Eph 4:26 (where a possible meaning is "be ye angry with yourselves"); of nations, Rev 11:18; of Satan as the Dragon, Rev 12:17.

B-2 Verb Strong's Number: g3949 Greek: parorgizo

Anger, Angry (To Be):

is "to arouse to wrath, provoke" (para, used intensively, and No. 1); Rom 10:19, "will I anger;" Eph 6:4, "provoke to wrath."

B-3 Verb Strong's Number: g5520 Greek: cholao

Anger, Angry (To Be):

connected with chole, "gall, bile," which became used metaphorically to signify bitter anger, means "to be enraged," Jhn 7:23, "wroth," RV, in the Lord's remonstrance with the Jews on account of their indignation at His having made a man whole on the Sabbath Day.


(1) Thumomacheo (from thumos, "wrath," machomai, "to fight") originally denoted to fight with great animosity, and hence came to mean "to be very angry, to be exasperated," Act 12:20, of the anger of Herod, "was highly displeased."

(2) Thumoo, the corresponding verb, signifies "to provoke to anger," but in the Passive Voice "to be wroth," as in Mat 2:16, of the wrath of Herod, "was exceeding wroth."

(3) Aganakteo, see A, Note (3), is rendered in various ways in the seven places where it is used; "moved with indignation," Mat 20:24; 21:15, RV (AV, "sore displeased"); "had indignation," Mat 26:8; Mar 14:4. In Mar 10:14 the RV has "was moved with indignation" (AV, "was much displeased"), said of the Lord Jesus. The same renderings are given in Mar 10:41. In Luk 13:14 (AV, "with indignation"), the RV rightly puts "being moved with indignation." These words more particularly point to the cause of the vexation.

(4) In Col 3:21, erethizo signifies "to provoke." The RV correctly omits "to anger."

C-1 Adjective Strong's Number: g3711 Greek: orgilos

Anger, Angry (To Be):

"angry, prone to anger, irascible" (see B, Nos. 1, 2), is rendered "soon angry" in Tts 1:7.


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