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Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Diligence, Diligent, Diligently

Dictionaries :: Diligence, Diligent, Diligently

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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Noun Strong's Number: g2039 Greek: ergasia

Diligence, Diligent, Diligently:

(a) lit., "a working" (akin to ergon, "work"), is indicative of a process, in contrast to the concrete, ergon, e.g., Eph 4:19, lit., "unto a working" (RV marg., "to make a trade of"); contrast ergon in ver. 12;

(b) "business," Act 19:25, RV (for AV, "craft"); or gain got by "work," Act 16:16, 19; 19:24;

(c) endeavor, pains, "diligence," Luk 12:58.


A-2 Noun Strong's Number: g4710 Greek: spoude

Diligence, Diligent, Diligently:

"earnestness, zeal," or sometimes "the haste accompanying this," Mar 6:25; Luk 1:39, is translated "diligence" in Rom 12:8; in ver. 11, AV, "business" (RV, "diligence"); in 2Cr 8:7, AV, "diligence," RV, "earnestness;" both have "diligence" in Hbr 6:11; 2Pe 1:5; Jud 1:3; in 2Cr 7:11, 12, RV, "earnest care," AV, "carefulness," and "care."

B-1 Verb Strong's Number: g4704 Greek: spoudazo

Diligence, Diligent, Diligently:

has meanings corresponding to A, No. 2; it signifies "to hasten to do a thing, to exert oneself, endeavour, give diligence;" in Gal 2:10, of remembering the poor, AV, "was forward," RV, "was zealous;" in Eph 4:3, of keeping the unity of the Spirit, AV "endeavoring," RV, "giving diligence;" in 1Th 2:17, of going to see friends, "endeavored;" in 2Ti 4:9; 4:21, "do thy diligence;" in the following the RV uses the verb "to give diligence:" 2Ti 2:15, AV, "study;" Tts 3:12, AV, "be diligent;" Hbr 4:11, of keeping continuous Sabbath rest, AV, "let us labor;" in 2Pe 1:10, of making our calling and election sure; in 2Pe 1:15, of enabling believers to call Scripture truth to remembrance, AV, "endeavor;" in 2Pe 3:14, of being found in peace without fault and blameless, when the Lord comes, AV, "be diligent."

B-2 Verb Strong's Number: g3191 Greek: meletao

Diligence, Diligent, Diligently:

signifies "to care for, attend carefully" (from melete, "care"); in 1Ti 4:15, AV, "meditate," RV, "be diligent in;" in Act 4:25, "imagine" (marg., "meditate"); in Mar 13:11, the most authentic mss. have promerimnao.

C-1 Adjective Strong's Number: g4705 Greek: spoudaios

Diligence, Diligent, Diligently:

akin to A, No. 2 and B, No. 1, primarily signifies "in haste;" hence, diligent, earnest, zealous, 2Cr 8:22, AV, "diligent," RV, "earnest."
See EARNEST, FORWARD. In the Sept., Eze 41:25, "stout (planks)."

C-2 Adjective Strong's Number: g4707 Greek: spoudaioteros

Diligence, Diligent, Diligently:

the comparative degree of No. 1, 2Cr 8:22, AV, "more diligent," RV, "more "earnest;" in ver. 17, AV, "more forward," RV, "very earnest."

D-1 Adverb Strong's Number: g1960 Greek: epimelos

Diligence, Diligent, Diligently:

from epi, intensive, and an adverbial form of the impersonal verb melei, "it is a care" (cp. B, No. 2), signifies "carefully, diligently," Luk 15:8.

D-2 Adverb Strong's Number: g4435 Greek: pugme

Diligence, Diligent, Diligently:

the dative case of pugme, "a fist," lit. means "with the fist" (one hand being rubbed with the clenched fist of the other), a metaphorical expression for "thoroughly," in contrast to what is superficial; Mar 7:3, RV and AV marg., "diligently" (AV, text, "oft"). It also signified "boxing" (not in the NT); cp. puktes and pugmachos, "a boxer" (Lat., pugnus and pugno; Eng., "pugilist"). In the Sept., Exd 21:18; Isa 58:4.

D-3 Adverb Strong's Number: g4705 Greek: spoudaios

Diligence, Diligent, Diligently:

"speedily, earnestly, diligently" (cp. the corresponding noun, verb and adjective above), is translated "earnestly" in the RV of Luk 7:4 (AV, "instantly"); "diligently" in Tts 3:13.

D-4 Adverb Strong's Number: g4707 Greek: spoudaioteros

Diligence, Diligent, Diligently:

the comparative degree of No. 3, "more diligently," is used in Phl 2:28, RV, "the more diligently" (AV, "the more carefully").

Notes: (1) Some mss. have the neuter of the comparative adjective spoudaioteron in 2Ti 1:17. The most authentic texts have the adverb, No. 4.

D-5 Adverb Strong's Number: g199 Greek: Akribos

Diligence, Diligent, Diligently:

means "accurately, exactly." The AV translates it "diligently" in Mat 2:8; Act 18:25; "perfectly" in 1Th 5:2 (cp. Luk 1:3).


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