Search Bible
Click for Help   Click for QuickNav   Click for Advanced Search Options
Search KJV
Your Bible Version is the KJV
Go to Top
Link to This Page Cite This Page
Share this page Follow the BLB
Printable Page
The Blue Letter Bible
Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Forgive, Forgave, Forgiveness

Dictionaries :: Forgive, Forgave, Forgiveness

Choose a new font size and typeface
Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Verb Strong's Number: g863 Greek: aphiemi

Forgive, Forgave, Forgiveness:

primarily, "to send forth, send away" (apo, "from," hiemi, "to send"), denotes, besides its other meanings, "to remit or forgive"

(a) debts, Mat 6:12; 18:27, 32, these being completely cancelled;

(b) sins, e.g., Mat 9:2, 5, 6; 12:31, 32; Act 8:22 ("the thought of thine heart"); Rom 4:7; Jam 5:15; 1Jo 1:9; 2:12. In this latter respect the verb, like its corresponding noun (below), firstly signifies the remission of the punishment due to sinful conduct, the deliverance of the sinner from the penalty Divinely, and therefore righteously, imposed; secondly, it involves the complete removal of the cause of offense; such remission is based upon the vicarious and propitiatory sacrifice of Christ. In the OT atoning sacrifice and "forgiveness" are often associated, e.g., Lev 4:20, 26. The verb is used in the NT with reference to trespasses (paraptoma), e.g., Mat 6:14, 15; sins (hamartia), e.g., Luk 5:20; debts (see above) (opheilema), Mat 6:12; (opheile), Mat 18:32; (daneion), Mat 18:27; the thought (dianoia) of the heart, Act 8:22. Cp. kalupto, "to cover," 1Pe 4:8; Jam 5:20; and epikalupto, "to cover over," Rom 4:7, representing the Hebrew words for "atonement."

Human "forgiveness" is to be strictly analogous to Divine "forgiveness," e.g., Mat 6:12. If certain conditions are fulfilled, there is no limitation to Christ's law of "forgiveness," Mat 18:21, 22. The conditions are repentance and confession, Mat 18:15-17; Luk 17:3.

As to limits to the possibility of Divine "forgiveness," see Mat 12:32, 2nd part (see BLASPHEMY) and 1Jo 5:16 (see DEATH).
See FORSAKE, LAY, Note (2) at end, LEAVE, LET, OMIT, PUT, No. 16, Note, REMIT, SEND, Note, (1), SUFFER, YIELD.

A-2 Verb Strong's Number: g5483 Greek: charizomai

Forgive, Forgave, Forgiveness:

"to bestow a favor unconditionally," is used of the act of "forgiveness," whether Divine, Eph 4:32; Col 2:13; 3:13; or human, Luk 7:42, 43 (debt); 2Cr 2:7, 10; 12:13; Eph 4:32 (1st mention). Paul uses this word frequently, but No. 1 only, in Rom 4:7, in this sense of the word.

Note: Apoluo, "to let loose from" (apo, "from," luo, "to loose"), "to release," is translated "forgive," "ye shall be forgiven," Luk 6:37, AV (RV, "release," "ye shall be released"), the reference being to setting a person free as a quasi-judicial act. The verb does not mean "to forgive."

B-1 Noun Strong's Number: g859 Greek: aphesis

Forgive, Forgave, Forgiveness:

denotes "a dismissal, release" (akin to A, No. 1); it is used of the remission of sins, and translated "forgiveness" in Mar 3:29; Eph 1:7; Col 1:14, and in the AV of Act 5:31; 13:38; 26:18, in each of which the RV has "remission." Eleven times it is followed by "of sins," and once by "of trespasses." It is never used of the remission of sins in the Sept., but is especially connected with the Year of Jubilee (Lev 25:10, etc.). Cp. the RV of Luk 4:18, "release" (AV, "liberty"). For the significance in connection with remission of sins and the propitiatory sacrifice of Christ, see A, No. 1.
See DELIVERANCE, LIBERTY, RELEASE, REMISSION. Cp. the different word paresis, "a passing over, a remission," of sins committed under the old covenant, Rom 3:25. The RV should be used here. This passing over, or by, was neither forgetting nor "forgiving;" it was rather a suspension of the just penalty; cp. Act 17:30, "the times of ignorance God overlooked," RV; see also, e.g., Psa 78:38.

BLB Searches
Search the Bible
Search KJV

Advanced Options

Other Searches

Multi-Verse Retrieval
Search KJV

Let's Connect
Daily Devotionals

Blue Letter Bible offers several daily devotional readings in order to help you refocus on Christ and the Gospel of His peace and righteousness.

Daily Bible Reading Plans

Recognizing the value of consistent reflection upon the Word of God in order to refocus one's mind and heart upon Christ and His Gospel of peace, we provide several reading plans designed to cover the entire Bible in a year.

One-Year Plans

Two-Year Plan


The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.

Donate Contact

Blue Letter Bible study tools make reading, searching and studying the Bible easy and rewarding.

Blue Letter Bible is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization