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Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Gospel (Noun and Verb: to Preach)

Dictionaries :: Gospel (Noun and Verb: to Preach)

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Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Noun Strong's Number: g2098 Greek: euangelion

Gospel (Noun and Verb: to Preach):

originally denoted a reward for good tidings; later, the idea of reward dropped, and the word stood for "the good news" itself. The Eng. word "gospel," i.e. "good message," is the equivalent of euangelion (Eng., "evangel"). In the NT it denotes the "good tidings" of the Kingdom of God and of salvation through Christ, to be received by faith, on the basis of His expiatory death, His burial, resurrection, and ascension, e.g., Act 15:7; 20:24; 1Pe 4:17. Apart from those references and those in the Gospels of Matthew and Mark, and Rev 14:6, the noun is confined to Paul's Epistles. The Apostle uses it of two associated yet distinct things,

(a) of the basic facts of the death, burial and resurrection of Christ, e.g., 1Cr 15:1-3;

(b) of the interpretation of these facts, e.g., Rom 2:16; Gal 1:7, 11; 2:2; in (a) the "Gospel" is viewed historically, in (b) doctrinally, with reference to the interpretation of the facts, as is sometimes indicated by the context.

The following phrases describe the subjects or nature or purport of the message; it is the "gospel" of God, Mar 1:14; Rom 1:1; 15:16; 2Cr 11:7; 1Th 2:2, 9; 1Pe 4:17; God, concerning His Son, Rom 1:1-3; His Son, Rom 1:9; Jesus Christ, the Son of God, Mar 1:1; our Lord Jesus, 2Th 1:8; Christ, Rom 15:19, etc.; the glory of Christ, 2Cr 4:4; the grace of God, Act 20:24; the glory of the blessed God, 1Ti 1:11; your salvation, Eph 1:13; peace, Eph 6:15. Cp. also "the gospel of the Kingdom," Mat 4:23; 9:35; 24:14; "an eternal gospel," Rev 14:6.

In Gal 2:14, "the truth of the gospel" denotes, not the true "gospel," but the true teaching of it, in contrast to perversions of it.

The following expressions are used in connection with the "Gospel:"

(a) with regard to its testimony;

(1) kerusso, "to preach it as a herald," e.g., Mat 4:23; Gal 2:2 (see PREACH);

(2) laleo, "to speak," 1Th 2:2;

(3) diamarturomai, "to testify (thoroughly)," Act 20:24;

(4) euangelizo, "to preach," e.g., 1Cr 15:1; 2Cr 11:7; Gal 1:11 (see B, No. 1 below);

(5) katangello, "to proclaim," 1Cr 9:14;

(6) douleuo eis, "to serve unto" ("in furtherance of"), Phl 2:22;

(7) sunathleo en, "to labor with in," Phl 4:3;

(8) hierourgeo, "to minister," Rom 15:16;

(9) pleroo, "to preach fully," Rom 15:19;

(10) sunkakopatheo, "to suffer hardship with," 2Ti 1:8;

(b) with regard to its reception or otherwise:

(1) dechomai, "to receive," 2Cr 11:4;

(2) hupakouo, "to hearken to, or obey," Rom 10:16; 2Th 1:8;

(3) pisteuo en, "to believe in," Mar 1:15;

(4) metastrepho, "to pervert," Gal 1:7.

Note: In connection with (a), the Apostle's statement in 1Cr 9:23 is noticeable, "I do all things for the Gospel's sake, that I may be a joint partaker thereof," RV, for the incorrect AV, "that I might be partaker thereof with you."

B-1 Verb Strong's Number: g2097 Greek: euangelizo

Gospel (Noun and Verb: to Preach):

"to bring or announce glad tidings" (Eng., "evangelize"), is used

(a) in the Active Voice in Rev 10:7 ("declared") and Rev 14:6 ("to proclaim," RV, AV, "to preach");

(b) in the Passive Voice, of matters to be proclaimed as "glad tidings," Luk 16:16; Gal 1:11; 1Pe 1:25; of persons to whom the proclamation is made, Mat 11:5; Luk 7:22; Hbr 4:2, 6; 1Pe 4:6;

(c) in the Middle Voice, especially of the message of salvation, with a personal object, either of the person preached, e.g., Act 5:42; 11:20; Gal 1:16, or, with a preposition, of the persons evangelized, e.g., Act 13:32, "declare glad tidings;" Rom 1:15; Gal 1:8; with an impersonal object, e.g., "the word," Act 8:4; "good tidings," Act 8:12; "the word of the Lord," Act 15:35; "the gospel," 1Cr 15:1; 2Cr 11:7; "the faith," Gal 1:23; "peace," Eph 2:17; "the unsearchable riches of Christ, Eph 3:8.

B-2 Verb Strong's Number: g4283 Greek: proeuangelizomai

Gospel (Noun and Verb: to Preach):

"to announce glad tidings beforehand," is used in Gal 3:8.

Note: For other verbs see above.

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