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Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Keep, Keeping (Noun)

Dictionaries :: Keep, Keeping (Noun)

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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Verb Strong's Number: g5083 Greek: tereo

Keep, Keeping (Noun):


(a) "to watch over, preserve, keep, watch," e.g., Act 12:5, 6; 16:23; in Act 25:21, RV (1st part), "kept" (AV, "reserved"); the present participle is translated "keepers" in Mat 28:4, lit. "the keeping (ones);" it is used of the "keeping" power of God the Father and Christ, exercised over His people, Jhn 17:11, 12, 15; 1Th 5:23, "preserved;" 1Jo 5:18, where "He that was begotten of God," RV, is said of Christ as the Keeper ("keepeth him," RV, for AV, "keepeth himself"); Jud 1:1, RV, "kept for Jesus Christ" (AV, "preserved in Jesus Christ"); Rev 3:10; of their inheritance, 1Pe 1:4 ("reserved"); of judicial reservation by God in view of future doom, 2Pe 2:4, 9, 17; 3:7; Jud 1:6, 13; of "keeping" the faith, 2Ti 4:7; the unity of the Spirit, Eph 4:3; oneself, 2Cr 11:9; 1Ti 5:22; Jam 1:27; figuratively, one's garments, Rev 16:15;

(b) "to observe, to give heed to," as of keeping commandments, etc., e.g., Mat 19:17; Jhn 14:15; 15:10; 17:6; Jam 2:10; 1Jo 2:3, 4, 5; 3:22, 24; 5:2 (in some mss.), 3; Rev 1:3; 2:26; 3:8, 10; 12:17; 14:12; 22:7, 9.

A-2 Verb Strong's Number: g1301 Greek: diatereo

Keep, Keeping (Noun):

"to keep carefully" (dia, intensive, and No. 1), is said of "the mother of Jesus," in keeping His sayings in her heart, Luk 2:51, and of the command of the Apostles and elders in Jerusalem to Gentile converts in the churches to "keep" themselves from the evils mentioned in Act 15:29.

A-3 Verb Strong's Number: g4933 Greek: suntereo

Keep, Keeping (Noun):

denotes "to preserve, keep safe, keep close" (sun, "together with," used intensively, and No. 1), in Luk 2:19, as in Luk 2:51 (see No. 2, above), of the mother of Jesus in regard to the words of the shepherds; in Mar 6:20 it is used of Herod's preservation of John the Baptist from Herodias, RV, "kept (him) safe," AV, "observed (him)" (marg., "kept"); in Mat 9:17 (in some mss., Luk 5:38), of the preservation of wineskins.

A-4 Verb Strong's Number: g5442 Greek: phulasso

Keep, Keeping (Noun):


(a) "to guard, watch, keep watch," e.g, Luk 2:8; in the Passive Voice, Luk 8:29;

(b) "to keep by way of protection," e.g., Luk 11:21; Jhn 12:25; 17:12 (2nd part; No. 1 in 1st part and in Jhn 17:11);

(c) metaphorically, "to keep a law, precept," etc., e.g., Mat 19:20; Luk 18:21, "have observed;" Luk 11:28; Jhn 12:47 (in the best mss.); Act 7:53; 16:4; 21:24; Rom 2:26; Gal 6:13; 1Ti 5:21 ("observe"); in the Middle Voice, Mar 10:20 ("have observed");

(d) in the Middle Voice, "to keep oneself from," Act 21:25; elsewhere translated by the verb "to beware."
See BEWARE, No. 3, GUARD, B, No. 1.

A-5 Verb Strong's Number: g1314 Greek: diaphulasso

Keep, Keeping (Noun):

an intensive form of No. 4, "to guard thoroughly;" see GUARD.

A-6 Verb Strong's Number: g5432 Greek: phroureo

Keep, Keeping (Noun):

"to keep with a military guard," e.g., Gal 3:23, RV, "kept in ward;" see GUARD, B, No. 3

A-7 Verb Strong's Number: g4160 Greek: poieo

Keep, Keeping (Noun):

"to do, make," signifies "to keep," in Mat 26:18, in the Lord's statement, "I will keep the passover;" so in Act 18:21, in some mss.; in Jhn 7:19, where the AV has "keepeth (the law)," the RV adheres to the usual meaning "doeth."

A-8 Verb Strong's Number: g2192 Greek: echo

Keep, Keeping (Noun):

"to have, to hold," is rendered "I kept" in Luk 19:20, RV (AV, "I have kept"), of "keeping" a pound laid up in a napkin.

A-9 Verb Strong's Number: g2902 Greek: krateo

Keep, Keeping (Noun):

"to be strong, get possession of, hold fast," is used in Mar 9:10, "(and) they kept (the saying)," i.e., they held fast to the Lord's command to refrain from telling what they had seen in the mount of Transfiguration.

A-10 Verb Strong's Number: g3557 Greek: nosphizo

Keep, Keeping (Noun):

"to set apart, remove," signifies, in the Middle Voice, "to set apart for oneself, to purloin," and is rendered "purloining" in Tts 2:10; "kept back" (and "keep") in Act 5:2, 3, of the act of Ananias and his wife in "retaining" part of the price of the land.

A-11 Verb Strong's Number: g4912 Greek: sunecho

Keep, Keeping (Noun):

"to hold together," is translated "shall... keep (thee) in," in Luk 19:43. See also Note (8), below.


(1) In Act 22:2, AV, parecho, "to afford, give, cause," is rendered "kept (the more silence)," RV, "were (the more quiet)."

(2) In Mat 14:6 some mss. have the verb ago, "to lead, hold" (of a feast), of "keeping" Herod's birthday; the most authentic have ginomai, "to become, take place;" hence the RV, "when Herod's birthday came." The verb ago is used in Act 19:38 of "keeping" certain occasions, as of the holding of law courts, RV "(the courts) are open," AV marg., "court days are kept;" Moulton and Milligan illustrate from the papyri the use of the adjective agoraios, in the plural with hemerai, "days," understood, in regard to certain market days; certain court days are what are indicated here. The conjecture that the meaning is "courts are now being held" (sunodoi being understood as meetings of the court instead of "days") is scarcely so appropriate to the circumstances.

(3) In Mat 8:33, bosko, "to feed" (swine, etc.), is translated "(they that) fed," RV for AV "(they that) kept."

(4) In Act 9:33, katakeimai, "to lie down," is used with epi, "upon," with the meaning "to keep one's bed" (see LIE, No. 2).

(5) In Rom 2:25, prasso, "to do" (continuously), "to practice," is rendered "be a doer of," RV (AV, "keep").

(6) In Act 20:20, hupostello, "to shrink, draw back from," is translated "I shrank (not)" (Middle Voice), RV, AV, "I kept back (nothing)."

(7) In Act 27:43, koluo, "to hinder," is translated "stayed (them from)," RV, AV, "kept (them from)."

(8) In Luk 8:15; 1Cr 11:2, katecho, "to hold fast" (a strengthened form of echo, No. 8), is translated "hold fast," RV, AV, "keep;" in 1Cr 15:2, RV, "hold fast," AV, "keep in memory."

(9) For "keep secret," see SECRET.

(10) For "keep under," see BUFFET.

(11) Paratithemi is rendered "commit the keeping" in 1Pe 4:19, AV,

(12) For "keep the feast" see FEAST, B, No. 2.

B-1 Noun Strong's Number: g5084 Greek: teresis

Keep, Keeping (Noun):

akin to A, No. 1, denotes

(a) "a watching," and hence, "imprisonment, prison," Act 4:3; 5:18, "ward," RV (AV, "hold" and "prison");

(b) "keeping," 1Cr 7:19.

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