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Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Rich, Riches, Richly, Rich Man

Dictionaries :: Rich, Riches, Richly, Rich Man

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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Adjective Strong's Number: g4145 Greek: plousios

Rich, Riches, Richly, Rich Man:

akin to B, C, No. 1, "rich, wealthy," is used

(I) literally,

(a) adjectivally (with a noun expressed separately) in Mat 27:57; Luk 12:16; 14:12; 16:1, 19; (without a noun), 18:23; 19:2;

(b) as a noun, singular, a "rich" man (the noun not being expressed), Mat 19:23, 24; Mar 10:25; 12:41; Luk 16:21, 22; 18:25; Jam 1:10, 11, "the rich," "the rich (man);" plural, Mar 12:41, lit., "rich (ones);" Luk 6:24 (ditto); 21:1; 1Ti 6:17, "(them that are) rich," lit., "(the) rich;" Jam 2:6, RV, "the rich;" Jam 5:1, RV, "ye rich;" Rev 6:15; 13:16, RV, "the rich;"

(II) metaphorically, of God, Eph 2:4 ("in mercy"); of Christ, 2Cr 8:9; of believers, Jam 2:5, RV, "(to be) rich (in faith);" Rev 2:9, of spiritual "enrichment" generally; Rev 3:17, of a false sense of "enrichment."

B-1 Verb Strong's Number: g4147 Greek: plouteo

Rich, Riches, Richly, Rich Man:

"to be rich," in the aorist or point tense, "to become rich," is used

(a) literally, Luk 1:53, "the rich," present participle, lit., "(ones or those) being rich;" 1Ti 6:9, 18; Rev 18:3, 15, 19 (all three in the aorist tense);

(b) metaphorically, of Christ, Rom 10:12 (the passage stresses the fact that Christ is Lord; see Rom 10:9, and the RV); of the "enrichment" of believers through His poverty, 2Cr 8:9 (the aorist tense expressing completeness, with permanent results); so in Rev 3:18, where the spiritual "enrichment" is conditional upon righteousness of life and conduct (see GOLD, No. 2); of a false sense of "enrichment," 1Cr 4:8 (aorist), RV, "ye are become rich" (AV, "ye are rich"); Rev 3:17 (perfect tense, RV, "I... have gotten riches," AV, "I am... increased with goods"), see GOODS, Note (3); of not being "rich" toward God, Luk 12:21.

B-2 Verb Strong's Number: g4148 Greek: ploutizo

Rich, Riches, Richly, Rich Man:

"to make rich, enrich," is rendered "making (many) rich" in 2Cr 6:10 (metaphorical of "enriching" spiritually).

C-1 Noun Strong's Number: g4149 Greek: ploutos

Rich, Riches, Richly, Rich Man:

is used in the singular

(I) of material "riches," used evilly, Mat 13:22; Mar 4:19; Luk 8:14; 1Ti 6:17; Jam 5:2; Rev 18:17;

(II) of spiritual and moral "riches,"

(a) possessed by God and exercised towards men, Rom 2:4, "of His goodness and forbearance and longsuffering;" Rom 9:23 and Eph 3:16, "of His glory" (i.e., of its manifestation in grace towards believers); Rom 11:33, of His wisdom and knowledge; Eph 1:7; 2:7, "of His grace;" Eph 1:18, "of the glory of His inheritance in the saints;" Eph 3:8, "of Christ;" Phl 4:19, "in glory in Christ Jesus," RV; Col 1:27, "of the glory of this mystery... Christ in you, the hope of glory;"

(b) to be ascribed to Christ, Rev 5:12;

(c) of the effects of the gospel upon the Gentiles, Rom 11:12 (twice);

(d) of the full assurance of understanding in regard to the mystery of God, even Christ, Col 2:2, RV;

(e) of the liberality of the churches of Macedonia, 2Cr 8:2 (where "the riches" stands for the spiritual and moral value of their liberality);

(f) of "the reproach of Christ" in contrast to this world's treasures, Hbr 11:26.

C-2 Noun Strong's Number: g5536 Greek: chrema

Rich, Riches, Richly, Rich Man:

"what one uses or needs" (chraomai, "to use"), "a matter, business," hence denotes "riches," Mar 10:23, 24; Luk 18:24; see MONEY, No. 2.

D-1 Adverb Strong's Number: g4145 Greek: plousios

Rich, Riches, Richly, Rich Man:

"richly, abundantly," akin to A, is used in Col 3:16; 1Ti 6:17; Tts 3:6, RV, "richly" (AV, "abundantly"); 2Pe 1:11 (ditto).


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