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Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Courts of Justice

Dictionaries :: Courts of Justice

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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Torrey's New Topical Textbook

Courts of Justice: Have Authority from God

Rom 13:1-5

Courts of Justice: Superior Court

Held first by Moses alone in the wilderness

Exd 18:13-20

Consisted subsequently of priests and Levites

Deu 17:9; Mal 2:7

Presided over by the governor or the high priest

Deu 17:12; Jdg 4:4,5

Held at the seat of government

Deu 17:8

Decided on all appeals and difficult cases

Exd 18:26; Deu 1:17; 17:8,9

Decisions of, conclusive

Deu 17:10,11

Courts of Justice: Inferior Court

In all cities

Deu 16:18; 2Ch 19:5-7

Held at the gates

Gen 34:20; Deu 16:18; 21:19; Job 5:4

Judges of, appointed by the governor

Exd 18:21,25; Deu 1:9-15; 2Sa 15:3

All minor cases decided by

Exd 18:26; 2Sa 15:4

All transfers of property made before

Gen 23:17-20; Rth 4:1,2

Courts of Justice: Re-Established by Jehoshaphat

2Ch 19:5-10

Courts of Justice: Re-Established by Ezra

Ezr 7:25

Courts of Justice: Sanhedrim or Court of the Seventy

Probably derived from the seventy elders appointed by Moses

Exd 24:9; Num 11:16,17,24-30

Mentioned in the latter part of sacred history

Luk 22:66; Jhn 11:47; Act 5:27

Consisted of chief priest, &c

Mat 26:57,59

Presided over by high priest

Mat 26:62-66

Sat in high priest's palace

Mat 26:57,58

Courts of Justice: Of the Romans in Judea

Presided over by the governor or deputy

Mat 27:2,11; Act 18:12

Place of, called the hall of judgment

Jhn 18:28,33; 19:9

Never interfered in any dispute about minor matters or about religion

Act 18:14,15

Could alone award death

Jhn 18:31

Never examined their own citizens by torture

Act 22:25-29

Appeals from, made to the emperor

Act 25:11; 26:32; 28:19

Courts of Justice: Generally Held in the Morning

Jer 21:12; Mat 27:1; Luk 22:66; Act 5:21

Courts of Justice: Sometimes Held in Synagogues

Mat 10:17; Act 22:19; 26:11; Jam 2:2

Courts of Justice: Provided With


Deu 16:18


Deu 16:18; Mat 5:25

Tormentors or executioners

Mat 18:34

Courts of Justice: Judges Of

Called elders

Deu 25:7; 1Sa 16:4

Called magistrates

Luk 12:58

Rode often on white asses

Jdg 5:10

To judge righteously

Lev 19:15; Deu 1:6

To judge without respect of persons

Exd 23:3,6; Lev 19:15; Deu 1:17; Pro 22:22

To investigate every case

Deu 19:18

Not to take bribes

Exd 23:8; Deu 16:19

To judge as for God

2Ch 19:6,7,9

To decide according to the law

Eze 44:24

To promote peace

Zec 8:16

Sat on the judgment-seat while hearing causes

Exd 18:13; Jdg 5:10; Isa 28:6; Mat 27:19

Examined the parties

Act 24:8

Conferred together before giving judgment

Act 5:34-40; 25:12; 26:30,31

Pronounced the judgment of the court

Mat 26:65,66; Luk 23:24; Act 5:40

Courts of Justice: Both the accusers and accused required to appear before

Deu 25:1; Act 25:16

Courts of Justice: Causes In, Were Opened By

The complainant

1Ki 3:17-21; Act 16:19-21

An advocate

Act 24:1

Courts of Justice: The Accused

Stood before the judge

Num 35:12; Mat 27:11

Permitted to plead their own cause

1Ki 3:22; Act 24:10; 26:1

Might have advocates

Pro 31:8,9; Isa 1:17

Exhorted to confess

Jos 7:19

Examined on oath

Lev 5:1; Mat 26:63

Sometimes examined by torture

Act 22:24,29

Sometimes treated with insult

Mat 26:67; Jhn 18:22,23; Act 23:2,3

The evidence of two or more witnesses required in

Deu 17:6; 19:15; Jhn 8:17; 2Cr 13:1

Witnesses sometimes laid their hands on the criminal's head before punishment

Lev 24:14

Courts of Justice: False witnesses in to receive the punishment of the accused

Deu 19:19

Courts of Justice: Corruption and Bribery Often Practised In

Isa 10:1; Amo 5:12; 8:6

Courts of Justice: The Judgment Of

Not given till accused was heard

Jhn 7:51

Recorded in writing

Isa 10:1

Immediately executed

Deu 25:2; Jos 7:25; Mar 15:15-20

Witnesses first to execute

Deu 17:7; Act 7:58

Allusions to

Job 5:4; Psa 127:5; Mat 5:22

Illustrative of the last judgment

Mat 19:28; Rom 14:10; 1Cr 6:2


The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.


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