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Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Afflict (-ed), Affliction

Dictionaries :: Afflict (-ed), Affliction

Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Verb Strong's Number: g2559 Greek: kakoo

Afflict (-ed), Affliction:

is translated "afflict," in Act 12:1, RV (AV, "vex").
See AFFECT.

A-2 Verb Strong's Number: g2558 Greek: kakoucheo

Afflict (-ed), Affliction:

from kakos, "evil," and echo, "to have," signifies, in the Passive Voice, "to suffer ill, to be maltreated, tormented," Hbr 11:37 (AV, "tormented," RV, "afflicted"); Hbr 13:3, AV, "suffer adversity," RV, "evil entreated."
See ENTREAT, TORMENT. In the Sept., 1Ki 2:26; 11:39.

Note: Sunkakoucheo (sun, "with," and No. 1), "to be evil entreated with," is used in Hbr 11:25.

A-3 Verb Strong's Number: g2553 Greek: kakopatheo

Afflict (-ed), Affliction:

from kakos, "evil," pathos, "suffering," signifies "to suffer hardship." So the RV in 2Ti 2:9; 4:5; in Jam 5:13, "suffer" (AV, "afflicted).
See ENDURE, SUFFER.

Note: For sunkakopatheo, 2Ti 1:8, see HARDSHIP.

A-4 Verb Strong's Number: g2346 Greek: thlibo

Afflict (-ed), Affliction:

"to suffer affliction, to be troubled," has reference to sufferings due to the pressure of circumstances, or the antagonism of persons, 1Th 3:4; 2Th 1:6, 7; "straitened," in Mat 7:14 (RV); "throng," Mar 3:9; "afflicted," 2Cr 1:6; 7:5 (RV); 1Ti 5:10; Hbr 11:37; "pressed," 2Cr 4:8. Both the verb and the noun (see B, No. 4), when used of the present experience of believers, refer almost invariably to that which comes upon them from without.
See NARROW, PRESS, STRAITENED, THRONG, TRIBULATION, TROUBLE.

A-5 Verb Strong's Number: g5003 Greek: talaiporeo

Afflict (-ed), Affliction:

"to be afflicted," is used in Jam 4:9, in the Middle Voice ("afflict yourselves"). It is derived from tlao, "to bear, undergo," and poros, "a hard substance, a callus," which metaphorically came to signify that which is miserable.

Note: Talaiporia (akin to No. 5) denotes "misery, hardship," Rom 3:16; Jam 5:1. The corresponding adjective is talaiporos, "wretched," Rom 7:24; Rev 3:17.

B-1 Noun Strong's Number: g2552 Greek: kakopatheia

Afflict (-ed), Affliction:

from kakos, "evil," and pascho, "to suffer" is rendered "suffering" in Jam 5:10, RV (AV, "suffering affliction"). In Sept., Mal 1:13.

B-2 Noun Strong's Number: g2561 Greek: kakosis

Afflict (-ed), Affliction:

"affliction, ill treatment," is used in Act 7:34.

B-3 Noun Strong's Number: g3804 Greek: pathema

Afflict (-ed), Affliction:

from pathos, "suffering," signifies "affliction." The word is frequent in Paul's epistles and is found three times in Hebrews, four in 1 Peter; it is used

(a) of "afflictions," Rom 8:18, etc.; of Christ's "sufferings," 1Pe 1:11; 5:1; Hbr 2:9; of those as shared by believers, 2Cr 1:5; Phl 3:10; 1Pe 4:13; 5:1;

(b) of "an evil emotion, passion," Rom 7:5; Gal 5:24. The connection between the two meanings is that the emotions, whether good or evil, were regarded as consequent upon external influences exerted on the mind (cp. the two meanings of the English "passion"). It is more concrete than No. 1, and expresses in sense (b) the uncontrolled nature of evil desires, in contrast to epithumia, the general and comprehensive term, lit., "what you set your heart upon" (Trench, Syn. lxxxvii). Its concrete character is seen in Hbr 2:9.
See AFFECTION, MOTION, PASSION, SUFFERING.

Note: The corresponding verbal form pathetos, used in Act 26:23 of the sufferings of Christ, signifies "destined to suffer."

B-4 Noun Strong's Number: g2347 Greek: thlipsis

Afflict (-ed), Affliction:

primarily means "a pressing, pressure" (see A, No. 4), anything which burdens the spirit. In two passages in Paul's Epistles it is used of future retribution, in the way of "affliction," Rom 2:9; 2Th 1:6. In Mat 24:9, the AV renders it as a verb, "to be afflicted," (RV, "unto tribulation"). It is coupled with stenochoria, "anguish," in Rom 2:9; 8:35; with ananke, "distress," 1Th 3:7; with diogmos, "persecution," Mat 13:21; Mar 4:17; 2Th 1:4. It is used of the calamities of war, Mat 24:21, 29; Mar 13:19, 24; of want, 2Cr 8:13, lit., "distress for you;" Phl 4:14 (cp. Phl 1:16); Jam 1:27; of the distress of woman in child-birth, Jhn 16:21; of persecution, Act 11:19; 14:22; 20:23; 1Th 3:3, 7; Hbr 10:33; Rev 2:10; 7:14; of the "afflictions" of Christ, from which (His vicarious sufferings apart) his followers must not shrink, whether sufferings of body or mind, Col 1:24; of sufferings in general, 1Cr 7:28; 1Th 1:6, etc.
See ANGUISH, BURDENED, DISTRESS, PERSECUTION, TRIBULATION, TROUBLE.

CONTENT DISCLAIMER:

The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.

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