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Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Child, Children, Childbearing, Childish, Childless

Dictionaries :: Child, Children, Childbearing, Childish, Childless

Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
1 Strong's Number: g5043 Greek: teknon

Child, Children, Childbearing, Childish, Childless:

"a child" (akin to tikto, "to beget, bear"), is used in both the natural and the figurative senses. In contrast to huios, "son" (see below), it gives prominence to the fact of birth, whereas huios stresses the dignity and character of the relationship. Figuratively, teknon is used of "children" of

(a) God, Jhn 1:12;

(b) light, Eph 5:8;

(c) obedience, 1Pe 1:14;

(d) a promise, Rom 9:8; Gal 4:28;

(e) the Devil, 1Jo 3:10;

(f) wrath, Eph 2:3;

(g) cursing, 2Pe 2:14;

(h) spiritual relationship, 2Ti 2:1; Phm 1:10.
See DAUGHTER, SON.

A-1 Verb Strong's Number: g3515 Greek: nepiazo

Child, Children, Childbearing, Childish, Childless:

"to be a babe," is used in 1Cr 14:20, "(in malice) be ye babes" (akin to No. 7, above).

A-2 Verb Strong's Number: g5044 Greek: teknotropheo

Child, Children, Childbearing, Childish, Childless:

"to rear young," teknon, and trepho, "to rear," signifies "to bring up children," 1Ti 5:10.

2 Strong's Number: g5040 Greek: teknion

Child, Children, Childbearing, Childish, Childless:

"a little child," a diminutive of No. 1, is used only figuratively in the NT, and always in the plural. It is found frequently in 1 John, see 2:1, 12, 28; 3:7, 18; 4:4; 5:21; elsewhere, once in John's Gospel, Jhn 13:33, once in Paul's Epistles, Gal 4:19. It is a term of affection by a teacher to his disciples under circumstances requiring a tender appeal, e.g., of Christ to the Twelve just before His death; the Apostle John used it in warning believers against spiritual dangers; Paul, because of the deadly errors of Judaism assailing the Galatian churches. Cp. his use of teknon in Gal 4:28.

3 Strong's Number: g5207 Greek: huios

Child, Children, Childbearing, Childish, Childless:

"a son," is always so translated in the RV, except in the phrase "children of Israel," e.g., Mat 27:9; and with reference to a foal, Mat 21:5. The AV does not discriminate between teknon and huios. In the First Epistle of John, the Apostle reserves the word for the Son of God. See teknia, "little children" (above), and tekna, "children," in Jhn 1:12; 11:52. See paidion (below). For the other use of huios, indicating the quality of that with which it is connected, see SON.

A-3 Verb Strong's Number: g5041 Greek: teknogoneo

Child, Children, Childbearing, Childish, Childless:

"to bear children" (teknon, and gennao, "to beget"), see No. 9 above, is found in 1Ti 5:14.

4 Strong's Number: g3816 Greek: pais

Child, Children, Childbearing, Childish, Childless:

signifies

(a) "a child in relation to descent,"

(b) "a boy or girl in relation to age,"

(c) "a servant, attendant, maid, in relation to condition."

As an instance of (a) see Mat 21:15, "children," and Act 20:12 (RV "lad"). In regard to (b) the RV has "boy" in Mat 17:18; Luk 9:42. In Luk 2:43 it is used of the Lord Jesus. In regard to (c), see Mat 8:6, 8, 13, etc. As to (a) note Mat 2:16, RV, "male children.
See MAID, MANSERVANT, SERVANT, SON, YOUNG MAN.

5 Strong's Number: g3813 Greek: paidion

Child, Children, Childbearing, Childish, Childless:

a diminutive of pais, signifies "a little or young child;" it is used of an infant just born, Jhn 16:21; of a male child recently born, e.g., Mat 2:8; Hbr 11:23; of a more advanced child, Mar 9:24; of a son, Jhn 4:49; of a girl, Mar 5:39, 40, 41; in the plural, of "children," e.g., Mat 14:21. It is used metaphorically of believers who are deficient in spiritual understanding, 1Cr 14:20, and in affectionate and familiar address by the Lord to His disciples, almost like the Eng., "lads," Jhn 21:5; by the Apostle John to the youngest believers in the family of God, 1Jo 2:13, 18; there it is to be distinguished from teknia, which term he uses in addressing all his readers (1Jo 2:1, 12, 28: see teknia, above).
See DAMSEL.

Note: The adverb paidiothen, "from (or of) a child," is found in Mar 9:21.

6 Strong's Number: g3808 Greek: paidarion

Child, Children, Childbearing, Childish, Childless:

another diminutive of pais, is used of "boys and girls," in Mat 11:16 (the best texts have paidiois here), and a "lad," Jhn 6:9; the tendency in colloquial Greek was to lose the diminutive character of the word.

7 Strong's Number: g3516 Greek: nepios

Child, Children, Childbearing, Childish, Childless:

lit., "not-speaking" (from ne, a negative, and epos), a word is rendered "childish" in 1Cr 13:11: see BABE.

8 Strong's Number: g3439 Greek: monogenes

Child, Children, Childbearing, Childish, Childless:

lit., "only-begotten," is translated "only child" in Luk 9:38.
See ONLY, ONLY BEGOTTEN.

9 Strong's Number: g5042 Greek: teknogonia

Child, Children, Childbearing, Childish, Childless:

teknon and a root gen--, whence gennao, "to beget," denotes "bearing children," implying the duties of motherhood, 1Ti 2:15.

B-1 Adjective Strong's Number: g1471 Greek: enkuos

Child, Children, Childbearing, Childish, Childless:

denotes "great with child" (en, "in," and kuo, "to conceive"), Luk 2:5.

B-2 Adjective Strong's Number: g5388 Greek: philoteknos

Child, Children, Childbearing, Childish, Childless:

from phileo, "to love," and teknon, signifies "loving one's children," Tts 2:4.

B-3 Adjective Strong's Number: g815 Greek: ateknos

Child, Children, Childbearing, Childish, Childless:

from a, negative, and teknon, signifies "childless," Luk 20:28-30.

Notes:

(1) For brephos, "a new born babe," always rendered "babe" or "babes" in the RV (AV, "young children," Act 7:19; "child," 2Ti 3:15), see under BABE.

(2) Huiothesia, "adoption of children," in the AV of Eph 1:5, is corrected to "adoption as sons" in the RV. See on ADOPTION.

CONTENT DISCLAIMER:

The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.

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