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Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Fill, Fill Up

Dictionaries :: Fill, Fill Up

Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Verb Strong's Number: g4137 Greek: pleroo

Fill, Fill Up:


(I) "to make full, to fill to the full;" in the Passive Voice, "to be filled, made full;" it is used

(1) of things:

a net, Mat 13:48; a building, Jhn 12:3; Act 2:2; a city, Act 5:28; needs, Phl 4:19, AV, "supply," RV, "fulfill;" metaphorically, of valleys, Luk 3:5; figuratively, of a measure of iniquity, Mat 23:32;

(2) of persons:

(a) of the members of the church, the body of Christ, as filled by Him, Eph 1:23 ("all things in all the members"); 4:10; in Eph 3:19, of their being filled "into" (eis), RV, "unto," AV, "with" (all the fullness of God); of their being "made full" in Him, Col 2:10 (RV, for AV, "complete");

(b) of Christ Himself: with wisdom, in the days of His flesh, Luk 2:40; with joy, in His return to the Father, Act 2:28;

(c) of believers: with the Spirit, Eph 5:18; with joy, Act 13:52; 2Ti 1:4; with joy and peace, Rom 15:13; [from these are to be distinguished those passages which speak of joy as being fulfilled or completed, which come under FULFILL, Jhn 3:29; 15:11 (RV); 16:24 (RV); Phl 2:2; 1Jo 1:4 (RV); 2Jo 1:12 (RV)]; with knowledge, Rom 15:14; with comfort, 2Cr 7:4; with the fruits of righteousness, Phl 1:11 (Gk. "fruit"); with the knowledge of God's will, Col 1:9; with abundance through material supplies by fellow believers, Phl 4:18;

(d) of the hearts of believers as the seat of emotion and volition, Jhn 16:6 (sorrow) Act 5:3 (deceitfulness);

(e) of the unregenerate who refuse recognition of God, Rom 1:29;

(II) "to accomplish, complete, fulfill."

A-2 Verb Strong's Number: g378 Greek: anapleroo

Fill, Fill Up:

"to fill up adequately, completely" (ana, "up," and No. 1), is twice translated by the verbs "to fill, to fill up," in 1Cr 14:16, RV (for AV, "occupieth"), of a believer as a member of an assembly, who "fills" the position or condition (not one who "fills" it by assuming it) of being unable to understand the language of him who had the gift of tongues; in 1Th 2:16, "to fill up their sins," of the Jews who persisted in their course of antagonism and unbelief.

A-3 Verb Strong's Number: g466 Greek: antanapleroo

Fill, Fill Up:

"to fill up in turn (or on one's part;" anti, "corresponding to," and No. 2), is used in Col 1:24, of the Apostle's responsive devotion to Christ in "filling" up, or undertaking on his part a full share of, the sufferings which follow after the sufferings of Christ, and are experienced by the members of His Body, the church. "The point of the Apostle's boast is that Christ, the sinless Master, should have left something for Paul, the unworthy servant, to suffer" (Lightfoot, on Col., p. 165).

A-4 Verb Strong's Number: g4845 Greek: sumpleroo

Fill, Fill Up:

"to fill completely" (sun, "with," and No. 1), is used in the Passive Voice

(a) of a boat filling with water, and, by metonymy, of the occupants themselves, Luk 8:23 (RV, "were filling");

(b) of "fulfilling," with regard to time, "when the days were well-nigh come," RV, for AV, "when the time was come" (RV, marg., "were being fulfilled"), Luk 9:51; Act 2:1, see RV, marg.
See COME. In the Sept. Jer 25:12.

A-5 Verb Strong's Number: g4130 Greek: pimplemi | pletho

Fill, Fill Up:

lengthened forms of pleo, "to fill" (pletho supplies certain tenses of pimplemi), is used

(1) of things; boats, with fish, Luk 5:7; a sponge, with vinegar, Mat 27:48 (some mss. have this verb in Jhn 19:29); a city, with confusion, Act 19:29; a wedding, with guests, Mat 22:10;

(2) of persons (only in Luke's writings):

(a) with the Holy Spirit, Luk 1:15, 41, 67; Act 2:4; 4:8, 31; 9:17; 13:9;

(b) with emotions: wrath, Luk 4:28; fear, Luk 5:26; madness, Luk 6:11; wonder, amazement, Act 3:10; jealousy, Act 5:17, RV, for AV, "indignation," and Act 13:45 (AV, "envy"). For its other significance, "to complete," see ACCOMPLISH.

A-6 Verb Strong's Number: g1705 Greek: empiplemi | empletho

Fill, Fill Up:

(as in No. 5), "to fill full, to satisfy," is used

(a) of "filling" the hungry, Luk 1:53; Jhn 6:12; of the abundance of the rich, Luk 6:25;

(b) metaphorically, of a company of friends, Rom 15:24, RV, "satisfied," for AV, "filled."

A-7 Verb Strong's Number: g1705 Greek: empiplao

Fill, Fill Up:

an alternative form of No. 6, is found in Act 14:17, "filling (your hearts)," of God's provision for mankind.

A-8 Verb Strong's Number: g5526 Greek: chortazo

Fill, Fill Up:

"to fill or satisfy with food," e.g., Mat 15:33; Phl 4:12, is used metaphorically in Mat 5:6; Luk 6:21.

A-9 Verb Strong's Number: g1072 Greek: gemizo

Fill, Fill Up:

"to fill or load full," is used of a boat, Mar 4:37 (RV, "was filling"); a sponge, Mar 15:36 (cp. No. 5, Mat 27:48); a house, Luk 14:23; the belly, Luk 15:16; waterpots, Jhn 2:7; baskets, Jhn 6:13; bowls, with fire, Rev 8:5; the temple, with smoke, Rev 15:8. Cp. gemo, "to be full."

A-10 Verb Strong's Number: g2880 Greek: korennumi

Fill, Fill Up:

"to satisfy" (akin to koros, "a surfeit"), is used metaphorically of spiritual things, in 1Cr 4:8, RV, "ye are filled;" in Act 27:38, "had eaten enough," lit., "having being satisfied with food."

A-11 Verb Strong's Number: g3325 Greek: mestoo

Fill, Fill Up:

"to fill full," from mestos, "full," is used of being "filled" with wine, Act 2:13, RV, "are filled with."

B-1 Noun Strong's Number: g4138 Greek: pleroma

Fill, Fill Up:

fullness, has two meanings,

(a) in the Active sense, "that which fills up," a piece of undressed cloth on an old garment, Mat 9:16; Mar 2:21, lit., "the filling" (RV, "that which should fill it up"), i.e., "the patch," which is probably the significance;

(b) "that which has been completed, the fullness," e.g., Mar 8:20.


(1) In Rev 18:6, AV, kerannumi, "to mix," is incorrectly rendered "to fill full" (RV, to mingle).

(2) In Rev 15:1, AV, teleo, "to finish, complete," is incorrectly rendered "filled up" (RV, "finished"); the contents of the seven bowls are not the sum total of the Divine judgments; they form the termination of them; there are many which precede (see previous chapters), which are likewise comprised under "the wrath of God," to be executed at the closing period of the present age, e.g., Rev 6:17; 11:18; 14:10, 19.


The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.


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