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Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Leaven (Noun and Verb)

Dictionaries :: Leaven (Noun and Verb)

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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Noun Strong's Number: g2219 Greek: zume

Leaven (Noun and Verb):

"leaven, sour dough, in a high state of fermentation," was used in general in making bread. It required time to fulfill the process. Hence, when food was required at short notice, unleavened cakes were used, e.g., Gen 18:6; 19:3; Exd 12:8. The Israelites were forbidden to use "leaven" for seven days at the time of Passover, that they might be reminded that the Lord brought them out of Egypt "in haste," Deu 16:3, with Exd 12:11; the unleavened bread, insipid in taste, reminding them, too, of their afflictions, and of the need of self-judgment, is called "the bread of affliction." "Leaven" was forbidden in all offerings to the Lord by fire, Lev 2:11; 6:17. Being bred of corruption and spreading through the mass of that in which it is mixed, and therefore symbolizing the pervasive character of evil, "leaven" was utterly inconsistent in offerings which typified the propitiatory sacrifice of Christ.

In the OT "leaven" is not used in a metaphorically sense. In the NT it is used

(a) metaphorically

(1) of corrupt doctrine, Mat 13:33; Luk 13:21, of error as mixed with the truth (there is no valid reason for regarding the symbol here differently from its application elsewhere in the NT); Mat 16:6, 11; Mar 8:15 (1st part); Luk 12:1; that the kingdom of heaven is likened to "leaven," does not mean that the kingdom is "leaven." The same statement, as made in other parables, shows that it is the whole parable which constitutes the similitude of the kingdom; the history of Christendom confirms the fact that the pure meal of the doctrine of Christ has been adulterated with error;

(2) of corrupt practices, Mar 8:15 (2nd part), the reference to the Herodians being especially applied to their irreligion; 1Cr 5:7, 8;

(b) literally, in Mat 16:12, and in the general statements in 1Cr 5:6; Gal 5:9, where the implied applications are to corrupt practice and corrupt doctrine respectively.

B-1 Verb Strong's Number: g2220 Greek: zumoo

Leaven (Noun and Verb):

signifies "to leaven, to act as leaven," Passive Voice in Mat 13:33; Luk 13:21; Active Voice in 1Cr 5:6; Gal 5:9.

CONTENT DISCLAIMER:

The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.

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