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Dictionaries :: Offence

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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Noun Strong's Number: g4625 Greek: skandalon


originally was "the name of the part of a trap to which the bait is attached, hence, the trap or snare itself, as in Rom 11:9, RV, 'stumblingblock,' quoted from Psa 69:22, and in Rev 2:14, for Balaam's device was rather a trap for Israel than a stumblingblock to them, and in Mat 16:23, for in Peter's words the Lord perceived a snare laid for Him by Satan.

"In NT skandalon is always used metaphorically, and ordinarily of anything that arouses prejudice, or becomes a hindrance to others, or causes them to fall by the way. Sometimes the hindrance is in itself good, and those stumbled by it are the wicked."

Thus it is used

(a) of Christ in Rom 9:33, "(a rock) of offense;" so 1Pe 2:8; 1Cr 1:23 (AV and RV, "stumblingblock"), and of His Cross, Gal 5:11 (RV, ditto); of the "table" provided by God for Israel, Rom 11:9 (see above);

(b) of that which is evil, e.g., Mat 13:41, RV, "things that cause stumbling" (AV, "things that offend"), lit., "all stumblingblocks;" Mat 18:7, RV, "occasions of stumbling" and "occasion;" Luk 17:1 (ditto); Rom 14:13, RV, "an occasion of falling" (AV, "an occasion to fall"), said of such a use of Christian liberty as proves a hindrance to another; Rom 16:17, RV, "occasions of stumbling," said of the teaching of things contrary to sound doctrine; 1Jo 2:10, "occasion of stumbling," of the absence of this in the case of one who loves his brother and thereby abides in the light. Love, then, is the best safeguard against the woes pronounced by the Lord upon those who cause others to stumble.
See FALL, B, Note (3). Cp. the Sept. in Hsa 4:17, "Ephraim partaking with idols hath laid stumblingblocks in his own path."

A-2 Noun Strong's Number: g4348 Greek: proskomma


"an obstacle against which one may dash his foot" (akin to proskopto, "to stumble" or "cause to stumble;" pros, "to or against," kopto, "to strike"), is translated "offense" in Rom 14:20, in Rom 14:13, "a stumblingblock," of the spiritual hindrance to another by a selfish use of liberty (cp. No. 1 in the same verse); so in 1Cr 8:9. It is used of Christ, in Rom 9:32, 33, RV, "(a stone) of stumbling," and 1Pe 2:8, where the AV also has this rendering. Cp. the Sept. in Exd 23:33, "these (the gods of the Canaanites) will be an offense (stumblingblock) unto thee."

A-3 Noun Strong's Number: g4349 Greek: proskope


like No. 2, and formed from the same combination, occurs in 2Cr 6:3, RV, "occasion of stumbling" (AV, "offence"), something which leads others into error or sin. Cp. the Sept. in Pro 16:18, "a haughty spirit (becomes) a stumblingblock" (i.e., to oneself).


(1) In the AV of Rom 4:25; 5:15 (twice), 16-18, 20, paraptoma, "a trepass," is translated "offense."

(2) In 2Cr 11:7, AV, hamartia, a sin, is translated "an offence."
See SIN.

B-1 Adjective Strong's Number: g677 Greek: aproskopos


akin to A, No. 3, with a, negative, prefixed, is used

(a) in the Active sense, "not causing to stumble," in 1Cr 10:32, metaphorically of "refraining from doing anything to lead astray" either Jews or Greeks or the church of God (i.e., the local church), RV, "no occasion of stumbling" (AV, "none offence");

(b) in the Passive sense, "blameless, without stumbling;" Act 24:16, "(a conscience) void of offence;" Phl 1:10, "void of (AV, without) offence." The adjective is found occasionally in the papyri writings.


The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.


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