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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
1 Strong's Number: g2521 Greek: kathemai


is used

(a) of the natural posture, e.g., Mat 9:9, most frequently in the Apocalypse, some 32 times; frequently in the Gospels and Acts; elsewhere only in 1Cr 14:30; Jam 2:3 (twice); and of Christ's position of authority on the throne of God, Col 3:1, AV, "sitteth" (RV, "is, seated"); Hbr 1:13 (cp. Mat 22:44; 26:64 and parallel passages in Mark and Luke, and Act 2:34); often as antecedent or successive to, or accompanying, another act (in no case a superfluous expression), e.g., Mat 15:29; 27:36; Mar 2:14; 4:1;

(b) metaphorically in Mat 4:16 (twice); Luk 1:79; of inhabiting a place (translated "dwell"), Luk 21:35; Rev 14:6, RV marg., "sit" (in the best texts: some have katoikeo, "to dwell").

2 Strong's Number: g4775 Greek: sunkathemai


"to sit with" (sun, "with," and No. 1), occurs in Mar 14:54; Act 26:30. In the Sept., Psa 101:6, "dwell."

3 Strong's Number: g345 Greek: anakeimai


"to recline at table" (ana, "up," keimai, "to lie"), is rendered "to sit at meat" in Mat 9:10 (RV, marg., "reclined"); Mat 26:7; 26:20, RV, "He was sitting at meat" (AV, "He sat down"); Mar 16:14; in some mss. Luk 7:37 (see No. 5); Luk 22:27 (twice); in Mar 14:18, "sat;" in Jhn 6:11, "were set down;" Jhn 12:2 in the best texts (see No. 4).
See GUEST, LEAN, LIE, Note (1), SET, No. 22, TABLE (at the).

4 Strong's Number: g4873 Greek: sunanakeimai


"to recline at table with or together" (sun, and No. 3), "to sit at meat or at table with," occurs in Mat 9:10, "sat down;" Mat 14:9; Mar 2:15, RV, "sat down with" (AV, "sat... together with"); Mar 6:22; Luk 7:49; 14:10, 15; Jhn 12:2 (in some texts).

5 Strong's Number: g2621 Greek: katakeimai


"to lie down" (kata, "down," andkeimai, cp. No. 3), is used of "reclining at a meal," Mar 2:15; 14:3; Luk 5:29, RV, "were sitting at meat" (AV, "sat down"); Luk 7:37 (in the best texts); 1Cr 8:10.

6 Strong's Number: g347 Greek: anaklino


"to cause to recline, make to sit down," is used in the Active Voice, in Luk 12:37 (also in Luk 2:7, of "laying" the infant Christ in the manger); in the Passive, Mat 8:11; 14:19; Mar 6:39 (in the best texts); in some texts, Luk 7:36; 9:15 (see No. 7); Luk 13:29.
See LAY.

7 Strong's Number: g2625 Greek: kataklino


is used only in connection with meals,

(a) in the Active Voice, "to make recline," Luk 9:14, 15 (in the best texts);

(b) in the Passive Voice, "to recline," Luk 7:36 (in the best texts), "sat down to meat;" Luk 14:8; 24:30 (RV, "had sat down... to meat").

8 Strong's Number: g2523 Greek: kathizo


is used

(a) transitively, "to make sit down," Act 2:30 (see also SET, No. 9);

(b) intransitively, "to sit down," e.g., Mat 5:1, RV, "when (He) had sat down" (AV, "was set"); Mat 19:28; 20:21, 23; 23:2; 25:31; 26:36; Mar 11:2, 7; 12:41; Luk 14:28, 31; 16:6; Jhn 19:13; Act 2:3 (of the tongues of fire); Act 8:31; 1Cr 10:7; 2Th 2:4, "he sitteth," aorist tense, i.e., "he takes his seat" (as, e.g., in Mar 16:19); Rev 3:21 (twice), RV, "to sit down" and "sat down;" Rev 20:4.

9 Strong's Number: g3869 Greek: parakathezomai


"to sit down beside" (para), in a Passive Voice form, occurs in the best mss. in Luk 10:39. Some texts have the verb parakathizo, "to set beside," Active form in Middle sense.

10 Strong's Number: g4776 Greek: sunkathizo



(a) transitively, "to make to sit together," Eph 2:6;

(b) intransitively, Luk 22:55, RV, "had sat down together" (AV, "were set down").

11 Strong's Number: g339 Greek: anakathizo


"to set up," is used intransitively, "to sit up," of two who were raised from the dead, Luk 7:15; Act 9:40.

12 Strong's Number: g377 Greek: anapipto


"to fall back" (ana, "back," pipto, "to fall"), denotes in the NT, "to recline for a repast," Mat 15:35; Mar 6:40; 8:6; Luk 11:37; 14:10; 17:7; 22:14; Jhn 6:10 (twice); Jhn 13:12; in Jhn 13:25; 21:20 it is used of leaning on the bosom of Christ.
See LEAN. In the Sept., Gen 49:9.

13 Strong's Number: g2516 Greek: kathezomai


"to sit (down)," is used in Mat 26:55; Luk 2:46; Jhn 4:6; 11:20; 20:12; Act 6:15.

Note: For epibaino, "sitting upon," Mat 21:5, AV, see RIDE.


The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.


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