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Dictionaries :: Tempt

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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Verb Strong's Number: g3985 Greek: peirazo



(1) "to try, attempt, assay" (see TRY);

(2) "to test, try, prove," in a good sense, said of Christ and of believers, Hbr 2:18, where the context shows that the temptation was the cause of suffering to Him, and only suffering, not a drawing away to sin, so that believers have the sympathy of Christ as their High Priest in the suffering which sin occasions to those who are in the enjoyment of communion with God; so in the similar passage in Hbr 4:15; in all the temptations which Christ endured, there was nothing within Him that answered to sin. There was no sinful infirmity in Him. While He was truly man, and His Divine nature was not in any way inconsistent with His Manhood, there was nothing in Him such as is produced in us by the sinful nature which belongs to us; in Hbr 11:37, of the testing of OT saints; in 1Cr 10:13, where the meaning has a wide scope, the verb is used of "testing" as permitted by God, and of the believer as one who should be in the realization of his own helplessness and his dependence upon God (see PROVE, TRY); in a bad sense, "to tempt"

(a) of attempts to ensnare Christ in His speech, e.g., Mat 16:1; 19:3; 22:18, 35, and parallel passages; Jhn 8:6;

(b) of temptations to sin, e.g., Gal 6:1, where one who would restore an erring brother is not to act as his judge, but as being one with him in liability to sin, with the possibility of finding himself in similar circumstances, Jam 1:13, 14 (see note below); of temptations mentioned as coming from the Devil, Mat 4:1; and parallel passages; 1Cr 7:5; 1Th 3:5 (see TEMPTER);

(c) of trying or challenging God, Act 15:10; 1Cr 10:9 (2nd part); Hbr 3:9; the Holy Spirit, Act 5:9: cp. No. 2.

Note: * "Jam 1:13-15 seems to contradict other statements of Scripture in two respects, saying

(a) that 'God cannot be tempted with evil,' and

(b) that 'He Himself tempteth no man.'

But God tempted, or tried, Abraham, Hbr 11:17, and the Israelites tempted, or tried, God, 1Cr 10:9. Jam 1:14, however, makes it plain that, whereas in these cases the temptation or trial, came from without, James refers to temptation, or trial, arising within, from uncontrolled appetites and from evil passions, cp. Mar 7:20-23. But though such temptation does not proceed from God, yet does God regard His people while they endure it, and by it tests and approves them."
[* From Notes on Thessalonians, by Hogg and Vine, p. 97.]

A-2 Verb Strong's Number: g1598 Greek: ekpeirazo


an intensive form of the foregoing, is used in much the same way as No. 1 (2) (c), in Christ's quotation from Deu 6:16, in reply to the Devil, Mat 4:7; Luk 4:12; so in 1Cr 10:9, RV, "the Lord" (AV, "Christ"); of the lawyer who "tempted" Christ, Luk 10:25. In the Sept., Deu 6:16; 8:2, 16; Psa 78:18. Cp. dokimazo (see PROVE).

B-1 Adjective Strong's Number: g551 Greek: apeirastos


"untempted, untried" (a, negative, and A, No. 1), occurs in Jam 1:13, with eimi, "to be," "cannot be tempted," "untemptable" (Mayor).


The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.


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