Search Bible
Click for Help   Click for QuickNav   Click for Advanced Search Options
Search KJV
Your Bible Version is the KJV
Go to Top
Link to This Page Cite This Page
Share this page Follow the BLB
Printable Page
The Blue Letter Bible

Baptist Confession of 1689: Of Christ the Mediator

Choose a new font size and typeface


Paragraph 1. It pleased God, in His eternal purpose, to choose and ordain the Lord Jesus, His only begotten Son, according to the covenant made between them both, to be the mediator between God and man, (Isa 42:1; 1Pe 1:19-20); the prophet, (Act 3:22); priest, (Hbr 5:5-6); and king, (Psa 2:6; Luk 1:33); head and savior of the church, (Eph 1:22-23); the heir of all things, (Hbr 1:2); and judge of the world, (Act 17:31); unto whom He did from all eternity give a people to be His seed and to be by Him in time redeemed, called, justified, sanctified, and glorified, (Isa 53:10; Jhn 17:6; Rom 8:30).

Paragraph 2. The Son of God, the second person in the Holy Trinity, being very and eternal God, the brightness of the Father’s glory, of one substance and equal with Him who made the world, who upholds and governs all things He has made, did, when the fullness of time was complete, take upon Him man’s nature, with all the essential properties and common infirmities of it, (Jhn 1:14; Gal 4:4); yet without sin, (Rom 8:3; Hbr 2:14, 16, 17; Hbr 4:15); being conceived by the Holy Spirit in the womb of the Virgin Mary, the Holy Spirit coming down upon her: and the power of the Most High overshadowing her; and so was made of a woman of the tribe of Judah, of the seed of Abraham and David according to the Scriptures, (Mat 1:22-23); so that two whole, perfect, and distinct natures were inseparably joined together in one person, without conversion, composition, or confusion; which person is very God and very man, yet one Christ, the only mediator between God and man, (Luk 1:27, 31, 35; Rom 9:5; 1Ti 2:5).

Paragraph 3. The Lord Jesus, in His human nature thus united to the divine, in the person of the Son, was sanctified and anointed with the Holy Spirit above measure, (Psa 45:7; Act 10:38; Jhn 3:34); having in Him all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge, (Col 2:3); in whom it pleased the Father that all fullness should dwell, (Col 1:19); to the end that being holy, harmless, undefiled, (Hbr 7:26); and full of grace and truth, (Jhn 1:14); He might be thoroughly furnished to execute the office of mediator and surety, (Hbr 7:22); which office He took not upon himself, but was thereunto called by His Father, (Hbr 5:5); who also put all power and judgement in His hand, and gave Him commandment to execute the same, (Jhn 5:22, 27; Mat 28:18; Act 2:36).

Paragraph 4. This office the Lord Jesus did most willingly undertake, (Psa 40:7, 8; Hbr 10:5-10; Jhn 10:18); which that He might discharge He was made under the law, (Gal 4:4; Mat 3:15); and did perfectly fulfill it, and underwent the punishment due to us, which we should have born and suffered, (Gal 3:13; Isa 53:6; 1Pe 3:18); being made sin and a curse for us, (2Co 5:21); enduring most grievous sorrows in His soul, and most painful sufferings in His body, (Mat 26:37-38; Luk 22:44; Mat 27:46); was crucified, and died, and remained in the state of the dead, yet saw no corruption, (Act 13:37): on the third day He arose from the dead, (1Co 15:3-4); with the same body in which He suffered, (Jhn 20:25, 27); with which He also ascended into heaven, (Mar 16:19; Act 1:9-11); and there sits at the right hand of His Father making intercession, (Rom 8:34; Hbr 9:24); and shall return to judge men and angels at the end of the world, (Act 10:42; Rom 14:9-10; Act 1:11; 2Pe 2:4).

Paragraph 5. The Lord Jesus, by His perfect obedience and sacrifice of Himself, which He through the eternal Spirit once offered up to God, has fully satisfied the justice of God, (Hbr 9:14; 10:14; Rom 3:25-26); procured reconciliation, and purchased an everlasting inheritance in the kingdom of heaven, for all those whom the Father has given unto Him, (Jhn 17:2; Hbr 9:15).

Paragraph 6. Although the price of redemption was not actually paid by Christ until after His incarnation, yet the virtue, efficacy, and benefit thereof were communicated to the elect in all ages, successively from the beginning of the world, in and by those promises, types, and sacrifices wherein He was revealed, and signified to be the seed which should bruise the serpent’s head, (1Co 4:10; Hbr 4:2; 1Pe 1:10-11); and the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world, (Rev 13:8); being the same yesterday, and today and for ever, (Hbr 13:8).

Paragraph 7. Christ, in the work of mediation, act according to both natures, by each nature doing that which is proper to itself; yet by reason of the unity of the person, that which is proper to one nature is sometimes in Scripture, attributed to the person denominated by the other nature, (Jhn 3:13; Act 20:28).

Paragraph 8. To all those for whom Christ has obtained eternal redemption, He does certainly and effectually apply and communicate the same, making intercession for them, (Jhn 6:37; 10:15-17; Jhn 17:9; Rom 5:10); uniting them to Himself by His Spirit, revealing to them, in and by His Word, the mystery of salvation, persuading them to believe and obey, (Jhn 17:6; Eph 1:9; 1Jo 5:20); governing their hearts by His Word and Spirit, (Rom 8:9, 14); and overcoming all their enemies by His almighty power and wisdom, (Psa 110:1; 1Co 15:25-26); in such manner and ways as are most consonant to His wonderful and unsearchable dispensation; and all of free and absolute grace, without any condition foreseen in them to procure it, (Jhn 3:8; Eph 1:8).

Paragraph 9. This office of mediator between God and man is proper only to Christ, who is the prophet, priest, and king of the church of God; and may not be either in whole, or any part thereof, transferred from Him to any other, (1Ti 2:5).

Paragraph 10. This number and order of offices is necessary; for in respect of our ignorance, we stand in need of His prophetical office, (Jhn 1:18); and in respect of our alienation from God, and imperfection of the best of our services, we need His priestly office to reconcile us and present us acceptable unto God, (Col 1:21; Gal 5:17); and in respect to our averseness and utter inability to return to God, and for our rescue and security from our spiritual adversaries, we need His kingly office to convince, subdue, draw, uphold, deliver, and preserveus to His heavenly kingdom, (Jhn 16:8; Psa 110:3; Luk 1:74-75).

DISCLAIMER: Creeds, catechisms, and confessions do not replace Scripture, nor the authority of Scripture. The creeds, catechisms and confessions are included herein for purposes of reference. Blue Letter Bible aims to provide resources that cover a range of traditional, orthodox, conservative Christianity, for the benefit of all of our users. The inclusion of the creeds, catechisms, and confessions does not necessarily mean that the ministry agrees with each and every point in each, since some are coming from different Christian perspectives of faith, practice and worship. The user may find them useful as tools to assist in understanding or teaching the Scriptures, since they were drafted based upon Scripture. Used in their proper context, they can continue to aid us as much today as they did for our forefathers in centuries past.

BLB Searches
Search the Bible
Search KJV

Advanced Options

Other Searches

Multi-Verse Retrieval
Search KJV

Let's Connect
Daily Devotionals

Blue Letter Bible offers several daily devotional readings in order to help you refocus on Christ and the Gospel of His peace and righteousness.

Daily Bible Reading Plans

Recognizing the value of consistent reflection upon the Word of God in order to refocus one's mind and heart upon Christ and His Gospel of peace, we provide several reading plans designed to cover the entire Bible in a year.

One-Year Plans

Two-Year Plan


The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.

Donate Contact

Blue Letter Bible study tools make reading, searching and studying the Bible easy and rewarding.

Blue Letter Bible is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization