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Exodus 22 :: Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

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Laws about Theft
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:1 -

“When a man steals an ox or a sheep and butchers it or sells it, he must repay five cattle for the ox or four sheep for the sheep.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:2 -

“If a thief is caught in the act of breaking in, and he is beaten to death, no one is guilty of bloodshed.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:3 -

“But if this happens after sunrise, the householder is guilty of bloodshed. A thief must make full restitution. If he is unable, he is to be sold because of his theft.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:4 -

“If what was stolen ​— ​whether ox, donkey, or sheep ​— ​is actually found alive in his possession, he must repay double.

Laws about Crop Protection
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:5 -

“When a man lets a field or vineyard be grazed in, and then allows his animals to go and graze in someone else’s field, he must repay[fn] with the best of his own field or vineyard.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:6 -

“When a fire gets out of control, spreads to thornbushes, and consumes stacks of cut grain, standing grain, or a field, the one who started the fire must make full restitution for what was burned.

Laws about Personal Property
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:7 -

“When a man gives his neighbor valuables[fn] or goods to keep, but they are stolen from that person’s house, the thief, if caught, must repay double.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:8 -

“If the thief is not caught, the owner of the house must present himself to the judges[fn] to determine[fn] whether or not he has taken his neighbor’s property.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:9 -

“In any case of wrongdoing involving an ox, a donkey, a sheep, a garment, or anything else lost, and someone claims, ‘That’s mine,’[fn] the case between the two parties is to come before the judges.[fn] The one the judges condemn[fn] must repay double to his neighbor.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:10 -

“When a man gives his neighbor a donkey, an ox, a sheep, or any other animal to care for, but it dies, is injured, or is stolen, while no one is watching,

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:11 -

“there must be an oath before the LORD between the two of them to determine whether or not he has taken his neighbor’s property. Its owner must accept the oath, and the other man does not have to make restitution.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:12 -

“But if, in fact, the animal was stolen from his custody, he must make restitution to its owner.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:13 -

“If it was actually torn apart by a wild animal, he is to bring it as evidence; he does not have to make restitution for the torn carcass.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:14 -

“When a man borrows an animal from his neighbor, and it is injured or dies while its owner is not there with it, the man must make full restitution.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:15 -

“If its owner is there with it, the man does not have to make restitution. If it was rented, the loss is covered by[fn] its rental price.

Laws about Seduction
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:16 -

“If a man seduces a virgin who is not engaged, and he sleeps with her, he must certainly pay the bridal price for her to be his wife.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:17 -

“If her father absolutely refuses to give her to him, he must pay an amount in silver equal to the bridal price for virgins.

Capital Offenses
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:18 -

“Do not allow a sorceress to live.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:19 -

“Whoever has sexual intercourse with an animal must be put to death.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:20 -

“Whoever sacrifices to any gods, except the LORD alone, is to be set apart for destruction.

Laws Protecting the Vulnerable
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:21 -

“You must not exploit a resident alien or oppress him, since you were resident aliens in the land of Egypt.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:22 -

“You must not mistreat any widow or fatherless child.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:23 -

“If you do mistreat them, they will no doubt cry to me, and I will certainly hear their cry.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:24 -

“My anger will burn, and I will kill you with the sword; then your wives will be widows and your children fatherless.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:25 -

“If you lend silver to my people, to the poor person among you, you must not be like a creditor to him; you must not charge him interest.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:26 -

“If you ever take your neighbor’s cloak as collateral, return it to him before sunset.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:27 -

“For it is his only covering; it is the clothing for his body.[fn] What will he sleep in? And if he cries out to me, I will listen because I am gracious.

Respect for God
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:28 -

“You must not blaspheme God[fn] or curse a leader among your people.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:29 -

“You must not hold back offerings from your harvest or your vats. Give me the firstborn of your sons.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:30 -

“Do the same with your cattle and your flock. Let them stay with their mothers for seven days, but on the eighth day you are to give them to me.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:31 -

“Be my holy people. You must not eat the meat of a mauled animal found in the field; throw it to the dogs.

CSB Footnotes
LXX adds from his field according to its produce. But if someone lets his animals graze an entire field, he must repay ; DSS, Sam also support this reading.
Lit silver
Or to God
LXX, Tg, Vg read swear
Lit That is it
Or before God
Or one whom God condemns
Lit rented, it comes with
Lit skin
Or judges

Christian Standard Bible®, Copyright © 2017, 2020 by Holman Bible Publishers.

Additional information is provided here.

For more information on this translation, see the CSB Preface.

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