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The Blue Letter Bible

Genesis 38 :: Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

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Judah and Tamar
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:1 -

At that time Judah left his brothers and settled near an Adullamite named Hirah.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:2 -

There Judah saw the daughter of a Canaanite named Shua; he took her as a wife and slept with her.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:3 -

She conceived and gave birth to a son, and he named him Er.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:4 -

She conceived again, gave birth to a son, and named him Onan.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:5 -

She gave birth to another son and named him Shelah. It was at Chezib that[fn][fn] she gave birth to him.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:6 -

Judah got a wife for Er, his firstborn, and her name was Tamar.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:7 -

Now Er, Judah’s firstborn, was evil in the LORD’s sight, and the LORD put him to death.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:8 -

Then Judah said to Onan, “Sleep with your brother’s wife. Perform your duty as her brother-in-law and produce offspring for your brother.”

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:9 -

But Onan knew that the offspring would not be his, so whenever he slept with his brother’s wife, he released his semen on the ground so that he would not produce offspring for his brother.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:10 -

What he did was evil in the LORD’s sight, so he put him to death also.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:11 -

Then Judah said to his daughter-in-law Tamar, “Remain a widow in your father’s house until my son Shelah grows up.” For he thought, “He might die too, like his brothers.” So Tamar went to live in her father’s house.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:12 -

After a long time[fn] Judah’s wife, the daughter of Shua, died. When Judah had finished mourning, he and his friend Hirah the Adullamite went up to Timnah to his sheepshearers.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:13 -

Tamar was told, “Your father-in-law is going up to Timnah to shear his sheep.”

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:14 -

So she took off her widow’s clothes, veiled her face, covered herself, and sat at the entrance to Enaim,[fn] which is on the way to Timnah. For she saw that, though Shelah had grown up, she had not been given to him as a wife.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:15 -

When Judah saw her, he thought she was a prostitute, for she had covered her face.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:16 -

He went over to her and said, “Come, let me sleep with you,” for he did not know that she was his daughter-in-law.

She said, “What will you give me for sleeping with me? ”

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:17 -

“I will send you a young goat from my flock,” he replied.

But she said, “Only if you leave something with me until you send it.”

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:18 -

“What should I give you? ” he asked.

She answered, “Your signet ring, your cord, and the staff in your hand.” So he gave them to her and slept with her, and she became pregnant by him.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:19 -

She got up and left, then removed her veil and put her widow’s clothes back on.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:20 -

When Judah sent the young goat by his friend the Adullamite in order to get back the items he had left with the woman, he could not find her.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:21 -

He asked the men of the place, “Where is the cult prostitute who was beside the road at Enaim? ”

“There has been no cult prostitute here,” they answered.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:22 -

So the Adullamite returned to Judah, saying, “I couldn’t find her, and besides, the men of the place said, ‘There has been no cult prostitute here.’ ”

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:23 -

Judah replied, “Let her keep the items for herself; otherwise we will become a laughingstock. After all, I did send this young goat, but you couldn’t find her.”

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:24 -

About three months later Judah was told, “Your daughter-in-law, Tamar, has been acting like a prostitute, and now she is pregnant.”

“Bring her out,” Judah said, “and let her be burned to death! ”

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:25 -

As she was being brought out, she sent her father-in-law this message: “I am pregnant by the man to whom these items belong.” And she added, “Examine them. Whose signet ring, cord, and staff are these? ”

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:26 -

Judah recognized them and said, “She is more in the right[fn] than I, since I did not give her to my son Shelah.” And he did not know her intimately again.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:27 -

When the time came for her to give birth, there were twins in her womb.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:28 -

As she was giving birth, one of them put out his hand, and the midwife took it and tied a scarlet thread around it, announcing, “This one came out first.”

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:29 -

But then he pulled his hand back, out came his brother, and she said, “What a breakout you have made for yourself! ” So he was named Perez.[fn]

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:30 -

Then his brother, who had the scarlet thread tied to his hand, came out, and was named Zerah.[fn]

CSB Footnotes
LXX reads She was at Chezib when
Or He was at Chezib when
Lit And there were many days, and
Or sat by the mouth of the springs
Or more righteous
= Breaking Out
= Brightness of Sunrise; perhaps related to the scarlet thread

Christian Standard Bible®, Copyright © 2017 by Holman Bible Publishers.

Additional information is provided here.

For more information on this translation, see the CSB Preface.

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