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Lexicon :: Strong's G749 - archiereus

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ἀρχιερεύς
Transliteration
archiereus
Pronunciation
är-khē-e-ryü's (Key)
Listen
Part of Speech
masculine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 3:265,349

Strong’s Definitions

ἀρχιερεύς archiereús, ar-khee-er-yuce'; from G746 and G2409; the high-priest (literally, of the Jews, typically, Christ); by extension a chief priest:—chief (high) priest, chief of the priests.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 123x

The KJV translates Strong's G749 in the following manner: chief priest (64x), high priest (58x), chief of the priest (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 123x
The KJV translates Strong's G749 in the following manner: chief priest (64x), high priest (58x), chief of the priest (1x).
  1. chief priest, high priest

  2. the high priests, these comprise in addition to one holding the high priestly office, both those who had previously discharged it and although disposed, continued to have great power in the State, as well as the members of the families from which high priest were created, provided that they had much influence in public affairs.

  3. Used of Christ because by undergoing a bloody death he offered himself as an expiatory sacrifice to God, and has entered into the heavenly sanctuary where he continually intercedes on our behalf.

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
ἀρχιερεύς archiereús, ar-khee-er-yuce'; from G746 and G2409; the high-priest (literally, of the Jews, typically, Christ); by extension a chief priest:—chief (high) priest, chief of the priests.
STRONGS NT 749: ἀρχιερεύς
ἀρχιερεύς, ἀρχιερέως, , chief priest, high priest.
1. He who above all others was honored with the title of priest, the chief of the priests, הַגָדול כֹּהֵן (Leviticus 21:10; Numbers 35:25 (later הָרֹאשׁ כֹּהֵן, 2 Kings 25:18; 2 Chronicles 19:11, etc.)): Matthew 26:3, and often in the Gospels, the Acts, and the Epistle to the Heb. It was lawful for him to perform the common duties of the priesthood; but his chief duty was, once a year on the day of atonement, to enter the Holy of holies (from which the other priests were excluded) and offer sacrifice for his own sins and the sins of the people (Leviticus 16; Hebrews 9:7, 25), and to preside over the Sanhedrin, or supreme Council, when convened for judicial deliberations (Matthew 26:3; Acts 22:5; Acts 23:2). According to the Mosaic law no one could aspire to the high priesthood unless he were of the tribe of Aaron, and descended moreover from a high priestly family; and he on whom the office was conferred held it till death. But from the time of Antiochus Epiphanes, when the kings of the Seleucidae and afterward the Herodian princes and the Romans arrogated to themselves the power of appointing the high priests, the office neither remained vested in the pontifical family nor was conferred on anyone for life; but it became venal, and could be transferred from one to another according to the will of civil or military rulers. Hence, it came to pass, that during the one hundred and seven years intervening between Herod the Great and the destruction of the holy city, twenty-eight persons held the pontifical dignity (Josephus, Antiquities 20, 10; see Αννας). Cf. Winers RWB under the word Hoherpriester; Oehler in Herzog vi., pp. 198ff; (BB. DD., see under the words, High Priest, Priest, etc. The names of the 28 (27?) above alluded to are given, together with a brief notice of each, in an article by Schürer in the Studien und Kritiken for 1872, pp. 597-607).
2. The plural ἀρχιερεῖς, which occurs often in the Gospels and Acts, as Matthew 2:4; Matthew 16:21; Matthew 26:3; Matthew 27:41; Mark 8:31; Mark 14:1; Mark 15:1; Luke 19:47; Luke 22:52, 66; Luke 23:4; Luke 24:20; John 7:32; John 11:57; John 18:35; Acts 4:23; Acts 5:24; Acts 9:14, 21; Acts 22:30; Acts 23:14, etc., and in Josephus, comprises, in addition to the one actually holding the high priestly office, both those who had previously discharged it and although deposed continued to have great power in the State (Josephus, Vita38; b. j. 2, 12, 6; 4, 3, 7; 9; 4, 4, 3; see Αννας above), as well as the members of the families from which high priests were created, provided they had much influence in public affairs (Josephus, b. j. 6, 2, 2). See on this point the learned discussion by Schürer, Die ἀρχιερεῖς im N. T, in the Studien und Kritiken for 1872, p. 593ff and in his Neutest. Zeitgesch. § 23 iii., p. 407ff (Prof. Schürer, besides reviewing the opinions of the more recent writers, contends that in no instance where indubitable reference to the heads of the twenty-four classes is made (neither in the Sept. 1 Chronicles 24:3; 2 Chronicles 36:14; Ezra 10:5; Nehemiah 12:7; nor in Josephus, Antiquities 7, 14, 7) are they called ἀρχιερεῖς; that the nearest approximations to this term are periphrases such as ἄρχοντες τῶν ἱερέων, Nehemiah 12:7, or φυλαρχοι τῶν ἱερέων, Esra apocr. (1 Esdr.) 1 Esdras 8:92 (94); Josephus, Antiquities 11, 5, 4; and that the word ἀρχιερεῖς was restricted in its application to those who actually held, or had held, the high priestly office, together with the members of the few prominent families from which the high priests still continued to be selected, cf. Acts 4:6; Josephus, b. j. 4, 3, 6.)
3. In the Epistle to the Hebrews Christ is called 'high priest,' because by undergoing a bloody death he offered himself as an expiatory sacrifice to God, and has entered the heavenly sanctuary where he continually intercedes on our behalf: Hebrews 2:17; 3:1; 4:14; 5:10; 6:20; 7:26; 8:1; 9:11; cf. Winzer, De sacerdotis officio, quod Christo tribuitur in the Epistle to the Hebrews (three Programs), Leips. 1825f; Riehm, Lehrbegriff des Hebräerbriefes, ii., pp. 431-488. In Greek writings the word is used by Herodotus 2 ((37), 142) 143 and 151; Plato, legg. 12, p. 947 a.; Polybius 23, 1, 2; 32, 22, 5; Plutarch, Numa c. 9, others; (often in Inscriptions); once (viz., Leviticus 4:3) in the Sept., where ἱερεύς μέγας is usual, in the O. T. Apocrypha, 1 Esdr. 5:40 1 Esdr. 9:40, and often in the books of Maccabees. For the application of the term to Christ by the early writers see Bp. Lghtft. on Clem. Romans; 1 Corinthians 36 p. 118 sq., and on Ign. ad Philad. 9 vol. ii. p. 274.
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

Leviticus
4:3; 16; 21:10
Numbers
35:25
2 Kings
25:18
1 Chronicles
24:3
2 Chronicles
19:11; 36:14
Ezra
10:5
Nehemiah
12:7; 12:7
Matthew
2:4; 16:21; 26:3; 26:3; 26:3; 27:41
Mark
8:31; 14:1; 15:1
Luke
19:47; 22:52; 22:66; 23:4; 24:20
John
7:32; 11:57; 18:35
Acts
4:6; 4:23; 5:24; 9:14; 9:21; 22:5; 22:30; 23:2; 23:14
Hebrews
2:17; 3:1; 4:14; 5:10; 6:20; 7:26; 8:1; 9:7; 9:11; 9:25

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G749 matches the Greek ἀρχιερεύς (archiereus),
which occurs 123 times in 120 verses in the Greek concordance of the KJV

Page 1 / 3 (Mat 2:4–Luk 20:19)

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 2:4 - And when he had gathered all the chief priests G749 and scribes of the people together, he demanded of them where Christ should be born.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 16:21 - From that time forth began Jesus to shew unto his disciples, how that he must go unto Jerusalem, and suffer many things of the elders and chief priests G749 and scribes, and be killed, and be raised again the third day.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 20:18 - Behold, we go up to Jerusalem; and the Son of man shall be betrayed unto the chief priests G749 and unto the scribes, and they shall condemn him to death,
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 21:15 - And when the chief priests G749 and scribes saw the wonderful things that he did, and the children crying in the temple, and saying, Hosanna to the Son of David; they were sore displeased,
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 21:23 - And when he was come into the temple, the chief priests G749 and the elders of the people came unto him as he was teaching, and said, By what authority doest thou these things? and who gave thee this authority?
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 21:45 - And when the chief priests G749 and Pharisees had heard his parables, they perceived that he spake of them.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 26:3 - Then assembled together the chief priests, G749 and the scribes, and the elders of the people, unto the palace of the high priest, G749 who was called Caiaphas,
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 26:14 - Then one of the twelve, called Judas Iscariot, went unto the chief priests, G749
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 26:47 - And while he yet spake, lo, Judas, one of the twelve, came, and with him a great multitude with swords and staves, from the chief priests G749 and elders of the people.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 26:51 - And, behold, one of them which were with Jesus stretched out his hand, and drew his sword, and struck a servant of the high priest's, G749 and smote off his ear.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 26:57 - And they that had laid hold on Jesus led him away to Caiaphas the high priest, G749 where the scribes and the elders were assembled.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 26:58 - But Peter followed him afar off unto the high priest's G749 palace, and went in, and sat with the servants, to see the end.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 26:59 - Now the chief priests, G749 and elders, and all the council, sought false witness against Jesus, to put him to death;
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 26:62 - And the high priest G749 arose, and said unto him, Answerest thou nothing? what is it which these witness against thee?
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 26:63 - But Jesus held his peace. And the high priest G749 answered and said unto him, I adjure thee by the living God, that thou tell us whether thou be the Christ, the Son of God.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 26:65 - Then the high priest G749 rent his clothes, saying, He hath spoken blasphemy; what further need have we of witnesses? behold, now ye have heard his blasphemy.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 27:1 - When the morning was come, all the chief priests G749 and elders of the people took counsel against Jesus to put him to death:
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 27:3 - Then Judas, which had betrayed him, when he saw that he was condemned, repented himself, and brought again the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests G749 and elders,
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 27:6 - And the chief priests G749 took the silver pieces, and said, It is not lawful for to put them into the treasury, because it is the price of blood.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 27:12 - And when he was accused of the chief priests G749 and elders, he answered nothing.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 27:20 - But the chief priests G749 and elders persuaded the multitude that they should ask Barabbas, and destroy Jesus.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 27:41 - Likewise also the chief priests G749 mocking him, with the scribes and elders, said,
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 27:62 - Now the next day, that followed the day of the preparation, the chief priests G749 and Pharisees came together unto Pilate,
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 28:11 - Now when they were going, behold, some of the watch came into the city, and shewed unto the chief priests G749 all the things that were done.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 2:26 - How he went into the house of God in the days of Abiathar the high priest, G749 and did eat the shewbread, which is not lawful to eat but for the priests, and gave also to them which were with him?
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 8:31 - And he began to teach them, that the Son of man must suffer many things, and be rejected of the elders, and of the chief priests, G749 and scribes, and be killed, and after three days rise again.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 10:33 - Saying, Behold, we go up to Jerusalem; and the Son of man shall be delivered unto the chief priests, G749 and unto the scribes; and they shall condemn him to death, and shall deliver him to the Gentiles:
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 11:18 - And the scribes and chief priests G749 heard it, and sought how they might destroy him: for they feared him, because all the people was astonished at his doctrine.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 11:27 - And they come again to Jerusalem: and as he was walking in the temple, there come to him the chief priests, G749 and the scribes, and the elders,
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 14:1 - After two days was the feast of the passover, and of unleavened bread: and the chief priests G749 and the scribes sought how they might take him by craft, and put him to death.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 14:10 - And Judas Iscariot, one of the twelve, went unto the chief priests, G749 to betray him unto them.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 14:43 - And immediately, while he yet spake, cometh Judas, one of the twelve, and with him a great multitude with swords and staves, from the chief priests G749 and the scribes and the elders.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 14:47 - And one of them that stood by drew a sword, and smote a servant of the high priest, G749 and cut off his ear.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 14:53 - And they led Jesus away to the high priest: G749 and with him were assembled all the chief priests G749 and the elders and the scribes.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 14:54 - And Peter followed him afar off, even into the palace of the high priest: G749 and he sat with the servants, and warmed himself at the fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 14:55 - And the chief priests G749 and all the council sought for witness against Jesus to put him to death; and found none.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 14:60 - And the high priest G749 stood up in the midst, and asked Jesus, saying, Answerest thou nothing? what is it which these witness against thee?
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 14:61 - But he held his peace, and answered nothing. Again the high priest G749 asked him, and said unto him, Art thou the Christ, the Son of the Blessed?
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 14:63 - Then the high priest G749 rent his clothes, and saith, What need we any further witnesses?
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 14:66 - And as Peter was beneath in the palace, there cometh one of the maids of the high priest: G749
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 15:1 - And straightway in the morning the chief priests G749 held a consultation with the elders and scribes and the whole council, and bound Jesus, and carried him away, and delivered him to Pilate.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 15:3 - And the chief priests G749 accused him of many things: but he answered nothing.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 15:10 - For he knew that the chief priests G749 had delivered him for envy.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 15:11 - But the chief priests G749 moved the people, that he should rather release Barabbas unto them.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 15:31 - Likewise also the chief priests G749 mocking said among themselves with the scribes, He saved others; himself he cannot save.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 3:2 - Annas and Caiaphas being the high priests, G749 the word of God came unto John the son of Zacharias in the wilderness.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 9:22 - Saying, The Son of man must suffer many things, and be rejected of the elders and chief priests G749 and scribes, and be slain, and be raised the third day.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 19:47 - And he taught daily in the temple. But the chief priests G749 and the scribes and the chief of the people sought to destroy him,
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:1 - And it came to pass, that on one of those days, as he taught the people in the temple, and preached the gospel, the chief priests G749 and the scribes came upon him with the elders,
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:19 - And the chief priests G749 and the scribes the same hour sought to lay hands on him; and they feared the people: for they perceived that he had spoken this parable against them.

Search Results Continued...

1. Currently on page 1/3 (Mat 2:4–Luk 20:19) Mat 2:4–Luk 20:19

2. LOAD PAGE 2 Luk 22:2–Act 25:2

 
 
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