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Lexicon :: Strong's G1242 - diathēkē

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diathēkē (Key)
Part of Speech
feminine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 2:106,157

Strong’s Definitions

διαθήκη diathḗkē, dee-ath-ay'-kay; from G1303; properly, a disposition, i.e. (specially) a contract (especially a devisory will):—covenant, testament.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 33x

The KJV translates Strong's G1242 in the following manner: covenant (20x), testament (13x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 33x
The KJV translates Strong's G1242 in the following manner: covenant (20x), testament (13x).
  1. a disposition, arrangement, of any sort, which one wishes to be valid, the last disposition which one makes of his earthly possessions after his death, a testament or will

  2. a compact, a covenant, a testament

    1. God's covenant with Noah, etc.

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
διαθήκη diathḗkē, dee-ath-ay'-kay; from G1303; properly, a disposition, i.e. (specially) a contract (especially a devisory will):—covenant, testament.
διαθήκη, -ης, , (διατίθημι);
1. a disposition, arrangement, of any sort, which one wishes to be valid (German Verordnung, Willensverfϋgung): Galatians 3:15, where under the name of a man's disposition is meant specifically a testament, so far forth as it is a specimen and example of that disposition [cf. Meyer or Bp. Lightfoot at the passage]; especially the last disposal which one makes of his earthly possessions after his death, a testament or will (so in Greek writings from [Aristophanes], Plato, legg. 11, p. 922 c. following down): Hebrews 9:16f
2. a compact, covenant (Aristophanes av. 440), very often in the Scriptures for בְּרִית (Vulg. testamentum). For the word covenant is used to denote the close relationship which God entered into, first with Noah (Genesis 6:18; Genesis 9:9ff [cf. Sir. 44:18]), then with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob and their posterity (Leviticus 26:42 [cf. 2 Macc. 1:2]), but especially with Abraham (Genesis 15 and Genesis 17), and afterward through Moses with the people of Israel (Exodus 24; Deuteronomy 5:2; Deuteronomy 28:69 (Deuteronomy 29:1)). By this last covenant the Israelites are bound to obey God's will as expressed and solemnly promulged in the Mosaic law; and he promises them his almighty protection and blessings of every kind in this world, but threatens transgressors with the severest punishments. Hence, in the N. T. we find mention of αἱ πλάκες τῆς διαθήκης (הַבְּרִית לוּחות, Deuteronomy 9:9, 15), the tables of the law, on which the duties of the covenant were inscribed (Exodus 20); of κιβωτὸς τῆς διαθ. (הַבְּרִית אֲרון, Deuteronomy 10:8; Deuteronomy 31:9; Joshua 3:6, etc.), the ark of the covenant or law, in which those tables were deposited, Hebrews 9:4; Revelation 11:19; of διαθήκη περιτομῆς, the covenant of circumcision, made with Abraham, whose sign and seal was circumcision (Genesis 17:10ff), Acts 7:8; of τὸ αἷμα τῆς διαθήκης, the blood of the victims, by the shedding and sprinkling of which the Mosaic covenant was ratified, Hebrews 9:20 from Exodus 24:8; of αἱ διαθῆκαι, the covenants, one made with Abraham, the other through Moses with the Israelites, Romans 9:4 [L text Tr marginal reading διαθήκη] (Wis. 18:22; Sir. 44:11; 2 Macc. 8:15; Epistle of Barnabas 9; [cf. Winer's Grammar, 177 (166)]); of αἱ διαθῆκαι τῆς ἐπαγγελίας, the covenants to which the promise of salvation through the Messiah was annexed, Ephesians 2:12 (συνθῆκαι ἀγαθῶν ὑποσχέσεων, Wis. 12:21); for Christian salvation is the fulfillment of the divine promises annexed to those covenants, especially to that made with Abraham: Luke 1:72; Acts 3:25; Romans 11:27; Galatians 3:17 (where διαθήκη is God's arrangement, i. e. the promise made to Abraham). As the new and far more excellent bond of friendship which God in the Messiah's time would enter into with the people of Israel is called, חֲדָשָׁה בְּרִית, καινὴ διαθήκη (Jeremiah 38:31 (Jer. 31:31)) — which divine promise Christ has made good (Hebrews 8:8-10; Hebrews 10:16) — we find in the N. T. two distinct covenants spoken of, δύο διαθῆκαι (Galatians 4:24), namely, the Mosaic and the Christian, with the former of which (τῇ πρώτῃ διαθήκῃ, Hebrews 9:15, 18, cf. 8:9) the latter is contrasted, as καινὴ διαθήκη, Matthew 26:28; Mark 14:24 (in both passages in R G L [in Matthew in Tr also]); Luke 22:20 [WH reject the passage]; 1 Corinthians 11:25; 2 Corinthians 3:6; Hebrews 8:8; κρείττων διαθήκη, Hebrews 7:22; αἰώνιος διαθήκη, Hebrews 13:20; and Christ is called κρείττονος or καινῆς or νέας διαθήκης μεσίτης: Hebrews 8:6; Hebrews 9:15; Hebrews 12:24. This new covenant binds men to exercise faith in Christ, and God promises them grace and salvation eternal. This covenant Christ set up and ratified by undergoing death; hence, the phrases τὸ αἷμα τῆς καινῆς διαθήκης, τὸ αἷμα τῆς διαθήκης (see αἷμα sub at the end), [Hebrews 10:29]; τὸ αἷμά μου τῆς διαθήκης, my blood by the shedding of which the covenant is established, Matthew 26:28 T WH and Mark 14:24 T Tr WH (on two genitives after one noun cf. Matthiae, § 380, Anm. 1; Kühner, ii., p. 288f; [Jelf, § 543, 1, cf § 466; Winers Grammar, § 30, 3 Note 3; Buttmann, 155 (136)]). By metonymy of the contained for the container παλαιὰ διαθήκη is used in 2 Corinthians 3:14 of the sacred books of the O. T. because in them the conditions and principles of the older covenant were recorded. Finally must be noted the amphiboly or twofold use [cf. Philo de mut. nom. § 6] by which the writer to the Hebrews, in Hebrews 9:16f, substitutes for the meaning covenant which διαθήκη bears elsewhere in the Epistle that of testament (see 1 above), and likens Christ to a testator — not only because the author regards eternal blessedness as an inheritance bequeathed by Christ, but also because he is endeavoring to show, both that the attainment of eternal salvation is made possible for the disciples of Christ by his death (Hebrews 9:15), and that even the Mosaic covenant had been consecrated by blood (Hebrews 9:18ff). This, apparently, led the Latin Vulgate to render διαθήκη wherever it occurs in the Bible [i. e. in the New Testament, not always in the Old Testament; see B. D. under the word Covenant, and B. D. American edition under the word Testament] by the word testamentum.
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

6:18; 9:9; 15; 17; 17:10
20; 24; 24:8
5:2; 9:9; 9:15; 10:8; 29:1; 31:9
26:28; 26:28
14:24; 14:24
1:72; 22:20
3:25; 7:8
9:4; 11:27
1 Corinthians
2 Corinthians
3:6; 3:14
3:15; 3:17; 4:24
7:22; 8:6; 8:8; 8:8; 8:9; 8:9; 8:10; 9:4; 9:15; 9:15; 9:15; 9:16; 9:16; 9:18; 9:18; 9:20; 10:16; 10:29; 12:24; 13:20

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G1242 matches the Greek διαθήκη (diathēkē),
which occurs 33 times in 30 verses in the TR Greek.

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 26:28 - τοῦτο γάρ ἐστιν τὸ αἷμά μου τὸ τῆς καινῆς διαθήκης G1242 τὸ περὶ πολλῶν ἐκχυνόμενον εἰς ἄφεσιν ἁμαρτιῶν
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 14:24 - καὶ εἶπεν αὐτοῖς Τοῦτό ἐστιν τὸ αἷμά μου τὸ τῆς καινῆς διαθήκης G1242 τὸ περὶ πολλῶν ἐκχυνόμενον
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 1:72 - ποιῆσαι ἔλεος μετὰ τῶν πατέρων ἡμῶν καὶ μνησθῆναι διαθήκης G1242 ἁγίας αὐτοῦ
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 22:20 - ὡσαύτως καὶ τὸ ποτήριον μετὰ τὸ δειπνῆσαι λέγων, Τοῦτο τὸ ποτήριον καινὴ διαθήκη G1242 ἐν τῷ αἵματί μου τὸ ὑπὲρ ὑμῶν ἐκχυνόμενον
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 3:25 - ὑμεῖς ἐστε υἱοὶ τῶν προφητῶν καὶ τῆς διαθήκης G1242 ἡς διέθετο θεὸς πρὸς τοὺς πατέρας ἡμῶν λέγων πρὸς Ἀβραάμ, Καὶ τῷ σπέρματί σου ἐνευλογηθήσονται πᾶσαι αἱ πατριαὶ τῆς γῆς
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 7:8 - καὶ ἔδωκεν αὐτῷ διαθήκην G1242 περιτομῆς· καὶ οὕτως ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ἰσαὰκ καὶ περιέτεμεν αὐτὸν τῇ ἡμέρᾳ τῇ ὀγδόῃ καὶ Ἰσαὰκ τὸν Ἰακώβ καὶ Ἰακὼβ τοὺς δώδεκα πατριάρχας
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 9:4 - οἵτινές εἰσιν Ἰσραηλῖται ὧν υἱοθεσία καὶ δόξα καὶ αἱ διαθῆκαι G1242 καὶ νομοθεσία καὶ λατρεία καὶ αἱ ἐπαγγελίαι
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 11:27 - καὶ αὕτη αὐτοῖς παρ᾽ ἐμοῦ διαθήκη G1242 ὅταν ἀφέλωμαι τὰς ἁμαρτίας αὐτῶν
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 11:25 - ὡσαύτως καὶ τὸ ποτήριον μετὰ τὸ δειπνῆσαι λέγων, Τοῦτο τὸ ποτήριον καινὴ διαθήκη G1242 ἐστὶν ἐν τῷ ἐμῷ αἵματι· τοῦτο ποιεῖτε ὁσάκις ἂν πίνητε εἰς τὴν ἐμὴν ἀνάμνησιν
Unchecked Copy Box2Co 3:6 - ὃς καὶ ἱκάνωσεν ἡμᾶς διακόνους καινῆς διαθήκης G1242 οὐ γράμματος ἀλλὰ πνεύματος· τὸ γὰρ γράμμα ἀποκτείνει, τὸ δὲ πνεῦμα ζῳοποιεῖ
Unchecked Copy Box2Co 3:14 - ἀλλ᾽ ἐπωρώθη τὰ νοήματα αὐτῶν ἄχρι γὰρ τῆς σήμερον τὸ αὐτὸ κάλυμμα ἐπὶ τῇ ἀναγνώσει τῆς παλαιᾶς διαθήκης G1242 μένει μὴ ἀνακαλυπτόμενον τι ἐν Χριστῷ καταργεῖται·
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 3:15 - Ἀδελφοί κατὰ ἄνθρωπον λέγω· ὅμως ἀνθρώπου κεκυρωμένην διαθήκην G1242 οὐδεὶς ἀθετεῖ ἐπιδιατάσσεται
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 3:17 - τοῦτο δὲ λέγω· διαθήκην G1242 προκεκυρωμένην ὑπὸ τοῦ θεοῦ εἰς Χριστὸν μετὰ ἔτη τετρακόσια καὶ τριάκοντα γεγονὼς νόμος οὐκ ἀκυροῖ εἰς τὸ καταργῆσαι τὴν ἐπαγγελίαν
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 4:24 - ἅτινά ἐστιν ἀλληγορούμενα· αὗται γάρ εἰσιν αἱ δύο διαθῆκαι G1242 μία μὲν ἀπὸ ὄρους Σινᾶ εἰς δουλείαν γεννῶσα ἥτις ἐστὶν Ἁγάρ
Unchecked Copy BoxEph 2:12 - ὅτι ἦτε ἐν τῷ καιρῷ ἐκείνῳ χωρὶς Χριστοῦ ἀπηλλοτριωμένοι τῆς πολιτείας τοῦ Ἰσραὴλ καὶ ξένοι τῶν διαθηκῶν G1242 τῆς ἐπαγγελίας ἐλπίδα μὴ ἔχοντες καὶ ἄθεοι ἐν τῷ κόσμῳ
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 7:22 - κατὰ τοσοῦτον κρείττονος διαθήκης G1242 γέγονεν ἔγγυος Ἰησοῦς
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 8:6 - νυνὶ δὲ διαφορωτέρας τέτευχεν λειτουργίας ὅσῳ καὶ κρείττονός ἐστιν διαθήκης G1242 μεσίτης ἥτις ἐπὶ κρείττοσιν ἐπαγγελίαις νενομοθέτηται
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 8:8 - μεμφόμενος γὰρ αὐτοῖς λέγει Ἰδού, ἡμέραι ἔρχονται λέγει κύριος καὶ συντελέσω ἐπὶ τὸν οἶκον Ἰσραὴλ καὶ ἐπὶ τὸν οἶκον Ἰούδα διαθήκην G1242 καινήν
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 8:9 - οὐ κατὰ τὴν διαθήκην G1242 ἣν ἐποίησα τοῖς πατράσιν αὐτῶν ἐν ἡμέρᾳ ἐπιλαβομένου μου τῆς χειρὸς αὐτῶν ἐξαγαγεῖν αὐτοὺς ἐκ γῆς Αἰγύπτου ὅτι αὐτοὶ οὐκ ἐνέμειναν ἐν τῇ διαθήκῃ G1242 μου κἀγὼ ἠμέλησα αὐτῶν λέγει κύριος·
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 8:10 - ὅτι αὕτη διαθήκη G1242 ἣν διαθήσομαι τῷ οἴκῳ Ἰσραὴλ μετὰ τὰς ἡμέρας ἐκείνας λέγει κύριος· διδοὺς νόμους μου εἰς τὴν διάνοιαν αὐτῶν καὶ ἐπὶ καρδίας αὐτῶν ἐπιγράψω αὐτούς καὶ ἔσομαι αὐτοῖς εἰς θεὸν καὶ αὐτοὶ ἔσονταί μοι εἰς λαόν·
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 9:4 - χρυσοῦν ἔχουσα θυμιατήριον καὶ τὴν κιβωτὸν τῆς διαθήκης G1242 περικεκαλυμμένην πάντοθεν χρυσίῳ ἐν στάμνος χρυσῆ ἔχουσα τὸ μάννα καὶ ῥάβδος Ἀαρὼν βλαστήσασα καὶ αἱ πλάκες τῆς διαθήκης G1242
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 9:15 - Καὶ διὰ τοῦτο διαθήκης G1242 καινῆς μεσίτης ἐστίν, ὅπως θανάτου γενομένου εἰς ἀπολύτρωσιν τῶν ἐπὶ τῇ πρώτῃ διαθήκῃ G1242 παραβάσεων τὴν ἐπαγγελίαν λάβωσιν οἱ κεκλημένοι τῆς αἰωνίου κληρονομίας
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 9:16 - ὅπου γὰρ διαθήκη G1242 θάνατον ἀνάγκη φέρεσθαι τοῦ διαθεμένου·
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 9:17 - διαθήκη G1242 γὰρ ἐπὶ νεκροῖς βεβαία ἐπεὶ μήποτε ἰσχύει ὅτε ζῇ διαθέμενος
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 9:20 - λέγων, Τοῦτο τὸ αἷμα τῆς διαθήκης G1242 ἡς ἐνετείλατο πρὸς ὑμᾶς θεός
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 10:16 - Αὕτη διαθήκη G1242 ἣν διαθήσομαι πρὸς αὐτοὺς μετὰ τὰς ἡμέρας ἐκείνας λέγει κύριος· διδοὺς νόμους μου ἐπὶ καρδίας αὐτῶν καὶ ἐπὶ τῶν διανοιῶν αὐτῶν ἐπιγράψω αὐτούς
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 10:29 - πόσῳ δοκεῖτε χείρονος ἀξιωθήσεται τιμωρίας τὸν υἱὸν τοῦ θεοῦ καταπατήσας καὶ τὸ αἷμα τῆς διαθήκης G1242 κοινὸν ἡγησάμενος ἐν ἡγιάσθη καὶ τὸ πνεῦμα τῆς χάριτος ἐνυβρίσας
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 12:24 - καὶ διαθήκης G1242 νέας μεσίτῃ Ἰησοῦ καὶ αἵματι ῥαντισμοῦ κρείττονα λαλοῦντι παρὰ τὸν Ἅβελ
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 13:20 - δὲ θεὸς τῆς εἰρήνης ἀναγαγὼν ἐκ νεκρῶν τὸν ποιμένα τῶν προβάτων τὸν μέγαν ἐν αἵματι διαθήκης G1242 αἰωνίου τὸν κύριον ἡμῶν Ἰησοῦν
Unchecked Copy BoxRev 11:19 - καὶ ἠνοίγη ναὸς τοῦ θεοῦ ἐν τῷ οὐρανῷ καὶ ὤφθη κιβωτὸς τῆς διαθήκης G1242 αὐτοῦ ἐν τῷ ναῷ αὐτοῦ καὶ ἐγένοντο ἀστραπαὶ καὶ φωναὶ καὶ βρονταὶ καὶ σεισμὸς καὶ χάλαζα μεγάλη
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