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Lexicon :: Strong's G302 - an

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an (Key)
Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primary particle
166x in 2 unique form(s)
191x in 2 unique form(s)
538x in 2 unique form(s)
Strong’s Definitions

ἄν án, an; a primary particle, denoting a supposition, wish, possibility or uncertainty:—(what-, where-, wither-, who-)soever. Usually unexpressed except by the subjunctive or potential mood. Also contracted for G1437.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 190x
KJV Translation Count — Total: 190x
  1. has no exact English equivalent, see definitions under AV

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
ἄν án, an; a primary particle, denoting a supposition, wish, possibility or uncertainty:—(what-, where-, wither-, who-)soever. Usually unexpressed except by the subjunctive or potential mood. Also contracted for G1437.
ἄν, a particle indicating that something can or could occur on certain conditions, or by the combination of certain fortuitous causes. In Latin it has no equivalent; nor do the English haply, perchance, German wohl (wol), etwa, exactly and everywhere correspond to it. The use of this particle in the N. T., illustrated by copious examples from Greek writers, is shown by Winers Grammar, § 42; [cf. Buttmann, 216ff (186ff). Its use in classic Greek is fully exhibited (by Prof. Goodwin) in Liddell and Scott, under the word].
It is joined:
I. in the apodoses of hypothetical sentences
1. with the imperfect, where the Latin uses the imperfect subjunctive, e. g. Luke 7:39 (ἐγίνωσκεν ἄν, sciret, he would know); Luke 17:6 (ἐλέγετε ἄν ye would say); Matthew 23:30 (non essemus, we should not have been); John 5:46; John 8:42; John 9:41; John 15:19; John 18:36; 1 Corinthians 11:31; Galatians 1:10; Galatians 3:21 [but WH marginal reading brackets]; Hebrews 4:8; Hebrews 8:4, 7.
2. with the indicative aorist (where the Latin uses the pluperfect subjunctive like the future perfect subjunctive, I would have done it), to express what would have been, if this or that either were (εἰ with the imperfect in the protasis preceding), or had been (εἰ with the aorist or pluperfect preceding): Matthew 11:21 and Luke 10:13 (ἄν μετενόησαν they would have repented); Matthew 11:23; Matthew 12:7 (ye would not have condemned); Matthew 24:43 (he would have watched), Matthew 24:22 and Mark 13:20 (no one would have been saved, i. e. all even now would have to be regarded as those who had perished; cf. Winer's Grammar, 304 (286)); John 4:10 (thou wouldst have asked); John 14:2 (εἶπον ἄν I would have said so); John 14:28 (ye would have rejoiced); Romans 9:29 (we should have become); 1 Corinthians 2:8; Galatians 4:15 (R G); Acts 18:14. Sometimes the condition is not expressly stated, but is easily gathered from what is said: Luke 19:23 and Matthew 25:27 (I should have received it back with interest, namely, if thou hadst given it to the bankers).
3. with the pluperfect: John 11:21 [R Tr marginal reading] (οὐκ ἄν ἐτεθνήκει [L T Tr text WH ἀπέθανεν] would not have died, for which, in John 11:32, the aorist οὐκ ἄν ἀπέθανε); John 14:7 [not Tdf.] (εἰ with the pluperfect preceding); 1 John 2:19 (they would have remained with us). Sometimes (as in Greek writings, especially the later) ἄν is omitted, in order to intimate that the thing wanted but little (imperfect) or had wanted but little (pluperfect or aorist) of being done, which yet was not done because the condition was not fulfilled (cf. Alexander Buttmann in the Studien und Kritiken for 1858, p. 489ff; [N. T. Gram., p. 225 (194)]; Fritzsche on Romans, vol. ii., 33; Winer's Grammar, § 42, 2, p. 305 (286)), e. g. John 8:39 (where the ἄν is spurious); John 15:22, 24; John 19:11; Acts 26:32; Romans 7:7; Galatians 4:15 (ἄν before ἐδώκατε has been correctly expunged by L T Tr WH).
II. Joined to relative pronouns, relative adverbs, and adverbs of time and quality, it has the same force as the Latin cumque or cunque, -ever, -soever (German irgend, etwa).
1. followed by a past tense of the indicative, when some matter of fact, something certain, is spoken of; where, "when the thing itself which is said to have been done is certain, the notion of uncertainty involved in ἄν belongs rather to the relative, whether pronoun or particle" (Klotz ad Der., p. 145) [cf. Winer's Grammar, § 42, 3 a.]; ὅσοι ἄν as many as: Mark 6:56 (ὅσοι ἄν ἥπτοντο [ἥψαντο L text T Tr text WH] αὐτοῦ as many as touched him [cf. Buttmann, 216 (187)]); Mark 11:24 (ὅσα ἄν προσευχόμενοι αἰτεῖσθε [Griesbach omits ἄν], but L text T Tr WH have rightly restored ὅσα προσεύχεσθε κ. αἰτεῖσθε). καθότι ἄν in so far or so often as, according as (German je nachdem gerade): Acts 2:45; Acts 4:35. ὡς ἄν: 1 Corinthians 12:2 (in whatever manner ye were led [cf. Buttmann, § 139, 13; 383 (329f)]).
2. followed by a subjunctive,
a. the present, concerning that which may have been done, or is usually or constantly done (where the German uses mögen); ἡνίκα ἄν whensoever, as often as: 2 Corinthians 3:15 L T Tr WH; ὅς ἄν whoever, be he who he may: Matthew 16:25 (L T Tr WH ἐάν); [Mark 8:35 (where T Tr WH future indicative; see WH's Appendix, p. 172)]; Luke 10:5 (L T Tr WH aorist); Luke 10:8; Galatians 5:17 (T Tr WH ἐάν, L brackets ἐάν); 1 John 2:5; 1 John 3:17; Romans 9:15 (Exodus 33:19); Romans 16:2; 1 Corinthians 11:27 etc. ὅστις ἄν: 1 Corinthians 16:2 [Tr WH ἐάν; WH marginal reading aorist]; Colossians 3:17 (L text Tr WH ἐάν). ὅσοι ἄν: Matthew 7:12 (T WH ἐάν); Matthew 22:9 (L T Tr WH ἐάν). ὅπου ἄν whithersoever: Luke 9:57 (L Tr ἐάν); Revelation 14:4 (L Tr [T edition 7 not 8, WH] have adopted ὑπάγει, defended also by Buttmann, 228 (196)); James 3:4 (R G L Tr marginal reading in brackets). ὁσάκις ἄν how often soever: 1 Corinthians 11:25f (where L T Tr WH ἐάν). ὡς ἄν in what way soever: 1 Thessalonians 2:7 ([cf. Ellicott at the passage; Buttmann, 232 (200)], L T Tr WH ἐάν).
b. the aorist, where the Latin uses the future perfect; ὅς ἄν: Matthew 5:21, 22 (εἴπῃ whoever, if ever anyone shall have said); Matthew 5:31f (in Matthew 5:32 L T Tr WH read πᾶς ἀπολύων); Matthew 10:11; Matthew 26:48 (Tdf. ἐάν); Mark 3:29, 35; Mark 9:41, etc. ὅστις ἄν: Matthew 10:33 [L Tr WH text omit ἄν]; Matthew 12:50; John 14:13 [Tr marginal reading WH present]; Acts 3:23 (Tdf. ἐάν), etc. ὅσοι ἄν: Matthew 21:22 (Treg. ἐάν); Matthew 23:3 (T WH ἐάν); Mark 3:28 (Tr WH ἐάν); Luke 9:5 (L T Tr WH present); John 11:22; Acts 2:39 (Lachmann οὕς); Acts 3:22. ὅπου ἄν: Mark 14:9 (T WH ἐάν); Mark 9:18 (L T Tr WH ἐάν). ἄχρις οὗ ἄν until (donec): 1 Corinthians 15:25 Rec.; Revelation 2:25. ἕως ἄν until (usque dum): Matthew 2:13; Matthew 10:11; Matthew 22:44; Mark 6:10; Luke 21:32; 1 Corinthians 4:5, etc. ἡνίκα ἄν, of future time, not until then, when... or then at length, when...: 2 Corinthians 3:16 (T WH text ἐάν) [cf. Kühner, 2:951; Jelf, 2:565). ὡς ἄν as soon as [Buttmann, 232 (200)]: 1 Corinthians 11:34; Philippians 2:23. ἀφ’ οὗ ἄν ἐγερθῇ, Luke 13:25 (from the time, whatever the time is, when he shall have risen up). But ἐάν (which see) is also joined to the pronouns and adverbs mentioned, instead of ἄν; and in many places the manuscripts and editions fluctuate between ἄν and ἐάν (examples of which have already been adduced); [cf. Tdf. Proleg., p. 96; WH's Appendix, p. 173 "predominantly ἄν is found after consonants, and ἐάν after vowels"]. Finally, to this head must be referred ὅταν (equivalent to ὅτε ἄν) with the indicative and much more often with the subjunctive (see ὅταν), and ὅπως ἄν, although this last came to be used as a final conjunction in the sense, that, if it be possible: Luke 2:35; Acts 3:20 (Acts 3:19); Acts 15:17; Romans 3:4; see ὅπως, II 1 b. [Cf. Winers Grammar, 309 (290f); Buttmann, 234 (201).]
III. ἄν is joined to the optative [Winers Grammar, 303 (284); Buttmann, 217 (188)]; when a certain condition is laid down, as in wishes, I would that etc.: Acts 26:29 (εὐξαίμην [Tdf. εὐξάμην] ἄν, I could pray, namely, did it depend on me); in direct questions [Winers Grammar, the passage cited; Buttmann, 254 (219)]: Acts 8:31 (πῶς ἄν δυναίμην; i. e. on what condition, by what possibility, could I? cf. Xenophon, oec. 11, 5); Acts 17:18 (τί ἄν θέλοι... λέγειν what would he say? it being assumed that he wishes to utter some definite notion or other); Acts 2:12 R G; independent sentences and indirect questions in which the narrator introduces another's thought [Winers Grammar, § 42, 4; Buttmann, the passage cited]: Luke 1:62; Luke 6:11; Luke 9:46; [Luke 15:26 L brackets Tr WH; cf. Luke 18:36 L brackets Tr brackets WH marginal reading]; Acts 5:24; Acts 10:17; Acts 17:20 R G.
IV. ἄν is found without a mood in 1 Corinthians 7:5 (εἰ μή τι ἄν [WH brackets ἄν], except perhaps, namely, γένοιτο [but cf. Buttmann as below]). ὡς ἄν, adverbially, tanquam (so already the Vulg.), as if: 2 Corinthians 10:9 (like ὥσπερ ἄν in Greek writings; cf. Kühner, 2:210 [§ 398 Anm. 4; Jelf, § 430]; Buttmann, 219 (189); ([Liddell and Scott, under the word, D. III.]).
ἄν contracted from ἐάν, if; followed by the subjunctive: John 20:23 [Lachmann ἐάν. Also by the (present) indicative in 1 John 5:15 Lachmann; see Buttman 223 (192); Winers Grammar 295 (277)]. Further, L T Tr WH have received ἄν in John 13:20; John 16:23; [so WH John 12:32; cf. Winers Grammar 291 (274); Buttman 72 (63)].
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

2:13; 5:21; 5:22; 5:31; 5:32; 7:12; 10:11; 10:11; 10:33; 11:21; 11:23; 12:7; 12:50; 16:25; 21:22; 22:9; 22:44; 23:3; 23:30; 24:22; 24:43; 25:27; 26:48
3:28; 3:29; 3:35; 6:10; 6:56; 8:35; 9:18; 9:41; 11:24; 13:20; 14:9
1:62; 2:35; 6:11; 7:39; 9:5; 9:46; 9:57; 10:5; 10:8; 10:13; 13:25; 15:26; 17:6; 18:36; 19:23; 21:32
4:10; 5:46; 8:39; 8:42; 9:41; 11:21; 11:22; 11:32; 12:32;13:20; 14:2; 14:7; 14:13; 14:28; 15:19; 15:22; 15:24; 16:23; 18:36; 19:11; 20:23
2:12; 2:39; 2:45; 3:19; 3:20; 3:22; 3:23; 4:35; 5:24; 8:31; 10:17; 15:17; 17:18; 17:20; 18:14; 26:29; 26:32
3:4; 7:7; 9:15; 9:29; 16:2
1 Corinthians
2:8; 4:5; 7:5; 11:25; 11:27; 11:31; 11:34; 12:2; 15:25; 16:2
2 Corinthians
3:15; 3:16; 10:9
1:10; 3:21; 4:15; 4:15; 5:17
1 Thessalonians
4:8; 8:4; 8:7
1 John
2:5; 2:19; 3:17; 5:15
2:25; 14:4

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G302 matches the Greek ἄν (an),
which occurs 166 times in 151 verses in the MGNT Greek.

Page 1 / 4 (Mat 2:13–Mar 10:44)

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 2:13 - Now when they had gone, behold, an angel of the Lord *appeared to Joseph in a dream and said, “Get up! Take the Child and His mother and flee to Egypt, and remain there until I tell you; for Herod is going to search for the Child to destroy Him.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 5:18 - “For truly I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not [fn]the smallest letter or stroke shall pass from the Law until all is accomplished.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 5:19 - “Whoever then annuls one of the least of these commandments, and teaches [fn]others to do the same, shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever G302 [fn]keeps and teaches them, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 5:21 - “You have heard that [fn]the ancients were told, ‘YOU SHALL NOT COMMIT MURDER’ and ‘Whoever G302 commits murder shall be [fn]liable to the court.’
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 5:22 - “But I say to you that everyone who is angry with his brother shall be [fn]guilty before the court; and whoever G302 says to his brother,[fn]You good-for-nothing,’ shall be [fn]guilty before [fn]the supreme court; and whoever G302 says, ‘You fool,’ shall be [fn]guilty enough to go into the [fn]fiery hell.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 5:26 - “Truly I say to you, you will not come out of there until you have paid up the last [fn]cent.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 10:11 - “And whatever G302 city or village you enter, inquire who is worthy in it, and stay [fn]at his house until you leave that city.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 10:14 - “Whoever does not receive you, nor heed your words, as you go out of that house or that city, shake the dust off your feet.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 10:23 - “But whenever they persecute you in [fn]one city, flee to [fn]the next; for truly I say to you, you will not finish going through the cities of Israel until the Son of Man comes.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 10:33 - “But whoever G302 [fn]denies Me before men, I will also deny him before My Father who is in heaven.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 10:42 - “And whoever in the name of a disciple gives to one of these [fn]little ones even a cup of cold water to drink, truly I say to you, he shall not lose his reward.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 11:21 - “Woe to you, Chorazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida! For if the [fn]miracles had occurred in Tyre and Sidon which occurred in you, they would have repented long ago in [fn]sackcloth and ashes.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 11:23 - “And you, Capernaum, will not be exalted to heaven, will you? You will descend to Hades; for if the [fn]miracles had occurred in Sodom which occurred in you, it would have remained to this day.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 12:7 - “But if you had known what this [fn]means, ‘I DESIRE [fn]COMPASSION, AND NOT A SACRIFICE,’ you would not have condemned the innocent.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 12:20 - “A BATTERED REED HE WILL NOT BREAK OFF,
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 12:32 - “Whoever [fn]speaks a word against the Son of Man, it shall be forgiven him; but whoever G302 [fn]speaks against the Holy Spirit, it shall not be forgiven him, either in this age or in the age to come.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 12:50 - “For whoever G302 does the will of My Father who is in heaven, he is My brother and sister and mother.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 15:5 - “But you say, ‘Whoever G302 says to his father or mother, “Whatever I have that would help you has been [fn]given to God,
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 16:25 - “For whoever wishes to save his [fn]life will lose it; but whoever G302 loses his [fn]life for My sake will find it.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 16:28 - “Truly I say to you, there are some of those who are standing here who will not taste death until they see the Son of Man coming in His kingdom.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 18:6 - but whoever G302 causes one of these little ones who believe in Me to stumble, it [fn]would be better for him to have a [fn]heavy millstone hung around his neck, and to be drowned in the depth of the sea.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 19:9 - “And I say to you, whoever G302 [fn]divorces his wife, except for [fn]immorality, and marries another woman [fn]commits adultery[fn].”
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 20:27 - and whoever wishes to be first among you shall be your slave;
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 21:22 - “And all things you ask in prayer, believing, you will receive.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 21:44 - “And he who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces; but on whomever G302 it falls, it will scatter him like dust.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 22:44 - ‘THE LORD SAID TO MY LORD,
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 23:16 - “Woe to you, blind guides, who say, ‘Whoever G302 swears by the [fn]temple, that is nothing; but whoever G302 swears by the gold of the [fn]temple is obligated.’
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 23:18 - “And, ‘Whoever G302 swears by the altar, that is nothing, but whoever G302 swears by the [fn]offering on it, he is obligated.’
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 23:30 - and say, ‘If we had been living in the days of our fathers, we would not have been partners with them in shedding the blood of the prophets.’
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 23:39 - “For I say to you, from now on you will not see Me until you say, ‘BLESSED IS HE WHO COMES IN THE NAME OF THE LORD!’”
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 24:22 - “Unless those days had been cut short, no [fn]life would have been saved; but for the sake of the [fn]elect those days will be cut short.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 24:34 - “Truly I say to you, this [fn]generation will not pass away until all these things take place.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 24:43 - “But [fn]be sure of this, that if the head of the house had known at what time of the night the thief was coming, he would have been on the alert and would not have allowed his house to be [fn]broken into.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 25:27 - ‘Then you ought to have put my money [fn]in the bank, and on my arrival I would have received my money back with interest.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 26:48 - Now he who was betraying Him gave them a sign, saying, “Whomever G302 I kiss, He is the one; seize Him.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 3:29 - but whoever G302 blasphemes against the Holy Spirit never has forgiveness, but is guilty of an eternal sin”
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 3:35 - “For whoever G302 does the will of God, he is My brother and sister and mother.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 6:10 - And He said to them, “Wherever you enter a house, stay there until you [fn]leave town.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 6:11 - “Any place that does not receive you or listen to you, as you go out from there, shake the dust [fn]off the soles of your feet for a testimony against them.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 6:56 - Wherever He entered villages, or cities, or countryside, they were laying the sick in the market places, and imploring Him that they might just touch the fringe of His cloak; and as many as touched it were being cured.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 8:35 - “For whoever wishes to save his [fn]life will lose it, but whoever G302 loses his [fn]life for My sake and the gospel’s will save it.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 9:1 - And Jesus was saying to them, “Truly I say to you, there are some of those who are standing here who will not taste death until they see the kingdom of God after it has come with power.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 9:37 - “Whoever G302 receives [fn]one child like this in My name receives Me; and whoever G302 receives Me does not receive Me, but Him who sent Me.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 9:41 - “For whoever G302 gives you a cup of water to drink [fn]because of your name as followers of Christ, truly I say to you, he will not lose his reward.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 9:42 - “Whoever causes one of these [fn]little ones who believe to stumble, it [fn]would be better for him if, with a heavy millstone hung around his neck, he [fn]had been cast into the sea.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 10:11 - And He *said to them, “Whoever G302 [fn]divorces his wife and marries another woman commits adultery against her;
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 10:15 - “Truly I say to you, whoever G302 does not receive the kingdom of God like a child will not enter it at all.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 10:43 - “But it is not this way among you, but whoever G302 wishes to become great among you shall be your servant;
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 10:44 - and whoever G302 wishes to be first among you shall be slave of all.

Search Results Continued...

1. Currently on page 1/4 (Mat 2:13–Mar 10:44) Mat 2:13–Mar 10:44

2. LOAD PAGE 2 Mar 11:23–Jhn 14:28

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