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Lexicon :: Strong's G4678 - sophia

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sophia (Key)
Part of Speech
feminine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 7:465,1056

Trench's Synonyms: lxxv. σοφία, φρόνησις, γνῶσις, ἐπίγνωσις.

Strong’s Definitions

σοφία sophía, sof-ee'-ah; from G4680; wisdom (higher or lower, worldly or spiritual):—wisdom.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 51x

The KJV translates Strong's G4678 in the following manner: wisdom (51x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 51x
The KJV translates Strong's G4678 in the following manner: wisdom (51x).
  1. wisdom, broad and full of intelligence; used of the knowledge of very diverse matters

    1. the wisdom which belongs to men

      1. spec. the varied knowledge of things human and divine, acquired by acuteness and experience, and summed up in maxims and proverbs

      2. the science and learning

      3. the act of interpreting dreams and always giving the sagest advice

      4. the intelligence evinced in discovering the meaning of some mysterious number or vision

      5. skill in the management of affairs

      6. devout and proper prudence in intercourse with men not disciples of Christ, skill and discretion in imparting Christian truth

      7. the knowledge and practice of the requisites for godly and upright living

    2. supreme intelligence, such as belongs to God

      1. to Christ

      2. the wisdom of God as evinced in forming and executing counsels in the formation and government of the world and the scriptures

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
σοφία sophía, sof-ee'-ah; from G4680; wisdom (higher or lower, worldly or spiritual):—wisdom.
σοφία, σοφίας, (σοφός), Hebrew חָכְמָה, wisdom, broad and full intelligence (from Homer down); used of the knowledge of very diverse matters, so that the shade of meaning in which the word is taken must be discovered from the context in every particular case.
a. the wisdom which belongs to men: universally, Luke 2:40, 52; specifically, the varied knowledge of things human and divine, acquired by acuteness and experience, and summed up in maxims and proverbs, as was σοφία τοῦ Σολομῶνος, Matthew 12:42; Luke 11:31; the science and learning τῶν Αἰγυπτίων, Acts 7:22 (cf. Winers Grammar, 227 (213) n.; Buttmann, § 134, 6); the art of interpreting dreams and always giving the sagest advice, Acts 7:10; the intelligence evinced in discovering the meaning of some mysterious number or vision, Revelation 13:18; Revelation 17:9; skill in the management of affairs, Acts 6:3; a devout and proper prudence in contact with men not disciples of Christ, Colossians 4:5; skill and discretion in imparting Christian truth, Colossians 1:28; Colossians 3:16; (2 Peter 3:15); the knowledge and practice of the requisites for godly and upright living, James 1:5; James 3:13, 17; with which σοφία ἄνωθεν κατερχομένη is put in contrast the σοφία ἐπίγειος, ψυχική, δαιμονιώδης, such as is the craftiness of envious and quarrelsome men. James 3:15, or σαρκικῇ σοφία (see σαρκικός, 1), craftiness, 2 Corinthians 1:12 (for the context shows that it does not differ essentially from the πανουργία of 2 Corinthians 4:2; in Greek writings also σοφία is not infrequently used of shrewdness and cunning; cf. Passow (or Liddell and Scott), under the word, 2); the knowledge and skill in affairs requisite for the successful defense of the Christian cause against hostile accusations, Luke 21:15; an acquaintance with divine things and human duties, joined to a power of discoursing concerning them and of interpreting and applying sacred Scripture, Matthew 13:54; Mark 6:2; Acts 6:10; the wisdom or instruction with which John the Baptist and Jesus taught men the way to obtain salvation, Matthew 11:19; Luke 7:35 (on these passages, see δικαιόω, 2). In Paul's Epistles: a knowledge of the divine plan, previously hidden, of providing salvation for men by the expiatory death of Christ, 1 Corinthians 1:30; 1 Corinthians 2:6; Ephesians 1:8 (Winer's Grammar, 111 (105f)); hence, all the treasures of wisdom are said to be hidden in Christ, Colossians 2:3; with the addition of Θεοῦ (genitive of the author), 1 Corinthians 1:24; 1 Corinthians 2:7; πνευματικῇ, Colossians 1:9; πνεῦμα σοφίας καί ἀποκαλύψεως, Ephesians 1:17; λόγος σοφίας, the ability to discourse eloquently of this wisdom, 1 Corinthians 12:8; opposed to this wisdom is — the empty conceit of wisdom which men make a parade of, a knowledge more specious than real of lofty and hidden subjects: such as the theosophy of certain Jewish Christians, Colossians 2:23; the philosophy of the Greeks, 1 Corinthians 1:21; 1 Corinthians 2:1; with τοῦ κόσμου added, 1 Corinthians 1:20; 1 Corinthians 3:19; τοῦ αἰῶνος τούτου, 1 Corinthians 2:6; τῶν σοφῶν, 1 Corinthians 1:19; ἀνθρώπων, 1 Corinthians 2:5 (in each of these last passages the word includes also the rhetorical art, such as is taught in the schools), cf. Fritzsche, Romans, vol. i, p. 67f; σοφία τοῦ λόγου, the wisdom which shows itself in speaking (R. V. wisdom of words), the art of the rhetorician, 1 Corinthians 1:17; λόγοι (ἀνθρωπίνης (so R in 1 Corinthians 1:4 (all texts in 1 Corinthians 1:13))) σοφίας, discourse conformed to philosophy and the art of rhetoric, 1 Corinthians 2:4, 13.
b. supreme intelligence, such as belongs to God: Revelation 7:12, also to Christ, exalted to God's right hand, Revelation 5:12; the wisdom of God as evinced in forming and executing his counsels, Romans 11:33; with the addition of τοῦ Θεοῦ, as manifested in the formation and government of the world, and to the Jews, moreover, in the Scriptures, 1 Corinthians 1:21; it is called πολυποίκιλος from the great variety of ways and methods by which he devised and achieved salvation through Christ, Ephesians 3:10. In the noteworthy passage, Luke 11:49 (where Christ ascribes to 'the wisdom of God' what in the parallel, Matthew 23:34, he utters himself), the words σοφία τοῦ Θεοῦ εἶπεν seem to denote the wisdom of God which is operative and embodied as it were in Jesus, so that the primitive Christians, when to comfort themselves under persecution they recalled the saying of Christ, employed that formula of quotation (cf. 1 Corinthians 1:24, 30,etc.); but Luke, in ignorance of this fact, took the phrase for a part of Christ's saying. So Eusebius (h. e. 3, 32, 8), perhaps in the words of Hegesippus, calls those who had personally heard Christ οἱ αὐταῖς ἀκοαῖς τῆς ἐνθεου σοφίας ἐπακοῦσαι κατηξιώμενοι; cf. Grimm in the Studien und Kritiken for 1853, p. 332ff. (For other explanations of the phenomenon, see the commentaries on Luke, the passage cited Cf. Schürer, Zeitgesch. § 33, V. 1 and references.)
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

11:19; 12:42; 13:54; 23:34
2:40; 2:52; 7:35; 11:31; 11:49; 21:15
6:3; 6:10; 7:10; 7:22
1 Corinthians
1:4; 1:13; 1:17; 1:19; 1:20; 1:21; 1:21; 1:24; 1:24; 1:30; 1:30; 2:1; 2:4; 2:5; 2:6; 2:6; 2:7; 2:13; 3:19; 12:8
2 Corinthians
1:12; 4:2
1:8; 1:17; 3:10
1:9; 1:28; 2:3; 2:23; 3:16; 4:5
1:5; 3:13; 3:15; 3:17
2 Peter
5:12; 7:12; 13:18; 17:9

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G4678 matches the Greek σοφία (sophia),
which occurs 51 times in 49 verses in the MGNT Greek.

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 11:19 - “The Son of Man came eating and drinking, and they say, ‘Behold, a gluttonous man and a [fn]drunkard, a friend of tax collectors and [fn]sinners!’ Yet wisdom G4678 is vindicated by her deeds.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 12:42 - The Queen of the South will rise up with this generation at the judgment and will condemn it, because she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom G4678 of Solomon; and behold, something greater than Solomon is here.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 13:54 - He came to [fn]His hometown and began teaching them in their synagogue, so that they were astonished, and said, “Where did this man get this wisdom G4678 and these [fn]miraculous powers?
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 6:2 - When the Sabbath came, He began to teach in the synagogue; and the many listeners were astonished, saying, “Where did this man get these things, and what is this wisdom G4678 given to Him, and such [fn]miracles as these performed by His hands?
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 2:40 - The Child continued to grow and become strong, [fn]increasing in wisdom; G4678 and the grace of God was upon Him.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 2:52 - And Jesus kept increasing in wisdom G4678 and [fn]stature, and in favor with God and men.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 7:35 - “Yet wisdom G4678 is vindicated by all her children.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 11:31 - “The Queen of the South will rise up with the men of this generation at the judgment and condemn them, because she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom G4678 of Solomon; and behold, something greater than Solomon is here.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 11:49 - “For this reason also the wisdom G4678 of God said, ‘I will send to them prophets and apostles, and some of them they will kill and some they will [fn]persecute,
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 21:15 - for I will give you [fn]utterance and wisdom G4678 which none of your opponents will be able to resist or refute.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 6:3 - “Therefore, brethren, select from among you seven men of good reputation, full of the Spirit and of wisdom, G4678 whom we may put in charge of this task.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 6:10 - But they were unable to cope with the wisdom G4678 and the Spirit with which he was speaking.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 7:10 - and rescued him from all his afflictions, and granted him favor and wisdom G4678 in the sight of Pharaoh, king of Egypt, and he made him governor over Egypt and all his household.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 7:22 - “Moses was educated in all the learning G4678 of the Egyptians, and he was a man of power in words and deeds.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 11:33 - Oh, the depth of the riches [fn]both of the wisdom G4678 and knowledge of God! How unsearchable are His judgments and unfathomable His ways!
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 1:17 - For Christ did not send me to baptize, but to preach the gospel, not in [fn]cleverness G4678 of speech, so that the cross of Christ would not be made void.
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 1:19 - For it is written,
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 1:20 - Where is the wise man? Where is the scribe? Where is the debater of this age? Has not God made foolish the wisdom G4678 of the world?
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 1:21 - For since in the wisdom G4678 of God the world through its wisdom G4678 did not come to know God, God was well-pleased through the foolishness of the [fn]message preached to save those who believe.
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 1:22 - For indeed Jews ask for [fn]signs and Greeks search for wisdom; G4678
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 1:24 - but to those who are the called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God and the wisdom G4678 of God.
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 1:30 - But [fn]by His doing you are in Christ Jesus, who became to us wisdom G4678 from God, [fn]and righteousness and sanctification, and redemption,
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 2:1 - And when I came to you, brethren, I did not come with superiority of speech or of wisdom, G4678 proclaiming to you the [fn]testimony of God.
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 2:4 - and my [fn]message and my preaching were not in persuasive words of wisdom, G4678 but in demonstration of the Spirit and of power,
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 2:5 - so that your faith would not [fn]rest on the wisdom G4678 of men, but on the power of God.
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 2:6 - Yet we do speak wisdom G4678 among those who are mature; a wisdom, G4678 however, not of this age nor of the rulers of this age, who are passing away;
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 2:7 - but we speak God’s wisdom G4678 in a mystery, the hidden wisdom which God predestined before the ages to our glory;
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 2:13 - which things we also speak, not in words taught by human wisdom, G4678 but in those taught by the Spirit, [fn]combining spiritual thoughts with spiritual words.
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 3:19 - For the wisdom G4678 of this world is foolishness before God. For it is written,He is THE ONE WHO CATCHES THE WISE IN THEIR CRAFTINESS”;
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 12:8 - For to one is given the word of wisdom G4678 through the Spirit, and to another the word of knowledge according to the same Spirit;
Unchecked Copy Box2Co 1:12 - For our [fn]proud confidence is this: the testimony of our conscience, that in holiness and godly sincerity, not in fleshly wisdom G4678 but in the grace of God, we have conducted ourselves in the world, and especially toward you.
Unchecked Copy BoxEph 1:8 - which He [fn]lavished on [fn]us. In all wisdom G4678 and insight
Unchecked Copy BoxEph 1:17 - that the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give to you a spirit of wisdom G4678 and of revelation in the [fn]knowledge of Him.
Unchecked Copy BoxEph 3:10 - so that the manifold wisdom G4678 of God might now be made known through the church to the rulers and the authorities in the heavenly places.
Unchecked Copy BoxCol 1:9 - For this reason also, since the day we heard of it, we have not ceased to pray for you and to ask that you may be filled with the [fn]knowledge of His will in all spiritual wisdom G4678 and understanding,
Unchecked Copy BoxCol 1:28 - We proclaim Him, admonishing every man and teaching every man [fn]with all wisdom, G4678 so that we may present every man [fn]complete in Christ.
Unchecked Copy BoxCol 2:3 - in whom are hidden all the treasures of wisdom G4678 and knowledge.
Unchecked Copy BoxCol 2:23 - These are matters which have, to be sure, the [fn]appearance of wisdom G4678 in [fn]self-made religion and self-abasement and severe treatment of the body, but are of no value against fleshly indulgence.
Unchecked Copy BoxCol 3:16 - Let the word of [fn]Christ richly dwell within you, [fn]with all wisdom G4678 teaching and admonishing [fn]one another with psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing [fn]with thankfulness in your hearts to God.
Unchecked Copy BoxCol 4:5 - [fn]Conduct yourselves with wisdom G4678 toward outsiders, [fn]making the most of the opportunity.
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 1:5 - But if any of you lacks wisdom, G4678 let him ask of God, who gives to all generously and [fn]without reproach, and it will be given to him.
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 3:13 - Who among you is wise and understanding? Let him show by his good behavior his deeds in the gentleness of wisdom. G4678
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 3:15 - This wisdom G4678 is not that which comes down from above, but is earthly, [fn]natural, demonic.
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 3:17 - But the wisdom G4678 from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, [fn]reasonable, full of mercy and good fruits, unwavering, without hypocrisy.
Unchecked Copy Box2Pe 3:15 - and regard the patience of our Lord as salvation; just as also our beloved brother Paul, according to the wisdom G4678 given him, wrote to you,
Unchecked Copy BoxRev 5:12 - saying with a loud voice, “Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power and riches and wisdom G4678 and might and honor and glory and blessing.”
Unchecked Copy BoxRev 7:12 - saying, “Amen, blessing and glory and wisdom G4678 and thanksgiving and honor and power and might, be to our God forever and ever. Amen.”
Unchecked Copy BoxRev 13:18 - Here is wisdom. G4678 Let him who has understanding calculate the number of the beast, for the number is that of a man; and his number is [fn]six hundred and sixty-six.
Unchecked Copy BoxRev 17:9 - “Here is the mind which has wisdom. G4678 The seven heads are seven mountains on which the woman sits,
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