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Lexicon :: Strong's G4690 - sperma

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sperma (Key)
Part of Speech
neuter noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 7:536,1065

Strong’s Definitions

σπέρμα spérma, sper'-mah; from G4687; something sown, i.e. seed (including the male "sperm"); by implication, offspring; specially, a remnant (figuratively, as if kept over for planting):—issue, seed.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 44x

The KJV translates Strong's G4690 in the following manner: seed (43x), issue (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 44x
The KJV translates Strong's G4690 in the following manner: seed (43x), issue (1x).
  1. from which a plant germinates

    1. the seed i.e. the grain or kernel which contains within itself the germ of the future plants

      1. of the grains or kernels sown

    2. metaph. a seed i.e. a residue, or a few survivors reserved as the germ of the next generation (just as seed is kept from the harvest for the sowing)

  2. the semen virile

    1. the product of this semen, seed, children, offspring, progeny

    2. family, tribe, posterity

    3. whatever possesses vital force or life giving power

      1. of divine energy of the Holy Spirit operating within the soul by which we are regenerated

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
σπέρμα spérma, sper'-mah; from G4687; something sown, i.e. seed (including the male "sperm"); by implication, offspring; specially, a remnant (figuratively, as if kept over for planting):—issue, seed.
σπέρμα, σπέρματος, τό (σπείρω, which see), from Homer down, Hebrew זֶרַע, the seed (from which anything springs);
a. from which a plant germinates;
α. properly, the seed i. e. the grain or kernel which contains within itself the germ of the future plant: plural, Matthew 13:32; Mark 4:31; 1 Corinthians 15:38 (Exodus 16:31; 1 Samuel 8:15); the singular is used collectively of the grains or kernels sown: Matthew 13:24, 27, 37; 2 Corinthians 9:10 (here L Tr σπόρος).
β. metaphorically, a seed i. e. a residue. or a few survivors reserved as the germ of a new race (just as seed is kept from the harvest for the sowing), Romans 9:29 after Isaiah 1:9, where the Sept. for שַׂרִיד (so also Wis. 14:6; 1 Esdr. 8:85 (87); Josephus, Antiquities 11, 5, 3; 12, 7, 8; Plato, Tim., p. 23{c}).
b. the semen virile;
α. properly: Leviticus 15:16-18; Leviticus 18:20f, etc.; (probably also Hebrews 11:11, cf. καταβολή 1, and see below); often in secular writings. By metonymy the product of this semen, seed, children, offspring, progeny; family, race, posterity (so in Greek chiefly in the tragic poets, cf. Passow, under the word, 2 b. ii., p. 1498 (Liddell and Scott, under the word, II. 3); and זֶרַע very often in the O. T. (cf. Winer's Grammar, 17, 30)); so in the singular, either of one, or collectively of many: Romans 9:7f; εἰς καταβολήν σπέρματος (see (above, and) καταβολή, 2) Hebrews 11:11; ἀνισταναι and ἐξανισταναι σπέρμα τίνι, Matthew 22:24; Mark 12:19; Luke 20:28 (Genesis 38:8); ἔχειν σπέρμα, Matthew 22:25; ἀφιέναι σπέρμα τίνι, Mark 12:20-22; τό σπέρμα τίνος, Luke 1:55; John 7:42; John 8:33, 37; Acts 3:25; Acts 7:5; Acts 13:23; Romans 1:3; (Romans 4:13); Rom. 9:7; 11:1; 2 Corinthians 11:22; 2 Timothy 2:8; Hebrews 2:16; Hebrews 11:18; in plural: παῖς ἐκ βαιλικων σπερμάτων, of royal descent, Josephus, Antiquities 8, 7, 6; τῶν Αβραμιαίων σπερμάτων ἀπόγονοι, 4 Macc. 18:1; equivalent to tribes, races, ἄνθρωποι τέ καί ἀνθρώπων σπερμασι νομοθετουμεν τά νῦν, Plato, legg. 9, p. 853 c. By a rabbinical method of interpreting, opposed to the usage of the Hebrew זֶרַע, which signifies the offspring whether consisting of one person or many, Paul lays such stress on the singular number in Genesis 13:15; Genesis 17:8 as to make it denote but one of Abraham's posterity, and that the Messiah: Galatians 3:16, also Galatians 3:19; and yet, that the way in which Pard presses the singular here is not utterly at variance with the genius of the Jewish-Greek language is evident from Αβραμιαίων σπερμάτων ἀπόγονοι, 4 Macc. 18:1, where the plural is used of many descendants ((cf. Geiger in Zeitschr. d. deutsch. Morgenl. Gesellsch. 1858, pp. 307-309; Delitzsch in Lut. Zeitschr. 1877 p. 603 sq.; Driver in the Expositor for Jan. 1889 p. 18 sq.; Lightfoot on Galatians, the passage cited)). τό σπέρμα (Ἀβραάμ) τό ἐκ τοῦ νόμου, the seed which is such according to the decision of the law, physical offspring (see νόμος, 2, p. 428{a}), τό ἐκ πίστεως Ἀβραάμ, those who are called Abraham's posterity on account of the faith by which they are akin to him (see πίστις, 1 b. ., p. 513{b} and ἐκ, II. 7), Romans 4:16; add, Romans 4:18; Rom 9:8; Galatians 3:29; similarly, Christians are called, in Revelation 12:17, the σπέρμα of the church (which is likened to a mother, Galatians 4:26).
β. whatever possesses vital force or life-giving power: τό σπέρμα τοῦ Θεοῦ ((but anarthrous)), the Holy Spirit, the divine energy operating within the soul by which we are regenerated or made the τέκνα τοῦ Θεοῦ, 1 John 3:9.
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

13:15; 17:8; 38:8
15:16; 15:17; 15:18; 18:20
1 Samuel
13:24; 13:27; 13:32; 13:37; 22:24; 22:25
4:31; 12:19; 12:20; 12:21; 12:22
1:55; 20:28
7:42; 8:33; 8:37
3:25; 7:5; 13:23
1:3; 4:13; 4:16; 4:18; 9:7; 9:7; 9:8; 9:29; 11:1
1 Corinthians
2 Corinthians
9:10; 11:22
3:16; 3:19; 3:29; 4:26
2 Timothy
2:16; 11:11; 11:11; 11:18
1 John

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G4690 matches the Greek σπέρμα (sperma),
which occurs 44 times in 41 verses in the TR Greek.

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 13:24 - Ἄλλην παραβολὴν παρέθηκεν αὐτοῖς λέγων, Ὡμοιώθη βασιλεία τῶν οὐρανῶν ἀνθρώπῳ σπείροντι καλὸν σπέρμα G4690 ἐν τῷ ἀγρῷ αὐτοῦ
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 13:27 - προσελθόντες δὲ οἱ δοῦλοι τοῦ οἰκοδεσπότου εἶπον αὐτῷ Κύριε οὐχὶ καλὸν σπέρμα G4690 ἔσπειρας ἐν τῷ σῷ ἀγρῷ πόθεν οὖν ἔχει τὰ ζιζάνια
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 13:32 - μικρότερον μέν ἐστιν πάντων τῶν σπερμάτων G4690 ὅταν δὲ αὐξηθῇ μεῖζον τῶν λαχάνων ἐστὶν καὶ γίνεται δένδρον ὥστε ἐλθεῖν τὰ πετεινὰ τοῦ οὐρανοῦ καὶ κατασκηνοῦν ἐν τοῖς κλάδοις αὐτοῦ
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 13:37 - δὲ ἀποκριθεὶς εἶπεν αὐτοῖς, σπείρων τὸ καλὸν σπέρμα G4690 ἐστὶν υἱὸς τοῦ ἀνθρώπου
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 13:38 - δὲ ἀγρός ἐστιν κόσμος τὸ δὲ καλὸν σπέρμα G4690 οὗτοί εἰσιν οἱ υἱοὶ τῆς βασιλείας· τὰ δὲ ζιζάνιά εἰσιν οἱ υἱοὶ τοῦ πονηροῦ
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 22:24 - λέγοντες, Διδάσκαλε, Μωσῆς εἶπεν, Ἐάν τις ἀποθάνῃ μὴ ἔχων τέκνα ἐπιγαμβρεύσει ἀδελφὸς αὐτοῦ τὴν γυναῖκα αὐτοῦ καὶ ἀναστήσει σπέρμα G4690 τῷ ἀδελφῷ αὐτοῦ
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 22:25 - ἦσαν δὲ παρ᾽ ἡμῖν ἑπτὰ ἀδελφοί· καὶ πρῶτος γάμησας ἐτελεύτησεν καὶ μὴ ἔχων σπέρμα G4690 ἀφῆκεν τὴν γυναῖκα αὐτοῦ τῷ ἀδελφῷ αὐτοῦ·
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 4:31 - ὡς κόκκῳ σινάπεως ὃς ὅταν σπαρῇ ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς μικρότερος πάντων τῶν σπερμάτων G4690 ἐστὶν τῶν ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 12:19 - Διδάσκαλε Μωσῆς ἔγραψεν ἡμῖν ὅτι ἐάν τινος ἀδελφὸς ἀποθάνῃ καὶ καταλίπῃ γυναῖκα καὶ τέκνα μὴ ἀφῇ ἵνα λάβῃ ἀδελφὸς αὐτοῦ τὴν γυναῖκα αὐτοῦ καὶ ἐξαναστήσῃ σπέρμα G4690 τῷ ἀδελφῷ αὐτοῦ
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 12:20 - ἑπτὰ ἀδελφοὶ ἦσαν· καὶ πρῶτος ἔλαβεν γυναῖκα καὶ ἀποθνῄσκων οὐκ ἀφῆκεν σπέρμα· G4690
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 12:21 - καὶ δεύτερος ἔλαβεν αὐτήν καὶ ἀπέθανεν καὶ οὐδὲ αὐτὸς ἀφῆκεν σπέρμα· G4690 καὶ τρίτος ὡσαύτως·
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 12:22 - καὶ ἔλαβον αὐτὴν οἱ ἑπτὰ καὶ οὐκ ἀφῆκαν σπέρμα G4690 ἔσχατη πάντων ἀπέθανεν καὶ γυνὴ
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 1:55 - καθὼς ἐλάλησεν πρὸς τοὺς πατέρας ἡμῶν τῷ Ἀβραὰμ καὶ τῷ σπέρματι G4690 αὐτοῦ εἰς τὸν αἰῶνα
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:28 - λέγοντες Διδάσκαλε Μωσῆς ἔγραψεν ἡμῖν ἐάν τινος ἀδελφὸς ἀποθάνῃ ἔχων γυναῖκα καὶ οὗτος ἄτεκνος ἀποθάνῃ ἵνα λάβῃ ἀδελφὸς αὐτοῦ τὴν γυναῖκα καὶ ἐξαναστήσῃ σπέρμα G4690 τῷ ἀδελφῷ αὐτοῦ
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 7:42 - οὐχὶ γραφὴ εἶπεν ὅτι ἐκ τοῦ σπέρματος G4690 Δαβίδ, καὶ ἀπὸ Βηθλέεμ τῆς κώμης ὅπου ἦν Δαβίδ, Χριστὸς ἔρχεται
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 8:33 - ἀπεκρίθησαν αὐτῷ Σπέρμα G4690 Ἀβραάμ ἐσμεν καὶ οὐδενὶ δεδουλεύκαμεν πώποτε· πῶς σὺ λέγεις ὅτι Ἐλεύθεροι γενήσεσθε
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 8:37 - οἶδα ὅτι σπέρμα G4690 Ἀβραάμ ἐστε· ἀλλὰ ζητεῖτέ με ἀποκτεῖναι ὅτι λόγος ἐμὸς οὐ χωρεῖ ἐν ὑμῖν
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 3:25 - ὑμεῖς ἐστε υἱοὶ τῶν προφητῶν καὶ τῆς διαθήκης ἡς διέθετο θεὸς πρὸς τοὺς πατέρας ἡμῶν λέγων πρὸς Ἀβραάμ, Καὶ τῷ σπέρματί G4690 σου ἐνευλογηθήσονται πᾶσαι αἱ πατριαὶ τῆς γῆς
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 7:5 - καὶ οὐκ ἔδωκεν αὐτῷ κληρονομίαν ἐν αὐτῇ οὐδὲ βῆμα ποδός καὶ ἐπηγγείλατο αὐτῷ δοῦναι εἰς κατάσχεσιν αὐτὴν καὶ τῷ σπέρματι G4690 αὐτοῦ μετ᾽ αὐτόν οὐκ ὄντος αὐτῷ τέκνου
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 7:6 - ἐλάλησεν δὲ οὕτως θεὸς ὅτι ἔσται τὸ σπέρμα G4690 αὐτοῦ πάροικον ἐν γῇ ἀλλοτρίᾳ καὶ δουλώσουσιν αὐτὸ καὶ κακώσουσιν ἔτη τετρακόσια·
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 13:23 - τούτου θεὸς ἀπὸ τοῦ σπέρματος G4690 κατ᾽ ἐπαγγελίαν ἤγειρεν τῷ Ἰσραὴλ σωτῆρα Ἰησοῦν
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 1:3 - περὶ τοῦ υἱοῦ αὐτοῦ τοῦ γενομένου ἐκ σπέρματος G4690 Δαβὶδ κατὰ σάρκα
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 4:13 - Οὐ γὰρ διὰ νόμου ἐπαγγελία τῷ Ἀβραὰμ τῷ σπέρματι G4690 αὐτοῦ τὸ κληρονόμον αὐτὸν εἶναι τοῦ κόσμου ἀλλὰ διὰ δικαιοσύνης πίστεως
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 4:16 - διὰ τοῦτο ἐκ πίστεως ἵνα κατὰ χάριν εἰς τὸ εἶναι βεβαίαν τὴν ἐπαγγελίαν παντὶ τῷ σπέρματι G4690 οὐ τῷ ἐκ τοῦ νόμου μόνον ἀλλὰ καὶ τῷ ἐκ πίστεως Ἀβραάμ ὅς ἐστιν πατὴρ πάντων ἡμῶν
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 4:18 - ὃς παρ᾽ ἐλπίδα ἐπ᾽ ἐλπίδι ἐπίστευσεν εἰς τὸ γενέσθαι αὐτὸν πατέρα πολλῶν ἐθνῶν κατὰ τὸ εἰρημένον· Οὕτως ἔσται τὸ σπέρμα G4690 σου
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 9:7 - οὐδ ὅτι εἰσὶν σπέρμα G4690 Ἀβραάμ πάντες τέκνα ἀλλ᾽ Ἐν Ἰσαὰκ κληθήσεταί σοι σπέρμα G4690
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 9:8 - τοῦτ᾽ ἔστιν οὐ τὰ τέκνα τῆς σαρκὸς ταῦτα τέκνα τοῦ θεοῦ ἀλλὰ τὰ τέκνα τῆς ἐπαγγελίας λογίζεται εἰς σπέρμα G4690
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 9:29 - καὶ καθὼς προείρηκεν Ἠσαΐας Εἰ μὴ κύριος Σαβαὼθ ἐγκατέλιπεν ἡμῖν σπέρμα G4690 ὡς Σόδομα ἂν ἐγενήθημεν καὶ ὡς Γόμορρα ἂν ὡμοιώθημεν
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 11:1 - Λέγω οὖν μὴ ἀπώσατο θεὸς τὸν λαὸν αὐτοῦ μὴ γένοιτο· καὶ γὰρ ἐγὼ Ἰσραηλίτης εἰμί ἐκ σπέρματος G4690 Ἀβραάμ φυλῆς Βενιαμίν
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 15:38 - δὲ θεὸς αὐτῷ δίδωσιν σῶμα καθὼς ἠθέλησεν καὶ ἑκάστῳ τῶν σπερμάτων G4690 τὸ ἴδιον σῶμα
Unchecked Copy Box2Co 9:10 - δὲ ἐπιχορηγῶν σπέρμα G4690 τῷ σπείροντι καὶ ἄρτον εἰς βρῶσιν χορηγήσαι καὶ πληθυναῖ τὸν σπόρον ὑμῶν καὶ αὐξήσαι τὰ γεννήματα τῆς δικαιοσύνης ὑμῶν·
Unchecked Copy Box2Co 11:22 - Ἑβραῖοί εἰσιν κἀγώ Ἰσραηλῖταί εἰσιν κἀγώ σπέρμα G4690 Ἀβραάμ εἰσιν κἀγώ
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 3:16 - τῷ δὲ Ἀβραὰμ ἐρρήθησαν αἱ ἐπαγγελίαι καὶ τῷ σπέρματι G4690 αὐτοῦ οὐ λέγει Καὶ τοῖς σπέρμασιν G4690 ὡς ἐπὶ πολλῶν ἀλλ᾽ ὡς ἐφ᾽ ἑνός Καὶ τῷ σπέρματί G4690 σου ὅς ἐστιν Χριστός
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 3:19 - Τί οὖν νόμος τῶν παραβάσεων χάριν προσετέθη ἄχρις οὗ ἔλθῃ τὸ σπέρμα G4690 ἐπήγγελται διαταγεὶς δι᾽ ἀγγέλων ἐν χειρὶ μεσίτου
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 3:29 - εἰ δὲ ὑμεῖς Χριστοῦ ἄρα τοῦ Ἀβραὰμ σπέρμα G4690 ἐστέ καὶ κατ᾽ ἐπαγγελίαν κληρονόμοι
Unchecked Copy Box2Ti 2:8 - Μνημόνευε Ἰησοῦν Χριστὸν ἐγηγερμένον ἐκ νεκρῶν ἐκ σπέρματος G4690 Δαβίδ, κατὰ τὸ εὐαγγέλιόν μου
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 2:16 - οὐ γὰρ δήπου ἀγγέλων ἐπιλαμβάνεται ἀλλὰ σπέρματος G4690 Ἀβραὰμ ἐπιλαμβάνεται
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 11:11 - Πίστει καὶ αὐτὴ Σάρρα δύναμιν εἰς καταβολὴν σπέρματος G4690 ἔλαβεν καὶ παρὰ καιρὸν ἡλικίας ἔτεκεν, ἐπεὶ πιστὸν ἡγήσατο τὸν ἐπαγγειλάμενον
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 11:18 - πρὸς ὃν ἐλαλήθη ὅτι Ἐν Ἰσαὰκ κληθήσεταί σοι σπέρμα G4690
Unchecked Copy Box1Jo 3:9 - Πᾶς γεγεννημένος ἐκ τοῦ θεοῦ ἁμαρτίαν οὐ ποιεῖ ὅτι σπέρμα G4690 αὐτοῦ ἐν αὐτῷ μένει καὶ οὐ δύναται ἁμαρτάνειν ὅτι ἐκ τοῦ θεοῦ γεγέννηται
Unchecked Copy BoxRev 12:17 - καὶ ὠργίσθη δράκων ἐπὶ τῇ γυναικί καὶ ἀπῆλθεν ποιῆσαι πόλεμον μετὰ τῶν λοιπῶν τοῦ σπέρματος G4690 αὐτῆς τῶν τηρούντων τὰς ἐντολὰς τοῦ θεοῦ καὶ ἐχόντων τὴν μαρτυρίαν τοῦ Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ
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