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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H1 - 'āḇ

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Part of Speech
masculine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
A root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 4a

Strong’s Definitions

אָב ʼâb, awb; a primitive word; father, in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application:—chief, (fore-) father(-less), × patrimony, principal. Compare names in 'Abi-'.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 1,215x

The KJV translates Strong's H1 in the following manner: father (1,205x), chief (2x), families (2x), desire (1x), fatherless (with H369) (1x), forefathers (with H7223) (1x), patrimony (1x), prince (1x), principal (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 1,215x
The KJV translates Strong's H1 in the following manner: father (1,205x), chief (2x), families (2x), desire (1x), fatherless (with H369) (1x), forefathers (with H7223) (1x), patrimony (1x), prince (1x), principal (1x).
  1. father of an individual

  2. of God as father of his people

  3. head or founder of a household, group, family, or clan

  4. ancestor

    1. grandfather, forefathers — of person

    2. of people

  5. originator or patron of a class, profession, or art

  6. of producer, generator (fig.)

  7. of benevolence and protection (fig.)

  8. term of respect and honour

  9. ruler or chief (spec.)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
אָב ʼâb, awb; a primitive word; father, in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application:—chief, (fore-) father(-less), × patrimony, principal. Compare names in 'Abi-'.
STRONGS H1: Abbreviations
אָב 1191 noun masculine father (Phoenician אב, Assyrian abu, Arabic أَبً, Sabean אב CISiv, 1, 37 1. 2 and others, Ethiopic አብ፡ Aramaic אַבָּא, axBAf  — absolute אָב Genesis 44:19 + 47 times; construct אַב Genesis 17:4, 5; (compare in אַבְרָהָם ib. & elsewhere in proper names. On Hal's proposed אֲבִר see אברהם); אֲבִי (compare Ge§§ 90, 3b, 96) Genesis 4:20 +; suffix אָבִי Genesis 19:34 + (MI אבי); אָבִיךָ Genesis 12:1 +; אָבִיו Genesis 2:24 +; אָבִ֫יהוּ Judges 14:10 + 6 times; plural אָבוֺת Exodus 12:3 +; construct אֲבוֺת Exodus 6:25 + 7 times; suffix אֲבוֺתַי (אֲבֹתַי, אֲבוֺתָ֑י) Genesis 47:9 + 15 times; אֲבוֺתֵיהֶם 1 Chronicles 4:38 + 32 times (late); אֲבוֺתָם Exodus 4:5 + 106 times etc.;
1. father of individual Genesis 2:24 (+ אֵם) Genesis 11:28, 29 (twice in verse); Genesis 19:31, 32, 33, + often (mostly J E D); of father as commanding Genesis 50:16 (J) Jeremiah 35:6f, Proverbs 6:20 (compare Genesis 18:19; J Genesis 28:1, 6 P 1 Samuel 17:20; 1 Kings 2:1); instructing מוסר Proverbs 1:8; Proverbs 4:1 (compare Deuteronomy 8:5); specifically as begetter, genitor Proverbs 23:22; Zechariah 13:3 (twice in verse) (+ אֵם) Isaiah 45:10; compare Genesis 49:4 (J) Leviticus 18:7, 8, 11 (P); rebuking Genesis 37:10; loving Genesis 37:4; Genesis 44:20 (JE; compare Genesis 22:2; Genesis 25:28; Genesis 37:3; 2 Samuel 14:1); pitying Psalm 103:13 (in simile compare 2 Samuel 18:5); blessing Genesis 27:41 (JE compare Genesis 27:4; also Genesis 28:1 P +); as glad Proverbs 10:1; Proverbs 15:20; compare Proverbs 29:3; grieving Genesis 37:35 (JE; compare 2 Samuel 12:22; 2 Samuel 19:1; 2 Samuel 19:2f) etc. Also as object of honour, obedience, love Exodus 20:12 (E)=Deuteronomy 5:16; Exodus 21:15, 17 (E) Deuteronomy 21:18, 19; Genesis 28:7 (P) 1 Kings 19:20 (all + אֵם), Genesis 50:1; Genesis 50:5 (J) Malachi 1:6 etc. Hence metaphor of intimate connection Job 17:14 to corruption I cry, My father art thou (|| אִמִּי וַאֲחֹתִי לָֽרִמָּה).
2. of God as father of his people (see RSSem 42), who constituted, controls, guides and lovingly watches over it: Deuteronomy 32:6; Jeremiah 3:4, 19; Jeremiah 31:9; Isaiah 63:16 (twice in verse); Isaiah 64:7; Malachi 1:6; Malachi 2:10 (compare Exodus 4:22; Exodus 19:4 (JE) Deuteronomy 32:11; Hosea 11:1); compare Jeremiah 2:27 (of idolatrous Israel) אֹמְרִים לָעֵץ אָבִי אַתָּה וְלָאֶבֶן אַתְּ ילדתני׃; especially God as father of Davidic line 2 Samuel 7:14; Psalm 89:27; f. of needy (late) Psalm 68:6 (compare Psalm 103:13) (in proper name, father of individual, compare below)
3. head of household, family or clan; בֵּית אָבִי as abode Genesis 38:11 (twice in verse); Leviticus 22:13 +; = family Genesis 24:40 (|| מִשְׁפַּחְתִּי) Genesis 41:51; Genesis 46:31Numbers 18:1, 2; Joshua 2:12, 18; Joshua 6:25; especially techn. of divisions of Israel לְמִשְׁפָּחוֹת אָב בֵּית Numbers 3:30, 35 = a father's house, i.e. a family or clan; more often plural (אבותם, אבותיו) בֵית אָבוֺת = father's houses = families, clans (compare Di on Exodus 6:14) Exodus 6:14; Exodus 12:3; Numbers 1:2, 18 ff (often in Numbers) Joshua 14:1; Joshua 19:51; Joshua 21:1 (twice in verse); Joshua 22:14 (twice in verse) (always P in Hexateuch); also 1 Chronicles 5:13, 15 + often in Chronicles; compare רָאשֵׁי אבות הלוים (= 'בית א 'ר) Exodus 6:25 compare 1 Kings 8:1; 1 Chronicles 6:4; 1 Chronicles 7:11 — Ezra Nehemiah.
4. ancestor
(a) of individual; grandfather (instead of precise term) Genesis 28:13; Genesis 31:10 [Genesis 32:9] (J; where used by Jacob of Abraham & then of Isaac); greatgrandfather 1 Kings 15:13; great-greatgrandfather 1 Kings 15:11 etc.; oft plural (= fathers, forefathers) Genesis 15:15; Genesis 46:34 (JE) 1 Kings 19:4; 1 Kings 21:3, 4; 2 Kings 19:12; 2 Kings 20:17 +; particularly שׁכב עם אבותיו 1 Kings 1:21; 1 Kings 2:10; 1 Kings 11:21; 1 Kings 22:40 +; joined with ויקבר עם אב׳ 1 Kings 14:31; 1 Kings 15:24; 1 Kings 22:51; 2 Kings 8:24; 2 Kings 15:38 compare 2 Kings 15:7, 2 Kings 16:20 + (all of kings of Judah); intensive, אֲבֹתֶיךָ וַאֲבוֺת אֲבֹתֶיךָ Exodus 10:6 compare Daniel 11:24;
(b) of people Genesis 10:21 (J) Genesis 17:4, 5 (P) Genesis 19:37, 38 (J) Genesis 36:9, 43 (P) Deuteronomy 26:5; Isaiah 51:2; Isaiah 43:27 (where אביך הראשׁון thy first father, see Che) compare also Ezekiel 16:3, 45 + often; plural Exodus 3:13, 15, 16 (E) Deuteronomy 1:8; Joshua 1:6; Judges 2:1; 1 Samuel 12:6 +; 1 Samuel 12:15 near the end read וּבְמַלְכְּכֶם Greek Version of the LXX We Dr.
5. originator or patron of a class, profession, or art Genesis 4:20, 21.
6. figurative of producer, Generator Job 38:28 הֲיֵשׁ לַמָּטָר אָ֑ב (|| הוֺלִיד אֶגְלֵי־טָֽל׃ מִי־).
7. figurative of benevolence & protection Job 29:6 אָב אָֽנֹכִי לָֽאֶבְיוֺנִים, compare Job 31:18; of Eliakim Isaiah 22:21; perhaps also of gracious Messianic king אֲבִי עַד Isaiah 9:5 everlasting father (Ge Ew De Che Brd Di) — others divider of spoil (Abarb Hi Kn Kue BrMP).
8. term of respect & honour (Abbas, Pater, Papa, Pope); applied to master 2 Kings 5:13; priest Judges 17:10; Judges 18:19; prophet 2 Kings 2:12 (twice in verse); 2 Kings 6:21; 2 Kings 13:14 (twice in verse); compare 2 Kings 8:9; counsellor Genesis 45:8 (E; compare δευτέρου πατρός Greek Version of the LXX add. Esther 3:13; τῷ πατρί1Mac Esth 11:32); king 1 Samuel 24:12; artificer 2 Chronicles 2:12; 2 Chronicles 4:16.
9. specifically, ruler, chief (late) 1 Chronicles 2:24, 42 (twice in verse); etc. (compare Ew§ 273 b) see also EwGeschichte. i. 524. H i. 365. On the force of אָב in proper names (in many probably a divine title), see CheEncy. Bib., ABI, NAMES WITHib., NAMES, §§ 44, 45.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


2:24; 2:24; 4:20; 4:20; 4:21; 10:21; 11:28; 11:29; 12:1; 15:15; 17:4; 17:4; 17:5; 17:5; 18:19; 19:31; 19:32; 19:33; 19:34; 19:37; 19:38; 22:2; 24:40; 25:28; 27:4; 27:41; 28:1; 28:1; 28:6; 28:7; 28:13; 32:9; 36:9; 36:43; 37:3; 37:4; 37:10; 37:35; 38:11; 41:51; 44:19; 44:20; 45:8; 46:31; 46:34; 47:9; 49:4; 50:1; 50:5; 50:16


3:13; 3:15; 3:16; 4:5; 4:22; 6:14; 6:14; 6:25; 6:25; 10:6; 12:3; 12:3; 19:4; 20:12; 21:15; 21:17


18:7; 18:8; 18:11; 22:13


1:2; 1:18; 3:30; 3:35; 18:1; 18:2


1:8; 5:16; 8:5; 21:18; 21:19; 26:5; 32:6; 32:11


1:6; 2:12; 2:18; 6:25; 14:1; 19:51; 21:1; 22:14


2:1; 14:10; 17:10; 18:19

1 Samuel

12:6; 12:15; 17:20; 24:12

2 Samuel

7:14; 12:22; 14:1; 18:5; 19:1; 19:2

1 Kings

1:21; 2:1; 2:10; 8:1; 11:21; 14:31; 15:11; 15:13; 15:24; 19:4; 19:20; 21:3; 21:4; 22:40; 22:51

2 Kings

2:12; 5:13; 6:21; 8:9; 8:24; 13:14; 15:7; 15:38; 16:20; 19:12; 20:17

1 Chronicles

2:24; 2:42; 4:38; 5:13; 5:15; 6:4; 7:11

2 Chronicles

2:12; 4:16




17:14; 29:6; 31:18; 38:28


68:6; 89:27; 103:13; 103:13


1:8; 4:1; 6:20; 10:1; 15:20; 23:22; 29:3


9:5; 22:21; 43:27; 45:10; 51:2; 63:16; 64:7


2:27; 3:4; 3:19; 31:9; 35:6


16:3; 16:45








1:6; 1:6; 2:10

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H1 matches the Hebrew אָב ('āḇ),
which occurs 1,213 times in 1,060 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 22 (Gen 2:24–Gen 28:2)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 2:24 - Therefore a man shall leave his father and his mother and hold fast to his wife, and they shall become one flesh.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 4:20 - Adah bore Jabal; he was the father of those who dwell in tents and have livestock.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 4:21 - His brother’s name was Jubal; he was the father of all those who play the lyre and pipe.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 9:18 - The sons of Noah who went forth from the ark were Shem, Ham, and Japheth. (Ham was the father of Canaan.)
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 9:22 - And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father and told his two brothers outside.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 9:23 - Then Shem and Japheth took a garment, laid it on both their shoulders, and walked backward and covered the nakedness of their father. Their faces were turned backward, and they did not see their father’s nakedness.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 10:21 - To Shem also, the father of all the children of Eber, the elder brother of Japheth, children were born.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 11:28 - Haran died in the presence of his father Terah in the land of his kindred, in Ur of the Chaldeans.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 11:29 - And Abram and Nahor took wives. The name of Abram’s wife was Sarai, and the name of Nahor’s wife, Milcah, the daughter of Haran the father of Milcah and Iscah.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 12:1 - Now the LORD said[fn] to Abram, “Go from your country[fn] and your kindred and your father’s house to the land that I will show you.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 15:15 - As for you, you shall go to your fathers in peace; you shall be buried in a good old age.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 17:4 - “Behold, my covenant is with you, and you shall be the father of a multitude of nations.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 17:5 - No longer shall your name be called Abram,[fn] but your name shall be Abraham,[fn] for I have made you the father of a multitude of nations.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:31 - And the firstborn said to the younger, “Our father is old, and there is not a man on earth to come in to us after the manner of all the earth.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:32 - Come, let us make our father drink wine, and we will lie with him, that we may preserve offspring from our father.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:33 - So they made their father drink wine that night. And the firstborn went in and lay with her father. He did not know when she lay down or when she arose.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:34 - The next day, the firstborn said to the younger, “Behold, I lay last night with my father. Let us make him drink wine tonight also. Then you go in and lie with him, that we may preserve offspring from our father.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:35 - So they made their father drink wine that night also. And the younger arose and lay with him, and he did not know when she lay down or when she arose.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:36 - Thus both the daughters of Lot became pregnant by their father.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:37 - The firstborn bore a son and called his name Moab.[fn] He is the father of the Moabites to this day.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:38 - The younger also bore a son and called his name Ben-ammi.[fn] He is the father of the Ammonites to this day.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 20:12 - Besides, she is indeed my sister, the daughter of my father though not the daughter of my mother, and she became my wife.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 20:13 - And when God caused me to wander from my father’s house, I said to her, ‘This is the kindness you must do me: at every place to which we come, say of me, “He is my brother.”’”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 22:7 - And Isaac said to his father Abraham, “My father!” And he said, “Here I am, my son.” He said, “Behold, the fire and the wood, but where is the lamb for a burnt offering?”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 22:21 - Uz his firstborn, Buz his brother, Kemuel the father of Aram,
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:7 - The LORD, the God of heaven, who took me from my father’s house and from the land of my kindred, and who spoke to me and swore to me, ‘To your offspring I will give this land,’ he will send his angel before you, and you shall take a wife for my son from there.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:23 - and said, “Please tell me whose daughter you are. Is there room in your father’s house for us to spend the night?”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:38 - but you shall go to my father’s house and to my clan and take a wife for my son.’
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:40 - But he said to me, ‘The LORD, before whom I have walked, will send his angel with you and prosper your way. You shall take a wife for my son from my clan and from my father’s house.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:3 - Sojourn in this land, and I will be with you and will bless you, for to you and to your offspring I will give all these lands, and I will establish the oath that I swore to Abraham your father.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:15 - (Now the Philistines had stopped and filled with earth all the wells that his father’s servants had dug in the days of Abraham his father.)
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:18 - And Isaac dug again the wells of water that had been dug in the days of Abraham his father, which the Philistines had stopped after the death of Abraham. And he gave them the names that his father had given them.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:24 - And the LORD appeared to him the same night and said, “I am the God of Abraham your father. Fear not, for I am with you and will bless you and multiply your offspring for my servant Abraham’s sake.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:6 - Rebekah said to her son Jacob, “I heard your father speak to your brother Esau,
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:9 - Go to the flock and bring me two good young goats, so that I may prepare from them delicious food for your father, such as he loves.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:10 - And you shall bring it to your father to eat, so that he may bless you before he dies.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:12 - Perhaps my father will feel me, and I shall seem to be mocking him and bring a curse upon myself and not a blessing.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:14 - So he went and took them and brought them to his mother, and his mother prepared delicious food, such as his father loved.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:18 - So he went in to his father and said, “My father.” And he said, “Here I am. Who are you, my son?”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:19 - Jacob said to his father, “I am Esau your firstborn. I have done as you told me; now sit up and eat of my game, that your soul may bless me.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:22 - So Jacob went near to Isaac his father, who felt him and said, “The voice is Jacob’s voice, but the hands are the hands of Esau.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:26 - Then his father Isaac said to him, “Come near and kiss me, my son.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:30 - As soon as Isaac had finished blessing Jacob, when Jacob had scarcely gone out from the presence of Isaac his father, Esau his brother came in from his hunting.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:31 - He also prepared delicious food and brought it to his father. And he said to his father, “Let my father arise and eat of his son’s game, that you may bless me.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:32 - His father Isaac said to him, “Who are you?” He answered, “I am your son, your firstborn, Esau.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:34 - As soon as Esau heard the words of his father, he cried out with an exceedingly great and bitter cry and said to his father, “Bless me, even me also, O my father!”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:38 - Esau said to his father, “Have you but one blessing, my father? Bless me, even me also, O my father.” And Esau lifted up his voice and wept.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:39 - Then Isaac his father answered and said to him:
“Behold, away from[fn] the fatness of the earth shall your dwelling be,
and away from[fn] the dew of heaven on high.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:41 - Now Esau hated Jacob because of the blessing with which his father had blessed him, and Esau said to himself, “The days of mourning for my father are approaching; then I will kill my brother Jacob.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 28:2 - Arise, go to Paddan-aram to the house of Bethuel your mother’s father, and take as your wife from there one of the daughters of Laban your mother’s brother.

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