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Lexicon :: Strong's H1481 - gûr

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 330,332

Strong’s Definitions

גּוּר gûwr, goor; a primitive root; properly, to turn aside from the road (for a lodging or any other purpose), i.e. sojourn (as a guest); also to shrink, fear (as in a strange place); also to gather for hostility (as afraid):—abide, assemble, be afraid, dwell, fear, gather (together), inhabitant, remain, sojourn, stand in awe, (be) stranger, × surely.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 98x

The KJV translates Strong's H1481 in the following manner: sojourn (58x), dwell (12x), afraid (6x), stranger (6x), gather together (4x), fear (3x), abide (2x), assemble (1x), stand in awe (1x), gathered (1x), inhabitant (1x), remain (1x), sojourners (1x), surely (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 98x
The KJV translates Strong's H1481 in the following manner: sojourn (58x), dwell (12x), afraid (6x), stranger (6x), gather together (4x), fear (3x), abide (2x), assemble (1x), stand in awe (1x), gathered (1x), inhabitant (1x), remain (1x), sojourners (1x), surely (1x).
  1. to sojourn, abide, dwell in, dwell with, remain, inhabit, be a stranger, be continuing, surely

    1. (Qal)

      1. to sojourn, dwell for a time

      2. to abide, stay, temporarily dwell

    2. (Hithpolel)

      1. to seek hospitality with

      2. to assemble oneself

  2. to stir up trouble, strife, quarrel, gather together

    1. (Qal)

      1. to stir up strife

      2. to quarrel

    2. (Hithpolel) to excite oneself

  3. to dread, fear, stand in awe, be afraid

    1. (Qal)

      1. to fear, be afraid

      2. to be in awe, stand in awe

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
גּוּר gûwr, goor; a primitive root; properly, to turn aside from the road (for a lodging or any other purpose), i.e. sojourn (as a guest); also to shrink, fear (as in a strange place); also to gather for hostility (as afraid):—abide, assemble, be afraid, dwell, fear, gather (together), inhabitant, remain, sojourn, stand in awe, (be) stranger, × surely.
STRONGS H1481: Abbreviations
† I. גּוּר verb sojourn (compare Arabic جَارَ turn aside tarry, see especially III. IV. VIII. X; Aramaic dxg Eth. in derivatives) —
Qal Perfect גָּר Genesis 35:27 + 3 times, וְגָר consecutive Isaiah 11:6; גַּרְתָּה Genesis 21:23; גַּרְתִּי Genesis 32:5 [Genesis 32:4; Psalm 120:5; גָּרוּ Exodus 6:4; Imperfect יָגוּר Exodus 12:48 + 12 times, וַיָּ֫גָר Genesis 20:1 + 2 times; suffix יְגֻרְךָ Psalm 5:5; 3rd person feminine singular וַתָּ֫גָר 2 Kings 8:2; 2nd person feminine singular תָּגוּרִי 2 Kings 8:1; cohortative אָגוּ֑רָה Psalm 61:5 יָגוּרוּ Isaiah 16:4; Imperative גּוּר Genesis 26:3, גּוּ֫רִי 2 Kings 8:1; Infinitive construct גּוּר Genesis 12:10 + 17 times; Participle גָּר Deuteronomy 18:6; Judges 17:7 + 17 times; feminine construct גָּרַת Exodus 3:22; plural גָּרִים Leviticus 25:6 + 8 times; construct גָּרֵי Job 19:15; —
1. sojourn, dwell for a (definite or indefinite) time, dwell as a new-comer (compare גֵּר) without original rights, see especially Genesis 19:9 (J) Deuteronomy 18:6 & compare Judges 17:7, 8, 9; Judges 19:1; also Genesis 12:10; Genesis 20:1; Genesis 21:23, 34; Gen 32:5 [Genesis 32:4]; Genesis 47:4 (all J E); of partriarchs in Canaan Genesis 26:3 (J) Genesis 35:27; Exodus 6:4 (both P) compare Psalm 105:12 = 1 Chronicles 16:19; Judges 19:16; 2 Samuel 4:3; 2 Kings 8:1 (twice in verse); 2 Kings 8:2 (seven years) Isaiah 16:4; Ruth 1:1; Ezra 1:4 (in exile); compare further Exodus 3:22 (E) גָּרַת בַּיִת of a woman in another's house as lodger or guest (see Di), גָּרֵי בַיִת Job 19:15; so (poetry) of worshipper in Yahweh's house Psalm 15:1; Psalm 61:5 compare Isaiah 33:14 (twice in verse); figurative of evil לֹא יְגָֻֽרְךָ רָ֑ע Psalm 5:5 evil cannot be a guest of thine (Che; followed by accusative, as in Arabic جاوره III); particulary of the גֵּר (which see) in Israel Exodus 12:48, 49; Leviticus 16:29 (all P) 17: 8; Leviticus 17:10, 12, 13; Leviticus 18:26; Leviticus 19:33, 34; Leviticus 20:2; Leviticus 25:6, 45 (all H) Numbers 9:14; Numbers 15:14, 15, 16, 26, 29; Numbers 19:10; Joshua 20:9 (all P) Ezekiel 14:7; Ezekiel 47:22, 23; of Ephraim and Manasseh sojourning with Judah and Benjamin 2 Chronicles 15:9; of Rechabites sojourning in Judah Jeremiah 35:7; of Israelites sojourning in Egypt Deuteronomy 26:5; Isaiah 52:4; Psalm 105:23; so of Judah, to escape from under Babylonian power Jeremiah 42:15, 17, 22; Jeremiah 43:2; Jeremiah 44:8, 12, 14, 28.
2. abide, nearly or quite = dwell Jeremiah 43:5 compare Lamentations 4:15; Jeremiah 49:18, 33; Jeremiah 50:40, also Job 28:4; of wolf dwelling with lamb Isaiah 11:6; stay (inactive) Judges 5:17; — in Isaiah 5:17 read perhaps, for גָּרִים, גְּדָיִם or כָּרִים compare Greek Version of the LXX Lo Ew Di & Che critical note (> Stu גֵּרִים)
Hithpol. Participle מִתְגּוֺרֵר 1 Kings 17:20 seek hospitality with, followed by עִם (compareArabic x); יִתְגּוֺרָ֖רוּ Hosea 7:14 is dubious (compare II. גור below); AE Ki Thes Wü AV RV they assemble themselves, but text probably error, see גדד.

† II. [גּוּר] verb stir up strife, quarrel (compare H1624 גרה) — so Ew Che Di RVm (Isaiah 54:15); gather together Ges De Br compare Targum Vulgate, so AV RV; —
Qal. Perfect גָּר Isaiah 54:15; Imperfect יָגוּר Isaiah 54:15, יָגוּרוּ Psalm 56:7; Psalm 59:4; Psalm 140:3 (on all compare below); Infinitive absolute גּוֺר Isaiah 54:15; —
1. stir up strife, absolute גּוֺר יָגוּר Isaiah 54:14; compare Psalm 56:7 (but AE Che read יָגוֺדּוּ attack, see גדד); followed by עַל־ Psalm 59:4 (but Che id.; compare Psalm 94:21, which however Ol would emend by Psalm 56:7; Psalm 59:4); followed by accusative מִלְחָמוֺת Psalm 140:3 (Hup Che read יְגָרוּ Pi. Imperfect of גרה)
2. quarrel, followed by אֶת־ with Isaiah 54:15. Here also
Hithpol. Imperfect Hosea 7:14 יִתְגּוֺרָ֖רוּ (compare I. גור), according to Ew, they excite themselves, but unlikely; see גדד.

† III. [גּוּר] verb dread (compare יָגֹר) —
Qal Imperfect וַיָּגָר Numbers 22:3; 1 Samuel 18:15; 2nd person masculine singular תָּגוּר Deuteronomy 18:22; אָגוּר Deuteronomy 32:27; plural יָגוּרוּ Psalm 33:8; Job 41:17 + Hosea 10:5, תָּגוּרוּ Deuteronomy 1:17; Imperative גּוּרוּ Psalm 22:24; Job 19:29; —
1. be afraid of, followed by מִפְּנֵי Numbers 22:3; Deuteronomy 1:17; 1 Samuel 18:15, מִפְּנֵי לָכֶם גּוּרו Job 19:29; with מִן Job 41:17; Deuteronomy 18:22; with accusative Deuteronomy 32:27 (poetry) Hosea 10:5 read probably ינודו lament (|| אבל, used with לְ e.g. Nahum 3:7; Jeremiah 15:5 and elsewhere; compare Che).
2. stand in awe of, followed by מִן Psalm 22:24; Psalm 33:8 (יָרֵא).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


12:10; 12:10; 19:9; 20:1; 20:1; 21:23; 21:23; 21:34; 26:3; 26:3; 32:4; 32:4; 35:27; 35:27; 47:4


3:22; 3:22; 6:4; 6:4; 12:48; 12:48; 12:49


16:29; 17:10; 17:12; 17:13; 18:26; 19:33; 19:34; 20:2; 25:6; 25:6; 25:45


9:14; 15:14; 15:15; 15:16; 15:26; 15:29; 19:10; 22:3; 22:3


1:17; 1:17; 18:6; 18:6; 18:22; 18:22; 26:5; 32:27; 32:27




5:17; 17:7; 17:7; 17:8; 17:9; 19:1; 19:16



1 Samuel

18:15; 18:15

2 Samuel


1 Kings


2 Kings

8:1; 8:1; 8:1; 8:2; 8:2

1 Chronicles


2 Chronicles





19:15; 19:15; 19:29; 19:29; 28:4; 41:17; 41:17


5:5; 5:5; 15:1; 22:24; 22:24; 33:8; 33:8; 56:7; 56:7; 56:7; 59:4; 59:4; 59:4; 61:5; 61:5; 94:21; 105:12; 105:23; 120:5; 140:3; 140:3


5:17; 11:6; 11:6; 16:4; 16:4; 33:14; 52:4; 54:14; 54:15; 54:15; 54:15; 54:15; 54:15


15:5; 35:7; 42:15; 42:17; 42:22; 43:2; 43:5; 44:8; 44:12; 44:14; 44:28; 49:18; 49:33; 50:40




14:7; 47:22; 47:23


7:14; 7:14; 10:5; 10:5



Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H1481 matches the Hebrew גּוּר (gûr),
which occurs 98 times in 94 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Gen 12:10–2Ki 8:2)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 12:10 -

Now there was a famine in the land; so Abram went down to Egypt to sojourn H1481 there, for the famine was severe in the land.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:9 - But they said, “Step aside.” Furthermore, they said, “This one came to sojourn H1481, and already he is persistently acting like a judge; now we will treat you more wickedly than them.” So they pressed hard against [fn]Lot and stepped up to break the door.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 20:1 -

And Abraham journeyed from there toward the land of the [fn]Negev and settled between Kadesh and Shur; then he sojourned H1481 in Gerar.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 21:23 - so now, swear to me here by God that you will not deal falsely with me or with my offspring or with my posterity, but according to the lovingkindness that I have shown you, you shall show me and the land in which you have sojourned H1481.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 21:34 - And Abraham sojourned H1481 in the land of the Philistines for many days.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:3 - “Sojourn H1481 in this land, and I will be with you and bless you, for to you and to your seed I will give all these lands, and I will establish the oath which I swore to your father Abraham.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 32:4 - He also commanded them saying, “Thus you shall say to my lord, to Esau: ‘Thus says your servant Jacob, “I have sojourned H1481 with Laban and have been delayed until now;
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 35:27 -

And Jacob came to his father Isaac at Mamre of Kiriath-arba (that is, Hebron), where Abraham and Isaac had sojourned H1481.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 47:4 - And they said to Pharaoh, “We have come to sojourn H1481 in the land, for there is no pasture for your servants’ flocks, for the famine is heavy in the land of Canaan. So now, please let your servants [fn]live in the land of Goshen.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 3:22 - “But every woman shall ask of her neighbor and of the woman who lives H1481 in her house, for articles of silver and articles of gold, and clothing; and you will put them on your sons and daughters. Thus you will plunder the Egyptians.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 6:4 - “And I also established My covenant with them, to give them the land of Canaan, the [fn]land in which they sojourned H1481.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:48 - “But if a sojourner sojourns H1481 with you and [fn]celebrates the Passover to Yahweh, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near to [fn]celebrate it; and he shall be like a native of the land. But no uncircumcised person may eat of it.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:49 - [fn]The same law shall [fn]apply to the native as to the sojourner who sojourns H1481 among you.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:29 -

“And this shall be a perpetual statute for you: in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, you shall humble your souls and not do any work, whether the native or the sojourner who sojourns H1481 among you;

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 17:8 -

“Then you shall say to them, ‘Any man from the house of Israel, or from the sojourners who sojourn H1481 among them, who offers a burnt offering or sacrifice,

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 17:10 -

‘And any man from the house of Israel, or from the sojourners who sojourn H1481 among them, who eats any blood, I will set My face against that person who eats blood and will cut him off from among his people.

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 17:12 - “Therefore I said to the sons of Israel, ‘No person among you may eat blood, and no sojourner who sojourns H1481 among you may eat blood.’
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 17:13 - “So any man from the sons of Israel, or from the sojourners who sojourn H1481 among them, who in hunting catches a beast or a bird which may be eaten, shall pour out its blood and cover it with earth.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 18:26 - ‘But as for you, you shall keep My statutes and My judgments and shall not do any of these abominations, neither the native nor the sojourner who sojourns H1481 among you
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 19:33 -

‘And when a sojourner sojourns H1481 with you in your land, you shall not mistreat him.

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 19:34 - ‘The sojourner who sojourns H1481 with you shall be to you as the native among you, and you shall love him as yourself, for you were sojourners in the land of Egypt; I am Yahweh your God.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 20:2 - “You shall also say to the sons of Israel:

‘Any man from the sons of Israel or from the sojourners sojourning H1481 in Israel who gives any of his seed to Molech shall surely be put to death; the people of the land shall stone him with stones.

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 25:6 - ‘And the sabbath produce of the land shall be for food; for you and your male and female slaves and your hired man and your foreign resident, those who sojourn H1481 with you.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 25:45 - ‘And also you may acquire from the sons of the foreign residents who sojourn H1481 among you, from them and their families who are with you; as for those whom they have begotten in your land, they also may become your possession.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 9:14 - ‘If a sojourner sojourns H1481 among you and [fn]celebrates the Passover to Yahweh, according to the statute of the Passover and according to its judgment, so he shall do; you shall have one statute, both for the sojourner and for the native of the land.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 15:14 - ‘And if a sojourner sojourns H1481 with you, or one who may be among you throughout your generations, and he [fn]offers an offering by fire as a soothing aroma to Yahweh, just as you do so he shall do.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 15:15 - As for the assembly, there shall be one statute for you and for the sojourner who sojourns H1481 with you, a perpetual statute throughout your generations; as you are, so shall the sojourner be before Yahweh.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 15:16 - ‘There shall be one law and one judgment for you and for the sojourner who sojourns H1481 with you.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 15:26 - ‘So all the congregation of the sons of Israel will be pardoned, with the sojourner who sojourns H1481 among them, for it happened to all the people through error.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 15:29 - ‘You shall have one law for him who does anything unintentionally, for him who is native among the sons of Israel and for the sojourner who sojourns H1481 among them.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 19:10 - ‘And the one who gathers the ashes of the heifer shall wash his clothes and be unclean until evening; and it shall be a perpetual statute to the sons of Israel and to the sojourner who sojourns H1481 among them.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 22:3 - So Moab was in great fear H1481 because of the people, for they were numerous; and Moab was in dread of the sons of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 1:17 - ‘You shall not show partiality in judgment; you shall hear the small and the great alike. You shall not fear H1481 [fn]man, for the judgment is God’s. The case that is too hard for you, you shall bring to me, and I will hear it.’
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 18:6 -

“Now if a Levite comes from any of your gates of the towns throughout Israel where he sojourns H1481 and comes [fn]whenever he desires to the place which Yahweh chooses,

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 18:22 - “When a prophet speaks in the name of Yahweh, if the thing does not come about or come true, that is the thing which Yahweh has not spoken. The prophet has spoken it presumptuously; you shall not be afraid H1481 of him.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 26:5 - “And you shall answer and say before Yahweh your God, ‘My father was a [fn]wandering Aramean, and he went down to Egypt and [fn]sojourned H1481 there, few in number; but there he became a great, mighty, and populous nation.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:27 -

Had I not feared H1481 the provocation by the enemy,

Lest their adversaries misjudge,

Lest they say, “Our hand is [fn]triumphant,

And Yahweh has not done all this.”’

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 20:9 - These were the appointed cities for all the sons of Israel and for the sojourner who sojourns H1481 among them, that whoever strikes down any person unintentionally may flee there and not die by the hand of the avenger of blood until he stands before the congregation.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 5:17 -

“Gilead dwelt across the Jordan;

And why did Dan stay H1481 in ships?

Asher sat at the seashore,

And dwelt by its landings.

Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 17:7 -

And there was a young man from Bethlehem in Judah, of the family of Judah, who was a Levite; and he was sojourning H1481 there.

Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 17:8 - Then the man went from the city, from Bethlehem in Judah, to sojourn H1481 wherever he might find a place; and as he made his journey, he came to the hill country of Ephraim to the house of Micah.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 17:9 - And Micah said to him, “Where do you come from?” And he said to him, “I am a Levite from Bethlehem in Judah, and I am going to sojourn H1481 wherever I may find a place.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:1 -

Now it happened in those days, when there was no king in Israel, that there was a certain Levite sojourning H1481 in the remote part of the hill country of Ephraim, who took a concubine for himself from Bethlehem in Judah.

Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:16 -

But behold, an old man was coming from his work, from the field, at evening. Now the man was from the hill country of Ephraim, and he was sojourning H1481 in Gibeah, but the men of the place were Benjamites.

Unchecked Copy BoxRth 1:1 -

Now it happened in the days when the judges judged, that there was a famine in the land. And a certain man of Bethlehem in Judah went to sojourn H1481 in the fields of Moab [fn]with his wife and his two sons.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 18:15 - Then Saul saw that he was [fn]prospering greatly, so he dreaded H1481 him.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 4:3 - and the Beerothites fled to Gittaim and have been sojourners H1481 there until this day).
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 17:20 - Then he called to Yahweh and said, “O Yahweh my God, have You also brought calamity to the widow with whom I am sojourning H1481, by causing her son to die?”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 8:1 -

Now Elisha spoke to the woman whose son he had restored to life, saying, “Arise and go [fn]with your household, and sojourn H1481 wherever you can sojourn H1481; for Yahweh has called for a famine, and it will even come on the land for seven years.”

Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 8:2 - So the woman arose and did according to the word of the man of God, and she went with her household and sojourned H1481 in the land of the Philistines seven years.

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