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Lexicon :: Strong's H1612 - gep̄en

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Part of Speech
masculine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
From an unused root meaning to bend
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 372a

Strong’s Definitions

גֶּפֶן gephen, gheh'-fen; from an unused root meaning to bend; a vine (as twining), especially the grape:—vine, tree.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 55x

The KJV translates Strong's H1612 in the following manner: vine (54x), tree (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 55x
The KJV translates Strong's H1612 in the following manner: vine (54x), tree (1x).
  1. vine, vine tree

    1. of Israel (fig.)

    2. of stars fading at Jehovah's judgment (metaph.)

    3. of prosperity

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
גֶּפֶן gephen, gheh'-fen; from an unused root meaning to bend; a vine (as twining), especially the grape:—vine, tree.
STRONGS H1612: Abbreviations
גֶּ֫פֶן noun feminineJudges 9:13 + (masculine only Hosea 10:1, perhaps influence of יִשְׂרָאֵל 2 Kings 4:39) vine (Late Hebrew id., Arabic bdb017203 (Yemen), Assyrian gapnu, compare ZehnpfBAS i. 633; Aramaic גּוֺפַן, גֶּפֶן, bdb017204, plural bdb017205) — ג׳ Genesis 40:9 + 38 times (also construct, as Numbers 6:4; Deuteronomy 32:32; Isaiah 16:8, 9), גָּ֑פֶן Judges 9:12 + 2 times; suffix גַּפְנִי Joel 1:7, גַּפְנְךָ Jeremiah 5:17, גַּפְנוֺ 1 Kings 5:5 + 3 times, גַּפְנָהּ Hosea 2:14, גַּפְנָם Deuteronomy 32:32 + 2 times; plural גְּפָנִים Songs 2:13; Habakkuk 3:17vine (always grape-bearing except 2 Kings 4:39) Genesis 40:9, 10 (in dream) Genesis 49:11; Numbers 20:5; Deuteronomy 8:8; Judges 9:12, 13 (in allegory) 1 Kings 5:5; 2 Kings 18:31 = Isaiah 36:16; Psalm 78:47; Psalm 105:33; Songs 2:13; Songs 6:11; Songs 7:13; Isaiah 7:23; Isaiah 24:7; Isaiah 32:12; Jeremiah 5:17; Jeremiah 8:13; Hosea 2:14; Joel 1:7, 12; Joel 2:22; Micah 4:4; Habakkuk 3:17; Haggai 2:19; Zechariah 2:10; Zechariah 8:12; Malachi 3:11; גֶּפֶן שָׂדֶה a vine bearing poisonous gourds 2 Kings 4:39; גֶּפֶן הַיַּיִן Numbers 6:4 (compare Genesis 40:10; Judges 9:13) Judges 13:14; אֶשְׁכְּלוֺת הַגֶּפֶן Songs 8:9; עֵץ הַגֶּפֶן Ezekiel 15:2, 6; in simile of stars fading away at Yahweh's judgment Isaiah 34:4; in simile of wicked losing early promise Job 15:33; in simile of wife Psalm 128:3; figurative of Israel Psalm 80:9; Psalm 80:15; Ezekiel 17:6 (twice in verse); Ezekiel 17:7, 8; Hosea 10:1 compare Ezekiel 19:10; Jeremiah 2:21; Jeremiah 6:9; also Hosea 14:8; figurative of Israel as easily destroyed Ezekiel 15:2, 6; figurative of godless enemies of Israel Deuteronomy 32:32 compare Di; גֶּפֶן שִׂבְמָה figurative for prosperity of Moab Isaiah 16:8, 9; Jeremiah 48:32. — On the vine in Syria compare AnderlindZPV 1888, 160 ff.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


40:9; 40:9; 40:10; 40:10; 49:11


6:4; 6:4; 20:5


8:8; 32:32; 32:32; 32:32


9:12; 9:12; 9:13; 9:13; 9:13; 13:14

1 Kings

5:5; 5:5

2 Kings

4:39; 4:39; 4:39; 18:31




78:47; 80:9; 80:15; 105:33; 128:3

Song of Songs

2:13; 2:13; 6:11; 7:13; 8:9


7:23; 16:8; 16:8; 16:9; 16:9; 24:7; 32:12; 34:4; 36:16


2:21; 5:17; 5:17; 6:9; 8:13; 48:32


15:2; 15:2; 15:6; 15:6; 17:6; 17:7; 17:8; 19:10


2:14; 2:14; 10:1; 10:1; 14:8


1:7; 1:7; 1:12; 2:22




3:17; 3:17




2:10; 8:12



Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H1612 matches the Hebrew גֶּפֶן (gep̄en),
which occurs 55 times in 53 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Gen 40:9–Hag 2:19)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 40:9 - And the chief butler told his dream to Joseph, and said to him, In my dream, behold, a vine H1612 was before me;
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 40:10 - And in the vine H1612 were three branches: and it was as though it budded, and her blossoms shot forth; and the clusters thereof brought forth ripe grapes:
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:11 - Binding his foal unto the vine, H1612 and his ass's colt unto the choice vine; he washed his garments in wine, and his clothes in the blood of grapes:
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 6:4 - All the days of his separation shall he eat nothing that is made of the vine tree, H1612 from the kernels even to the husk.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 20:5 - And wherefore have ye made us to come up out of Egypt, to bring us in unto this evil place? it is no place of seed, or of figs, or of vines, H1612 or of pomegranates; neither is there any water to drink.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 8:8 - A land of wheat, and barley, and vines, H1612 and fig trees, and pomegranates; a land of oil olive, and honey;
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:32 - For their vine H1612 is of the vine H1612 of Sodom, and of the fields of Gomorrah: their grapes are grapes of gall, their clusters are bitter:
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:12 - Then said the trees unto the vine, H1612 Come thou, and reign over us.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:13 - And the vine H1612 said unto them, Should I leave my wine, which cheereth God and man, and go to be promoted over the trees?
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 13:14 - She may not eat of any thing that cometh of the vine, H1612 neither let her drink wine or strong drink, nor eat any unclean thing: all that I commanded her let her observe.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 4:25 - And Judah and Israel dwelt safely, every man under his vine H1612 and under his fig tree, from Dan even to Beersheba, all the days of Solomon.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 4:39 - And one went out into the field to gather herbs, and found a wild vine, H1612 and gathered thereof wild gourds his lap full, and came and shred them into the pot of pottage: for they knew them not.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 18:31 - Hearken not to Hezekiah: for thus saith the king of Assyria, Make an agreement with me by a present, and come out to me, and then eat ye every man of his own vine, H1612 and every one of his fig tree, and drink ye every one the waters of his cistern:
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 15:33 - He shall shake off his unripe grape as the vine, H1612 and shall cast off his flower as the olive.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 78:47 - He destroyed their vines H1612 with hail, and their sycomore trees with frost.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 80:8 - Thou hast brought a vine H1612 out of Egypt: thou hast cast out the heathen, and planted it.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 80:14 - Return, we beseech thee, O God of hosts: look down from heaven, and behold, and visit this vine; H1612
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 105:33 - He smote their vines H1612 also and their fig trees; and brake the trees of their coasts.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 128:3 - Thy wife shall be as a fruitful vine H1612 by the sides of thine house: thy children like olive plants round about thy table.
Unchecked Copy BoxSng 2:13 - The fig tree putteth forth her green figs, and the vines H1612 with the tender grape give a good smell. Arise, my love, my fair one, and come away.
Unchecked Copy BoxSng 6:11 - I went down into the garden of nuts to see the fruits of the valley, and to see whether the vine H1612 flourished, and the pomegranates budded.
Unchecked Copy BoxSng 7:8 - I said, I will go up to the palm tree, I will take hold of the boughs thereof: now also thy breasts shall be as clusters of the vine, H1612 and the smell of thy nose like apples;
Unchecked Copy BoxSng 7:12 - Let us get up early to the vineyards; let us see if the vine H1612 flourish, whether the tender grape appear, and the pomegranates bud forth: there will I give thee my loves.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 7:23 - And it shall come to pass in that day, that every place shall be, where there were a thousand vines H1612 at a thousand silverlings, it shall even be for briers and thorns.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 16:8 - For the fields of Heshbon languish, and the vine H1612 of Sibmah: the lords of the heathen have broken down the principal plants thereof, they are come even unto Jazer, they wandered through the wilderness: her branches are stretched out, they are gone over the sea.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 16:9 - Therefore I will bewail with the weeping of Jazer the vine H1612 of Sibmah: I will water thee with my tears, O Heshbon, and Elealeh: for the shouting for thy summer fruits and for thy harvest is fallen.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 24:7 - The new wine mourneth, the vine H1612 languisheth, all the merryhearted do sigh.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 32:12 - They shall lament for the teats, for the pleasant fields, for the fruitful vine. H1612
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 34:4 - And all the host of heaven shall be dissolved, and the heavens shall be rolled together as a scroll: and all their host shall fall down, as the leaf falleth off from the vine, H1612 and as a falling fig from the fig tree.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 36:16 - Hearken not to Hezekiah: for thus saith the king of Assyria, Make an agreement with me by a present, and come out to me: and eat ye every one of his vine, H1612 and every one of his fig tree, and drink ye every one the waters of his own cistern;
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 2:21 - Yet I had planted thee a noble vine, wholly a right seed: how then art thou turned into the degenerate plant of a strange vine H1612 unto me?
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 5:17 - And they shall eat up thine harvest, and thy bread, which thy sons and thy daughters should eat: they shall eat up thy flocks and thine herds: they shall eat up thy vines H1612 and thy fig trees: they shall impoverish thy fenced cities, wherein thou trustedst, with the sword.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 6:9 - Thus saith the LORD of hosts, They shall throughly glean the remnant of Israel as a vine: H1612 turn back thine hand as a grapegatherer into the baskets.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 8:13 - I will surely consume them, saith the LORD: there shall be no grapes on the vine, H1612 nor figs on the fig tree, and the leaf shall fade; and the things that I have given them shall pass away from them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 48:32 - O vine H1612 of Sibmah, I will weep for thee with the weeping of Jazer: thy plants are gone over the sea, they reach even to the sea of Jazer: the spoiler is fallen upon thy summer fruits and upon thy vintage.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 15:2 - Son of man, What is the vine H1612 tree more than any tree, or than a branch which is among the trees of the forest?
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 15:6 - Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; As the vine H1612 tree among the trees of the forest, which I have given to the fire for fuel, so will I give the inhabitants of Jerusalem.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 17:6 - And it grew, and became a spreading vine H1612 of low stature, whose branches turned toward him, and the roots thereof were under him: so it became a vine, H1612 and brought forth branches, and shot forth sprigs.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 17:7 - There was also another great eagle with great wings and many feathers: and, behold, this vine H1612 did bend her roots toward him, and shot forth her branches toward him, that he might water it by the furrows of her plantation.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 17:8 - It was planted in a good soil by great waters, that it might bring forth branches, and that it might bear fruit, that it might be a goodly vine. H1612
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 19:10 - Thy mother is like a vine H1612 in thy blood, planted by the waters: she was fruitful and full of branches by reason of many waters.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 2:12 - And I will destroy her vines H1612 and her fig trees, whereof she hath said, These are my rewards that my lovers have given me: and I will make them a forest, and the beasts of the field shall eat them.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 10:1 - Israel is an empty vine, H1612 he bringeth forth fruit unto himself: according to the multitude of his fruit he hath increased the altars; according to the goodness of his land they have made goodly images.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 14:7 - They that dwell under his shadow shall return; they shall revive as the corn, and grow as the vine: H1612 the scent thereof shall be as the wine of Lebanon.
Unchecked Copy BoxJoe 1:7 - He hath laid my vine H1612 waste, and barked my fig tree: he hath made it clean bare, and cast it away; the branches thereof are made white.
Unchecked Copy BoxJoe 1:12 - The vine H1612 is dried up, and the fig tree languisheth; the pomegranate tree, the palm tree also, and the apple tree, even all the trees of the field, are withered: because joy is withered away from the sons of men.
Unchecked Copy BoxJoe 2:22 - Be not afraid, ye beasts of the field: for the pastures of the wilderness do spring, for the tree beareth her fruit, the fig tree and the vine H1612 do yield their strength.
Unchecked Copy BoxMic 4:4 - But they shall sit every man under his vine H1612 and under his fig tree; and none shall make them afraid: for the mouth of the LORD of hosts hath spoken it.
Unchecked Copy BoxHab 3:17 - Although the fig tree shall not blossom, neither shall fruit be in the vines; H1612 the labour of the olive shall fail, and the fields shall yield no meat; the flock shall be cut off from the fold, and there shall be no herd in the stalls:
Unchecked Copy BoxHag 2:19 - Is the seed yet in the barn? yea, as yet the vine, H1612 and the fig tree, and the pomegranate, and the olive tree, hath not brought forth: from this day will I bless you.

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1. Currently on page 1/2 (Gen 40:9–Hag 2:19) Gen 40:9–Hag 2:19

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