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Lexicon :: Strong's H1639 - gāraʿ

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גָּרַע
Transliteration
gāraʿ
Pronunciation
gaw-rah'
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Part of Speech
verb
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 384

Strong’s Definitions

גָּרַע gâraʻ, gaw-rah'; a primitive root; to scrape off; by implication, to shave, remove, lessen, withhold:—abate, clip, (di-) minish, do (take) away, keep back, restrain, make small, withdraw.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 21x

The KJV translates Strong's H1639 in the following manner: diminish (8x), take (3x), ...away (2x), restrain (2x), abated (1x), keep back (1x), clipped (1x), minish (1x), small (1x), withdraweth (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 21x
The KJV translates Strong's H1639 in the following manner: diminish (8x), take (3x), ...away (2x), restrain (2x), abated (1x), keep back (1x), clipped (1x), minish (1x), small (1x), withdraweth (1x).
  1. to diminish, restrain, withdraw, abate, keep back, do away, take from, clip

    1. (Qal)

      1. to diminish

      2. to restrain

      3. to withdraw

    2. (Niphal)

      1. to be withdrawn

      2. to be restrained

    3. (Piel) to withdraw, draw up

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
גָּרַע gâraʻ, gaw-rah'; a primitive root; to scrape off; by implication, to shave, remove, lessen, withhold:—abate, clip, (di-) minish, do (take) away, keep back, restrain, make small, withdraw.
STRONGS H1639:
† [גָּרַע] verb diminish, restrain, withdraw (Late Hebrew id., Aramaic גְּרַע Ifrg shave head, etc.; compare جَرِعَ swallow) —
Qal Imperfect יִגְרַע Job 36:7, יִגְרָ֑ע Exodus 21:10; + 2nd person masculine singular תִּגְרַע Deuteronomy 13:1 + 3 times; אֶגְרַע Ezekiel 5:11 (but compare below), וָאֶגְרַע Ezekiel 16:27; תִּגְרְעוּ Exodus 5:8 + 2 times; Infinitive לִגְרֹעַ Ecclesiastes 3:14; Participle גְּרוּעָה Isaiah 15:2 (so Baer; v. d. H. גְּדוּעָה see גדע), גְּרֻעָה Jeremiah 48:37; —
1. diminish, usually followed by מִן Exodus 5:8, 19 (the tale of bricks), Deuteronomy 4:2; Deuteronomy 13:1 (in both, word of י׳; opposed to הוסיף) compare Ecclesiastes 3:14, and also Jeremiah 26:2 (with accusative); with accusative also Exodus 21:10 (food etc.) compare Ezekiel 16:27; Passive participle diminished, clipped, of beard, Jeremiah 48:37 and Isaiah 15:2 (so Baer, rightly, compare his note and see H1438 גדע).
2. restrain Job 15:4 (with accusative שִׂיחָה meditation, devotion), Job 15:8 (with accusative חָכְמָה, followed by אֵלֶיךָ, i.e. unto, for thyself, monopolize; De Di Da render draw unto thyself, appropriate; Schult. compare Arabic swallow, compare Ew saugst zu dir ein Weisheit).
3. withdraw Job 36:7 (object עַיִן, eye, followed by מִן); Ezekiel 5:11 absolute (si vera lectio); Co. reads אֶתְגָּרֶה, for אֶגְרַע, on internal grounds; others: withdraw (thy needs) Sm (compare Ezekiel 16:27); withdraw (mine eye) Ges Ke.
Niph. Perfect וְנִגְרַע consecutive Leviticus 27:18; וְנִגְרְעָה Numbers 36:3; Imperfect יִגָּרַע Numbers 27:4; Numbers 36:4, יִגָּרֵ֑עַ Numbers 36:3; 1st person plural נִגָּרַע Numbers 9:7; Participle נִגְרָע Exodus 5:11; —
1. be withdrawn with מִן Numbers 36:3 (twice in verse); Numbers 36:4 (inheritance, נחלה); Numbers 27:4 a name out of a family; Exodus 5:11 (מֵעֲבֹדַתְכֶם דָּבָר); impersonal Leviticus 27:18 (abatement shall be made).
2. be restrained followed by infinitive Numbers 9:7. Pi. Imperfect יְגָרַע Job 36:27 withdraw = draw up with accusative נִטְפֵימָֿ֑יִם compare Di (on other hand, De and others draw down, let down).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs

Exodus

5:8; 5:8; 5:11; 5:11; 5:19; 21:10; 21:10

Leviticus

27:18; 27:18

Numbers

9:7; 9:7; 27:4; 27:4; 36:3; 36:3; 36:3; 36:4; 36:4

Deuteronomy

4:2; 13:1; 13:1

Job

15:4; 15:8; 36:7; 36:7; 36:27

Ecclesiastes

3:14; 3:14

Isaiah

15:2; 15:2

Jeremiah

26:2; 48:37; 48:37

Ezekiel

5:11; 5:11; 16:27; 16:27; 16:27

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H1639 matches the Hebrew גָּרַע (gāraʿ),
which occurs 22 times in 21 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 5:8 - “But the quota of bricks which they were making previously, you shall impose on them; you are not to reduce H1639 any of it. Because they are lazy, therefore they cry out, ‘[fn]Let us go and sacrifice to our God.’
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 5:11 - ‘You go and get straw for yourselves wherever you can find it, but none of your labor will be reduced.’” H1639
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 5:19 - The foremen of the sons of Israel saw that they were in trouble [fn]because they were told, “You must not reduce H1639 [fn]your daily amount of bricks.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:10 - “If he takes to himself another woman, he may not reduce H1639 her [fn]food, her clothing, or her conjugal rights.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 27:18 - ‘If he consecrates his field after the jubilee, however, then the priest shall calculate the price for [fn]him [fn]proportionate to the years that are left until the year of jubilee; and it shall be deducted H1639 from your valuation.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 9:7 - Those men said to him, “Though we are unclean because of the [fn]dead person, why are we restrained H1639 from presenting the offering of the LORD at its appointed time among the sons of Israel?”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 27:4 - “Why should the name of our father be withdrawn H1639 from among his family because he had no son? Give us a possession among our father’s brothers.”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 36:3 - “But if they [fn]marry one of the sons of the other tribes of the sons of Israel, their inheritance will be withdrawn H1639 from the inheritance of our fathers and will be added to the inheritance of the tribe to which they belong; thus it will be withdrawn H1639 from our allotted inheritance.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 36:4 - “When the jubilee of the sons of Israel [fn]comes, then their inheritance will be added to the inheritance of the tribe to which they belong; so their inheritance will be withdrawn H1639 from the inheritance of the tribe of our fathers.”
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:2 - “You shall not add to the word which I am commanding you, nor take H1639 away H1639 from it, that you may keep the commandments of the LORD your God which I command you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 12:32 - [fn]Whatever I command you, you shall be careful to do; you shall not add to nor take H1639 away H1639 from it.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 15:4 - “Indeed, you do away with [fn]reverence
And hinder H1639 meditation before God.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 15:8 - “Do you hear the secret counsel of God,
And limit H1639 wisdom to yourself?
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 36:7 - “He does not withdraw H1639 His eyes from the righteous;
But with kings on the throne
He has seated them forever, and they are exalted.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 36:27 - “For He draws H1639 up the drops of water,
They distill rain from [fn]the [fn]mist,
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 3:14 - I know that everything God does will remain forever; there is nothing to add to it and there is nothing to take H1639 from it, for God has so worked that men should [fn]fear Him.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 15:2 - They have gone up to the [fn]temple and to Dibon, even to the high places to weep.
Moab wails over Nebo and Medeba;
Everyone’s head is bald and every beard is cut H1639 off. H1639
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 26:2 - “Thus says the LORD, ‘Stand in the court of the LORDS house, and speak to all the cities of Judah who have come to worship in the LORDS house all the words that I have commanded you to speak to them. Do not omit H1639 a word!
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 48:37 - “For every head is bald and every beard cut H1639 short; H1639 there are gashes on all the hands and sackcloth on the loins.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 5:11 - ‘So as I live,’ declares the Lord GOD, ‘surely, because you have defiled My sanctuary with all your detestable idols and with all your abominations, therefore I will also withdraw, H1639 and My eye will have no pity and I will not spare.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 16:27 - “Behold now, I have stretched out My hand against you and diminished H1639 your rations. And I delivered you up to the desire of those who hate you, the daughters of the Philistines, who are ashamed of your lewd conduct.

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