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Lexicon :: Strong's H178 - 'ôḇ

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אוֹב
Transliteration
'ôḇ
Pronunciation
obe
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Part of Speech
masculine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
From the same as אָב (H1) (apparently through the idea of prattling a father's name)
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 37a

Strong’s Definitions

אוֹב ʼôwb, obe; from the same as H1 (apparently through the idea of prattling a father's name); properly, a mumble, i.e. a water-skin (from its hollow sound); hence a necromancer (ventriloquist, as from a jar):—bottle, familiar spirit.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 17x

The KJV translates Strong's H178 in the following manner: familiar spirit(s) (16x), bottles (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 17x
The KJV translates Strong's H178 in the following manner: familiar spirit(s) (16x), bottles (1x).
  1. water skin bottle

  2. necromancer

    1. necromancer, one who evokes the dead

    2. ghost, spirit of a dead one

    3. practice of necromancy

  3. one that has a familiar spirit

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
אוֹב ʼôwb, obe; from the same as H1 (apparently through the idea of prattling a father's name); properly, a mumble, i.e. a water-skin (from its hollow sound); hence a necromancer (ventriloquist, as from a jar):—bottle, familiar spirit.
STRONGS H178:
אוֺב noun masculineJob 32:19 skin-bottle, necromancer, etc. — absolute א׳ Leviticus 20:27 + 8 times; plural אֹבוֺת Leviticus 19:31 + 7 times
1. skin-bottle, only plural אֹבוֺת חֲדָשִׁים new (wine-) skins Job 32:19.
2. necromancer, in phrase אוֺב אוֺ יִדְּעֹנִי necromancer or wizard Leviticus 20:27 (H; usually translated 'a man also or woman that hath a familiar spirit or that is a wizard' RV; but better a man or a woman, if there should be among them, a necromancer or wizard; no sufficient reason for exceptional use of phrase here); וְיִדְּעֹנִי א׳ Deuteronomy 18:11; 2 Chronicles 33:6 = 2 Kings 21:6 (where וידענים א׳); הָאֹבוֺת וְהַיִּדְּעֹנִים Leviticus 19:31; Leviticus 20:6 (H) 1 Samuel 28:3, 9; 2 Kings 23:24; Isaiah 8:19 (where repres. as chirping & muttering, in practice of their art of seeking dead for instruction, probably ventriloquism, & so Greek Version of the LXX) Isaiah 19:3.
3. ghost, Isaiah 29:4 וְהָיָה כְּאוֺב מֵאֶרֶץ קוֺלֵח וּמֵעָפָר אִמְרָתֵח תְּצַפְצֵף and thy voice shall be as a ghost from the ground and from the dust thy speech shall chirp (so Ge MV Ew De Che and others, but chirping might be of necromancer, as Isaiah 8:19).
4. necromancy אֵשֶׁת בַּעֲלַת־אוֺב a woman who was mistress of necromancy 1 Samuel 28:7 (twice in verse); (> RSJPh xiv, 127 f makes אוֺב primarily a subterranean spirit, and significant. 2 only an abbreviation of בעלתא׳ etc.); קסם בּאוֺב divine by necromancy 1 Samuel 28:8, which seems to be interpretation of 1 Chronicles 10:13 שׁאל בא׳ inquire by necromancy. (In these three examples אוֺב is usually interpreted as ghost or familiar spirit conceived as dwelling in necromancer; but this apparently not the ancient conception.)
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs

Leviticus

19:31; 19:31; 20:6; 20:27; 20:27

Deuteronomy

18:11

1 Samuel

28:3; 28:7; 28:8; 28:9

2 Kings

21:6; 23:24

1 Chronicles

10:13

2 Chronicles

33:6

Job

32:19; 32:19

Isaiah

8:19; 8:19; 19:3; 29:4

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H178 matches the Hebrew אוֹב ('ôḇ),
which occurs 17 times in 16 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 19:31 - ‘Do not turn to [fn]mediums H178 or spiritists; do not seek them out to be defiled by them. I am the LORD your God.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 20:6 - ‘As for the person who turns to [fn]mediums H178 and to spiritists, to play the harlot after them, I will also set My face against that person and will cut him off from among his people.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 20:27 - ‘Now a man or a woman who is a medium H178 or a [fn]spiritist shall surely be put to death. They shall be stoned with stones, their bloodguiltiness is upon them.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 18:11 - or one who casts a spell, or a medium, H178 or a spiritist, or one who calls up the dead.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 28:3 - Now Samuel was dead, and all Israel had lamented him and buried him in Ramah, his own city. And Saul had removed from the land those who were mediums H178 and spiritists.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 28:7 - Then Saul said to his servants, “Seek for me a woman who is a medium, H178 that I may go to her and inquire of her.” And his servants said to him, “Behold, there is a woman who is a medium H178 at En-dor.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 28:8 - Then Saul disguised himself by putting on other clothes, and went, he and two men with him, and they came to the woman by night; and he said, “Conjure up for me, please, and bring up for me whom I shall [fn]name to you.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 28:9 - But the woman said to him, “Behold, you know what Saul has done, how he has cut off those who are mediums H178 and spiritists from the land. Why are you then laying a snare for my life to bring about my death?”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 21:6 - He made his son pass through the fire, practiced witchcraft and used divination, and dealt with mediums H178 and spiritists. He did much evil in the sight of the LORD provoking Him to anger.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 23:24 - Moreover, Josiah [fn]removed the mediums H178 and the spiritists and the teraphim and the idols and all the abominations that were seen in the land of Judah and in Jerusalem, that he might [fn]confirm the words of the law which were written in the book that Hilkiah the priest found in the house of the LORD.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 10:13 - So Saul died for his trespass which he committed against the LORD, because of the word of the LORD which he did not keep; and also because he asked counsel of a medium, H178 making inquiry of it,
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 33:6 - He made his sons pass through the fire in the valley of Ben-hinnom; and he practiced witchcraft, used divination, practiced sorcery and dealt with mediums H178 and spiritists. He did much evil in the sight of the LORD, provoking Him to anger.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 32:19 - “Behold, my belly is like unvented wine,
Like new wineskins H178 it is about to burst.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 8:19 - When they say to you, “Consult the mediums H178 and the spiritists who whisper and mutter,” should not a people consult their God? Should they consult the dead on behalf of the living?
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 19:3 - “Then the spirit of the Egyptians will be demoralized within them;
And I will confound their strategy,
So that they will resort to idols and ghosts of the dead
And to [fn]mediums H178 and spiritists.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 29:4 - Then you will be brought low;
From the earth you will speak,
And from the dust where you are prostrate
Your words will come.
Your voice will also be like that of a [fn]spirit H178 from the ground,
And your speech will whisper from the dust.

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