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Lexicon :: Strong's H183 - 'āvâ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 40

Strong’s Definitions

אָוָה ʼâvâh, aw-vaw'; a primitive root; to wish for:—covet, (greatly) desire, be desirous, long, lust (after).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 26x

The KJV translates Strong's H183 in the following manner: desire (17x), lust (4x), longed (3x), covet (2x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 26x
The KJV translates Strong's H183 in the following manner: desire (17x), lust (4x), longed (3x), covet (2x).
  1. desire, incline, covet, wait longingly, wish, sigh, want, be greedy, prefer

    1. (Piel) to desire, crave (food and drink)

    2. (Hithpael) to desire, long for, lust after (of bodily appetites)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
אָוָה ʼâvâh, aw-vaw'; a primitive root; to wish for:—covet, (greatly) desire, be desirous, long, lust (after).
STRONGS H183: Abbreviations
† [אָוָה] verb incline, desire (compare Stem 2).
Pi. Perfect אִוָּה Psalm 132:13; אִוְּתָה Micah 7:1 +, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person feminine singular תְּאַוֶּה Deuteronomy 12:20 + 4 timesdesire subject usually נֶפֶשׁ, object fruit Micah 7:1 (in metaphor); flesh (to eat) 1 Samuel 2:16, compare Deuteronomy 12:20 (followed by infinitive לֶאֱכֹל בָּשָׂר); food & drink Deuteronomy 14:26; of king desiring rule, וּמָלַכְתָּ בְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר־תְּאַוֶּה נַפְשֶׁ֑ךָ 2 Samuel 3:21; 1 Kings 11:37; object evil (רַע) Proverbs 21:10; once object י׳ Isaiah 26:9 נַפְשִׁי אִוִּיתִךָ בַּלַּיְלָה; of God וְנַפְשׁוֺ אִוְּתָה וַיַּעַשׂ Job 23:13; as desiring Zion for dwelling-place (late, only cases without נפשׁ) Psalm 132:13; Psalm 132:14;
Hithp. Perfect הִתְאַוָּת Proverbs 21:26; הִתְאַוֵּיתִי Jeremiah 17:16; הִתְאַוּוּ Numbers 11:4; וְהִתְאַוִּיתֶם Numbers 34:10; Imperfect יִתְאַוֶּה Ecclesiastes 6:2; וַיִּתְאַוֶּה 2 Samuel 23:15; with apocope וְיִתְאַו Psalm 45:12, וַיִּתְאַו 1 Chronicles 11:17, etc. — Participle feminine singular מִתְאַוָּה Proverbs 13:4; masculine plural מִתְאַוִּים Amos 5:18; Numbers 11:34desire, long for, lust after, of bodily appetites; for dainty food Numbers 11:4 (E; followed by accusative of cognate meaning) = Psalm 106:14; Numbers 11:34 (E); followed by ל Proverbs 23:3, 6 compare Ecclesiastes 6:2 (followed by accusative), see also Proverbs 13:4 (absolute, subject נֶפֶשׁ); absolute of extreme thirst 2 Samuel 23:15 = 1 Chronicles 11:17; of king desiring the beauty (יֳפִי) of princess Psalm 45:12 (followed by accusative); of covetous man Proverbs 21:26 (followed by accusative of cognate meaning); object בֵּית רֵעֲךָ Deuteronomy 5:18 (|| חמד); followed by infinitive Proverbs 24:1 (of desiring evil companionship); object יוֺם י׳ Amos 5:18 (accusative; of presumptuous, reckless longing) compare Jeremiah 17:16. (Numbers 34:7, 8 for תְּתָאוּ — Pi. of תאה — Di proposes תִּתְאַוֻּ, & queries whether this & הִתְאַוִּיתֶם Numbers 34:10 are not from H185 אוה, = desire for yourselves.)
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


11:4; 11:4; 11:34; 11:34; 34:7; 34:8; 34:10; 34:10


5:18; 12:20; 12:20; 14:26

1 Samuel


2 Samuel

3:21; 23:15; 23:15

1 Kings


1 Chronicles

11:17; 11:17




45:12; 45:12; 106:14; 132:13; 132:13; 132:14


13:4; 13:4; 21:10; 21:26; 21:26; 23:3; 23:6; 24:1


6:2; 6:2




17:16; 17:16


5:18; 5:18


7:1; 7:1

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H183 matches the Hebrew אָוָה ('āvâ),
which occurs 28 times in 25 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxNum 11:4 -

Now the rabble who were among them [fn]had H183 greedy H183 cravings; and the sons of Israel also wept again and said, “Who will give us [fn]meat to eat?

Unchecked Copy BoxNum 11:34 - So that place was named [fn]Kibroth-hattaavah, because there they buried the people who had been H183 greedy H183.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 5:21 -

‘You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, nor desire H183 your neighbor’s house, his field, his male slave or his female slave, his ox, his donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor.’

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 12:20 -

“When the LORD your God extends your border as He has [fn]promised you, and you say, ‘I will eat meat,’ because [fn]you desire H183 to eat meat, then you may eat meat, [fn]whatever you desire.

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 14:26 - “And you may spend the money on whatever your [fn]heart desires H183: on oxen, sheep, wine, other strong drink, or whatever your [fn]heart [fn]desires; and there you shall eat in the presence of the LORD your God and rejoice, you and your household.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 3:21 - Abner said to David, “Let me set out and go and gather all Israel to my lord the king, so that they may make a covenant with you, and that you may be king over all that your soul desires H183.” So David let Abner go, and he went in peace.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 23:15 - And David had H183 a H183 craving H183 and said, “Oh that someone would give me water to drink from the well of Bethlehem which is by the gate!”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 11:37 - ‘However I will take you, and you shall reign over all that [fn]you desire H183, and you shall be king over Israel.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 11:17 - And David had H183 a craving H183 and said, “Oh that someone would give me water to drink from the well of Bethlehem, which is by the gate!”
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 23:13 -

“But He is unique, and who can [fn]make Him turn?

Whatever His soul desires H183, He does it.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 45:11 -

Then the King will crave H183 your beauty.

Because He is your Lord, bow down to Him.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 106:14 -

But became H183 lustfully greedy H183 in the wilderness,

And put God to the test in the desert.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 132:13 -

For the LORD has chosen Zion;

He has desired H183 it as His dwelling place.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 132:14 -

“This is My resting place forever;

Here I will dwell, for I have desired H183 it.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 13:4 -

The soul of the [fn]lazy one craves H183 and gets nothing,

But the soul of the diligent is made [fn]prosperous.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 21:10 -

The soul of the wicked desires H183 evil;

His neighbor is shown no compassion in his eyes.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 21:26 -

All day long he [fn]is craving H183,

While the righteous gives and does not hold back.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 23:3 -

Do not desire H183 his delicacies,

For it is deceptive food.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 23:6 -

Do not eat the bread of [fn]a selfish person;

Or desire H183 his delicacies;

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 24:1 -

Do not be envious of evil people,

Nor desire H183 to be with them;

Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 6:2 - a person to whom God has given riches, wealth, and honor, so that his soul lacks nothing of all that he desires H183, yet God has not given him the opportunity to [fn]enjoy these things, but a foreigner [fn]enjoys them. This is futility and a severe affliction.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 26:9 -

At night [fn]my soul longs H183 for You,

Indeed, [fn]my spirit within me seeks You diligently;

For when the earth [fn]experiences Your judgments,

The inhabitants of the world learn righteousness.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 17:16 -

But as for me, I have not hurried away from being a shepherd following after You,

Nor have I longed H183 for the disastrous day;

You Yourself know that the utterance of my lips

Was in Your presence.

Unchecked Copy BoxAmo 5:18 -

Woe to you who are longing H183 for the day of the LORD,

For what [fn]purpose will the day of the LORD be to you?

It will be darkness and not light;

Unchecked Copy BoxMic 7:1 -

Woe to me! For I am

Like harvests of summer fruit, like gleanings of grapes.

There is not a cluster of grapes left to eat,

Nor an early fig, which [fn]I crave H183.

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