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Lexicon :: Strong's H1892 - heḇel

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Part of Speech
adverb, masculine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 463a

Strong’s Definitions

הֶבֶל hebel, heh'bel; or (rarely in the abs.) הֲבֵל hăbêl; from H1891; emptiness or vanity; figuratively, something transitory and unsatisfactory; often used as an adverb:—× altogether, vain, vanity.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 73x

The KJV translates Strong's H1892 in the following manner: vanity (61x), vain (11x), altogether (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 73x
The KJV translates Strong's H1892 in the following manner: vanity (61x), vain (11x), altogether (1x).
  1. vapour, breath

    1. breath, vapour

    2. vanity (fig.)

  2. vainly

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
הֶבֶל hebel, heh'bel; or (rarely in the abs.) הֲבֵל hăbêl; from H1891; emptiness or vanity; figuratively, something transitory and unsatisfactory; often used as an adverb:—× altogether, vain, vanity.
STRONGS H1892: Abbreviations
I. הֶ֫בֶל 73 noun masculine vapour, breath (Late Hebrew id., Syriac Hxbfh id.) figurative vanity (so Late Hebrew, Syriac Hbeh) — הָ֑בֶל Ecclesiastes 1:2 +; construct הֲבֵל Ecclesiastes 1:2 (twice in verse); Ecclesiastes 12:8, suffix הֶבְלִי etc. Ecclesiastes 6:12; Ecclesiastes 7:15; Ecclesiastes 9:9 (twice in verse); plural הֲבָלִים Jeremiah 10:8 +; construct הַבְלֵי Jeremiah 8:19 +, suffix הַבְלֵיהֶם Deuteronomy 32:21 +; —
1. literal Isaiah 57:13 all of them (the idols) יִשָּׂארֿוּחַ יִקַּח הָ֑בֶל a breath (Vulgate aura) will carry away, Proverbs 21:6 the getting of treasures by a lying tongue is הֶבֶל נִדָּף a vapour driven away. Elsewhere always
2. figurative of what is evanescent, unsubstantial, worthless, vanity, as of idols Jeremiah 10:15 = Jeremiah 51:18; Jeremiah 16:19 הֶבֶל וְאֵין בָּם מוֺעִיל (|| שֶׁקֶר), heathen observances Jeremiah 10:3, and in phrase הָלַךְ אַחֲרֵי הַהֶבֶל Jeremiah 2:5; 2 Kings 17:15; Proverbs 13:11 הוֺן מֵהֶבֶל wealth (gotten) out of vanity, (i.e. not by solid toil, opposed to קֹבֵץ עַל יָד) is minished (but Greek Version of the LXX Vulgate Ew מְבֹהָל, see Proverbs 20:21 Qr), Proverbs 31:30 שֶׁקֶר הַחֵן וְהֶבֶל הַיֹּ֑פִי, Lamentations 4:17 אֶל עֶזְרָתֵנוּ הֶבֶל to our vain (Dr§ 193 n.) help; of life Job 7:16 כִּי הֶבֶל יָמָֽי׃, Psalm 78:33 וַיְכַל בַּהֶבֶל יְמֵיהֶם consumed their days as (בְּ I:7 d vanity, man Psalm 39:6; Psalm 39:12; Psalm 62:10 יָֽחַד׃ מֵהֶבֶל הֵמָּה אָדָם בְּנֵי הֶבֶל they are altogether (made) of vanity, Psalm 94:11; Psalm 144:4, especially in Ecclesiastes (31 times + הֲבֵל הֲבָלִים Ecclesiastes 1:2 (twice in verse); Ecclesiastes 12:8) of the fruitlessness of all human enterprise and endeavour, Ecclesiastes 1:2 הַכֹּל הֶבֶל, Ecclesiastes 1:14 רוּחַ וּרְעוּת הֶבֶל הַכֹּל all was vanity and the pursuit of wind, Ecclesiastes 2:1, 14, 15 etc., Ecclesiastes 6:4 (of an abortion) בַּהֶבֶל בָּא i.e. into a lifeless existence, Ecclesiastes 6:11 הָ֑בֶל מַרְבִּים הַרְבֵּה דְּבָרִים יֵשׁ (of discussions leading to no result), note also the phrases יְמֵי (הֶבְלוֺ, הֶבְלְךָ) הֶבְלִי Ecclesiastes 7:15; Ecclesiastes 9:9, יְמֵי חַיֵּי ה׳ Ecclesiastes 6:12; Ecclesiastes 9:9; Job 27:12 (see הָבַל), Isaiah 49:4 לְתֹהוּ וָהֶבֶל for nought and vanity have I spent my strength; as adverb accusative vainly, to no purpose Isaiah 30:7 הֶבֶל וָרִיק יַעֲזֹ֑רוּ, Psalm 39:7 אַךְ הֶבֶל יֶהֱמָיוּן they disquiet themselves to no purpose, Job 9:29: הֶבֶל אִיגָָֽע Job 35:16, with נִחַם to comfort Job 21:34; Zechariah 10:2. Plural הֲבָלִים of false gods, Deuteronomy 32:21 ) כִּעֲסוּנִי בְהַבְלֵיהֶם || בְּלֹאאֵֿל) 1 Kings 16:13, 26; Jeremiah 8:19 הַבְלֵי נֵכָר || (בִּפְסִילֵיהֶםׅ, Jeremiah 10:8; Jeremiah 14:22 הַבְלֵי הַגּוֺיִם, Psalm 31:7 הַשֹּׁמְרִים הַבְלֵישָֿׁוְא empty vanities Jonah 2:9; in more general sense Ecclesiastes 1:2 (twice in verse); Ecclesiastes 12:8 הֲבֵל הֲבָלִים, Ecclesiastes 5:6.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


32:21; 32:21

1 Kings

16:13; 16:26

2 Kings



7:16; 9:29; 21:34; 27:12; 35:16


31:7; 39:6; 39:7; 39:12; 62:10; 78:33; 94:11; 144:4


13:11; 20:21; 21:6; 31:30


1:2; 1:2; 1:2; 1:2; 1:2; 1:14; 2:1; 2:14; 2:15; 5:6; 6:4; 6:11; 6:12; 6:12; 7:15; 7:15; 9:9; 9:9; 9:9; 12:8; 12:8; 12:8


30:7; 49:4; 57:13


2:5; 8:19; 8:19; 10:3; 10:8; 10:8; 10:15; 14:22; 16:19; 51:18







Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H1892 matches the Hebrew הֶבֶל (heḇel),
which occurs 73 times in 64 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Deu 32:21–Ecc 12:8)

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:21 -

‘They have made Me jealous with what is not God;

They have provoked Me to anger with their [fn]idols H1892.

So I will make them jealous with those who are not a people;

I will provoke them to anger with a wickedly foolish nation,

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 16:13 - for all the sins of Baasha and the sins of Elah his son, which they sinned and which they made Israel sin, provoking Yahweh, the God of Israel, to anger with their [fn]idols H1892.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 16:26 - For he walked in all the way of Jeroboam the son of Nebat and in his sins which he made Israel sin, provoking Yahweh, the God of Israel, to anger with their [fn]idols H1892.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 17:15 - They also rejected His statutes and His covenant which He cut with their fathers and His warnings with which He warned them. And they followed vanity H1892 and became vain, and went after the nations which surrounded them, concerning which Yahweh had commanded them not to do like them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 7:16 -

“I have rejected everything; I will not live forever.

Leave me alone, for my days are but a breath H1892.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 9:29 -

“I am accounted wicked;

Why then should I toil in vain H1892?

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 21:34 -

“How then will you vainly H1892 comfort me,

Indeed when your answers remain full of [fn]falsehood?”

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 27:12 -

“Behold, all of you have seen it;

Why then do you speak with utter vanity?

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 35:16 -

So Job opens his mouth vainly H1892;

He multiplies words without knowledge.”

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 31:6 -

I hate those who regard worthless idols H1892,

But I trust in Yahweh.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 39:5 -

“Behold, You have made my days as [fn]handbreadths,

And my lifetime as nothing before You;

Surely every man, even standing firm, is [fn]altogether vanity H1892. [fn]Selah.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 39:6 -

“Surely every man walks about as [fn]a shadow;

Surely they make an uproar in vain H1892;

He piles up riches and does not know who will gather them.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 39:11 -

“With reproofs You chasten a man for iniquity;

You consume as a moth what is precious to him;

Surely every man is vanity H1892. Selah.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 62:9 -

Surely [fn]men of low degree are merely vanity H1892 and [fn]men of rank are a lie;

In the balances they go up;

They are together lighter than a breath of vanity H1892.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 78:33 -

So He brought their days to an end in [fn]futility H1892

And their years in sudden terror.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 94:11 -

Yahweh knows the thoughts of man,

[fn]That they are vanity H1892.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 144:4 -

Man is like a breath H1892;

His days are like a passing shadow.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 13:11 -

Wealth obtained from empty H1892 effort H1892 dwindles,

But the one who gathers [fn]with his hand abounds.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 21:6 -

Working for treasures by a lying tongue

Is a fleeting breath H1892, by those who pursue death.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 31:30 -


[fn]Charm is deceitful and beauty is vain H1892,

But a woman who [fn]fears Yahweh, she shall be praised.

Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 1:2 -

[fn]Vanity H1892 of vanities H1892,” says the Preacher,

[fn]Vanity H1892 of vanities H1892! All is [fn]vanity H1892.”

Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 1:14 - I have seen all the works which have been done under the sun, and behold, all is [fn]vanity H1892 and striving after wind.
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 2:1 -

I said in my heart, “Come now, I will test you with gladness, so that you shall see good things.” And behold, it too was vanity H1892.

Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 2:11 - Thus I turned to all my works which my hands had done and the labor which I had labored to do, and behold, all was [fn]vanity H1892 and striving after wind, and there was no advantage under the sun.
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 2:15 - Then I said in my heart, “As is the fate of the fool, so will my fate be also. Why then have I been extremely wise?” So I said in my heart, “This too is vanity H1892.”
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 2:17 - So I hated life, for the work which had been done under the sun was [fn]grievous to me; because everything is vanity H1892 and striving after wind.
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 2:19 - And who knows whether he will be a wise man or a man of simpleminded folly? Yet he will have [fn]power over all the fruit of my labor for which I have labored and for which I have acted wisely under the sun. This too is vanity H1892.
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 2:21 - When there is a man who has labored with wisdom, knowledge, and skill, then he gives his portion to one who has not labored with them. This too is vanity H1892 and a great evil.
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 2:23 - Because all his days his endeavor is painful and vexing; even at night his heart does not lie down. This too is vanity H1892.
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 2:26 - For to a man who is good before Him, He has given wisdom and knowledge and gladness, while to the sinner He has given the endeavor of gathering and collecting so that he may give to one who is good before God. This too is vanity H1892 and striving after wind.
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 3:19 - For the fate of the sons of men and the fate of beasts is the same fate for each of them. As one dies so dies the other, and they all have the same breath. So there is no advantage for man over beast, for all is [fn]vanity H1892.
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 4:4 -

I have seen that every labor and every success of the work is the result of jealousy between a man and his neighbor. This too is [fn]vanity H1892 and striving after wind.

Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 4:7 -

Then I looked again at vanity H1892 under the sun.

Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 4:8 - There was a certain man without a second man, having neither a son nor a brother, yet there was no end to all his labor. Indeed, his eyes were not satisfied with riches-“And for whom am I laboring and depriving myself of good?” This too is vanity H1892, and it is a grievous endeavor.
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 4:16 - There is no end to all the people, to all who were before them, and even the ones who will come later will not be glad with him, for this too is vanity H1892 and striving after wind.
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 5:7 - For in many dreams and vanities H1892 are many words. Rather, [fn]fear God.
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 5:10 -

He who loves money will not be satisfied with money, nor he who loves abundance with its produce. This too is [fn]vanity H1892.

Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 6:2 - a man to whom God gives riches and wealth and honor so that his soul lacks nothing of all that he desires; yet God does not empower him to eat from them, for a foreigner eats from them. This is [fn]vanity H1892 and a sickening evil.
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 6:4 - for that one comes in vanity H1892 and goes into darkness; and that one’s name is covered in darkness.
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 6:9 - What the eyes see is better than what the soul goes after. This too is vanity H1892 and striving after wind.
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 6:11 - For there are many words which increase vanity H1892. What then is the advantage to a man?
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 6:12 - For who knows what is good for a man during his lifetime, during the few days of his vain H1892 life? He will make do with them like a shadow. For who can tell a man what will be after him under the sun?
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 7:6 -

For as the crackling sound of thorn bushes under a pot,

So is the laughter of the fool;

And this too is vanity H1892.

Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 7:15 -

I have seen everything during my days of vanity H1892; there is a righteous man who perishes in his righteousness, and there is a wicked man who prolongs his life in his evildoing.

Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 8:10 -

So then, I have seen the wicked buried, those who used to go in and out from the holy place, and they are soon forgotten in the city where they did thus. This too is vanity H1892.

Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 8:14 -

There is vanity H1892 which is done on the earth, that is, there are righteous men to whom it [fn]happens according to the works of the wicked. On the other hand, there are wicked men to whom it [fn]happens according to the works of the righteous. I say that this too is vanity H1892.

Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 9:9 - See life with the woman whom you love all the days of your vain H1892 life, which He has given to you under the sun—all the days of your vanity H1892; for this is your portion in life and in your labor in which you have labored under the sun.
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 11:8 - Indeed, if a man should live many years, let him be glad in them all, and let him remember the days of darkness, for they will be many. Everything that is to come will be vanity H1892.
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 11:10 - So, remove vexation from your heart and put away evil from your flesh because childhood and the prime of life are vanity H1892.
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 12:8 - “Vanity H1892 of vanities H1892,” says the Preacher, “all is vanity H1892!”

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