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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H2717 - ḥāraḇ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 731,732

Strong’s Definitions

חָרַב chârab, khaw-rab'; or חֲרֵב chărêb; a primitive root; to parch (through drought) i.e. (by analogy,) to desolate, destroy, kill:—decay, (be) desolate, destroy(-er), (be) dry (up), slay, × surely, (lay, lie, make) waste.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 40x

The KJV translates Strong's H2717 in the following manner: waste (16x), dry (7x), dry up (7x), desolate (3x), slay (2x), decayeth (1x), destroyed (1x), destroyer (1x), surely (1x), utterly (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 40x
The KJV translates Strong's H2717 in the following manner: waste (16x), dry (7x), dry up (7x), desolate (3x), slay (2x), decayeth (1x), destroyed (1x), destroyer (1x), surely (1x), utterly (1x).
  1. to be waste, lay waste, make desolate, be desolate, be in ruins

    1. (Qal) to be waste, be desolate

    2. (Niphal)

      1. to be made desolate

      2. desolate (participle)

    3. (Hiphil) to lay waste, make desolate

    4. (Hophal) to be laid waste

  2. to be dry, be dried up

    1. (Qal) to be dried, be dried up

    2. (Pual) to be dried

    3. (Hiphil) to dry up

    4. (Hophal) to be dried up

  3. to attack, smite down, slay, fight

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
חָרַב chârab, khaw-rab'; or חֲרֵב chărêb; a primitive root; to parch (through drought) i.e. (by analogy,) to desolate, destroy, kill:—decay, (be) desolate, destroy(-er), (be) dry (up), slay, × surely, (lay, lie, make) waste.
STRONGS H2717: Abbreviations
† I. [חָרֵב] verb be dry, dried up (compare יָבֵשׁ) (Aramaic חֲרוֺב be dry, חוּרְבָּא drought); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person plural חָֽרְבוּ Genesis 8:13 (twice in verse), Isaiah 19:6; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יֶחֱרַב Hosea 13:15 + 2 times, וַיֶּחֱרָ֑ב Psalm 106:9; Imperative feminine singular חֳרָ֑בִי Isaiah 44:27; — be dry, dried up:
1. of ground, be freed from waters of flood הָאֳדמָה פְּנֵי ח׳ Genesis 8:13b (J).
2. of waters, be dried up, taken away; of waters of flood Genesis 8:13a (P); of Nile וְנָהָר יֶחֱרַב וְיָבֵשׁ Isaiah 19:5 (|| וְנִשְּׁתוּמַֿיִם מֵהַיָּם), see same combination Job 14:11 (|| אָֽזְלו מַיִם מִנִּייָֿם); Isaiah 19:6 (|| דָּֽלֲלוּ) Isaiah 44:27 (|| הוֺבִישׁ); of Red Sea Psalm 106:9; figurative of Ephraim's freshness and vigour Hosea 13:15.
Pu. Perfect 3rd person plural לֹא חֹרָ֑בוּ Judges 16:7, 8, of fresh bow-strings (of gut, see Bla).
Hiph. Perfect הֶחֱרִיב Nahum 1:4, of י׳'s drying up rivers (|| וַיַּבְּשֵׁהוּ), perhaps also Isaiah 11:15 (for MT החרים) see Greek Version of the LXX Syriac Version Vulgate Targum; וְהַחֲרַבְתִּ֫י the Euphrates Jeremiah 51:36 (|| הוֺבַשְׁתִּי); Imperfect אַחֲרִיב יָם Isaiah 50:2, subject י׳, I dry up a sea (|| אָשִׂים נְהָרוֺת מִדְבָּר); אַחְרִב Isaiah 37:25אַחֲרִב 2 Kings 19:24, of king of Assyria drying up rivers of Egypt; Participle feminine singular הַמַּחֲרֶבֶת Isaiah 51:10 of י׳'s arm drying up (Red) Sea.

† II. [חָרֵב] be waste, desolate (Late Hebrew חָרֵב id.; Aramaic חֲרוֺב Bfro be laid waste; Zinjirli חרב adjective; Arabic خَرِبَ be in ruins, waste, depopulated; Assyrian ḫarâbu, be waste, DlPr 175, ḫuribtu, desert, LotzTP); —
Qal Imperfect 3rd person feminine singular תֶּחֱרַ֔ב Jeremiah 26:9, תֶּחֱרָ֔ב Isaiah 34:10; 3rd person masculine plural יֶחֶרְבוּ Ezekiel 6:6, יֶחֱרָ֑בוּ Amos 7:9; Isaiah 60:12; 3rd person feminine plural תֶּחֱרַבְנָה Ezekiel 6:6; Ezekiel 12:20; Imperative חָרְבוּ (so, not חָֽרְבוּ — Theile — see van d. H. Hahn Köi. 244) Jeremiah 2:12; Infinitive absolute חָרֹב Isaiah 60:12; — be waste, desolate; of sanctuaries of Israel Amos 7:9 (|| נָשַׁמּוּ), of altars Ezekiel 6:6; of cities Jeremiah 26:9; Ezekiel 6:6; Ezekiel 12:20 (|| שׁמם); of nations Isaiah 34:10, חָרֹב יֶחֱרָ֑בוּ Isaiah 60:12 (|| יאֹבֵדוּ); figurative, in address to the heavens חָרְבוּ מְאֹד Jeremiah 2:12 — (|| שֹׁמּוּ, וְשַׂעֲרוּ), be very desolate (at sins of Israel); others, be amazed, astounded (on relation of meanings see שׁמם).
Niph. Participle feminine נֶחֱרֶבֶת Ezekiel 26:19 as adjective, desolate city, i.e. uninhabited, see context; נַחֲרָבוֺת Ezekiel 30:17 of desolate countries (|| נָשַׁמּוּ).
Hiph. Perfect הֶחֱרִיב Ezekiel 19:17; 1st person singular הֶחֱרַבְתִּי Zephaniah 3:6; 3rd person plural הֶחֱרִיבוּ Isaiah 37:18; 2 Kings 19:17; Imperfect 1st person singular אַחֲרִיב Isaiah 42:15; Participle מַחֲרִיב Judges 16:24; plural with suffix מַחֲרִיבַיִךְ Isaiah 49:17; — lay waste, make desolate, human subject; nations and lands Isaiah 37:182 Kings 19:17; Isaiah 42:15, compare participle Isaiah 49:17 (|| מְהָֽרְסַיִךְ); add probably with We Amos 4:9 (הֶחֱרַבְתִּי for the untranslateable הַרְבּוֺת) I have devastated your gardens and vineyards; participle Judges 16:24 desolater of our country (|| הִרְבָּה אֶתחֲֿלָלֵנ֑וּ); object cities Ezekiel 19:7; streets Zephaniah 3:6 (|| נָשַׁמּוּ).
Hoph. Perfect 3rd person feminine singular הָחֳרָ֑בָה Ezekiel 26:2 she is laid waste, of a city; Participle מָחֳרָבוֺת Ezekiel 29:12 laid waste, of cities (|| שׁמם).

See related Aramaic BDB entry H2718.

† III. [חָרַב] verb (Aramaic and rare) attack, smite down (compare Arabic حَرَبَ plunder, III. wage war with, VI. fight together, حَرْبً war, battle; Syriac Bfro smite, slay) —
Qal Imperative masculine singular חֲרֹב Jeremiah 50:21 attack (+ וְהַחֲרֵם אַחֲרֵיהֶם); masculine plural חִרְבוּ Jeremiah 50:27 object כָּל־פָּרֶיהָ, figurative of men of Babylon.
Niph. Perfect 3rd person plural נֶחֶרְבוּ המלכים (see Hoph.) הָחֳרֵב 2 Kings 3:23 the kings have attacked one another, fought together (|| וַיַּכּוּ אִישׁ אֶתרֵֿעֵהוּ).
Hoph. Infinitive absolute 2 Kings 3:23, see Niph., but read perhaps הֵחָרֵב, compare Dr Leviticus 19:20, note.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


8:13; 8:13; 8:13




16:7; 16:8; 16:24; 16:24

2 Kings

3:23; 3:23; 19:17; 19:17; 19:24




106:9; 106:9


11:15; 19:5; 19:6; 19:6; 34:10; 34:10; 37:18; 37:18; 37:25; 42:15; 42:15; 44:27; 44:27; 49:17; 49:17; 50:2; 51:10; 60:12; 60:12; 60:12


2:12; 2:12; 26:9; 26:9; 50:21; 50:27; 51:36


6:6; 6:6; 6:6; 6:6; 12:20; 12:20; 19:7; 26:2; 26:19; 29:12; 30:17


13:15; 13:15


4:9; 7:9; 7:9




3:6; 3:6

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H2717 matches the Hebrew חָרַב (ḥāraḇ),
which occurs 42 times in 38 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 8:13 -

Now it happened in the six hundred and first year, in the first month, on the first of the month, the water was dried H2717 up H2717 [fn]from the earth. Then Noah removed the covering of the ark and looked, and behold, the [fn]surface of the ground was dried H2717 up H2717.

Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 16:7 - Samson said to her, “If they bind me with seven fresh cords that have not been dried H2717, then I will become weak and be like any other man.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 16:8 - Then the lords of the Philistines brought up to her seven fresh cords that had not been dried H2717, and she bound him with them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 16:24 -

Then the people saw him and praised their god, for they said,

“Our god has given our enemy into our hands,

Even the destroyer H2717 of our country,

Who has slain many of us.”

Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 3:23 - Then they said, “This is blood; the kings have H2717 surely H2717 fought H2717 together H2717, and they have struck down one another. So now, Moab, to the spoil!”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 19:17 - “Truly, O Yahweh, the kings of Assyria have laid H2717 waste H2717 the nations and their lands
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 19:24 -

“I dug wells and drank foreign waters,

And with the sole of my feet I [fn]dried H2717 up H2717

All the rivers of [fn]Egypt.”

Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 2:3 - I said to the king, “Let the king live forever. Why should my face not be sad when the city, the place of my fathers’ tombs, lies waste and its gates have been consumed by fire?”
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 2:17 -

Then I said to them, “You see the calamity we are in, that Jerusalem lies waste and its gates burned by fire. Come, let us rebuild the wall of Jerusalem so that we will no longer be a reproach.”

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 14:11 -

As water [fn]evaporates from the sea,

And a river becomes H2717 parched H2717 and dried up,

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 106:9 -

Thus He rebuked the [fn]Red Sea and it dried H2717 up H2717,

And He led them through the deeps, as through the wilderness.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 19:5 -

The waters from the sea will dry up,

And the river will be parched H2717 and dry.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 19:6 -

The rivers will emit a stench,

The [fn]streams of Egypt will thin out and dry H2717 up H2717;

The reeds and rushes will rot away.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 34:10 -

It will not be quenched night or day;

Its smoke will go up forever.

From generation to generation it will be laid H2717 waste H2717;

None will pass through it forever and ever.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 37:18 - “Truly, O Yahweh, the kings of Assyria have laid H2717 waste H2717 to all the countries and their lands
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 37:25 -

‘I dug wells and drank waters,

And with the sole of my feet I dried H2717 up H2717

All the rivers of [fn]Egypt.’

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 42:15 -

“I will lay H2717 waste H2717 the mountains and hills

And dry up all their vegetation;

I will make the rivers into coastlands

And dry up the pools of waters.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 44:27 -

It is I who says to the depth of the sea, ‘Be dried H2717 up H2717!’

And I will make your rivers dry.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 49:17 -

“Your [fn]builders hurry;

Your destroyers and devastators H2717

Will depart from you.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 50:2 -

“Why was there no man when I came?

When I called, why was there none to answer?

Is My hand so short that it cannot ransom?

Or have I no power to deliver?

Behold, I dry H2717 up H2717 the sea with My rebuke;

I make the rivers a wilderness;

Their fish stink for lack of water

And die of thirst.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 51:10 -

Was it not You who dried H2717 up H2717 the sea,

The waters of the great deep,

Who made the depths of the sea a pathway

For the redeemed to cross over?

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 60:12 -

“For the nation and the kingdom which will not serve you will perish,

And the nations will surely H2717 be laid H2717 waste H2717.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 2:12 -

“Be appalled, O heavens, at this,

And be horribly afraid, be very devastated H2717,” declares Yahweh.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 26:9 - “Why have you prophesied in the name of Yahweh saying, ‘This house will be like Shiloh, and this city will be laid H2717 waste H2717, without inhabitant’?” And all the people gathered about Jeremiah in the house of Yahweh.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 50:21 -

“Against the land of [fn]Merathaim, go up against it,

And against the inhabitants of [fn]Pekod.

Put H2717 them to H2717 the sword H2717 and [fn]devote them to destruction,” declares Yahweh,

“And do according to all that I have commanded you.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 50:27 -

Put H2717 all her young bulls to H2717 the H2717 sword H2717;

Let them go down to the slaughter!

Woe be upon them, for their day has come,

The time of their punishment.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 51:36 -

Therefore thus says Yahweh,

“Behold, I am going to plead your case

And exact full vengeance for you;

And I will dry H2717 up H2717 her [fn]sea

And make her fountain dry.

Unchecked Copy BoxEze 6:6 - “In all your places of habitation, cities will become H2717 waste H2717, and the high places will be desolate, that your altars may become H2717 waste H2717 and [fn]desolate, your idols may be broken and cease, your incense altars may be cut in pieces, and your works may be blotted out.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 12:20 - “The inhabited cities will be laid H2717 waste H2717, and the land will be a desolation. So you will know that I am Yahweh.”’”
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 19:7 -

‘He [fn]knew how to destroy their [fn]fortified towers

And laid H2717 waste H2717 their cities;

And the land was in desolation, as well as its fullness

Because of the sound of his roaring.

Unchecked Copy BoxEze 26:2 - “Son of man, because Tyre has said concerning Jerusalem, ‘Aha, the gateway of the peoples is broken; it has [fn]opened to me. I shall be filled, now that she is laid H2717 waste H2717,’
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 26:19 -

For thus says Lord Yahweh, “When I make you a city laid H2717 waste H2717, like the cities which are not inhabited, when I bring up the deep over you and the great waters cover you,

Unchecked Copy BoxEze 29:12 - “So I will make the land of Egypt a desolation in the midst of desolated lands. And her cities, in the midst of cities that are laid H2717 waste H2717, will be desolate forty years; and I will scatter the Egyptians among the nations and disperse them among the lands.”
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 30:7 -

“They will be desolate

In the midst of the desolated lands;

And her cities will be

In the midst of the cities laid H2717 waste H2717.

Unchecked Copy BoxHos 13:15 -

Though he is fruitful among the [fn]reeds,

An east wind will come,

The wind of Yahweh coming up from the wilderness;

And his fountain will become dry,

And his spring will be dried H2717 up H2717;

It will plunder his treasury of every desirable article.

Unchecked Copy BoxAmo 7:9 -

“The high places of Isaac will be desolated

And the sanctuaries of Israel laid H2717 waste H2717.

Then I will rise up against the house of Jeroboam with the sword.”

Unchecked Copy BoxNah 1:4 -


He rebukes the sea and makes it dry;

He dries H2717 up H2717 all the rivers.

Bashan and Carmel languish;

The blossoms of Lebanon languish.

Unchecked Copy BoxZep 3:6 -

“I have cut off nations;

Their corner towers are desolate.

I have made H2717 their streets a waste H2717,

With no one passing by;

Their cities are laid waste,

Without a man, without an inhabitant.

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