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Lexicon :: Strong's H2820 - ḥāśaḵ

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חָשַׂךְ
Transliteration
ḥāśaḵ
Pronunciation
khaw-sak'
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Part of Speech
verb
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 765

Strong’s Definitions

חָשַׂךְ châsak, khaw-sak'; a primitive root; also interchangeable with H2821 to restrain or (reflexively) refrain; by implication, to refuse, spare, preserve; to observe:—assuage, × darken, forbear, hinder, hold back, keep (back), punish, refrain, reserve, spare, withhold.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 28x

The KJV translates Strong's H2820 in the following manner: spare (8x), keep back (3x), withhold (3x), refrain (3x), asswage (2x), reserved (2x), hold back (1x), variant (1x), forbear (1x), hindereth (1x), kept (1x), punished (1x), withholdeth (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 28x
The KJV translates Strong's H2820 in the following manner: spare (8x), keep back (3x), withhold (3x), refrain (3x), asswage (2x), reserved (2x), hold back (1x), variant (1x), forbear (1x), hindereth (1x), kept (1x), punished (1x), withholdeth (1x).
  1. to withhold, restrain, hold back, keep in check, refrain

    1. (Qal)

      1. to withhold, keep back, keep for oneself, keep from, hold in check, refrain, spare, reserve

      2. to restrain, check

    2. (Niphal) to assuage, be spared

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
חָשַׂךְ châsak, khaw-sak'; a primitive root; also interchangeable with H2821 to restrain or (reflexively) refrain; by implication, to refuse, spare, preserve; to observe:—assuage, × darken, forbear, hinder, hold back, keep (back), punish, refrain, reserve, spare, withhold.
STRONGS H2820:
חָשַׂךְ verb withhold, refrain (Late Hebrew חָסַךְ, Aramaic חֲסַךְ, Kfso; Palmyrene חסך remit, spare, VogNos. 6, 15; Sabean משחכן weaned (child) DHMZMG 1875, 608) —
Qal Perfect חָשַׂךְ Genesis 39:9 + 4 times (+ Ezekiel 30:18 Ba; see חשׁך; Isaiah 38:17 see below), חָשָׂ֑ךְ Isaiah 14:6, חָֽשְׂכוּ Job 30:10, חָשָׂ֑כוּ Jeremiah 14:10, etc.; Imperfect יַחְשׂךְ Job 16:5 + 2 times; 2nd person masculine singular תַּחְשׂךְ Isaiah 58:1, תַּחְשׂוֺךְ Proverbs 24:11; 2nd person feminine singular תַּחְשׂ֑כִי Isaiah 54:2, etc.; Imperative חֲשׂךְ Psalm 19:14; Participle חֹשֵׂךְ Proverbs 10:19; Proverbs 11:24; חוֺשֵׂךְ Proverbs 13:24; Proverbs 17:27; followed by —
1. a. withhold, keep back, keep for oneself, accusative, Genesis 22:12 (E), Genesis 22:16; Genesis 39:9 (followed by מִמֶּגִּי; both J); absolute Proverbs 21:26 (opposed to נָתַן); withhold the rod (שׁבט) in discipline, Proverbs 13:24; no object expressed Proverbs 11:24; Proverbs 24:11.
b. keep one from evil, calamity, She'ôl, etc., with accusative and מִן Genesis 20:6 (E), 1 Samuel 25:39; Psalm 19:14; מִמָּוֶת נַפְשָׁם ח׳ Psalm 78:50 compare Job 33:18; Isaiah 38:7 (read חָשַׂכְתָּ or חֲשׂךְ for MT חָשַׁקְתָּ, see חשׁק); absolute hinder (i.e. calamities from coming) Isaiah 14:6; לְמַטָח מֵעֲוֺנֵנוּ ח׳ Ezra 9:13 thou hast kept back, downward (= and kept down), part of our iniquity, i.e. hast not punished us according to our full desert.
c. hold in check with accusative 2 Samuel 18:16 (or spare see below); object רַגְלֵיהֶם Jeremiah 14:10; especially of keeping silence, object מִּי Job 7:11 restrain my mouth, שׂפתים Proverbs 10:19, אמרים Proverbs 17:27; רֹק ח׳ לֹא מִפָּנַי Job 30:10 from my face they have not withheld spittle (= they have spit in my face).
d. refrain (from doing what is mentioned in the context), absolute Isaiah 54:2; Isaiah 58:1.
e. spare, with accusative of person 2 Kings 5:20 he hath spared Naaman מִקַּחַת so as not to take (= and hath not taken anything) out of his hand; perhaps also 2 Samuel 18:16 Joab spared the people (see above).
f. reserve for, with accusative + לְ Job 38:23.
2. (absolute) restrain, check (pain) i.e. assuage, so apparently MT Job 16:5 (see Di Kau; I would not restrain condolence of my lips, Greek Version of the LXX Syriac Version Me, reading לא אחשׂך for יחשׂך). — Ezekiel 30:18 see חשׁך.
Niph. Imperfect לְיוֺם אֵיד יֵחָשֶׂךְרָֿע Job 21:30 at the day of calamity the wicked is spared (passive of Qal 1 e); יֵחָשֵׂךְ Job 16:6 be assuaged, of pain (pass of Qal 2).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs

Genesis

20:6; 22:12; 22:16; 39:9; 39:9

1 Samuel

25:39

2 Samuel

18:16; 18:16

2 Kings

5:20

Ezra

9:13

Job

7:11; 16:5; 16:5; 16:6; 21:30; 30:10; 30:10; 33:18; 38:23

Psalms

19:14; 19:14; 78:50

Proverbs

10:19; 10:19; 11:24; 11:24; 13:24; 13:24; 17:27; 17:27; 21:26; 24:11; 24:11

Isaiah

14:6; 14:6; 38:7; 38:17; 54:2; 54:2; 58:1; 58:1

Jeremiah

14:10; 14:10

Ezekiel

30:18; 30:18

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H2820 matches the Hebrew חָשַׂךְ (ḥāśaḵ),
which occurs 27 times in 27 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 20:6 - And God said unto him in a dream, Yea, I know that thou didst this in the integrity of thy heart; for I also withheld H2820 thee from sinning against me: therefore suffered I thee not to touch her.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 22:12 - And he said, Lay not thine hand upon the lad, neither do thou any thing unto him: for now I know that thou fearest God, seeing thou hast not withheld H2820 thy son, thine only son from me.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 22:16 - And said, By myself have I sworn, saith the LORD, for because thou hast done this thing, and hast not withheld H2820 thy son, thine only son:
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 39:9 - There is none greater in this house than I; neither hath he kept back H2820 any thing from me but thee, because thou art his wife: how then can I do this great wickedness, and sin against God?
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 25:39 - And when David heard that Nabal was dead, he said, Blessed be the LORD, that hath pleaded the cause of my reproach from the hand of Nabal, and hath kept H2820 his servant from evil: for the LORD hath returned the wickedness of Nabal upon his own head. And David sent and communed with Abigail, to take her to him to wife.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 18:16 - And Joab blew the trumpet, and the people returned from pursuing after Israel: for Joab held back H2820 the people.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 5:20 - But Gehazi, the servant of Elisha the man of God, said, Behold, my master hath spared H2820 Naaman this Syrian, in not receiving at his hands that which he brought: but, as the LORD liveth, I will run after him, and take somewhat of him.
Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 9:13 - And after all that is come upon us for our evil deeds, and for our great trespass, seeing that thou our God hast punished H2820 us less than our iniquities deserve, and hast given us such deliverance as this;
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 7:11 - Therefore I will not refrain H2820 my mouth; I will speak in the anguish of my spirit; I will complain in the bitterness of my soul.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 16:5 - But I would strengthen you with my mouth, and the moving of my lips should asswage H2820 your grief.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 16:6 - Though I speak, my grief is not asswaged: H2820 and though I forbear, what am I eased?
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 21:30 - That the wicked is reserved H2820 to the day of destruction? they shall be brought forth to the day of wrath.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 30:10 - They abhor me, they flee far from me, and spare H2820 not to spit in my face.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 33:18 - He keepeth back H2820 his soul from the pit, and his life from perishing by the sword.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 38:23 - Which I have reserved H2820 against the time of trouble, against the day of battle and war?
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 19:13 - Keep back H2820 thy servant also from presumptuous sins; let them not have dominion over me: then shall I be upright, and I shall be innocent from the great transgression.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 78:50 - He made a way to his anger; he spared H2820 not their soul from death, but gave their life over to the pestilence;
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 10:19 - In the multitude of words there wanteth not sin: but he that refraineth H2820 his lips is wise.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 11:24 - There is that scattereth, and yet increaseth; and there is that withholdeth H2820 more than is meet, but it tendeth to poverty.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 13:24 - He that spareth H2820 his rod hateth his son: but he that loveth him chasteneth him betimes.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 17:27 - He that hath knowledge spareth H2820 his words: and a man of understanding is of an excellent spirit.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 21:26 - He coveteth greedily all the day long: but the righteous giveth and spareth H2820 not.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 24:11 - If thou forbear H2820 to deliver them that are drawn unto death, and those that are ready to be slain;
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 14:6 - He who smote the people in wrath with a continual stroke, he that ruled the nations in anger, is persecuted, and none hindereth. H2820
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 54:2 - Enlarge the place of thy tent, and let them stretch forth the curtains of thine habitations: spare H2820 not, lengthen thy cords, and strengthen thy stakes;
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 58:1 - Cry aloud, spare H2820 not, lift up thy voice like a trumpet, and shew my people their transgression, and the house of Jacob their sins.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 14:10 - Thus saith the LORD unto this people, Thus have they loved to wander, they have not refrained H2820 their feet, therefore the LORD doth not accept them; he will now remember their iniquity, and visit their sins.

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