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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H2821 - ḥāšaḵ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 769

Strong’s Definitions

חָשַׁךְ châshak, khaw-shak'; a primitive root; to be dark (as withholding light); transitively, to darken:—be black, be (make) dark, darken, cause darkness, be dim, hide.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 19x

The KJV translates Strong's H2821 in the following manner: darken (9x), dark (5x), blacker (1x), darkness (1x), dim (1x), hideth (1x), variant (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 19x
The KJV translates Strong's H2821 in the following manner: darken (9x), dark (5x), blacker (1x), darkness (1x), dim (1x), hideth (1x), variant (1x).
  1. to be or become dark, grow dim, be darkened, be black, be hidden

    1. (Qal)

      1. to be or grow dark

      2. to have a dark colour

      3. to grow dim

    2. (Hiphil)

      1. to make dark, cause to be dark

      2. to hide, conceal

      3. to obscure, confuse (fig.)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
חָשַׁךְ châshak, khaw-shak'; a primitive root; to be dark (as withholding light); transitively, to darken:—be black, be (make) dark, darken, cause darkness, be dim, hide.
STRONGS H2821: Abbreviations
חָשַׁךְ verb be, grow dark (Late Hebrew id.; Aramaic חֲשַׁךְ, Kewo; Arabic حَسِكَ bear rancour, see LagBN 30) —
Qal Perfect ח׳ Isaiah 5:30 + 4 times; וְחָֽשְׁכָה consecutive Micah 3:6 (but see below); חָֽשְׁכוּ Lamentations 5:17; וְחָֽשְׁכוּ consecutive Ecclesiastes 12:3; Imperfect 3rd person feminine singular תֶּחְשַׁךְ Ecclesiastes 12:2; וַתֶּחְשַׁךְ Exodus 10:15; 3rd person masculine plural יֶחְשְׁכוּ Job 3:9; 3rd person feminine plural תֶּחְשַׁכְנָה Psalm 69:24; —
1. be, grow dark, אוֺר Isaiah 5:30, compare (figurative) Job 18:6; הַשֶּׁמֶשׁ Isaiah 13:10 (figurative); היום Ezekiel 30:18 (where read חשׁך, for MT Baer חשׂך); Job 3:9 (subject כוכבים), compare Ecclesiastes 12:2 (subject השׁמשׁ, האור, הירח, הכוכבים); impersonal Micah 3:6; (si vera lectio; but read probably וַחֲשֵׁכָה, corresponding with לַיְלָה preceding).
2. have a dark colour: מִשְּׁחוֺר ח׳ תָּֽאֳרָם Lamentations 4:8 darker than blackness is their visage; of the earth הָאֶרֶץ Exodus 10:15.
3. grow dim Lamentations 5:17 (subject עינינו), compare Psalm 69:24 (figurative), Ecclesiastes 12:3 subject הָראֹוֺת i.e. the eyes.
Hiph. Perfect הֶחְשִׁיךְ Amos 5:8, וְהַחֲשַׁכְתִּ֫י Amos 8:9; Imperfect יַחֲשִׁיךְ Psalm 139:12; יַחְשִׁךְ Jeremiah 13:16;וַיַּחְשִׁךְ Psalm 105:28; Participle מַחְשִׁיךְ Job 38:2; —
1. make dark, יום לילה הח׳ Amos 5:8; absolute cause darkness Jeremiah 13:16; Psalm 105:28, compare Amos 8:9 (לארץ).
2.hide, conceal, followed by מִמֶּךָּ Psalm 139:12.
3. figurative obscure, confuse Job 38:2 (object עֵצָה).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


10:15; 10:15


3:9; 3:9; 18:6; 38:2; 38:2


69:24; 69:24; 105:28; 105:28; 139:12; 139:12


12:2; 12:2; 12:3; 12:3


5:30; 5:30; 13:10


13:16; 13:16


4:8; 5:17; 5:17




5:8; 5:8; 8:9; 8:9


3:6; 3:6

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H2821 matches the Hebrew חָשַׁךְ (ḥāšaḵ),
which occurs 18 times in 18 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 10:15 - For they covered the face of the whole earth, so that the land was darkened; H2821 and they did eat every herb of the land, and all the fruit of the trees which the hail had left: and there remained not any green thing in the trees, or in the herbs of the field, through all the land of Egypt.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 3:9 - Let the stars of the twilight thereof be dark; H2821 let it look for light, but have none; neither let it see the dawning of the day:
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 18:6 - The light shall be dark H2821 in his tabernacle, and his candle shall be put out with him.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 38:2 - Who is this that darkeneth H2821 counsel by words without knowledge?
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 69:23 - Let their eyes be darkened, H2821 that they see not; and make their loins continually to shake.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 105:28 - He sent darkness, and made it dark; H2821 and they rebelled not against his word.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 139:12 - Yea, the darkness hideth H2821 not from thee; but the night shineth as the day: the darkness and the light are both alike to thee.
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 12:2 - While the sun, or the light, or the moon, or the stars, be not darkened, H2821 nor the clouds return after the rain:
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 12:3 - In the day when the keepers of the house shall tremble, and the strong men shall bow themselves, and the grinders cease because they are few, and those that look out of the windows be darkened, H2821
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 5:30 - And in that day they shall roar against them like the roaring of the sea: and if one look unto the land, behold darkness and sorrow, and the light is darkened H2821 in the heavens thereof.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 13:10 - For the stars of heaven and the constellations thereof shall not give their light: the sun shall be darkened H2821 in his going forth, and the moon shall not cause her light to shine.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 13:16 - Give glory to the LORD your God, before he cause darkness, H2821 and before your feet stumble upon the dark mountains, and, while ye look for light, he turn it into the shadow of death, and make it gross darkness.
Unchecked Copy BoxLam 4:8 - Their visage is blacker H2821 than a coal; they are not known in the streets: their skin cleaveth to their bones; it is withered, it is become like a stick.
Unchecked Copy BoxLam 5:17 - For this our heart is faint; for these things our eyes are dim. H2821
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 30:18 - At Tehaphnehes also the day shall be darkened, H2821 when I shall break there the yokes of Egypt: and the pomp of her strength shall cease in her: as for her, a cloud shall cover her, and her daughters shall go into captivity.
Unchecked Copy BoxAmo 5:8 - Seek him that maketh the seven stars and Orion, and turneth the shadow of death into the morning, and maketh the day dark H2821 with night: that calleth for the waters of the sea, and poureth them out upon the face of the earth: The LORD is his name:
Unchecked Copy BoxAmo 8:9 - And it shall come to pass in that day, saith the Lord GOD, that I will cause the sun to go down at noon, and I will darken H2821 the earth in the clear day:
Unchecked Copy BoxMic 3:6 - Therefore night shall be unto you, that ye shall not have a vision; and it shall be dark H2821 H2821 unto you, that ye shall not divine; and the sun shall go down over the prophets, and the day shall be dark over them.
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