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Lexicon :: Strong's H2822 - ḥōšeḵ

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Part of Speech
masculine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 769a

Strong’s Definitions

חֹשֶׁךְ chôshek, kho-shek'; from H2821; the dark; hence (literally) darkness; figuratively, misery, destruction, death, ignorance, sorrow, wickedness:—dark(-ness), night, obscurity.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 80x

The KJV translates Strong's H2822 in the following manner: darkness (70x), dark (7x), obscurity (2x), night (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 80x
The KJV translates Strong's H2822 in the following manner: darkness (70x), dark (7x), obscurity (2x), night (1x).
  1. darkness, obscurity

    1. darkness

    2. secret place

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
חֹשֶׁךְ chôshek, kho-shek'; from H2821; the dark; hence (literally) darkness; figuratively, misery, destruction, death, ignorance, sorrow, wickedness:—dark(-ness), night, obscurity.
STRONGS H2822: Abbreviations
ח֫שֶׁךְ noun masculineExodus 10:21 darkness, obscurity — absolute חשֶׁךְ Genesis 1:2 + 75 times (+ Ezekiel 8:12 strike out Co A B etc.); construct id. Exodus 10:22; suffix חָשְׁכִּי Psalm 18:29 [Psalm 18:28]=2 Samuel 22:29; —
1. darkness (opposed to אוֺר) literal Genesis 1:2, 4 (P), Isaiah 45:7; Job 26:10; Ecclesiastes 2:13, compare in imprecation Job 3:4, 5 (וצלמות ח׳)=לילה Genesis 1:5, 18 (P), compare Joshua 2:5 (JE), Isaiah 45:19; Job 17:12; Job 24:16; Job 38:19; Psalm 104:20; darkness in mines Job 28:3; of extraordinary darkness, in Egypt Exodus 10:21 (twice in verse) (E); אֲֿפֵלָה ח׳ Exodus 10:22 (E), Psalm 105:28, from pillar of cloud Exodus 14:20; at Mt. Sinai Deuteronomy 4:11; Deuteronomy 5:20; of clouds of theophany 2 Samuel 22:12Psalm 18:12; of darkness in death, or She'ô l, 1 Samuel 2:9; Job 10:21 (וצלמות אֶרֶץ ח׳), Job 17:13; Job 18:18; Psalm 88:13; Proverbs 20:20 (אִישׁוֺן ח׳extreme of darkness).
2.secret place(s) Isaiah 45:3; Job 12:22 (|| צלמות);=hiding-place Job 34:22 (|| id.), compare Psalm 139:11; Psalm 139:12; — on Ezekiel 8:12, see above.
3. figurative,
b.=dread, terror, symbolic of judgment Amos 5:18, 20; Zephaniah 1:15; Nahum 1:8; Ezekiel 32:8; Joel 2:4; Joel 3:4.
c.=mourning Isaiah 47:5.
d.=perplexity Job 5:14; Job 12:25; Job 19:8; confusion Psalm 35:6.
e.=ignorance Job 37:19; Ecclesiastes 2:14.
f.=evil, sin Isaiah 5:20 (twice in verse); Proverbs 2:13.
g.=obscurity Ecclesiastes 6:4 (twice in verse).

Biblical Aramaic

חשׁך (see Biblical Hebrew חשֶׁךְ darkness, √ חשׁך).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


1:2; 1:2; 1:4; 1:5; 1:18


10:21; 10:21; 10:22; 10:22; 14:20


4:11; 5:20



1 Samuel


2 Samuel

22:12; 22:29; 22:29


3:4; 3:5; 5:14; 10:21; 12:22; 12:25; 15:22; 15:23; 15:30; 17:12; 17:13; 18:18; 19:8; 20:26; 22:11; 23:17; 24:16; 26:10; 28:3; 29:3; 34:22; 37:19; 38:19


18:12; 18:28; 18:28; 35:6; 88:13; 104:20; 105:28; 107:10; 107:14; 112:4; 139:11; 139:12


2:13; 20:20


2:13; 2:14; 5:16; 6:4; 11:8


5:20; 5:30; 9:1; 29:18; 42:7; 45:3; 45:7; 45:19; 47:5; 49:9; 58:10; 59:9; 60:2




8:12; 8:12; 32:8


2:4; 3:4


5:18; 5:20







Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H2822 matches the Hebrew חֹשֶׁךְ (ḥōšeḵ),
which occurs 80 times in 77 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Gen 1:2–Ecc 2:13)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 1:2 - And the earth was [fn]formless and void, and darkness H2822 was over the [fn]surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was hovering over the [fn]surface of the waters.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 1:4 - And God saw that the light was good; and God separated the light from the darkness H2822.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 1:5 - And God called the light day, and the darkness H2822 He called night. And there was evening and there was morning, one day.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 1:18 - and [fn]to rule the day and the night, and to separate the light from the darkness H2822; and God saw that it was good.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 10:21 -

Then Yahweh said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand toward the sky, that there may be darkness H2822 over the land of Egypt, even a darkness H2822 which may be felt.”

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 10:22 - So Moses stretched out his hand toward the sky, and there was thick darkness H2822 in all the land of Egypt for three days.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 14:20 - So it came between the camp of Egypt and the camp of Israel; and there was the cloud [fn]along with the darkness H2822, yet it gave light at night. Thus the one did not come near the other all night.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:11 - “And you came near and stood at the foot of the mountain, and the mountain burned with fire to the very heart of the heavens: darkness H2822, cloud, and dense gloom.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 5:23 - “Now it happened that when you heard the voice from the midst of the darkness H2822, while the mountain was burning with fire, you came near to me, all the heads of your tribes and your elders.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 2:5 - “Now it happened when it was time to shut the gate at dark H2822, that the men went out; I do not know where the men went. Pursue them quickly, for you may overtake them.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 2:9 -

“He keeps the feet of His holy ones,

But the wicked ones are silenced in darkness H2822,

For not by power shall a man prevail.

Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 22:12 -

“And He made darkness H2822 [fn]canopies around Him,

A mass of waters, thick clouds of the skies.

Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 22:29 -

“For You are my lamp, O Yahweh;

And Yahweh illumines my darkness H2822.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 3:4 -

“May that day be darkness H2822;

Let not God seek it from above,

Nor light shine on it.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 3:5 -

“Let darkness H2822 and shadow of death redeem it;

Let a cloud dwell upon it;

Let the blackness of the day terrify it.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 5:14 -

“By day they meet with darkness H2822

And grope at noon as in the night.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 10:21 -

Before I go—and I shall not return

To the land of darkness H2822 and shadow of death,

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 12:22 -

“He reveals mysteries from the darkness H2822

And brings out the shadows of death into light.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 12:25 -

“They grope in darkness H2822 with no light,

And He makes them wander about like a drunken man.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 15:22 -

“He does not believe that he will return from darkness H2822,

And he is destined for the sword.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 15:23 -

“He wanders about for food, saying, ‘Where is it?’

He knows that a day of darkness H2822 is ready at his hand.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 15:30 -

“He will not be able to [fn]depart from darkness H2822;

The flame will wither his shoots,

And by the breath of His mouth he will depart.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 17:12 -

“They make night into day, saying,

‘The light is near,’ in the presence of darkness H2822.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 17:13 -

“If I hope for Sheol as my home,

I [fn]make my bed in the darkness H2822;

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 18:18 -

[fn]He is driven from light into darkness H2822,

And chased from the inhabited world.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 19:8 -

“He has walled up my way so that I cannot pass,

And He has put darkness H2822 on my paths.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 20:26 -

Complete darkness H2822 is held in reserve for his treasures;

A fire unfanned will devour him;

It will consume the survivor in his tent.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 22:11 -

Or darkness H2822, so that you cannot see,

And an abundance of water covers you.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 23:17 -

But I am not silenced by the darkness H2822,

Nor thick darkness which covers me.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 24:16 -

“In the dark H2822 they dig into houses;

They shut themselves up by day;

They do not know the light.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 26:10 -

“He has marked a circle on the surface of the waters

At the boundary of light and darkness H2822.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 28:3 -

Man puts an end to darkness H2822,

And to the farthest limit he searches out

The rock in thick darkness and shadow of death.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 29:3 -

When His lamp shone over my head,

And by His light I walked through darkness H2822,

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 34:22 -

“There is no darkness H2822 or shadow of death

Where the workers of iniquity may hide themselves.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 37:19 -

“Make us know what we shall say to Him;

We cannot arrange our case because of darkness H2822.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 38:19 -

“Where is the way to where the light dwells?

And darkness H2822, where is its place,

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 18:11 -

He made darkness H2822 His hiding place, His [fn]canopy around Him,

Darkness of waters, thick clouds of the skies.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 18:28 -

For You light my lamp;

Yahweh my God illumines my darkness H2822.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 35:6 -

Let their way be dark H2822 and slippery,

With the angel of Yahweh pursuing them.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 88:12 -

Will Your wonders be known in the darkness H2822?

And Your righteousness in the land of forgetfulness?

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 104:20 -

You appoint darkness H2822 so that it becomes night,

In which all the beasts of the forest creep about.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 105:28 -

He sent darkness H2822 and made it dark;

And they did not rebel against His words.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 107:10 -

There were those who inhabited darkness H2822 and the shadow of death,

Prisoners in affliction and irons,

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 107:14 -

He brought them out of darkness H2822 and the shadow of death

And broke their bands apart.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 112:4 -


Light arises in the darkness H2822 for the upright;


He is gracious and compassionate and righteous.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 139:11 -

If I say, “Surely the darkness H2822 will bruise me,

And the light around me will be night,”

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 139:12 -

Even the darkness H2822 is not too dark for You,

And the night is as bright as the day.

Darkness and light are alike to You.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 2:13 -

From those who forsake the paths of uprightness

To walk in the ways of darkness H2822;

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 20:20 -

He who curses his father or his mother,

His lamp will go out in the [fn]midst of darkness H2822.

Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 2:13 - And I saw that there is an advantage in wisdom over simpleminded folly as light has an advantage over darkness H2822.

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