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Lexicon :: Strong's H2859 - ḥāṯan

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 781b

Strong’s Definitions

חָתַן châthan, khaw-than'; a primitive root; to give (a daughter) away in marriage; hence (generally) to contract affinity by marriage:—join in affinity, father in law, make marriages, mother in law, son in law.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 33x

The KJV translates Strong's H2859 in the following manner: law (27x), affinity (3x), marriages (3x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 33x
The KJV translates Strong's H2859 in the following manner: law (27x), affinity (3x), marriages (3x).
  1. to become a son-in-law, make oneself a daughter's husband

    1. (Qal) wife's father, wife's mother, father-in-law, mother-in-law (participle)

    2. (Hithpael) to make oneself a daughter's husband

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
חָתַן châthan, khaw-than'; a primitive root; to give (a daughter) away in marriage; hence (generally) to contract affinity by marriage:—join in affinity, father in law, make marriages, mother in law, son in law.
STRONGS H2859: Abbreviations
חֹתֵן verbal noun.
1. masculine wife's father (Arabic خَاتِنً a circumciser, hence father-in-law, with reference to circumcision performed on young men just before marriage; خَتَنً relation on wife's side; see WeProl. 1886, 355 Anm, 1; Skizzen iii, 154 StaZAW 1886. 143 Aum.ZMG 1886, 187; otherwise DlPr 91 LagBN 116) — construct חֹתֵן Exodus 18:1 + 9 times, חֹתֶנְךָ Exodus 18:6, חֹתְנוֺ Exodus 3:1 + 9 times; — usually of Moses' wife's father Exodus 3:1; Exodus 4:18; Exodus 18:1, 2, 5, 6, 7, 8, 12 (twice in verse); Exodus 18:14; Exodus 18:15; Exodus 18:17; Exodus 18:24; Exodus 18:27 (all E), Numbers 10:29 (J), Judges 1:16; Judges 4:11; of a Levite Judges 19:4, 7, 9.
2. feminine wife's mother, only suffix חֹתַנְתּוֺ Deuteronomy 27:23.

† II. חתן verb denominative only
Hithp. make oneself a daughter's husband (Late Hebrew Hithp. id., Aramaic Ithpa. id.)Perfect 2nd person masculine plural וְהִתְחַתַּנְתֶּם consecutive Joshua 23:12; Imperfect וַיִּתְחַתֵּן 1 Kings 3:1; 2 Chronicles 18:1; 2nd person masculine תִּתְחַתֵּן Deuteronomy 7:3; 1 Samuel 18:21; Imperative הִתְחַתֵּן 1 Samuel 18:22, הִתְחַתְּנוּ Genesis 34:9; Infinitive הִתְחַתֵּן 1 Samuel 18:23 + 3 times; —
1. make oneself daughter's husband (son-in-law) to, with בְּ 1 Samuel 18:21, 22, 23, 26, 27; with אֶת 1 Kings 3:1; Genesis 34:9 (P); with לְ 2 Chronicles 18:1, of marriage of Jehoshaphat's son and Ahab's daughter (compare 2 Kings 8:18 2 Chronicles 21:6).
2. in general form marriage-alliance with, with בְּ Deuteronomy 7:3; Joshua 23:12 (D), Ezra 9:14.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


34:9; 34:9


3:1; 3:1; 4:18; 18:1; 18:1; 18:2; 18:5; 18:6; 18:6; 18:7; 18:8; 18:12; 18:14; 18:15; 18:17; 18:24; 18:27




7:3; 7:3; 27:23


23:12; 23:12


1:16; 4:11; 19:4; 19:7; 19:9

1 Samuel

18:21; 18:21; 18:22; 18:22; 18:23; 18:23; 18:26; 18:27

1 Kings

3:1; 3:1

2 Kings


2 Chronicles

18:1; 18:1; 21:6



Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H2859 matches the Hebrew חָתַן (ḥāṯan),
which occurs 33 times in 32 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 34:9 - And make ye marriages H2859 with us, and give your daughters unto us, and take our daughters unto you.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 3:1 - Now Moses kept the flock of Jethro his father in law, H2859 the priest of Midian: and he led the flock to the backside of the desert, and came to the mountain of God, even to Horeb.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 4:18 - And Moses went and returned to Jethro his father in law, H2859 and said unto him, Let me go, I pray thee, and return unto my brethren which are in Egypt, and see whether they be yet alive. And Jethro said to Moses, Go in peace.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 18:1 - When Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses' father in law, H2859 heard of all that God had done for Moses, and for Israel his people, and that the LORD had brought Israel out of Egypt;
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 18:2 - Then Jethro, Moses' father in law, H2859 took Zipporah, Moses' wife, after he had sent her back,
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 18:5 - And Jethro, Moses' father in law, H2859 came with his sons and his wife unto Moses into the wilderness, where he encamped at the mount of God:
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 18:6 - And he said unto Moses, I thy father in law H2859 Jethro am come unto thee, and thy wife, and her two sons with her.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 18:7 - And Moses went out to meet his father in law, H2859 and did obeisance, and kissed him; and they asked each other of their welfare; and they came into the tent.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 18:8 - And Moses told his father in law H2859 all that the LORD had done unto Pharaoh and to the Egyptians for Israel's sake, and all the travail that had come upon them by the way, and how the LORD delivered them.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 18:12 - And Jethro, Moses' father in law, H2859 took a burnt offering and sacrifices for God: and Aaron came, and all the elders of Israel, to eat bread with Moses' father in law H2859 before God.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 18:14 - And when Moses' father in law H2859 saw all that he did to the people, he said, What is this thing that thou doest to the people? why sittest thou thyself alone, and all the people stand by thee from morning unto even?
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 18:15 - And Moses said unto his father in law, H2859 Because the people come unto me to enquire of God:
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 18:17 - And Moses' father in law H2859 said unto him, The thing that thou doest is not good.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 18:24 - So Moses hearkened to the voice of his father in law, H2859 and did all that he had said.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 18:27 - And Moses let his father in law H2859 depart; and he went his way into his own land.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 10:29 - And Moses said unto Hobab, the son of Raguel the Midianite, Moses' father in law, H2859 We are journeying unto the place of which the LORD said, I will give it you: come thou with us, and we will do thee good: for the LORD hath spoken good concerning Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 7:3 - Neither shalt thou make marriages H2859 with them; thy daughter thou shalt not give unto his son, nor his daughter shalt thou take unto thy son.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 27:23 - Cursed be he that lieth with his mother in law. H2859 And all the people shall say, Amen.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 23:12 - Else if ye do in any wise go back, and cleave unto the remnant of these nations, even these that remain among you, and shall make marriages H2859 with them, and go in unto them, and they to you:
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 1:16 - And the children of the Kenite, Moses' father in law, H2859 went up out of the city of palm trees with the children of Judah into the wilderness of Judah, which lieth in the south of Arad; and they went and dwelt among the people.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 4:11 - Now Heber the Kenite, which was of the children of Hobab the father in law H2859 of Moses, had severed himself from the Kenites, and pitched his tent unto the plain of Zaanaim, which is by Kedesh.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:4 - And his father in law, H2859 the damsel's father, retained him; and he abode with him three days: so they did eat and drink, and lodged there.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:7 - And when the man rose up to depart, his father in law H2859 urged him: therefore he lodged there again.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:9 - And when the man rose up to depart, he, and his concubine, and his servant, his father in law, H2859 the damsel's father, said unto him, Behold, now the day draweth toward evening, I pray you tarry all night: behold, the day groweth to an end, lodge here, that thine heart may be merry; and to morrow get you early on your way, that thou mayest go home.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 18:21 - And Saul said, I will give him her, that she may be a snare to him, and that the hand of the Philistines may be against him. Wherefore Saul said to David, Thou shalt this day be my son in law H2859 in the one of the twain.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 18:22 - And Saul commanded his servants, saying, Commune with David secretly, and say, Behold, the king hath delight in thee, and all his servants love thee: now therefore be the king's son in law. H2859
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 18:23 - And Saul's servants spake those words in the ears of David. And David said, Seemeth it to you a light thing to be a king's son in law, H2859 seeing that I am a poor man, and lightly esteemed?
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 18:26 - And when his servants told David these words, it pleased David well to be the king's son in law: H2859 and the days were not expired.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 18:27 - Wherefore David arose and went, he and his men, and slew of the Philistines two hundred men; and David brought their foreskins, and they gave them in full tale to the king, that he might be the king's son in law. H2859 And Saul gave him Michal his daughter to wife.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 3:1 - And Solomon made affinity H2859 with Pharaoh king of Egypt, and took Pharaoh's daughter, and brought her into the city of David, until he had made an end of building his own house, and the house of the LORD, and the wall of Jerusalem round about.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 18:1 - Now Jehoshaphat had riches and honour in abundance, and joined affinity H2859 with Ahab.
Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 9:14 - Should we again break thy commandments, and join in affinity H2859 with the people of these abominations? wouldest not thou be angry with us till thou hadst consumed us, so that there should be no remnant nor escaping?
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