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Lexicon :: Strong's H3426 - yēš

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
Perhaps from an unused root meaning to stand out, or exist
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 921

Strong’s Definitions

יֵשׁ yêsh, yaysh; perhaps from an unused root meaning to stand out, or exist; entity; used adverbially or as a copula for the substantive verb (H1961); there is or are (or any other form of the verb to be, as may suit the connection):—(there) are, (he, it, shall, there, there may, there shall, there should) be, thou do, had, hast, (which) hath, (I, shalt, that) have, (he, it, there) is, substance, it (there) was, (there) were, ye will, thou wilt, wouldest.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 133x

The KJV translates Strong's H3426 in the following manner: is (54x), be (28x), have (22x), there (13x), miscellaneous (16x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 133x
The KJV translates Strong's H3426 in the following manner: is (54x), be (28x), have (22x), there (13x), miscellaneous (16x).
  1. being, existence, substance, there is or are

    1. substance

    2. existence

    3. there is or are

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
יֵשׁ yêsh, yaysh; perhaps from an unused root meaning to stand out, or exist; entity; used adverbially or as a copula for the substantive verb (H1961); there is or are (or any other form of the verb to be, as may suit the connection):—(there) are, (he, it, shall, there, there may, there shall, there should) be, thou do, had, hast, (which) hath, (I, shalt, that) have, (he, it, there) is, substance, it (there) was, (there) were, ye will, thou wilt, wouldest.
STRONGS H3426: Abbreviations
יֵשׁ 187 substantive being, substance, existence (on etymology see 2) — יֵשׁ Genesis 18:24 etc.; יֶשֿׁ Genesis 31:29 + often; הֲיֵשׁ Genesis 24:23 + 18 times (so אִשׁ 2 Samuel 14:19, הַאִשׁ Micah 6:10), with suffix יֶשְׁךָ Genesis 24:42 + 2 times; יֶשְׁכֶם Genesis 24:49; הֲיִשְׁכֶם Deuteronomy 13:4; יֶשְׁנוֺ (Ol§ 97 b Sta§ 370 b) Deuteronomy 29:14; 1 Samuel 14:39 (+ 1 Samuel 14:41 Greek Version of the LXX We Dr), 1 Samuel 23:23; Esther 3:8; —
1. substance, only Proverbs 8:21 לְהַנְחִיל אֹהֲבַי יֵשׁ to cause them that love me to inherit substance (so Sir 42:3).
2. elsewhere (properly as a substantive in the stative construct), it asserts existence, and so corresponds to the verb substantive, is (are, was, were, will be), literally the being, presence of... (so Biblical Aramaic H383 אִתַי; Aramaic איתא, אית, bdb044101 [whence bdb044102 (self-) existent, bdb044103 essence, substance], with לָא contracted לַיִת, לֵית, bdb044104; Mandean עת, עית, לאיית; Arabic [with irregular bdb044105] bdb044106 (inflected as a verb, bdb044107, bdb044108, etc.; WAG i. § 182, ii. § 42) is not (bdb044109 is known only in two proverbial sayings, as a secondary form FlKl. Schr. i. 146 f.); Assyrian išû, be, have DlHWB 310; with affix 1st person singular la-a i-ša-a-ku, I have not, TPi. 57 f.. On this word, see especially NöM. § 213, who exemplifies its different constructions in Semitic, and shews how it tends to pass into a verb; —
(1) in Biblical Aramaic, Syriac, Babylonian Targum, with possessive suffix;
(2) in later Palestinian dialects, Jerusalem Targum, Jerusalem Talmud, sometimes also in Babylonian Targum and Syriac, with independent personal pronoun (as לית אנא, לית הוא);
(3) in Mandean, Babylonian Talmud, sometimes in Syriac and Arabic, and in Hebrew יֶשְׁנוֺ, with object. (verbal) suffix;
(4) in Arabic, as a true verb. In Ethiopic bdb044110 literally therein, German es gibt, is similar in use (DiGr. § 167, l), though not of course in origin. In Hebrew the corresponding negative is אַיִן, which see, the construction of which is quite similar) — is, are, was, were, etc., not, however, as a mere copula, but implying existence with emphasis (hence in English to be often represented by the substantive verb in italics):
a. with a predicate following, Genesis 28:16 במקום הזה אכן ישׁ י׳ surely Yahweh is (emphatic) in this place! Genesis 44:26 אִם יֵשׁ אָחִינוּ אִתְּכֶם; Exodus 17:7 הֲיֵשׁ יהוה בְּקִרְבֵּנוּ אִם אַיִן, Numbers 22:29 לו ישׁ חרב בידי Oh, that there were a sword in my hand! Deuteronomy 13:4 הֲיִשְׁכֶם אֹהֲבִים whether you do love, Deuteronomy 29:17 פן ישׁ בכם אישׁ, Deuteronomy 29:18; 1 Samuel 9:11f. and they said, Is the seer here? and they said יֵשׁ He is, 1 Samuel 20:8; 1 Samuel 23:23; Jeremiah 27:18. Alone, in answer to a question (asked with יֵשׁ), He (it) is:1 Samuel 9:12; 2 Kings 10:15; Jeremiah 37:17. But Jeremiah 23:26 (where ישׁ has no substantive or suffix) text must be corrupt: compare Gie.
b. absolutely, there is (es. gibt, il y a), Genesis 18:24 אולי ישׁ חמשׁים צדיקים בעיר perhaps there are fifty righteous in the city, Genesis 24:23 הישׁ בית אביך מקום לנו ללון, Genesis 42:1 כי ישׁ שׁבר במצ׳ that there was corn in Egypt, Judges 4:20 הישׁ פה אישׁ, 2 Samuel 9:1; 2 Kings 5:8 he shall know that there is (emphatic) a prophet in Israel, Ruth 3:12 there is a kinsman nearer than I, Psalm 58:12 [Psalm 58:11]surely there are gods judging on the earth: so in aphorisms, asserting the existence of a particular character, quality, etc., Proverbs 11:24 ישׁ מפזר ונוסף עוד, Proverbs 12:18; Proverbs 13:7, 23; Proverbs 14:12; Proverbs 16:25; Proverbs 18:24; Proverbs 20:15; Ecclesiastes 2:21; Ecclesiastes 4:8; Ecclesiastes 5:12; Ecclesiastes 6:1, 11; Ecclesiastes 7:15 (twice in verse); Ecclesiastes 8:14 (3 times in verse); Ecclesiastes 10:5. In questions, or protestations, יֵשׁ often implies a doubt whether what is asked about is to be found or exists: 1 Kings 18:10; Jeremiah 5:1 and see אם ישׁ אישׁ if there is (emphatic) a man doing justice, etc. (compare Psalm 14:2), Psalm 14:22; Isaiah 44:8 הישׁ אלהים is there a god beside me? Psalm 7:4 אם ישׁ עול בכפי if there is iniquity in my hands! Psalm 73:11 is there knowledge in the Most High? Job 5:1; Job 6:30; Lamentations 1:2.
c. special phrases: —
(a) after אִם and a participle, where an abiding intention is to be emphasized, Genesis 24:42 אםיֿשׁךנֿא מצליח דרכי if thou art (really), prospering my way, Genesis 24:49; Genesis 43:4; Judges 6:36 (compare II. אין 2 b).
(b) יֵשׁ לְ = has (had), especially with pronouns יֵשׁ לִי, יֵשׁ לְךָ; etc., Genesis 33:9 יֶשׁלִֿי רָב I have plenty, Genesis 33:11; Genesis 43:7 הישׁ לכם אח, Genesis 44:20 ישׁ לנו אב זקן, 1 Samuel 17:40 that they may know כי ישׁ אלהים לישׂראל that Israel has (emphatic) a god, 2 Kings 4:2 מַהיֶּֿשׁלָֿכְי what hast thou ? Job 14:7 for a tree has (emphatic) hope (compare Ruth 1:12), Ruth 25:3; Ruth 28:1; Ruth 38:28 ׃הישׁ למטר אב Genesis 39:5 (twice in verse); Genesis 39:8, * F f כל אשׁר יֶשׁלֿו all that had (Genesis 39:4 without אשׁר, probably error).
(c) with infinitive and לְ, is it possible to... ? 2 Kings 4:13; הישׁ לדברלֿך can-1speak for thee to the king? 2 Chronicles 25:9; so אִשׁ לְ 2 Samuel 14:19 (compare אֵין לְ, below II. אַיִן 5).
(d)... יֵשׁ אֲשֶׁר (if) it was that... Numbers 9:20, 21; there were some who... (with participle) Nehemiah 5:2, 3, 4 (compare Syriac bdb044201 for ὃ μὲν... ὃ δὲ... Matthew 13:8; bdb044202 PS172). (e) יֶשׁלְֿאֵל יָדִי Genesis 31:29 and elsewhere; see II. אֵל 7.
(f) 2 Kings 10:15 וָיֵשׁ and (if) it be... (compare וָלֹא 2 Kings 5:17; 2 Samuel 13:26); so Judges 6:13 אִתָּנוּ וְיֵשׁ י׳.
(g) pleonastic אֵין יֵשׁ Psalm 135:17.
(h) לֹא יֵשׁ Job 9:33 (compare bdb044203, bdb044204: but Greek Version of the LXX Syriac Version Me and others לֻא). — As a rule, יֵשׁ precedes its substantive (from which, however, like אין, it may be separated: Genesis 24:23; Genesis 43:7 הֲיֵשׁ לָכֶם אָח, Genesis 44:19, 20; 1 Samuel 20:8 etc.); but occasionally, for greater emphasis, this is prefixed: 1 Samuel 21:5 כי אם לחם קדשׁ ישׁ but holy bread there is! Isaiah 43:8 the blind people, ועינים ישׁ though it has eyes, Judges 19:19 לחם ויין ישׁ לי (compare אַיִן 2 c).

See related Aramaic BDB entry H383.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


18:24; 18:24; 24:23; 24:23; 24:23; 24:42; 24:42; 24:49; 24:49; 28:16; 31:29; 31:29; 33:9; 33:11; 39:4; 39:5; 39:8; 42:1; 43:4; 43:7; 43:7; 44:19; 44:20; 44:20; 44:26




9:20; 9:21; 22:29


13:4; 13:4; 29:14; 29:17; 29:18


4:20; 6:13; 6:36; 19:19


1:12; 3:12

1 Samuel

9:11; 9:12; 14:39; 14:41; 17:40; 20:8; 20:8; 21:5; 23:23; 23:23

2 Samuel

9:1; 13:26; 14:19; 14:19

1 Kings


2 Kings

4:2; 4:13; 5:8; 5:17; 10:15; 10:15

2 Chronicles



5:2; 5:3; 5:4




5:1; 6:30; 9:33; 14:7


7:4; 14:2; 58:11; 73:11; 135:17


8:21; 11:24; 12:18; 13:7; 13:23; 14:12; 16:25; 18:24; 20:15


2:21; 4:8; 5:12; 6:1; 6:11; 7:15; 8:14; 10:5


43:8; 44:8


5:1; 23:26; 27:18; 37:17







Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H3426 matches the Hebrew יֵשׁ (yēš),
which occurs 138 times in 129 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 3 (Gen 18:24–2Ki 2:16)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 18:24 - “Suppose there H3426 are fifty righteous within the city; will You indeed sweep it away and not [fn]spare the place for the sake of the fifty righteous who are in it?
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 23:8 - And he spoke with them, saying, “If it is your [fn]wish for me to bury my dead out of my sight, hear me, and approach Ephron the son of Zohar for me,
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:23 - and said, “Whose daughter are you? Please tell me, is there H3426 room for us to lodge in your father’s house?”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:42 - “So I came today to the spring, and said, ‘O LORD, the God of my master Abraham, if now You will make my journey on which I go successful;
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:49 - “So now if you are going H3426 to [fn]deal kindly and truly with my master, tell me; and if not, let me know, that I may turn to the right hand or the left.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 28:16 - Then Jacob awoke from his sleep and said, “Surely the LORD is in this place, and I did not know it.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 31:29 - “It is in [fn]my power to do you harm, but the God of your father spoke to me last night, saying,[fn]Be careful not to speak either good or bad to Jacob.’
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 33:9 - But Esau said, “I have H3426 plenty, my brother; let what you have be your own.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 33:11 - “Please take my [fn]gift which has been brought to you, because God has dealt graciously with me and because I have H3426 [fn]plenty.” Thus he urged him and he took it.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 39:4 - So Joseph found favor in his sight and [fn]became his personal servant; and he made him overseer over his house, and all that he owned H3426 he put in his [fn]charge.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 39:5 - It came about that from the time he made him overseer in his house and over all that he owned, H3426 the LORD blessed the Egyptian’s house on account of Joseph; thus the LORDS blessing was upon all that he owned, H3426 in the house and in the field.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 39:8 - But he refused and said to his master’s wife, “Behold, with me here, my master [fn]does not concern himself with anything in the house, and he has put all that he owns H3426 in my [fn]charge.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 42:1 - Now Jacob saw that there H3426 was grain in Egypt, and Jacob said to his sons, “Why are you staring at one another?”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 42:2 - He said, “Behold, I have heard that there H3426 is grain in Egypt; go down there and buy some for us [fn]from that place, so that we may live and not die.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 43:4 - “If you send our brother with us, we will go down and buy you food.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 43:7 - But they said, “The man questioned particularly about us and our relatives, saying, ‘Is your father still alive? Have H3426 you another brother?’ So we [fn]answered his questions. Could we possibly know that he would say, ‘Bring your brother down’?”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 44:19 - “My lord asked his servants, saying, ‘Have H3426 you a father or a brother?’
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 44:20 - “We said to my lord, ‘We have H3426 an old father and a little child of his old age. Now his brother is dead, so he alone is left of his mother, and his father loves him.’
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 44:26 - “But we said, ‘We cannot go down. If our youngest brother is with us, then we will go down; for we cannot see the man’s face unless our youngest brother is with us.’
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 47:6 - “The land of Egypt is [fn]at your disposal; [fn]settle your father and your brothers in the best of the land, let them [fn]live in the land of Goshen; and if you know any H3426 capable men among them, then [fn]put them in charge of my livestock.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 17:7 - He named the place [fn]Massah and [fn]Meribah because of the quarrel of the sons of Israel, and because they tested the LORD, saying, “Is the LORD among us, or not?”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 9:20 - If [fn]sometimes H3426 the cloud remained a few days over the tabernacle, according to the [fn]command of the LORD they remained camped. Then according to the [fn]command of the LORD they set out.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 9:21 - If [fn]sometimes H3426 the cloud [fn]remained from evening until morning, when the cloud was lifted in the morning, they would move out; or if it remained in the daytime and at night, whenever the cloud was lifted, they would set out.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 13:20 - “How is the land, is it fat or lean? Are there H3426 trees in it or not? [fn]Make an effort then to get some of the fruit of the land.” Now the time was the time of the first ripe grapes.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 22:29 - Then Balaam said to the donkey, “Because you have made a mockery of me! If there H3426 had been H3426 a sword in my hand, I would have killed you by now.”
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 13:3 - you shall not listen to the words of that prophet or that dreamer of dreams; for the LORD your God is testing you to find out if you love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 29:15 - but both with those who stand here with us today in the presence of the LORD our God and with those who are not with us here today
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 29:18 - so that there H3426 will not be among you a man or woman, or family or tribe, whose heart turns away today from the LORD our God, to go and serve the gods of those nations; that there H3426 will not be among you a root bearing poisonous fruit and wormwood.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 4:20 - He said to her, “Stand in the doorway of the tent, and it shall be if anyone comes and inquires of you, and says, ‘Is there H3426 anyone here?’ that you shall say, ‘No.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 6:13 - Then Gideon said to him, “O my lord, if the LORD is with us, why then has all this happened to us? And where are all His miracles which our fathers told us about, saying, ‘Did not the LORD bring us up from Egypt?’ But now the LORD has abandoned us and given us into the hand of Midian.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 6:36 - Then Gideon said to God, “If You will H3426 deliver Israel [fn]through me, as You have spoken,
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 18:14 - Then the five men who went to spy out the country of Laish said to their kinsmen, “Do you know that there H3426 are in these houses an ephod and [fn]household idols and a graven image and a molten image? Now therefore, consider what you should do.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:19 - “Yet there H3426 is both straw and fodder for our donkeys, and also bread and wine for me, [fn]your maidservant, and the young man who is with your servants; there is no lack of anything.”
Unchecked Copy BoxRth 1:12 - “Return, my daughters! Go, for I am too old to have a husband. If I said I have H3426 hope, if I should even have a husband tonight and also bear sons,
Unchecked Copy BoxRth 3:12 - “Now it is true I am a [fn]close relative; however, there H3426 is a [fn]relative closer than I.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 9:11 - As they went up the slope to the city, they found young women going out to draw water and said to them, “Is the seer here?”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 9:12 - They answered them and said, “He is; [fn]see, he is ahead of you. Hurry now, for he has come into the city today, for the people have a sacrifice on the high place today.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 14:39 - “For as the LORD lives, who delivers Israel, though it is in Jonathan my son, he shall surely die.” But not one of all the people answered him.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:46 - “This day the LORD will deliver you up into my hands, and I will strike you down and remove your head from you. And I will give the dead bodies of the army of the Philistines this day to the birds of the sky and the wild beasts of the earth, that all the earth may know that there H3426 is a God in Israel,
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:8 - “Therefore deal kindly with your servant, for you have brought your servant into a covenant of the LORD with you. But if there H3426 is iniquity in me, put me to death yourself; for why then should you bring me to your father?”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 21:3 - “Now therefore, what [fn]do you have H3426 on hand? Give [fn]me five loaves of bread, or whatever can be found.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 21:4 - The priest answered David and said, “There is no ordinary bread [fn]on hand, but there H3426 is consecrated bread; if only the young men have kept themselves from women.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 21:8 - David said to Ahimelech, “Now is there H3426 not a spear or a sword [fn]on hand? For I brought neither my sword nor my weapons [fn]with me, because the king’s matter was urgent.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 23:23 - “So look, and learn about all the hiding places where he hides himself and return to me with certainty, and I will go with you; and if he is in the land, I will search him out among all the thousands of Judah.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 9:1 - Then David said, “Is there H3426 yet [fn]anyone left of the house of Saul, that I may show him kindness for Jonathan’s sake?”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 14:32 - Absalom [fn]answered Joab, “Behold, I sent for you, saying, ‘Come here, that I may send you to the king, to say, “Why have I come from Geshur? It would be better for me still to be there.”’ Now therefore, let me see the king’s face, and if there H3426 is iniquity in me, let him put me to death.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 19:28 - “For all my father’s household was nothing but dead men before my lord the king; yet you set your servant among those who ate at your own table. What right do I have H3426 yet that I should [fn]complain anymore to the king?”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 17:12 - But she said, “As the LORD your God lives, I have H3426 no [fn]bread, only a handful of flour in the [fn]bowl and a little oil in the jar; and behold, I am gathering [fn]a few sticks that I may go in and prepare for me and my son, that we may eat it and die.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 18:10 - “As the LORD your God lives, there H3426 is no nation or kingdom where my master has not sent to search for you; and when they said, ‘He is not here,’ he made the kingdom or nation swear that they could not find you.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 2:16 - They said to him, “Behold now, there H3426 are with your servants fifty strong men, please let them go and search for your master; perhaps the Spirit of the LORD has taken him up and cast him on some mountain or into some valley.” And he said, “You shall not send.”

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2. LOAD PAGE 2 2Ki 3:12–Pro 24:14

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