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Lexicon :: Strong's H3637 - kālam

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כָּלַם
Transliteration
kālam
Pronunciation
kaw-lawm'
Listen
Part of Speech
verb
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 987

Strong’s Definitions

כָּלַם kâlam, kaw-lawm'; a primitive root; properly, to wound; but only figuratively, to taunt or insult:—be (make) ashamed, blush, be confounded, be put to confusion, hurt, reproach, (do, put to) shame.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 38x

The KJV translates Strong's H3637 in the following manner: ashamed (12x), confounded (11x), shame (7x), blush (3x), hurt (2x), reproach (2x), confusion (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 38x
The KJV translates Strong's H3637 in the following manner: ashamed (12x), confounded (11x), shame (7x), blush (3x), hurt (2x), reproach (2x), confusion (1x).
  1. to insult, shame, humiliate, blush, be ashamed, be put to shame, be reproached, be put to confusion, be humiliated

    1. (Niphal)

      1. to be humiliated, be ashamed

      2. to be put to shame, be dishonoured, be confounded

    2. (Hiphil)

      1. to put to shame, insult, humiliate, cause shame to

      2. to exhibit shame

    3. (Hophal)

      1. to be insulted, be humiliated

      2. to be put to shame, be dishonoured, be confounded

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
כָּלַם kâlam, kaw-lawm'; a primitive root; properly, to wound; but only figuratively, to taunt or insult:—be (make) ashamed, blush, be confounded, be put to confusion, hurt, reproach, (do, put to) shame.
STRONGS H3637:
† [כָּלַם] verb only Niph., Hoph. be humiliated, Hiph. humiliate (Late Hebrew Hiph., id.; Aramaic כְּלַם Aph`el, Ithpe.; Arabic bdb048303 is wound; bdb048304 also speak to, converse with); —
Niph. Perfect 2nd person feminine singular וְנִכְלַמְתְּ consecutive Jeremiah 22:22 + 2 times; 1st person singular נִכְלַמְתִּי Jeremiah 31:19; Ezra 9:6, נִכְלָ֑מְתִּי Isaiah 50:7; 3rd person plural נִכְלְמוּ Isaiah 45:16 + 2 times; Imperfect 3rd person feminine singular תִּכָּלֵם Numbers 12:14; 2nd person feminine singular תִּכָּֽלְמִי Isaiah 54:4; 3rd person masculine plural יִכָּֽלְמוּ Isaiah 41:11 + 5 times; 2nd person masculine plural תִּכָּֽלְמוּ Isaiah 45:17; Imperative masculine plural הִכָּֽלְמוּ Ezekiel 36:32; Infinitive construct הִכָּלֵם Jeremiah 3:3; Jeremiah 8:12; Participle נִכְלָם Psalm 74:21; masculine plural נִכְלָמִים 2 Samuel 10:5 + 2 times; feminine plural נִכְלָמוֺת Ezekiel 16:27; — be humiliated, ashamed, put to shame, dishonoured, confounded:
1. be humiliated, ashamed, before men Numbers 12:14 (E), 2 Samuel 10:5 = 1 Chronicles 19:5; 2 Samuel 19:4, compare Psalm 74:21; before enemies (by defeat, etc.) Isaiah 45:17 (|| בושׁ), Isaiah 50:7; Isaiah 54:4 (|| בושׁ, חפר); before God, followed by לְ infinitive, וְנִכְלַמְתִּי אֵלֶיךָ פָּנַי לְהָרִים אֱלֹהַי Ezra 9:6 (|| בושׁ); Jeremiah 3:3; Ezekiel 16:27, 54 (|| נָשָׂא כְלִמָּה), Ezekiel 43:10, 11 (all + מִן causative) Ezekiel 16:61, so probably Levites, at Hezekiah's reforms 2 Chronicles 30:5.
2. be put to shame, dishonoured, confounded, by judgments of י׳, all || בושׁ : Jeremiah 22:22 (מִן of cause), Ezekiel 36:32 (id.), Jeremiah 31:19 (כִּי of cause), Jeremiah 8:12; Isaiah 41:11; Isaiah 45:16 (+ הָלַךְ בַּכְּלִמָּה), Psalm 35:4; Psalm 69:7; + חפר Psalm 40:15; Psalm 70:3.
Hiph. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular suffix הִכְּלִמוֺ 1 Samuel 20:34; 3rd person masculine plural suffix הֶכְלַמְנוּם (Ges§ 53, 3 R. 6) 1 Samuel 25:7; Imperfect יַכְלִים Proverbs 28:7; 2nd person masculine singular suffix וַתַּכְלִימֵנוּ Psalm 44:10; 2nd person masculine plural suffix תַּכְלִימוּנִי Job 19:3, מֿוּהָ Ruth 2:15; Infinitive construct הַכְלִים Jeremiah 6:15; Proverbs 25:8; Participle מַכְלִים Judges 18:7 (but see below), מַכְלִם Job 11:3; —
1. put to shame = insult, humiliate, with accusative 1 Samuel 20:34; 1 Samuel 25:7 (compare Hoph. 1 Samuel 25:15) Ruth 2:15; Job 19:3; humiliate by rebuke Job 11:3; humiliate by defeat Proverbs 25:8; Psalm 44:10; cause shame to Proverbs 28:7; — Judges 18:7 is corrupt (see Be VB GFM; Be proposes מַחְסוֺר כלדֿבר there was no lack of anything, for MT מַכְלִים ד׳; GFM conjectures מְכַלֵּא מִדָּבָר there is no one to restrain (us) from anything in the land).
2. exhibit shame Jeremiah 6:15 (|| בוֺשׁ).
Hoph. Perfect
1. 1st person plural לֹא הָכְלַמְנוּ 1 Samuel 25:15 we were not insulted, humiliated (compare Hiph. 1).
2. 3rd person plural חָכְלְמוּ Jeremiah 14:3 they were put to shame, dishonoured, confounded (|| בושׁ).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs

Numbers

12:14; 12:14

Judges

18:7; 18:7

Ruth

2:15; 2:15

1 Samuel

20:34; 20:34; 25:7; 25:7; 25:15; 25:15

2 Samuel

10:5; 10:5; 19:4

1 Chronicles

19:5

2 Chronicles

30:5

Ezra

9:6; 9:6

Job

11:3; 11:3; 19:3; 19:3

Psalms

35:4; 40:15; 44:10; 44:10; 69:7; 70:3; 74:21; 74:21

Proverbs

25:8; 25:8; 28:7; 28:7

Isaiah

41:11; 41:11; 45:16; 45:16; 45:17; 45:17; 50:7; 50:7; 54:4; 54:4

Jeremiah

3:3; 3:3; 6:15; 6:15; 8:12; 8:12; 14:3; 22:22; 22:22; 31:19; 31:19

Ezekiel

16:27; 16:27; 16:54; 16:61; 36:32; 36:32; 43:10; 43:11

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H3637 matches the Hebrew כָּלַם (kālam),
which occurs 38 times in 38 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxNum 12:14 - And the LORD said unto Moses, If her father had but spit in her face, should she not be ashamed H3637 seven days? let her be shut out from the camp seven days, and after that let her be received in again.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 18:7 - Then the five men departed, and came to Laish, and saw the people that were therein, how they dwelt careless, after the manner of the Zidonians, quiet and secure; and there was no magistrate in the land, that might put them to shame H3637 in any thing; and they were far from the Zidonians, and had no business with any man.
Unchecked Copy BoxRth 2:15 - And when she was risen up to glean, Boaz commanded his young men, saying, Let her glean even among the sheaves, and reproach H3637 her not:
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:34 - So Jonathan arose from the table in fierce anger, and did eat no meat the second day of the month: for he was grieved for David, because his father had done him shame. H3637
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 25:7 - And now I have heard that thou hast shearers: now thy shepherds which were with us, we hurt H3637 them not, neither was there ought missing unto them, all the while they were in Carmel.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 25:15 - But the men were very good unto us, and we were not hurt, H3637 neither missed we any thing, as long as we were conversant with them, when we were in the fields:
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 10:5 - When they told it unto David, he sent to meet them, because the men were greatly ashamed: H3637 and the king said, Tarry at Jericho until your beards be grown, and then return.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 19:3 - And the people gat them by stealth that day into the city, as people being ashamed H3637 steal away when they flee in battle.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 19:5 - Then there went certain, and told David how the men were served. And he sent to meet them: for the men were greatly ashamed. H3637 And the king said, Tarry at Jericho until your beards be grown, and then return.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 30:15 - Then they killed the passover on the fourteenth day of the second month: and the priests and the Levites were ashamed, H3637 and sanctified themselves, and brought in the burnt offerings into the house of the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 9:6 - And said, O my God, I am ashamed and blush H3637 to lift up my face to thee, my God: for our iniquities are increased over our head, and our trespass is grown up unto the heavens.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 11:3 - Should thy lies make men hold their peace? and when thou mockest, shall no man make thee ashamed? H3637
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 19:3 - These ten times have ye reproached H3637 me: ye are not ashamed that ye make yourselves strange to me.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 35:4 - Let them be confounded and put to shame H3637 that seek after my soul: let them be turned back and brought to confusion that devise my hurt.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 40:14 - Let them be ashamed and confounded together that seek after my soul to destroy it; let them be driven backward and put to shame H3637 that wish me evil.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 44:9 - But thou hast cast off, and put us to shame; H3637 and goest not forth with our armies.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 69:6 - Let not them that wait on thee, O Lord GOD of hosts, be ashamed for my sake: let not those that seek thee be confounded H3637 for my sake, O God of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 70:2 - Let them be ashamed and confounded that seek after my soul: let them be turned backward, and put to confusion, H3637 that desire my hurt.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 74:21 - O let not the oppressed return ashamed: H3637 let the poor and needy praise thy name.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 25:8 - Go not forth hastily to strive, lest thou know not what to do in the end thereof, when thy neighbour hath put thee to shame. H3637
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 28:7 - Whoso keepeth the law is a wise son: but he that is a companion of riotous men shameth H3637 his father.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 41:11 - Behold, all they that were incensed against thee shall be ashamed and confounded: H3637 they shall be as nothing; and they that strive with thee shall perish.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 45:16 - They shall be ashamed, and also confounded, H3637 all of them: they shall go to confusion together that are makers of idols.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 45:17 - But Israel shall be saved in the LORD with an everlasting salvation: ye shall not be ashamed nor confounded H3637 world without end.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 50:7 - For the Lord GOD will help me; therefore shall I not be confounded: H3637 therefore have I set my face like a flint, and I know that I shall not be ashamed.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 54:4 - Fear not; for thou shalt not be ashamed: neither be thou confounded; H3637 for thou shalt not be put to shame: for thou shalt forget the shame of thy youth, and shalt not remember the reproach of thy widowhood any more.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 3:3 - Therefore the showers have been withholden, and there hath been no latter rain; and thou hadst a whore's forehead, thou refusedst to be ashamed. H3637
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 6:15 - Were they ashamed when they had committed abomination? nay, they were not at all ashamed, neither could they blush: H3637 therefore they shall fall among them that fall: at the time that I visit them they shall be cast down, saith the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 8:12 - Were they ashamed when they had committed abomination? nay, they were not at all ashamed, neither could they blush: H3637 therefore shall they fall among them that fall: in the time of their visitation they shall be cast down, saith the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 14:3 - And their nobles have sent their little ones to the waters: they came to the pits, and found no water; they returned with their vessels empty; they were ashamed and confounded, H3637 and covered their heads.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 22:22 - The wind shall eat up all thy pastors, and thy lovers shall go into captivity: surely then shalt thou be ashamed and confounded H3637 for all thy wickedness.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 31:19 - Surely after that I was turned, I repented; and after that I was instructed, I smote upon my thigh: I was ashamed, yea, even confounded, H3637 because I did bear the reproach of my youth.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 16:27 - Behold, therefore I have stretched out my hand over thee, and have diminished thine ordinary food, and delivered thee unto the will of them that hate thee, the daughters of the Philistines, which are ashamed H3637 of thy lewd way.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 16:54 - That thou mayest bear thine own shame, and mayest be confounded H3637 in all that thou hast done, in that thou art a comfort unto them.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 16:61 - Then thou shalt remember thy ways, and be ashamed, H3637 when thou shalt receive thy sisters, thine elder and thy younger: and I will give them unto thee for daughters, but not by thy covenant.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 36:32 - Not for your sakes do I this, saith the Lord GOD, be it known unto you: be ashamed and confounded H3637 for your own ways, O house of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 43:10 - Thou son of man, shew the house to the house of Israel, that they may be ashamed H3637 of their iniquities: and let them measure the pattern.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 43:11 - And if they be ashamed H3637 of all that they have done, shew them the form of the house, and the fashion thereof, and the goings out thereof, and the comings in thereof, and all the forms thereof, and all the ordinances thereof, and all the forms thereof, and all the laws thereof: and write it in their sight, that they may keep the whole form thereof, and all the ordinances thereof, and do them.

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