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Lexicon :: Strong's H3665 - kānaʿ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1001

Strong’s Definitions

כָּנַע kânaʻ, kaw-nah'; a primitive root; properly, to bend the knee; hence, to humiliate, vanquish:—bring down (low), into subjection, under, humble (self), subdue.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 36x

The KJV translates Strong's H3665 in the following manner: humble (18x), subdue (11x), bring low (2x), bring down (3x), subjection (1x), miscellaneous (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 36x
The KJV translates Strong's H3665 in the following manner: humble (18x), subdue (11x), bring low (2x), bring down (3x), subjection (1x), miscellaneous (1x).
  1. to be humble, be humbled, be subdued, be brought down, be low, be under, be brought into subjection

    1. (Niphal)

      1. to humble oneself

      2. to be humbled, be subdued

    2. (Hiphil)

      1. to humble

      2. to subdue

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
כָּנַע kânaʻ, kaw-nah'; a primitive root; properly, to bend the knee; hence, to humiliate, vanquish:—bring down (low), into subjection, under, humble (self), subdue.
STRONGS H3665: Abbreviations
† [כָּנַע] verb be humble, only in derived conjugation (Aramaic כְּנַע id.; Arabic bdb048808 is be contracted, wrinkled; also fold wings (of eagle)) —
Niph. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular נִכְנַע 1 Kings 21:29 + 3 times; 3rd person plural נִכְנְעוּ 2 Chronicles 12:7; 30:11; נִכְנָ֑עוּ 2 Chronicles 12:7; Imperfect יִכָּנַע Leviticus 26:41 + 3 times; 3rd person feminine singular וַתִּכָּנַע Judges 3:30; 2nd person masculine singular וַתִּכָּנַע 2 Kings 22:19 + 2 times; 3rd person masculine plural וְיִכָּֽנְעוּ 2 Chronicles 7:14 + 5 times; יִכָּנֵ֑עוּ 1 Chronicles 20:4; Infinitive הִכָּנַע 2 Chronicles 33:23; suffix הִכָּֽנְעוֺ 2 Chronicles 12:12; 33:19; —
1. reflexive. humble oneself Leviticus 26:41 (H; subject לְבָבָם), 2 Chronicles 7:14; 12:6, 7 (twice in verse); 2 Chronicles 12:12; 30:11; 32:26; 33:19, 23; before some one, לִפְנֵי 2 Chronicles 34:27; מִלִּפְנֵי 1 Kings 21:29; 2 Chronicles 33:12, 23; 34:27; 36:12; מִפְּנֵי 1 Kings 21:29; 2 Kings 22:19.
2. passive be humbled, subdued 1 Samuel 7:13; 1 Chronicles 20:4; 2 Chronicles 13:18; followed by לִפְנֵי person Judges 8:28; מִפְּנֵי Judges 11:33; under some one תַּחַת Judges 3:30; Psalm 106:42.
Hiph. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular הִכְנִיעַ 2 Chronicles 28:19; 1st person singular הִכְנַעְתִּי 1 Chronicles 17:10; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular וַיַּכְנַע Judges 4:23; Psalm 107:12; suffix יַכְנִיעֵם Deuteronomy 9:3 + 2 times; 2nd person masculine singular תַּכְנִיעַ Isaiah 25:5; וַתַּכְנַע Nehemiah 9:24; 1st person singular אַכְנִיעַ Psalm 81:15; Imperative הַכְנִיעֵהוּ Job 40:12; —
1. humble 2 Chronicles 28:19; Job 40:12; Psalm 107:12 (object לֵב), Isaiah 25:5 (object שְׁאוֺן זָרִים).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


26:41; 26:41


9:3; 9:3


3:30; 3:30; 4:23; 4:23; 8:28; 11:33

1 Samuel


2 Samuel


1 Kings

21:29; 21:29; 21:29

2 Kings

22:19; 22:19

1 Chronicles

17:10; 17:10; 18:1; 20:4; 20:4

2 Chronicles

7:14; 7:14; 12:6; 12:7; 12:7; 12:7; 12:12; 12:12; 13:18; 28:19; 28:19; 30:11; 30:11; 32:26; 33:12; 33:19; 33:19; 33:23; 33:23; 33:23; 34:27; 34:27; 36:12


9:24; 9:24


40:12; 40:12


81:15; 81:15; 106:42; 107:12; 107:12


25:5; 25:5

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H3665 matches the Hebrew כָּנַע (kānaʿ),
which occurs 36 times in 32 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:41 - I also was acting with hostility against them, to bring them into the land of their enemies—or if their uncircumcised heart is humbled H3665 so that they then make amends for their wrongdoing,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:3 - “So be aware today that it is the LORD your God who is crossing over ahead of you as a consuming fire. He will destroy them and He will subdue H3665 them before you, so that you may drive them out and eliminate them quickly, just as the LORD has spoken to you.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 3:30 - So Moab was subdued H3665 that day under the hand of Israel. And the land was at rest for eighty years.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 4:23 - So God subdued H3665 Jabin the king of Canaan on that day before the sons of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 8:28 - So Midian was subdued H3665 before the sons of Israel, and they did not lift up their heads anymore. And the land was undisturbed for forty years in the days of Gideon.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 11:33 - He [fn]inflicted a very great defeat on them from Aroer [fn]to the entrance of Minnith, twenty cities, and as far as Abel-keramim. So the sons of Ammon were subdued H3665 before the sons of Israel.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 7:13 - So the Philistines were subdued H3665, and they did not come anymore within the border of Israel. And the hand of the LORD was against the Philistines all the days of Samuel.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 8:1 - Now it happened afterward that David [fn]defeated the Philistines and subdued H3665 them; and David took [fn]control of the chief city from the hand of the Philistines.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 21:29 - “Do you see how Ahab has humbled H3665 himself before Me? Because he has humbled H3665 himself before Me, I will not bring the disaster in his days; I will bring the disaster upon his house in his son’s days.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 22:19 - since your heart was tender and you humbled H3665 yourself before the LORD when you heard what I spoke against this place and against its inhabitants, that they would become an object of horror and a curse, and you have torn your clothes and wept before Me, I have indeed heard you,’ declares the LORD.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 17:10 - even from the day that I commanded judges to be over My people Israel. And I will subdue H3665 all your enemies.
Moreover, I tell you that the LORD will build a house for you.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 18:1 - Now after this it came about that David [fn]defeated the Philistines and subdued H3665 them and took Gath and its towns from the hand of the Philistines.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 20:4 - Now it came about after this, that war [fn]broke out at [fn]Gezer with the Philistines; then Sibbecai the Hushathite [fn]killed Sippai, one of the descendants of the [fn]giants, and they were subdued H3665.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 7:14 - and My people [fn]who are called by My name humble H3665 themselves, and pray and seek My face, and turn from their wicked ways, then I will hear from heaven, and I will forgive their sin and will heal their land.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 12:6 - So the princes of Israel and the king humbled H3665 themselves and said, “The LORD is righteous.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 12:7 - When the LORD saw that they had humbled H3665 themselves, the word of the LORD came to Shemaiah, saying, “They have humbled H3665 themselves, so I will not destroy them; and I will grant them a little deliverance, and My wrath will not be poured out on Jerusalem by means of Shishak.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 12:12 - And when he humbled H3665 himself, the anger of the LORD turned away from him, so as not to destroy him completely; and conditions were also good in Judah.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 13:18 - The sons of Israel were subdued H3665 at that time, and the sons of Judah [fn]conquered because they trusted in the LORD, the God of their fathers.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 28:19 - For the LORD had humbled H3665 Judah because of Ahaz king of Israel, for he had brought about a lack of restraint in Judah and was very unfaithful to the LORD.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 30:11 - Nevertheless, some men of Asher, Manasseh, and Zebulun humbled H3665 themselves and came to Jerusalem.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 32:26 - However, Hezekiah [fn]humbled H3665 the pride of his heart, both he and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, so that the wrath of the LORD did not come on them in the days of Hezekiah.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 33:12 - When he was in distress, he appeased the LORD his God and humbled H3665 himself greatly before the God of his fathers.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 33:19 - His prayer also and how God was moved by him, and all his sin, his unfaithfulness, and the sites on which he built high places and erected the [fn]Asherim and the carved images, before he humbled H3665 himself, behold, they are written in the records of [fn]Hozai.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 33:23 - Furthermore, he did not humble H3665 himself before the LORD as his father Manasseh had [fn]done H3665, but Amon multiplied his guilt.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 34:27 - “Because your heart was tender and you humbled H3665 yourself before God when you heard His words against this place and its inhabitants, and because you humbled H3665 yourself before Me, tore your clothes, and wept before Me, I have indeed heard you,” declares the LORD.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 36:12 - He did evil in the sight of the LORD his God; he did not humble H3665 himself before Jeremiah the prophet [fn]who spoke for the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 9:24 - “So their sons entered and took possession of the land.
And You subdued H3665 before them the inhabitants of the land, the Canaanites,
And You handed them over to them, with their kings and the peoples of the land,
To do with them [fn]as they desired.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 40:12 - “Look at everyone who is arrogant, and humble H3665 him,
And trample down the wicked [fn]where they stand.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 81:14 - “I would quickly subdue H3665 their enemies
And turn My hand against their adversaries.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 106:42 - Their enemies also oppressed them,
And they were subdued H3665 under their [fn]power.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 107:12 - Therefore He humbled H3665 their heart with labor;
They stumbled and there was no one to help.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 25:5 - Like heat in a dry land, You subdue H3665 the uproar of foreigners;
Like heat by the shadow of a cloud, the song of the ruthless is [fn]silenced.
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