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Lexicon :: Strong's H3722 - kāp̄ar

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כָּפַר
Transliteration
kāp̄ar
Pronunciation
kaw-far'
Listen
Part of Speech
verb
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1023,1024,102

Strong’s Definitions

כָּפַר kâphar, kaw-far'; a primitive root; to cover (specifically with bitumen); figuratively, to expiate or condone, to placate or cancel:—appease, make (an atonement, cleanse, disannul, forgive, be merciful, pacify, pardon, purge (away), put off, (make) reconcile(-liation).


KJV Translation Count — Total: 102x

The KJV translates Strong's H3722 in the following manner: atonement (71x), purge (7x), reconciliation (4x), reconcile (3x), forgive (3x), purge away (2x), pacify (2x), atonement...made (2x), merciful (2x), cleansed (1x), disannulled (1x), appease (1x), put off (1x), pardon (1x), pitch (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 102x
The KJV translates Strong's H3722 in the following manner: atonement (71x), purge (7x), reconciliation (4x), reconcile (3x), forgive (3x), purge away (2x), pacify (2x), atonement...made (2x), merciful (2x), cleansed (1x), disannulled (1x), appease (1x), put off (1x), pardon (1x), pitch (1x).
  1. to cover, purge, make an atonement, make reconciliation, cover over with pitch

    1. (Qal) to coat or cover with pitch

    2. (Piel)

      1. to cover over, pacify, propitiate

      2. to cover over, atone for sin, make atonement for

      3. to cover over, atone for sin and persons by legal rites

    3. (Pual)

      1. to be covered over

      2. to make atonement for

    4. (Hithpael) to be covered

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
כָּפַר kâphar, kaw-far'; a primitive root; to cover (specifically with bitumen); figuratively, to expiate or condone, to placate or cancel:—appease, make (an atonement, cleanse, disannul, forgive, be merciful, pacify, pardon, purge (away), put off, (make) reconcile(-liation).
STRONGS H3722:
כִּפֶּר verb Pi. etc.denominative cover over (figurative), pacify, make propitiation; —
Pi. Perfect כִּפֶּר Exodus 30:10 + 31 times; 2nd person masculine singular suffix כִּפַּרְתָּ֑הוּ Ezekiel 43:20; 3rd person masculine plural יְכַפְּרוּ Ezekiel 43:26; 2nd person masculine plural כִּפַּרְתֶּם Ezekiel 45:20; Imperfect יְכַפֵּר Exodus 30:10 + 10 times; יְכַפֶּר־ Leviticus 7:7; Numbers 5:8; suffix יְכַפְּרֶנָּה Proverbs 16:14; 1st person singular אֲכַפֵּר 2 Samuel 21:3; אֲכַפְּרָה Genesis 32:21; Exodus 32:30, etc.; Imperative כַּפֵּר Deuteronomy 21:8 + 4 times; Infinitive כַּפֵּר Exodus 30:15 + 28 times; suffixes כַּפְּרִי Ezekiel 16:63; כַּפֶּרְךָ Exodus 29:36; כַּפְּרָהּ Isaiah 47:11; —
1. cover over, pacify, propitiate; בַּמִּנְחָה פָנָיו אֲכַפְּרָה Genesis 32:21 let me cover his face by the present (so that he does not see the offence, i.e. pacify, him; E; RSOTJC, 2d ed., 381 'wipe clean the face,' blackened by displeasure, as the Arabs say 'whiten the face'); הֹוָה עָלַיִךְ וְתִפֹּל כַּפְּרָהּ תוּכְלִי לֹא Isaiah 47:11 and disaster will fall upon thee, thou wilt not be able to propitiate it (by payment of a כֹּפֶר, see Isaiah 43:3); pacify the wrath of a king Proverbs 16:14 (e.g. by a gift).
2. cover over, atone for sin, without sacrifice :
a. man as subject, אֲכַפֵּר בַּמָּה 2 Samuel 21:3, with what shall I cover over (namely, the bloodguiltiness of the house of Saul, says David The answer is by a death penalty of seven sons of the guilty house); בְּעַר חטאתכם Exodus 32:30 on behalf of your sins (J E; Moses, by intercession); with על of persons Numbers 17:11; Numbers 17:12 (P; by incense), Numbers 25:13 (P when Phinehas slays the ringleaders).
b. with God as subject, with accusative of person, cover, i.e. treat as covered, view propitiously, Yahweh's land Deuteronomy 32:43 (song); לְ person Deuteronomy 21:8 (bloodguiltiness flows away in the stream), Ezekiel 16:63; בְּעַד of person 2 Chronicles 30:18; with accusative of the sin Psalm 65:4; Psalm 78:38, probably also Daniel 9:24 (|| ׅחתם ׅחטאת); עַל of sin, Psalm 79:9; Jeremiah 18:23 ׅ || (מחה. It is conceived that God in his sovereignty may himself provide an atonement or covering for men and their sins which could not be provided by men.
3. cover over, atone for sin and persons by legal rites, in the codes of H, P, and Ezekiel: absolute הַכֹּהֵן וכ׳ and the priest shall make atonement Leviticus 16:32;
a. with accusative of sacred places (by the great sin-offering of the day of atonement), Leviticus 16:20, 33 (twice in verse); also Ezekiel 43:20, 26; Ezekiel 45:20 (by the blood of the sin-offering || חִטֵּא, טִהַר).
b. usually with עַל
(1) of things, e.g. of the altar to which the blood of the sin-offering was applied Exodus 29:36, 37; Exodus 30:10; Leviticus 8:15 ׅ || (קִדַּשׁ, Leviticus 16:18; and specifically the horns of the altar Exodus 30:10; the holy place of the tabernacle Leviticus 16:16 (by the great sin-offering, because of (מִן) the uncleannesses of the children of Israel and because of their transgressions); for the leprous house by ceremony of purification Leviticus 14:53 ׅ || (טִהַר; for the goat לעזאזל Leviticus 16:10 (which was presented before Yahweh to consecrate him for the bearing away of the sins of the people).
(2) of persons, נפשׁתיכם עלֿ, for your persons, yourselves, e.g. by the payment of atonement-money הַכִּפֻּרִים כֶּסֶף at the census Exodus 30:15, 16; by the קרבן of the spoils Numbers 31:50; by the blood upon the altar Leviticus 17:11; in the ritual עֲלֵיהֶם, עָלָיו by ministry of priest through the blood of the sin-offering Leviticus 4:20, 31; Leviticus 8:34; Leviticus 10:17; Leviticus 12:7, 8; Leviticus 14:19, 31; Leviticus 16:30, 33; Leviticus 23:28; Numbers 8:12, 21; Numbers 15:25, 28 (twice in verse); Numbers 28:22, 30; Numbers 29:5; 2 Chronicles 29:24; Nehemiah 10:34; of the trespass-offering Leviticus 5:16, 18; Leviticus 5:26; Leviticus 7:7; Leviticus 14:21; Leviticus 19:22; Numbers 5:8; the whole burnt-offering Leviticus 1:4; Leviticus 14:20; Leviticus 16:24; by the oil used in purifying a leper Leviticus 14:18, 29; by the תרומה Ezekiel 45:15; by the priestly ministry in general 1 Chronicles 6:34; by the substitution of the Levites for the firstborn Numbers 8:19. Underlying all these offerings there is the conception that the persons offering are covered by that which is regarded as sufficient and satisfactory by Yahweh. (The purpose of the covering is stated Leviticus 16:30 יְכַפֵּר תִּטְהָ֑רוּ י׳ לִפְנֵי חַטֹּאתֵיכֶם מִכֹּל אֶתְכֶם לְטַהֵר עֲלֵיכֶם = shall atonement be made for you to cleanse you, from all your sins shall ye be clean before Yahweh, and Numbers 8:21 לְטַהֲרָם עֲלֵיהֶם וַיְכַפֵּר and (Aaron) made atonement for them to cleanse them.)
c. the need of the atonement is expressed by מִן : **others understand מִן as = away from; compare DiLev 4:26, RiSühne 50 f. מֵחטאתו because of his sin Leviticus 4:26; Leviticus 5:6, 10; Leviticus 16:34; מטמאתו Leviticus 14:19; Leviticus 16:16; מזוב Leviticus 15:15, 30; מֵאֲשֶׁר חָטָא Numbers 6:11; also עַל עַלחַֿטָּאתוֺ on account of his sin Leviticus 4:35; Leviticus 5:13; Leviticus 19:22; עלשֿׁגגתוֺ Leviticus 5:18.
d. with בְּ instrumental בְּאֵיל Leviticus 5:16; Leviticus 19:22; Numbers 5:8; with a trespass-offering Leviticus 7:7; יְכַפֵּר בַּנֶּפֶשׁ הוּא כִּי־הַדָּם Leviticus 17:11 for it is the blood with the living being that covers over (H, see נפשׁ 3 (a); RV by reason of the life after De Di Kn Bähr Kau and most moderns; AV follows Greek Version of the LXX Vulgate. Targum. so Ges Ew§ 282 a. Anm. 1 : ' for the soul '); with בְּ local בַּקֹּדֶשׁ Leviticus 6:23; Leviticus 16:17, 27.
e. with בַּעַד person, on behalf of Leviticus 9:7 (twice in verse); Leviticus 16:6, 11, 17, 24 (by Aaron), Ezekiel 45:17 (by the prince).
Pu. Perfect כֻּפַּר Exodus 29:33; Isaiah 28:18 (but read תֻּפַר, — √ I. פרר, — so Targum. Hu We Che SS and others see BrMP 209); Imperfect יְכֻפַּר Numbers 35:33 + 3 times; 3rd person feminine singular תְּכֻפָּ֑ר Isaiah 6:7 be covered over, atoned for.
1. apart from the ritual, חטאתך תכפר Isaiah 6:7 thy sin shall be covered over (|| וְסָר עֲוֺנֶךָ; by the touch of the live coal from the altar); הַזֶּה הֶעָוֺן אִם־יְכֻפַּר לָכֶםIsaiah 22:14 surely this iniquity shall not be covered over; with בְּ instrumental בזאת יכפר עון Isaiah 27:9 by this shall the iniquity of Jacob be covered over (|| הָסר חטאתו namely by the destruction of idolatrous objects); עוןבחסד יאמת יכפר Proverbs 16:6 by mercy and fidelity iniquity is covered over.
2. with לְ for whom, לארץ לא יכפר לדם Numbers 35:33 for the land atonement cannot be made, in view of the blood shed in it, except by the blood of the shedder of blood; in the ritual of P, with בְּ instrumental בָּהֶם כֻּפַּר אֲשֶׁר Exodus 29:33 wherewith atonement was made (ram of consecration).
Hithp. Imperfect יִתְכַּפֵּר 1 Samuel 3:14; with בְּ instrumental אִם־ וּבְמִנְחָה בְּזֶבַח בֵּית־עֵלִי עֲוֹן יִתְכַּפֵּר the iniquity of the house of Eli shall not be covered by peace offering or minchah (in other words there was no atonement for it; compare Pu. Isaiah 22:14).
Niph. Perfect הַדָּם לָהֶם וְנִכַּפֵּר Deuteronomy 21:8 and the blood shall be covered for them.

† II. [כָּפַר] verb denominative (from II. כֹּפֶר) — Perfect 2nd person masculine singular וְכָֽפַרְתָּ֫ בַּכֹּפֶד Genesis 6:14 and thou shalt pitch it with pitch (P).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H3722 matches the Hebrew כָּפַר (kāp̄ar),
which occurs 103 times in 94 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Gen 6:14–Lev 16:34)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 6:14 - “Make for yourself an ark of [fn]gopher wood; you shall make the ark with compartments, and [fn]cover H3722 it inside and out with pitch.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 32:20 - and you shall say, ‘Behold, your servant Jacob also is behind us.’” For he said, “I will appease H3722 him with the gift that goes ahead of me. Then afterward I will see his face; perhaps he will accept me.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:33 - “So they shall eat [fn]those things by which atonement H3722 was made H3722 [fn]at their ordination and consecration; but a [fn]layman shall not eat them, because they are holy.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:36 - “Each day you shall offer a bull as a sin offering for atonement, and you shall [fn]purify the altar when you make H3722 atonement H3722 [fn]for it, and you shall anoint it to consecrate it.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:37 - “For seven days you shall make H3722 atonement H3722 [fn]for the altar and consecrate it; then the altar shall be most holy, and whatever touches the altar shall be holy.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 30:10 - “However, Aaron shall make H3722 atonement H3722 on its horns once a year; he shall make H3722 atonement H3722 on it with the blood of the sin offering of atonement once a year throughout your generations. It is most holy to the LORD.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 30:15 - “The rich shall not pay more, and the poor shall not pay less, than the half shekel, when you give the [fn]contribution to the LORD to make H3722 atonement H3722 for [fn]yourselves.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 30:16 - “And you shall take the atonement money from the sons of Israel and give it for the service of the tent of meeting, so that it may be a memorial for the sons of Israel before the LORD, to make H3722 atonement H3722 for [fn]yourselves.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 32:30 - And on the next day Moses said to the people, “You yourselves have [fn]committed a great sin; and now I am going up to the LORD; perhaps I can make H3722 atonement H3722 for your sin.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 1:4 - ‘And he shall lay his hand on the head of the burnt offering, so that it may be accepted for him to make H3722 atonement H3722 on his behalf.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 4:20 - ‘He shall also do with the bull just as he did with the bull of the sin offering; he shall do the same with it. So the priest shall make H3722 atonement H3722 for them, and they will be forgiven.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 4:26 - ‘And he shall offer all its fat up in smoke on the altar as in the case of the fat of the sacrifice of peace offerings. So the priest shall make H3722 atonement H3722 for him regarding his sin, and he will be forgiven.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 4:31 - ‘Then he shall remove all its fat, just as the fat was removed from the sacrifice of peace offerings; and the priest shall offer it up in smoke on the altar as a soothing aroma to the LORD. So the priest shall make H3722 atonement H3722 for him, [fn]and he will be forgiven.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 4:35 - ‘Then he shall remove all its fat, just as the fat of the lamb is removed from the sacrifice of the peace offerings, and the priest shall offer [fn]it up in smoke on the altar, on the offerings by fire to the LORD. So the priest shall make H3722 atonement H3722 for him regarding his sin which he has [fn]committed, and he will be forgiven.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 5:6 - ‘He shall also bring his guilt offering to the LORD for his sin which he has [fn]committed, a female from the flock, a lamb or a [fn]goat as a sin offering. So the priest shall make H3722 atonement H3722 on his behalf for his sin.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 5:10 - ‘The second he shall then prepare as a burnt offering according to the ordinance. So the priest shall make H3722 atonement H3722 on his behalf for his sin which he has [fn]committed, and it will be forgiven him.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 5:13 - ‘So the priest shall make H3722 atonement H3722 for him concerning his sin which he has [fn]committed from one of these, and it will be forgiven him; then the rest shall become the priest’s, like the grain offering.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 5:16 - “And he shall make restitution for that which he has sinned against the holy thing, and shall add to it a fifth part of it and give it to the priest. The priest shall then make H3722 atonement H3722 for him with the ram of the guilt offering, and it will be forgiven him.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 5:18 - “He is then to bring to the priest a ram without defect from the flock, according to your assessment, as a guilt offering. So the priest shall make H3722 atonement H3722 for him concerning his sin which he committed unintentionally and did not know it, and it will be forgiven him.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 6:7 - and the priest shall make H3722 atonement H3722 for him before the LORD, and he will be forgiven for any one of the things which he may have done to incur guilt.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 6:30 - ‘But no sin offering of which any of the blood is brought into the tent of meeting to make H3722 atonement H3722 in the Holy Place shall be eaten; it shall be burned with fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 7:7 - ‘The guilt offering is like the sin offering: there is one law for them. The priest who makes H3722 atonement H3722 with it [fn]shall have it.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 8:15 - Next [fn]Moses slaughtered it and took the blood and with his finger put some of it around on the horns of the altar, and purified the altar. Then he poured out the rest of the blood at the base of the altar and consecrated it, to make H3722 atonement H3722 for it.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 8:34 - “The LORD has commanded us to do as has been done this day, to make H3722 atonement H3722 on your behalf.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 9:7 - Moses then said to Aaron, “Come near to the altar and [fn]offer your sin offering and your burnt offering, so that you may make H3722 atonement H3722 for yourself and for the people; then make the offering [fn]for the people, so that you may make H3722 atonement H3722 for them, just as the LORD has commanded.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 10:17 - “Why did you not eat the sin offering at the [fn]holy place? For it is most holy, and [fn]He gave it to you to take away the guilt of the congregation, to make H3722 atonement H3722 for them before the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 12:7 - ‘Then he shall offer it before the LORD and make H3722 atonement H3722 for her, and she shall be cleansed from the [fn]flow of her blood. This is the law for her who gives birth to a child, whether a male or a female.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 12:8 - ‘But if [fn]she cannot afford a lamb, then she shall take two turtledoves or two young doves, the one as a burnt offering and the other as a [fn]sin offering; and the priest shall make H3722 atonement H3722 for her, and she will be clean.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 14:18 - as for the rest of the oil that is in the priest’s palm, he shall put it on the head of the one to be cleansed. So the priest shall make H3722 atonement H3722 on his behalf before the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 14:19 - “The priest shall next offer the [fn]sin offering and make H3722 atonement H3722 for the one to be cleansed from his uncleanness. Then afterward, he shall slaughter the burnt offering.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 14:20 - “The priest shall offer up the burnt offering and the grain offering on the altar. So the priest shall make H3722 atonement H3722 for him, and he will be clean.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 14:21 - “But if he is poor and his [fn]means are insufficient, then he is to take one male lamb for a guilt offering as a wave offering to make H3722 atonement H3722 for him, and a tenth of an [fn]ephah of fine flour mixed with oil as a grain offering, and a [fn]log of oil,
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 14:29 - “Moreover, the rest of the oil that is in the priest’s palm, he shall put on the head of the one to be cleansed, to make H3722 atonement H3722 on his behalf before the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 14:31 - He shall offer what [fn]he can afford, the one as a [fn]sin offering and the other as a burnt offering, together with the grain offering. So the priest shall make H3722 atonement H3722 before the LORD on behalf of the one to be cleansed.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 14:53 - “However, he shall let the live bird go free outside the city into the open field. So he shall make H3722 atonement H3722 for the house, and it will be clean.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 15:15 - and the priest shall offer them, one as a [fn]sin offering and the other as a burnt offering. So the priest shall make H3722 atonement H3722 on his behalf before the LORD because of his discharge.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 15:30 - ‘And the priest shall offer the one as a [fn]sin offering, and the other as a burnt offering. So the priest shall make H3722 atonement H3722 on her behalf before the LORD because of her impure discharge.’
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:6 - “Then Aaron shall offer the bull as the [fn]sin offering, which is for himself, so that he may make H3722 atonement H3722 for himself and for his household.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:10 - “But the goat on which the lot for [fn]the [fn]scapegoat fell shall be presented alive before the LORD, to make H3722 atonement H3722 upon it, to send it into the wilderness [fn]as the [fn]scapegoat.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:11 - “Then Aaron shall offer the bull of the [fn]sin offering which is for himself and make H3722 atonement H3722 for himself and for his household, and he shall slaughter the bull of the [fn]sin offering which is for himself.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:16 - “He shall make H3722 atonement H3722 for the Holy Place, because of the impurities of the sons of Israel and because of their unlawful acts regarding all their sins; and he shall do so for the tent of meeting which remains with them in the midst of their impurities.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:17 - “When he goes in to make H3722 atonement H3722 in the Holy Place, no one shall be in the tent of meeting until he comes out, so that he may make H3722 atonement H3722 for himself and for his household, and for all the assembly of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:18 - “Then he shall go out to the altar that is before the LORD and make H3722 atonement H3722 for it; he shall take some of the blood from the bull and some of the blood from the goat, and put it on the horns of the altar on all sides.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:20 - “When he finishes atoning H3722 for the Holy Place and the tent of meeting and the altar, he shall offer the live goat.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:24 - “And he shall bathe his [fn]body with water in a holy place and put on his clothes, and come out and offer his burnt offering and the burnt offering of the people, and make H3722 atonement H3722 for himself and for the people.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:27 - “But the bull of the [fn]sin offering and the goat of the [fn]sin offering, whose blood was brought in to make H3722 atonement H3722 in the Holy Place, shall be taken outside the camp, and they shall burn their hides, their flesh, and their refuse in the fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:30 - for it is on this day that [fn]atonement H3722 shall be made H3722 for you to cleanse you; you will be clean from all your sins before the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:32 - “So the priest who is anointed and [fn]ordained to serve as priest in his father’s place shall make H3722 atonement H3722: he shall put on the linen garments, the holy garments,
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:33 - and make H3722 atonement H3722 for the holy sanctuary, and he shall make H3722 atonement H3722 for the tent of meeting and for the altar. He shall also make H3722 atonement H3722 for the priests and for all the people of the assembly.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:34 - “Now you shall have this as a permanent statute, to make H3722 atonement H3722 for the sons of Israel for all their sins once every year.” And just as the LORD had commanded Moses, so he did.

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